The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946 Page: 74
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
the commandant general declared him exempt from the prohibi-
tion of trade with Louisiana, and the commandant at Nacog-
doches stated that he would see to it "... that only the smallest
possible number of unbranded stock obtained from the Indian
shall be exported."24
Having been so favored by the commandant general, Barr
made further requests. In order to continue handling the Indian
trade, he asked the monopoly by his agents of all Indian trade
on the frontier and the exclusion of all other traders, except
anyone appointed by law. This request was granted. He also
asked that the sale of brandy among the Indians should be
prohibited. The commandant general did not agree to do this,
but ordered the governor of Texas to investigate the need for
such a prohibition. Barr asked for the continuance of the
privilege to export horses and mules out of Texas and promised
to sell them in West Florida. He was given limited privilege,
with instructions to decide on the number of horses he thought
he would export annually. To his request to be permitted to
obtain his merchandise in New Orleans, he was told that he
could do so with the understanding that this was to be a
temporary privilege and that it was to be applicable only to
articles secured for the Indian trade. His request for permission
to establish a new town at the place called Orcoquisac on the
Trinity River - near the present town of Liberty - with forty
negro slaves and two hundred Louisiana families was granted.
As he failed to carry out this part of the agreement within a
specified time, however, it was canceled on August 24, 1806.25
The trade of the House of Barr and Davenport prospered as
the years went by. In addition to its business of supplying
the friendly Indians with articles of merchandise, it furnished
the quartermaster's department of Nacogdoches with flour, beef,
salt, soap, and chili to supplement similar articles forwarded
from San Antonio.26 At one time Barr obtained eight hundred
steers in San Antonio and drove them to Nacogdoches, where
he sold most of them to the garrison." Statements of goods
24Jose Joaquin de Ugarte to Juan Bautista Elguezabal, April 3, 1804,
MS., Bexar Archives.
25Nemesio Salcedo to Guillermo Barr, August 29, 1804, MS., and Nemesio
Salcedo to Antonio Cordero, August 24, 1806, MS., Bexar Archives.
26"Two thousand five hundred pesos were recently sent to you in the
care of Don Guillermo Barr in the form of cash, flour, beeves, salt, soap,
and chili." - Antonio Cordero to Francisco Viana, May 12, 1806, MS.,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946, periodical, 1946; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146056/m1/85/: accessed September 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.