The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945 Page: 369
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The Farmers' Alliance in Texas, 1875-1900 369
were practically dead,5"' though a few clubs continued until after
1903; there were nine Granges in 1906."5
15"Rose to J. J. Woodman, July 31, and Rose to Trimble, August 4,
1899, in Rose Letter Book.
155A branch of the Alliance was the National Colored Alliance and
Cooperative Union chartered in 1888. The first lodge was organized in
Houston County, December, 1886, followed soon by the organization of a
state Alliance. "Declaration of Principles of the Alliance of Colored Farm-
ers of Texas," in Dunning (ed.), Farmers' Alliance, 288. R. M. Humphrey
of Lovelady, a white Baptist missionary to negroes, was selected as super-
intendent. National trustee . . . to General Superintendent . . ., July 20,
1888, in ibid., 289; Frank M. Drew, "The Present Farmers' Movement,"
Political Science Quarterly, VI, 287. Humphrey established exchanges in
Houston, New Orleans, Mobile, Charleston, and Norfolk, and led the order
into the People's Party. Winkler (ed.), Platforms, 262; Dunning (ed.),
Farmers' Alliance, 290-291. The order claimed 1,200,000 members and
twenty state Alliances, boasted the improvements of schools, academies,
and churches, and published a weekly national organ at Houston. Apple-
ton's Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events of the Year
1890, 301; Dunning (ed.), Farmers' Alliance, 290-291; Drew, "Farmers'
Movement," Political Science Quarterly, VI, 287.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945, periodical, 1945; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146055/m1/413/: accessed December 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.