Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 2, Number 3, September, 1992 Page: 159
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The Alleyton Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1867
but, thanks to the Howard Association of Galveston, Alleyton's ill received medical
The Howard Association was composed of men and women who had
survived attacks of yellow fever and thus had acquired an immunity to it. At the time
of the Alleyton epidemic, the association had but twenty members2 and epidemics were
raging in several Texas towns. Still, the association managed to round up at least twelve
nurses and one physician, Dr. Skinner, for Alleyton. Another doctor, C. H. Bell,
apparently not at the instigation of the Howard Association, set up a temporary
By October 20, the epidemic was essentially over. Still, in November and
December, there would be more cases and more deaths, as the people who had fled the
town returned to their homes and unwittingly provided new victims for the mosquitoes
that carried the disease. The last known deaths occurred on December 17 and 18.
2 See August 23, 1867 entry in Howard Association of Galveston, Records of the Secretary,
Records of the Rosenberg Library Galveston, Texas, 14-0030.
3 The Galveston physician was apparently Dr. K. W. Skinner, whose name appears in the Galveston
City Directory of 1868-1869. A microfilm copy of the directory may be found at the Rosenberg Library in
After the epidemic, Drs. Bell and Skinner and the nurses from the Howard Association presented
bills to the county for their services. On October 14, 1867, they had presented bills totalling $1585.13. Six
weeks later, on November 30, they asked for a total of $3500. The commissioners court refused to pay the
medical bills of anyone but the indigent, and appropriated $1000 to cover those costs plus the costs of making
coffins ($54.00), digging graves ($32.40), and medicine and supplies furnished by others ($51.44). See
Police Court Minutes, Office of the County Clerk, Colorado County, Texas, meetings of October 14, November
26, and November 30, 1867.
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Nesbitt Memorial Library. Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 2, Number 3, September, 1992, periodical, September 1992; Columbus, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth151386/m1/31/?q=nesbitt%20memorial%20library%20journal: accessed October 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Nesbitt Memorial Library.