The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946 Page: 467
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plishments must suffice here; the full answer can easily be read.
Tillman participated in the events of 1876 which freed South
Carolina from carpetbag-negro rule. He displayed qualities of
leadership in behalf of the farmers for agricultural improve-
ment. In the 1880's Tillmanism developed, getting its start at
the Farmers' Convention at Columbia on April 29, 1886. In
the fall of 1886 Tillman had a conference with Thomas Green
Clemson, Calhoun's son-in-law, and two of Clemson's neighbors,
which resulted in persuading Clemson to use Fort Hill for an
agricultural college rather than a Calhoun memorial. Tillman
was appointed as one of the seven trustees (p. 122). The pro-
Tillman forces of the legislature of 1889 framed a law which
gave to Clemson College the Federal funds provided by the
Morrill Act and levied a sales tax on fertilizer for its support.
This was for Tillman "the realization of a prized idea" (p. 137).
In the Democratic convention of 1888, although he failed to
dominate that body to the extent of nominating a candidate for
governor, Tillman "victoriously championed a resolution re-
quiring Democratic county chairmen to invite candidates for
state offices to speak in their respective counties" (p. 133), thus
enlarging the system of joint debates for Congressional dis-
tricts, which Tillman had secured in 1886, into "a county-to-
In 1890 Tillman won the race for the governorship. In open-
ing his race for the nomination at Anderson on May 11, 1890,
he proposed nine reforms. His inaugural address on December
4 was praised by friend and foe alike; "it was a harbinger of
an administration of achievements" (p. 173). When his two
terms as governor were over, Tillman listed the following re-
forms: "the establishment of Winthrop and Clemson colleges,
taxation reforms, the victory over the phosphate interests, the
Dispensary law, the refunding of the debt, the empowering of
the railroad commission to fix rates, and the establishment of
a greater degree of white democracy by the inauguration of
the state primary" (p. 233). The establishment of the Dis-
pensary for controlling the liquor traffic "showed Ben Tillman's
statesmanship in its most original and most constructive
aspects" (p. 261). Professor Simkins insists that the list must
include "the limiting of the hours of labor in cotton mills, the
reapportionment of legislative and Congressional representa-
tion, economies in public expenditures, and the preparation of
a way for a constitutional convention" (p. 233). Governor Till-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946, periodical, 1946; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146056/m1/524/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.