The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946 Page: 594
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
in which he was a member of Terry's Texas Rangers. He was a great
reader and student all of his life.
AFFLECK, Thomas (1812-68).-Affleck came to Brenham, Texas, from
Washington, Mississippi, in 1857 and there resided until his death. A
native of Scotland, he had come to America in 1832; he was editor of the
Western Farmer & Gardener (Cincinnati), 1840-42 and had a large
nursery at Washington, Mississippi (1842-57), and at Brenham (1857-68).
He published his valuable Bee Breeding in the West at Cincinnati in 1841.
"He was a great nurseryman and progressive agriculturist, and one of
the greatest forces in the rehabilitation of Texas after the Civil War."
Numerous publications: Geiser, Horticulture and Horticulturists in Early
Texas (1945), 31-32, gives numerous titles; see also Dictionary of Amer-
BELFRAGE, Gustav Wilhelm (1834-82).-A Swedish entomologist, he came
to Texas in 1867; he worked chiefly in McLennan, Bosque, and perhaps
Williamson counties. Ezra T. Cresson's Hymenoptera Texana (1872) was
based largely on his collections of Hymenoptera. Extensive collections by
Belfrage are in the United States National Museum, the Natural History
Museum at Stockholm, the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia,
the British Museum (Natural History), the Museum of Comparative
Zoology at Cambridge, and the Royal Natural History Museum at Brussels.
For biographical details, see Geiser, Naturalists of the Frontier (1937),
BOLL, Jacob (1828-80).-This Swiss naturalist and entomologist who
came to Texas in 1869 was at one time Assistant in Entomology at the
Museum of Comparative Zoology under Louis Agassiz. In 1869, he ex-
plored the natural history of Texas (all fields) for the Museum of Com-
parative Zoology. Eduard Dimel of Hamburg was Boll's European agent.
Boll's collections of insects at his death were divided between B. Neumoegen
and C. V. Riley and finally reached the Brooklyn Museum and the United
States National Museum. After 1878, Boll collected vertebrate fossils from
the Permian of northwest Texas for Professor E. D. Cope of Philadelphia.
These collections are now in the American Museum of Natural History.
Boll's work in the exploration of the natural history of Texas was of the
greatest importance. He published a number of papers in botany, ento-
mology, and geology. For further data, see Geiser, Naturalists of the
Frontier, (1937), 22 ff.
BRous, Dr. Harry A. (?1850-1906).--Brous came with Professor E. D.
Cope to Helotes, Bexar County, Texas, in September, 1877. He worked
here about three weeks and made reports to the United States Ento-
mological Commission. A notable entomologist, he was especially interested
in beetles. Native of Manhattan, Kansas, he was graduated from the
Kansas State Agricultural, College in 1874 and from the Jefferson Medical
College, Philadelphia, in 1878.
BRUCKISCH, Wilhelm (1802-77) .-Bruckisch, scientific beekeeper, early
associate, friend, and protagonist of Pastor Johann Dzierzon, "the bee-
master of Europe," was born at Postelwitz, Silesia, was "Rentmeister" at
Koppitz bei Grottkau, in Silesia. He founded (1847) the Silesian Bee-
keepers' Society and was its president until his departure for Texas in
1853. He was beekeeper and horticulturist at Hortontown on the Guada-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946, periodical, 1946; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146056/m1/681/: accessed January 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.