Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 3, Number 2, May, 1993 Page: 78
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Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal
100 I LII
R B F A
A 80 A 79 A: 62 U
M C N S
P _ _ _- - - - -' K _ _ N _ _ _ _ _ _- T
A "PRESTON I I
R ---------------N -------IN
T I I I I
81 78 63
61 :R: 44 I 39
I ___ E
- - - - I I r - - - - 0 - --I
E A I
60 45 K 1
which originally was granted to James Cummins.13 Dewees had purchased the labor
from Zadoc Woods (who had purchased it at the public auction of Cummins' estate) on
November 10, 1829. Modern maps, however, place the nine new blocks just outside
the Cummins Labor.14
The new blocks, delineated on a map which is now in the Texas State
Archives, expanded Columbus north to the river. Austin and Prairie Streets were
extended. Two new streets, called Mallick and Mill, were added north of Dewees. The
original map also shows a river crossing at the foot of Austin Street, labeling it
"Columbus Shales." Since abundant evidence indicates that there was a crossing at this
location, and since the mapmaker made numerous other spelling errors, for instance,
"thare" for "there," "bee" for "be," "Fanen" for "Fannin," "Crocket" for "Crockett,"
"Deweese" for "Dewees," and "Prarie" for "Prairie," the word "Shales" may safely be
interpreted as a misspelling of "shoals."
The original map shows Block 95 where Block 97 now is, and vice versa.
Though no explanation for it has been discovered, two subsequent important maps,
Jesse Joyner Harrison's 1879 Map of Columbus and Frank Norris Davidson's 1927
Town of Columbus, Texas, transposed the block numbers and were apparently respon-
sible for effecting the change. It is impossible to exaggerate the confusion in the deed
records thereby created.15
13 Deed Book E, p. 574, Office of the County Clerk, Colorado County, Texas.
14 One can gain an idea of the feverish land trading that was taking place in the immediate Columbus
area in the late 1830s by noting that in January 1839, in two separate sales, Dewees sold 20 acres out of
this labor for $400, then bought the same 20 acres back four months later for $700.
1 5 Harrison's map can be found in the Archives of the Nesbitt Memorial Library, Columbus, Texas,
Davidson's on Slide 18 of Plat Records, Office of the County Clerk, Colorado County, Texas.
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Nesbitt Memorial Library. Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 3, Number 2, May, 1993, periodical, May 1993; Columbus, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth151388/m1/26/?q=nesbitt%20memorial%20library%20journal: accessed June 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Nesbitt Memorial Library.