Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 4, Number 1, January, 1994 Page: 29
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Brief History of Columbus
a bill, and Harrison was never a legislator. The bill in question was
apparently that submitted to the governor on the last day of the regular
session of the 28th legislature, April 1, 1903, and styled S. S. B. 168
(see General Laws of the State of Texas Passed at the Regular Session
of the Twenty-Eighth Legislature, Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones Com-
pany, 1904, pages 220-221).
The first record of incorporation of Columbus is found in an instrument filed August
22nd., 1866. At that time we were incorporated as the Town of Columbus, under an
act of the legislature of February, 1858. The instrument was signed by John D. Gillmore
as chiefjustice of Colorado county and by George McCormick, county clerk. This charter
was amended by one or more acts of the legislature and in 1874 the corporation was
styled the City of Columbus. The corporation was abolished in August, 1906, and the
affairs of the city were conducted by the county commissioners court. After the debts
of the old corporation were paid off and a new water system was necessary in 1927 the
town was re-incorporated.
Actually, the Town of Columbus was incorporated by an act passed by
the state legislature on February 8, 1854 (see The Laws of Texas 1822-
1897, volume 4, pages 97-101). The name was changed to City of
Columbus and the city limits were redefined by an act passed by the
legislature on August 15, 1870 (see The Laws of Texas 1822-1897,
volume 6, pages 810-814). The corporation of the city was dissolved
on August 7, 1906, by a 99 to 35 vote of the citizenry (see Minutes of
the City Council of the City of Columbus 1903-1914, page 70, Archives
of the Nesbitt Memorial Library, Columbus, Texas). The city was rein-
corporated, again under the name Town of Columbus, on January 10,
1927 by a 243 to 60 vote (see Election Records 1919-1935, page 76,
Office of the County Clerk, Colorado County, Texas). The name was
changed back to City of Columbus by an ordinance passed on May 14,
1962 (see Minutes of the City Council of the City of Columbus Book 9,
pages 2165-2166, Archives of the Nesbitt Memorial Library, Columbus,
In 1840, while Texas was a republic the need of education was realized by one public
spirited citizen, the founder of the town, W. B. Dewees, who deeded a block of land to
the chief justice of Colorado county for use as a school site. At the time it was called
Seminary Square. Our present white high school is located on this land which has been
used as the donor directed for the past 95 years. An old register shows that in 1857
the Colorado College was conducted on that site by Rev's Shearn and Loomis. The
sessions continued throughout the four years of the war between the states and taught
English, grammar, algebra, higher mathematics, Latin, Greek, philosophy and music. In
1871 the Colorado College was in charge of a Mr. Post. The building then in use was
a three story brick structure erected by the Odd Fellows, one room of which was used
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Nesbitt Memorial Library. Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 4, Number 1, January, 1994, periodical, January 1994; Columbus, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth151390/m1/29/?q=nesbitt%20memorial%20library%20journal: accessed September 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Nesbitt Memorial Library.