The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946 Page: 469
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and Louisiana State University, 1945. Pp. 113. Illustra-
In recent years, scientific archaeology in North America has
belatedly turned away from mere collecting and concerned it-
self more and more with the establishment of sound chronologies
as prerequisite to understanding the development of native cul-
tures. With the definition of a Tchefuncte period in the lower
Mississippi valley, this region is now second only to the Puebloan
Southwest in the fullness of its record of successive prehistoric
cultures within the United States. In the eastern area there
now appears an unbroken sequence from historic tribes (Natch-
ez, Tunica, Choctaw, etc.) back to the "Archaic" or shell-heap
period, the earliest recognized. The Archaic was without pot-
tery until near its end, whereas the Tchefuncte is now recog-
nized as the earliest full-fledged pottery culture in Louisiana,
and perhaps in the entire East. As such, it occupies a position
of great importance, since it appears to contain many of the
formative elements of more famous and widespread eastern cul-
tures: Hopewell, Adena, Marksville. In age, it may almost
certainly be placed at prior to 1000 A.D.
The authors have presented a model of careful description of
six sites, method of excavation and analysis, and description of
artifacts. Diagrams and tabulations greatly aid the organiza-
tion of data. Interpretations are clearly stated and restated.
Dr. Snow's analysis of the skeletal remains is likewise scholarly
and conservative, containing much useful tabular data. This
work forms an important chapter in American archaeology.
ALEX D. KRIEGER
The University of Texas
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946, periodical, 1946; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146056/m1/526/: accessed December 10, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.