The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946 Page: 86
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Nacogdoches as part of the filibustering expedition that cap-
tured that frontier town early in September, 1812.78 Davenport
stayed with the filibusters until they captured La Bahia. He
communicated with William Shaler, United States special agent,
from time to time reporting the progress of the filibustering
expedition.79 He was sent on a mission to Louisiana by Augustus
Magee, the young commander of the expedition, on November
25, 1812. The situation of the filibusters at that time seemed
hopeless.s0 Davenport reached Natchitoches on December 7,
1812; no evidence has been found to show whether he ever went
back to Texas.81
For his adhesion to the filibustering expedition, Davenport
was severely criticized and threatened by the Spanish authori-
ties after the defeat of the filibusters at the Battle of Medina.
"As an Anglo-American," a Spanish officer remarked, "Daven-
port gave the Spanish government upon the invasion of the
traitor Gutierrez undeniable proof of his ingratitude toward the
government that forged his happiness."82 A general pardon
was proclaimed by the commandant general to all insurgents
in the Neutral Ground or anywhere who would report to
Nacogdoches, Trinidad, or San Antonio within forty days to
be counted from October 25, 1813. Articles II and III of this
pardon listed persons who were proscribed and who were not
covered by the amnesty. Among those listed in Article III was
Davenport, who was said to be a scoundrel ". . . ungrateful at
the kind treatment given him by this government, and who
abused the good faith with which he was made a subject of
the Spanish monarch." Article IV provided that anyone who
killed Samuel Davenport would be given a reward of 250 pesos,
and the reward would be increased if he were turned in alive.83
After the defeat of the filibusters at Medina, Davenport does
78Wm. Shaler to James Monroe, September 17, 1812, MS., in the Depart-
ment of State, entitled "Filibustering Expeditions against the Government
of Spain, 1811-1816." Microfilm copies in the Archives, The University of
Texas. [Hereinafter cited as Filibustering Expeditions (Microfilm).]
79Wm. Shaler to James Monroe, October 24, 1812, Filibustering Expedi-
80A. Magee to Wm. Shaler, November 25, 1812, Filibustering Expeditions
s Wm. Shaler to James Monroe, December 25, 1812, Filibustering Expedi-
82[Christoval Dominguez] to Joaquin de Arrendondo, September 7, 1813,
MS., Bexar Archives.
83Joaquin de Arrendondo to Christoval Dominguez, October 10, 1813,
MS., Bexar Archives.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946, periodical, 1946; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146056/m1/97/: accessed January 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.