The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945 Page: 397
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The Production of Tobacco in Texas
well as to cigar manufacturing centers in Louisiana and
Florida. A factory for the manufacture of cigars from Texas-
grown tobacco was also established at Nacogdoches in East
The decline of the East Texas tobacco industry is mainly trace-
able to conditions arising during World War I. Cotton, which had
been the staple money crop of East Texas, after a sharp de-
cline at the beginning of the war, advanced until it was selling
at forty cents or more per pound, while tobacco was bringing only
twenty-five cents to thirty cents per pound. These conditions
resulted in a heavy decline in the acreage planted to tobacco. The
expense of growing tobacco was high compared with that of cotton
because of the larger amount of fertilizer required and the
expense of building curing barns and securing other equipment.
Upon being unable to secure the customary supply of leaf
tobacco, the dealers who operated the packing houses and placed
the finished tobacco on the market had to close down their
business and leave the state. Tobacco is still grown to a limited
extent in most of the rural districts for home consumption,
especially by those who have moved into Texas from tobacco-
It is doubtful whether the industry of growing cigar leaf to-
bacco will be revived in Texas, as cigar smoking appears to be on
the decline, the cigarette having taken its place. Cigarette tobacco
may be grown upon the sandy soils of the state, but at the
present time the Atlantic coastal states produce enough tobacco
of this type to meet the market requirements.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945, periodical, 1945; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146055/m1/441/: accessed July 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.