The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945 Page: 69
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Letters and Documents
States. I have had Occasion to regret that the factory here has
not been well Supplied with Amunition & Some Other Articles
of the first Necessity for Indians.
Enclosed is An Account of the expenditures of this Agency
for the time therein mentioned, Except of some few Articles
I have received for Indians of Mr Linnard the Factor the Acct.
of which will be forwarded when he furnishes me with it. the
Blacksmith's Accounts I have been prevented from Sending,
On Account of the One I used to employ going off a Mine hunt-
ing some hundred Of Miles Back before I Could get them of him,
I have my Own Shop in opperation. But find it difficult finding
a Smith to my liking to manage it, & from the Expense of
Iron, Steele, Coals, & the purchasing of some Tools (the Set
you Ordered me being not Complete for gunwork) will not for
the present allow much saving; but I now get the work done,
much better, Sooner, & more of it.
A man by the Name of Jonathan Hill Platts, who says he is a
Native of Boxford in Massachusetts, & has been a prisoner in
the Interior of the Province of Taxus [Texas] in the Spanish
Dominion Since last May has just Come here from St. Antonio,
he has been with me today from whom I have received the fol-
lowing Information. That the Country at & towards Mexico
is in a State of Revolution77 the Parties opposed to Each Other
are the Native Americans Against the Europeans, the former
are for Compleat independance from all the world on repub-
lican principles the later are for Ferdinand the Seventh & Mon-
archy.78 That there has been a good deal of fighting Amongst
770On September 16, 1810, Miguel de Hidalgo y Costilla summoned
Mexicans to the revolutionary struggle, calling them to free themselves
from the rule of the Spaniards. They were to establish a government
controlled by Americans (natives of New Spain, an area which embraced
all territory possessed by the Spanish king in North America). Americans
would rule in the interest of the people, the holy religion, and their King
Ferdinand VII. The Mexicans were told that the Spaniards were attempt-
ing to surrender New Spain to the French, who had occupied Spain and
held their king, Ferdinand VII, a prisoner in France. The Mexicans
declared they would preserve their country and themselves for Ferdinand
VII. The Spaniards, their property, and the cities of Mexico became
the prizes of rebels as they plundered southward from the Indian town
of Dolores to Mexico City. Then the tide turned; they retreated north-
ward driven by General Calleja, leading an army of loyalists, who sup-
ported Spain's authority. The rebels had organized as the "Army of
America" with Hidalgo as generalissimo. Hidalgo took up quarters in
Guadalajara; meanwhile, Mariano Jimenez had been sent to revolutionize
the Northern Provinces of Mexico, and the Interior Provinces of Coahuila
and Texas. For an account of the revolution see Bancroft, History of
Mexico, IV, 102-240.
7"Sibley is in error in stating that the revolutionists were seeking com-
plete independence; at this time the rebels did not seek independence from
Spain but freedom from the rule of European Spaniards. They declared
that they were capable of governing Mexico and that they would rule
their country in the interest of Mexicans and Ferdinand VII. Priestly, The
Mexican Nation, 208-210.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945, periodical, 1945; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146055/m1/73/: accessed May 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.