The Cherokeean. (Rusk, Tex.), Vol. 134, No. 7, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 31, 1983 Page: 2 of 32
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PAGE TWO-THE CHEROKEEAN OF RUSK. TEXAS, THURSDAY, MARCH 31,1983
Point of View
Prayer In Schools
First Amendment to the United
Constitution begins as follows:
"Congress shall make no law respecting an
establishment of religion, or prohibiting the
free exercise thereof.''
Some people, particularly federal judges,
have interpreted the First Amendment as
requiring "a wall of separation between
church and state." It should be noted that
the First Amendment does NOT contain the
words "wall", "separation", "church", OR
"state", according to an article by Ridge
Pate in "Facts For You," publishéd by the
Texas Farm Bureau.
Any court decision against prayer in local
public schools is legally wrong, for at least
four reasons noted in the article to include:
A local public school is not the United
Prayers can be said without passing laws,
local or federal.
Prayers are not an establishment of
religion. America's Founding Fathers
reserved that term for governmentally
established denominations, such as the
Church of England.
Any person (including a Federal judge)
who forbids prayer, forbids the free exer-
cise of religion, a basic part of which is
On February 16, 1983, the "Wall Street
Journal" printed an editorial which reads in
part as follows:
God is great, God is good.
Let us thank Him for our food,
Bow our heads we all are fed,
Give us Lord our daily bread.
During the 1981-82 school year, Charlene
Boyd, a public elementary school teacher in
Mobile County, Ala., recited this prayer
with her class every day before lunch. Was
she violating the Constitution?
Ishmeal Jaffree, a local agnostic,
charged that she was. He sued Ms. Boyd,
two other teachers who recited comparable
prayers and local school officials for
$115,000, claiming his three children,
Jamael, Makeba and Chioke, suffered
emotional harm for refusing to join in the
prayers. In a preliminary hearing last
August, Federal District Judge W. B. Hand
denied a motion by defense lawyer Fob
James III, son of the then-governor of
Alabama, that the case be dismissed
because only God — not the courts — has
jurisdiction over prayer.
But Judge Hand has upheld the con-
stitutionality of the prayers in a bomb-shell
opinion that deliberately violates 21 years of
Supreme Court precedent on school prayer,
and a longer precedent of 14th Amendment
interpretation. He ruled that "the Founding
Fathers of this country and the framers of
what became the First Amendment never
intended the establishment clause to erect
an absolute wall of separation between the
federal government and religion," and that
"the 14th Amendment did not incorporate
the establishment clause of the First
Amendment against the states."
His decision is almost certain to be rever-
sed on appeal, and pending a decision by the
circuit court, Supreme Court Justice Lewis
Powell has issued an injunction against
prayers in Alabama schools. But the higher
courts, and perhaps more importantly the
public, would do well to examine carefully
Judge Hand's arguments.
In summary Judge Hand's decision is
legally correct. Federal judges do not take
an oath to support previous decisions, or
"precedents" (which are frequently
wrong). Instead, they take two oaths to
support the Constitution of the United
States. Marbury v. Madison, 1 Cranch 137
The Constitution of the United States
clearly allows prayers in the local public
schools. To quote "The Constitution of the
United States: Its Sources and Its Ap-
plication" (New York, World Publishing
Company, 1940), by Thomas James Norton:
"Let it be borne in mind that all of the first
ten Amendments (to the U.S. Constitution)
are of National effect and not binding upon
the States." (page 198, emphasis added).
The only kind of women who model
girdles are the ones who don't need
Lion President Fred Gaines had the
nerve to appoint Lion Robert Colley
again as Tail Twister, and to start
with he got Lion Ike Daniel so con-
fused that he did not know whether to
sit or stand, so he just walked around.
Seems that Lion Colley felt that he
should fine Lion Ike for conflict of in-
terests, but because he was trying to
promote the Rusk Lions Park he was
going to rescind the fine. That is
another thing that is hard to believe -
a Lion Tail Twister rescinding a fine.
Mr. Charles Horton was a guest at
the Lions meeting last Thursday. Lion
Robert Colley will be Program
Chairman for the month of April and
Lion President Gaines appointed Lion
Allen Gilchrest Chairman of the
Nominating Committee along with
Lions George Dodd and Doyle
Lion David Long reported that a
group worked at the baseball complex
the other Saturday and much more
work needs to be done. If you will be
able to help someday, Lion or not,
please contact Lion Long. Lion C'orry
Wallace made a good report on the
light bulb sales and Lion President
Gaines asked the Lions to approve the
sponsoring of a carnival. This was
Lion of the Year will be voted on this
Thursday, so you will want to be
present. Lion Ike gave us a question-
naire to make our wishes known on
what should be placed in our Lions
Club Park. These forms will be at the
banks and savings & loans and you
are asked to take a few minutes and
let your wishes be known. Speak now
or forever hold your peace.
