Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 8, Number 1, January, 1998 Page: 43
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Documents, Letters, Reminiscences, Etc.
and springs. The principal rivers and streams
are the Colorado and Navidad rivers,
Cumming's creek, Rocky or Harvy's creek,
Ratliff's creek, Skull creek, Sandy creek and
others. The Sandies are in the extreme south-
west corner of the county, and are composed
of East, Middle and West Sandy creeks. There
are some good settlements on the Sandies. The
country is well watered and finely timbered,
and is considered the finest hog range in Texas,
and is one of the finest hunting grounds for the
sportsman. Game is plentiful at all seasons of
the year, and consists of the deer, turkey, wild
goose, wild duck, mule-eared rabbit, prairie
chicken, quails, plover, snipe, raccoons,
o'possum, the gray and cat squirrel.
Kessler Spring is five miles from Co-
lumbus, possessing medicinal virtues, and the
spring is often resorted to for its curative pow-
ers. In the north and northwestern portion of
this county, there is an abundance of the best
quality of sand stone, for fence and building
purposes, and is easily obtained from the quar-
The county is blessed with good
schools, churches and society, and every sur-
rounding to make the citizens and immigrants
pleasant and comfortable. The people are intel-
ligent, kind, generous, social and law-abiding.
The alluvial and chocolate lands of the
bottoms and black, sandy prairies, generally
produce about twelve hundred pounds of seed
cotton, and one bale per acre; corn from thirty-
five to sixty bushels, and frequently eighty;
sweet and Irish potatoes, from two hundred to
five hundred bushels; sugar, one hogshead, two
barrels syrup per acre; peas, fifty bushels; oats,
thirty-five to forty bushels; millet, twenty to
thirty bushels; peanuts, from one hundred to
two hundred bushels. Lands in cultivation, well
improved, near Columbus and on the railroad,
are worth from $10 to $25 per acre. Farther
from market and railroad facilities the lands are
cheaper. Unimproved lands can be bought from
$1 to $10 per acre. The improvement of lands
by the various processes of fertilization is never
resorted to in this county. There are many farms
in this county that have been in cultivation from
twenty to forty years without a year's rest, and
not a pound of manure or fertilization of any
kind has ever beed placed upon it, and these
very lands produce annually from forty to sixty-
five bushels of corn per acre; cotton, sugar,
peas, oats, millet, potatoes, &c., in proportion.
Columbus is the county seat of Colo-
rado, and is situated on the west bank of the
beautiful Colorado river. It is a fine, sandy lo-
cation. It is generally conceded to be one of the
most beautiful towns in the interior of Texas. It
is delightfully shaded along her public walks
and streets, by transplanted trees of walnut and
hackberry. Surrounding the court-house in the
public square is a lovely grove of walnut and
hackberry; also through the city are found the
grand and stately live-oaks, left as nature planted
them, giving a cool and refreshing shade in
summer to man and beast; lend a picturesque
charm to the prospect, and beautify the loca-
tion. Columbus is noted for its accomplished
and handsome ladies, its social and gallant
As a business town, Columbus has for
its size, no equal in southwestern Texas. It con-
tains a population of two thousand souls. There
are four churches for the whites, well orga-
nized and attended, and two churches for the
blacks; one Masonic hall, two Odd Fellows
lodges, and a large college. The town has many
neat cottages and some few handsome resi-
dences, surrounded by well cultivated gardens
and embowered in luxuriant shrubs and trees.
Then, everywhere is to be found lovely flower
gardens, and the eye rests with pleasure on the
verandas, half buried in sweet seclusion of leaf
and blossom, forming almost a summer parlor
as it were.
One half mile north of the court-house
is one of the most beautiful live-oak groves in
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Nesbitt Memorial Library. Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 8, Number 1, January, 1998, periodical, January 1998; Columbus, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth151402/m1/43/?q=nesbitt%20memorial%20library%20journal: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Nesbitt Memorial Library.