The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945 Page: 470
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
A conference to discuss terms of surrender with General
Kirby Smith, then in command of military operations in the
Trans-Mississippi Department, was arranged to meet at Marshall.
There General Smith was to confer with Governors Pendleton
Murrah of Texas, Henry W. Allen of Louisiana, Harris Flanagin
of Arkansas, and Thomas V. Reynolds of Missouri. Since early
in 1863 Governor Reynolds had been living at Marshall, and
from his residence conducting the affairs of the Missouri Con-
federate government. Governor Murrah, being ill, sent Colonel
Guy M. Bryan of his staff to represent him at the conference.
On May 13, the members of the conference drew up terms of
surrender. But, before any action could be taken, desertions
from the remaining Confederate forces in Texas had become
so numerous that General Kirby Smith acted independently and
sent General Simon B. Buckner as commissioner to General
Edward R. S. Canby at New Orleans to discuss terms.5
On May 27, General Smith wrote Federal General John Pope
that the Trans-Mississippi Department was open to occupation
by Federal troops because of the disbanding of the Confederate
soldiers therein.6 The Confederates had quit en masse without
benefit of convention or parole. On June 2, General Smith signed
the Canby-Buckner convention.
On May 29, General Phil Sheridan was assigned to the
command of the Military Division of the Southwest with head-
quarters at New Orleans; and on June 10 he sent General
Gordon Granger to Galveston with eighteen hundred men to
police the state, enforce the Federal regulations with regard
to Negroes, and aid in the important act of collecting the
internal revenues. As soon thereafter as possible, General
Granger sent troops into the interior, and a military post was
established at Marshall during the summer.7
According to reminiscences of the Gregg and Carter families,
the coming of the Federal soldiers to Marshall was generally
accepted by the townspeople with disdain and defiance. Military
regulations prohibited the organization of "home guards,"8 and
the people of the town were dependent upon the military for
7Gregg Family Reminiscences.
sCharles W. Ramsdell, "Texas from the Fall of the Confederacy to the
Beginning of Reconstruction," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical
Association, XI, 199 if.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945, periodical, 1945; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146055/m1/538/: accessed April 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.