The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946 Page: 117
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Notes and Documents
Camp of the Brigands, Several discharges of Musquetry passed
between them the result was, the Spaniards Carried the Camp
retook all their Goods & what property they could find belong-
ing to the Robbers, Consisting of twenty or thirty Horses &
Mules, Some Money, Goods, Saddles, Value-less Clothing etc
& returned to Nacogdoches with the whole. The Spaniards
killed one of the Robbers a man formerly from Kentucky by
the Name of John Villers, wounded another by the Name of
Taylor from Georgia & took another Prisoner by the Name of
Middleton I believe from Virginia, there were four of the Span-
iards wounded one of whom Dangerously. The Robbers I be-
lieve have a Camp or place of Rendezvous at some place on
what they call Neutral Ground Between the Rio Honda & Sabine
& I believe they are sending emmissaries to Rapides, Oppolousas
[Opelousas] & to this Town to engage Recruits, for Some
Yesterday Another party of Spaniards Came here Consisting
of fifteen Armed Men, tis said have brought with them a much
larger sum of Money to purchase goods with?2 An Eschort of
Soldiers we understand Came with them Over the Sabine to
near this Town, but did not appear here, are waiting, till the
Spaniards return with the goods they purchase to Conduct them
Back. From Accounts from Nacogdoches there has lately Ar-
rived there Six hundred troops & it is said that the whole
Number Destined for that place is two Thousand, for what
purpose Such a Number are Collecting at Nacogdoches is not
91The Neutral Ground established in 1806, between Texas and Louisiana
as a temporary settlement of the boundary dispute between Spain and the
United States, naturally became a haven of desperadoes, because in this
area neither the laws of Spain nor of the United States applied, nor did
any law of man exist. Marshall, A History of the Western Boundary of
the Louisiana Purchase, 27-30.
92Apparently, Sibley does not exaggerate the amount of money brought
to Natchitoches, since Spanish documents report that large sums were
involved. Salazar stated in his trial for treason that the rebel chief
Jimenez had ordered all silver on hand at the Rio Grande, as well as the
money he had collected, to be placed in the strong box of the church at
Monterrey. Jimenez afterward countermanded the order, sending it to
Casas in San Antonio. However, Salazar said that he knew nothing of the
silver. "Trial of Friar Juan Salazar," Historia Independiente, MS., vol.
412, A.G.N. The Junta of San Antonio reported that Casas had received
from Jimenez thirty-three and one-half loads of silver bars, and that
the Junta was waiting orders concerning the disposition of the wealth.
"Report of the Texas Deputies," MS., Nacogdoches Archives. In March,
1811, the commandant-general ordered Salcedo to return from Coahuila
to Texas as soon as possible, in order to direct to Vera Cruz the silver
seized in Bexar. Documnentos Histdricos Mexicanos. Obra conmemorativa
del primer centanario de la independencia de Mexico, VI, 102-103. As late
as January, 1817, officials continued to investigate the loss of 125,000 pesos
carried from the Holy Church Cathedral in Monterrey by Jimenez in
1811. Historic Operaciones de Guerra, Arredondo, Jose Joaquin, 1811-1820
A.G.N., transcript BL., IV, 205 (hereafter cited as Operaciones, Arredondo.)
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946, periodical, 1946; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146056/m1/128/: accessed May 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.