Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 10, Number 1, January, 2000 Page: 60
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal
published on October 1, 1874, an editorial which was evidently prompted by the sudden
dismissal of the town's public school teacher, T. L. P. Holloman. When Holloman, who had
conducted the school the preceding year, returned to town to resume classes in the fall of
1874, he was told his services were no longer needed. As it was too late to secure another
position, he further divided local educational efforts by opening a private school in the Ma-
sonic hall and suggesting that his school ought to be eligible for state funds. Baker continued
his lobbying on November 19, writing "the importance of a well-regulated and permanent
school in our midst can scarcely be over-estimated." He weighed in again the following
week, assuring his readers that the absence of a good school impaired economic develop-
ment. Few, apparently, were persuaded. Two new schools opened in Columbus in January
1875, and Arnold Prause opened another, this one conducted in German, the following March
15. Three days later, Baker lamented that instead of one school, the city contained "some
half dozen village schools, of limited scholarship, eking out an existence of little profit to the
teachers, and of very little advantage to the place." Things, from his perspective, were about
to get a little better.77
In the fall of 1875, Powatan E. Collins established the Colorado Institute. His
new school came complete with a board of directors, elected on August 21, 1875, consisting
of nine of the community's leading citizens. The Institute promised to be so successful that,
whether from a spirit of cooperation or defeat, the Columbus public school decided not to
begin its classes until March 1876, after Collins's school was set to close. Collins, however,
opened a spring term on January 3, 1876, a term which did not conclude until June. By then,
the state, by virtue of adopting a new constitution, had made sweeping changes to the public
school system. The most notable change was the declaration that public schools must be
racially segregated, a provision written into the constitution and reiterated by the act, passed
by the legislature on August 19, 1876, that set up the new school system. The Colorado
Institute, which had hitherto been supported privately, began receiving public funds with the
term which opened in the fall of 1876. So too did the several successful schools outside
Columbus, including that of Edward B. Carruth, which had been operating in Osage since
1874, that of John R. Harris which apparently began operating at Oakland in 1875, those of
Pat H. Hargon and Henry C. Quin in Weimar, and the Hermann Seminary at Frelsburg.
Shortly, if not immediately, separate schools for blacks appeared in Columbus and Alleyton,
77 Lease, Independent Order of Odd Fellows Lodge No. 51 to J. C. Degress, Superintendent
of Public Instruction for the State of Texas, September 1, 1872, Shropshire-Upton Chapter, U. D. C.
Collection (Ms. 25), Archives of the Nesbitt Memorial Library, Columbus; Colorado Citizen, Febru-
ary 27, 1873, September 10, 1874, September 17, 1874, September 24, 1874, October 1, 1874, November
26, 1874, December 24, 1874, January 7, 1875, March 18, 1875. Holloman apparently also made some
money as a writer. He published a poem in the Colorado Citizen of June 11, 1874.
Here’s what’s next.
Matching Search ResultsView 48 pages within this issue that match your search.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Nesbitt Memorial Library. Nesbitt Memorial Library Journal, Volume 10, Number 1, January, 2000, periodical, January 2000; Columbus, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth151408/m1/60/?q=nesbitt%20memorial%20library%20journal: accessed November 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Nesbitt Memorial Library.