The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946 Page: 214
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
A contemporary critic of the record made by the Marquis
of San Miguel de Aguayo did not fail to appear. In the year
1730, Don Pedro de Rivera, well-known royal inspector of the
Texas settlements during the year 1728, submitted a critical
report (Ynforme) concerning the work of the Marquis to the
viceroy of New Spain at the time that consideration was being
given to the proposal to send Canary Islanders to colonize
Texas. The Ynforme was most unfavorable as regards the
achievements which the Marquis claimed were to his credit.
This may be accounted for partly by the fact that the Marquis
was a "plunger" who counted the cost only after the expendi-
ture had been made; whereas, Don Pedro de Rivera pursued
a policy calling for the most drastic retrenchments with refer-
ence to Texas.
This discussion of the work of Aguayo in Texas may be
concluded by the following quotation:
Despite the attack that was made upon his record by Don Pedro de
Rivera, the work done by the Marquis of San Miguel de Aguayo in Texas
was highly constructive and enduring. When he entered Texas, there
were in the province only two missions-San Antonio de Valero and Don
Joseph y San Miguel de Aguayo, the latter of which had been built by
Father Margil under the patronage of the marquis. He left in Texas
ten missions-six in East Texas which he had rebuilt; a third one in
San Antonio, the short-lived mission of San Francisco Xavier de Najera;
and the new one at La Bahia del Espiritu Santo. When he entered Texas
there was only one presidio in the entire province--that of San Antonio
de Bexar. He left in Texas four presidios-that of Los Texas, which he
had rebuilt; the new one at Los Adaes, which he constructed; another
new one at La Bahia, the construction of which he began; and the rebuilt
one at San Antonio. He left in the province 269 soldiers, as compared
with the number of approximately fifty that were assigned to the presidio
of San Antonio de B6xar at the time that he entered the province. In
short, the Marquis of San Miguel de Aguayo so definitely and firmly
fixed the hold of Spain on Texas that Spanish title to it was never again
disputed by France or by the French in Louisiana.54
54Charles W. Hackett, "Visitador Rivera's Criticism of Aguayo's Work
in Texas," Hispanic American Historical Review, XVI, No. 2 (May, 1936),
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946, periodical, 1946; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146056/m1/247/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.