Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 9, Number 1, January, 1999 Page: 15
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Consider the Lily: The Ungilded History of Colorado County, Texas
long. At some point, its name was changed to Columbus Times. Though Barnard had sold
the newspaper soon after he bought it, he apparently remained convinced of his ability to
prosper in the business, and in January or February of 1869, he recruited Ben Baker, pur-
chased the press and equipment of the Richmond Sun, and used it to start another newspaper
in Columbus. For it, he and Baker resurrected the name Colorado Citizen. Soon, the new
Citizen had the Times n6e Citizen on the ropes. Daniels, who seems to have been the most
capable editor the Times had, also practiced law, and, by 1868, took up the practice of
medicine. His speciality, he claimed, was curing cancer; which he vowed to do without
surgery or else his patients, or presumably their estates, would get their money back. In July
1869, Daniels dropped the newspaper business, selling the Times to his assistant, Vaughan,
and a partner, William H. Lessing. Vaughan functioned as editor until November 1869,
when he sold his interest to Lessing. Lessing lasted only two months as editor. In late
December 1869 or early January 1870, Barnard bought the Times' press and equipment at a
sheriff's sale and sold it to a man in Calvert, Texas. The Citizen, however, also struggled to
make money, and Barnard was soon ready again to divest himself of his newspaper. In
1871, he sold it to the Columbus law firm of Robert Levi Foard, Wells Thompson, and
George Millan McCormick, only to buy it back again the next year. Finally, in October
1873, he sold the paper for the last time, to Baker, under whose guidance it would prosper
for the next three decades.25
25 [La Grange] True Issue, May 13, 1865; Columbus Times, February 20, 1869; Colorado Citizen,
February 27, 1879, April 28, 1911; Houston Daily Times, November 6, 1868, November 28, 1868, February 12,
1869, [Hempstead] Texas Countryman, August 6, 1869; [La Grange] State Rights Democrat, November 12,
1869; [Houston] Evening Telegraph, January 10, 1870; Fayette County New Era, October 24, 1873. There are
no known extant editions of The South. The edition of the True Issue cited above gives The South s editor's
name only as "Baker." Presuming that this Baker was one of the three brothers who ran the Colorado Citizen
before the Civil War, and since one of the three, A. Hicks Baker, was killed during the war, then the editor of The
South must have been either Jim Baker or Ben Baker. Ben Baker was one of the few remaining members of his
company who surrendered at Appomattox on April 9, 1865, just about a month before the first issue of The
South appeared. He probably could not have arrived in Columbus in time to organize and produce the newspa-
per. Jim Baker was discharged from the army in 1862, and presumably had lived in Columbus since that time,
making him the logical candidate to have created The South. He was probably forced to wait until after the war
to establish the newspaper because paper itself was in very short supply during the war.
Daniels, the physician, lawyer, and editor, evidently left town shortly after selling the Times. In 1873,
he was living at the small community of Fiskville near Austin and serving as a state policeman when he and
seven other state policemen, among whom was another Colorado County man, Wesley Cherry, were sent to
Lampasas to confront the Horrell brothers. The Horrells, Thomas, Martin, Merit, and Bill, and a number of their
relatives and friends, were accused of "branding, killing and skinning other peoples' cattle," of attempting to
murder the sheriff, and of randomly shooting into people's houses. On March 14, the policemen arrested Bill
Bowen, a brother-in-law of the Horrells. Bowen led them to the saloon where the Horrells and their adherents
were waiting. Daniels, Cherry, and two other state policeman, Thomas Williams and Andrew Melville, entered
the saloon; the other four officers waited outside. Almost as soon as they entered, Daniels, Cherry, Williams,
and Melville were mowed down in a hail of gunfire. Daniels, Cherry, and Williams all died on the scene (see
[Austin] Daily State Journal, March 19, 1873, March 26, 1873; [Austin] Daily Democratic Statesman, March
20, 1873; Annie Doom Pickrell, Pioneer Women in Texas (Austin: Jenkins Publishing Company, 1970), pp.
462-463; Colorado County Marriage Records, Book D, p. 130).
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Nesbitt Memorial Library. Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 9, Number 1, January, 1999, periodical, January 1999; Columbus, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth151405/m1/15/?q=nesbitt%20memorial%20library%20journal: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Nesbitt Memorial Library.