Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 8, Number 2, May, 1998 Page: 72
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Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal
The year 1864 found McNeill going back into Louisiana with General
Green. General Banks had started the Red River Campaign, which had as its objective the
capture of northern Louisiana, including Shreveport, the capitol of Confederate Louisi-
ana, and East Texas. There had been a number of encounters in 1863 between the Con-
federates and the federal forces in Louisiana, but in 1864 Banks was told to either capture
Shreveport by the end of April or withdraw.96 While the Confederates retreated toward
Shreveport until more forces could arrive from Texas, the Union forces put more distance
between themselves and their supplies. Finally at the battle of Mansfield, the Union forces
were stopped in their progress toward Shreveport, and after that made no additional
attempt to capture the city or move into East Texas. McNeill, again with the Fifth Texas
Cavalry, received praise for his actions at Mansfield, actions that had helped defend
Shreveport, the city that his father had established.97
McNeill had hoped for another promotion, but though his superiors rec-
ommended him and even quoted General Green who had been killed, because there was
no brigade available, he was not promoted to brigadier general.98 He spent the remainder
of the war in Texas as colonel of the Fifth Texas Cavalry. With the conclusion of the war,
McNeill and Anderson, with parole papers issued on June 28 and June 27, 1865,99 re-
turned to Colorado County and the James Ross Survey where they attempted to make the
plantation of Angus McNeill a profitable venture. However, like the elder McNeill, they
had difficulty making a success of farming, and soon were mortgaging the crops and land.
Anderson also returned to the practice of law, and in one case successfully defended the
right of his sister, Nancy Belle Anderson Murray, and her husband James H. Murray
(parents of Margaret Murray McNeill, the wife of Henry C. McNeill), to remain on the
land they had leased from Joel D. Shrewsbury when it was sold.'"
Anderson died in 1868. According to a moving obituary written by his
brother-in-law, James Murray, and sent to the Houston Daily Times, he died of congestive
96 John Dimitry, Louisiana, in Confederate Military History, 12 volumes (Atlanta: Confederate
Publishing Co., 1899), vol. 10, pp. 135-142.
97 Dimitry, Louisiana, in Confederate Military History, vol. 10, pp. 135-151; Henrici, "A Speculator's
Dream," p. 45.
98 Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas,
National Archives Microfilm Publication No. 323, Roll 34.
99 Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas,
National Archives Microfilm Publication No. 323, Rolls 34, 308.
100 District Court Records of Colorado County, Texas, Civil Cause File No. 2305: James H.
Murray and wife v. William J. Jones and James G. McWilliams, et al. James H. Murray had been a colonel in
the Confederate Army in Tennessee but after the war had come to Texas and Colorado County where a
daughter, Margaret, as well as a son, William Preston Anderson Murray, lived. The younger Murray had
been a member of Terry's Texas Rangers. The family did not remain in Colorado County. By 1870, they lived
in Walker County. The elder Murray served as the doorkeeper of the Texas Senate until his death in 1873 (see
Hans Peter Nielsen Gammel, comp., The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 (Austin: The Gammel Book Company,
1898), vol. 7, pp. 685-686; Ninth Census of'the United States (1870) Walker County, Texas, Schedule 1.
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Nesbitt Memorial Library. Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 8, Number 2, May, 1998, periodical, May 1998; Columbus, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth151403/m1/24/?q=nesbitt%20memorial%20library%20journal: accessed October 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Nesbitt Memorial Library.