The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946 Page: 593

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;Votes on Some Workers in teass
t8tomology, 1839-1880"
S. W. GEISER
EXTENDED historical investigations have revealed some ninety-
eight entomologists, mostly amateurs, who collected or
studied insects in Texas from 1833 to 1880. The earliest of
these naturalists appears to have been Thomas Drummond,
Scottish botanist, who collected insects for William Kirby, in
Austin's Colony in 1833-34. I list here with brief biographical
notes twenty-three of the more noted or productive of these
students and collectors. Entomologists will at once recognize
and remember eleven of the workers listed: Thomas Affleck,
G. W. Belfrage, E. T. Cresson, Jacob Boll, S. S. Haldeman,
Harry Brous, L. Heiligbrodt, G. Lincecum, J. D. Mitchell, Rev-
erend H. C. McCook, and E. A. Schwarz. I hope that no apology
is needed for the inclusion of the other twelve and that the
publication of this list will stimulate further historical activity
by members of the Texas Entomological Society. During the
past decade this society has collected historical materials on
former entomological work in Texas-data well worth preser-
vation for historians and men of science. Its activity in setting
up memorials in the last five years to Gustav W. Belfrage and
Wilhelm Bruckisch deserves unstinted praise alike from en-
tomologists and historians.
The selected list of early workers in Texas entomology fol-
lows:
AFFLECK, Isaac Dunbar (1844-1919) .-Affieck worked out several points
for H. M. McCookav on the life-history of the Texas agricultural ant.
He observed weather relations, the forms of the "disks" of the nests,
studied the sorts of seeds stored in the nests, and described the "marriage
flight" in the species. He also collected for McCook notes on the cutting
ant. [See McCook, The Natural History of the Agricultural Ant of Texas
(1879), 15.] Affleck was born in Washington, Adams County, Mississippi,
October 24, 1844, and died at Austin, Texas, April 18, 1919. He was the
son of Thomas Affleck. His education was interrupted by the Civil War,
*Data-sheet accompanying an address, "Fighting the Insects in early
Texas," given December 4, 1945, at Dallas, at the annual banquet of the
Texas Entomological Society and the American Association of Economic
Entomologists, meeting jointly.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946, periodical, 1946; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146056/m1/680/ocr/: accessed September 28, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.