Lion Morris Elliott presented Lion
Billy Watson with a movie for our
program. The movie "Committed To
The Land" was all about the Union
Pacific Railroad Co.. their beginning
and the way they are operating today.
The railroads began building their
way across the nation in 1863 going
through many miles of rugged
territory. They promoted a unified
feeling as they went through the
various states and now have grown
until they have 1,700 units to carry
materials all over the Nation. They
have much sophisticated equipment
now so that they know where
by E.B. Musick, Jr.
everything is at any given time. It
used to take 100 days by wagon train
to get to the coast from Nebraska,
now it takes two days.
This company is into many other
fields such as oil and mineral
development. They furnish coal to
many of the power companies to try
and cut the cost of our utilities. And
they continue to be committed to
taking care of our great land as it
On a 747 flight from New York to
Los Angeles, the weather had been
stormy all the way, and the flight had
been bumpy all the way. The pilot
casually chatted with the passengers
as he landed the plane. Afterward, not
realizing that he had left the public
address system open, he added:
"What a rough flight. What I could use
now is a cold beer and a warm
A stewardess raced toward the
cockpit to tell him that his voice could
be heard throughout the plane.
As she disappeared inside the cock-
pit, a passenger yelled out, "Hey, you
forgot the cold beer!"
See You Thursday Noon New
Southern Motor Hotel.
1614 Kedbud Street
Nacogdoches, Texas 75961
A new publication which will be of
interest to most researchers is "Guide
To Genealogical Research In The
National Archives." This attractive
volume contains 320 pages jam-
packed with information for you!
There is a complete index as well as a
detailed table of contents.
Some of the chapter headings in-
clude the following: Census Records.
Passenger Arrival Lists,
Naturalization Records, Records of the
Historical Work Continues
By JOHN ALLEN TEMPLETON
Reports on continuing projects,
plans for some new projects and
general business were on the
Cherokee County Historical Com-
mission's agenda at its March
business meeting Tuesday in the
county courtroom in Rusk.
The outstanding Junior Historian
fairs in Jacksonville and the success
of the winners there in the East Texas
History Fair in Marshall last week
were highlights of the report of
George Bennett, Junior Historian
program chairman. Well over 500
Jacksonville students participated in
the two faii^ in Jacksonville, he said.
In the regional fair, Jacksonville
students won three first, three second
and two third places along with six
honorable mention awards, he con-
All of the regional fair first place
winners will enter the state Junior
Historian Fair later in the spring.
A highlight of the regional fair was
the selection of Mrs. Gail Mulligan,
Joe Wright School chapter sponsor, as
the Junior Historian chapter sponsor
of the year, Bennett added.
Historical markers have been
delivered for the Texas State Railroad
Park near Rusk and the Zebulon Pike
Campsite near Alto, Mrs. Henry Rose,
marker chairman, reported. Plans for
dedicating those markers will be an-
nounced soon. The marker for the
John Wesley Love home in Jackson-
ville has been approved and is being
cast. It should be delivered in April,
she said. Application for a marker for
the grave of John Joseph Bowman in
the Mt. Hope Cemetery in Wells has
been filed. Bowman was a soldier in
Texas' War for Independence from
Mexico. The grave of his brother,
James Bowman, also a soldier in that
war, was marked several years ago.
This marker is being obtained in
cooperation with the Mary Mantooth
Chapter, Daughters of the Republic of
Texas, in Lufkin.
Research and writing are underway
on applications for several other
historical markers in various parts of
Work is progressing on research for
compiling the list of every Cherokee
county official from 1846, when the
county was created, to the present.
Some research is being done in state
records in Austin and in other places,
Mrs. Melvin Sessions, chairman, said.
When completed, the list will be
provided for each public library in the
county for study and research work.
Many of the needed records are not
available in the county courthouse
records. Mrs. Verline Danheim is
working with Mrs. Sessions on this
Dr. Walter A. Miller, budget chair-
man, and his committee will begin
work soon on the Commission's
proposed budget for next year to have
it ready when county commissioners
begin preparing the county budget.
The commission's budget is part of
the county budget, because the Com-
mission is a part of the county gover-
Recognition of firms and in-
stitutions in the county which fly the
Texas flag regularly was discussed
and will take place later. This is part
of a Texas-wide program. The chair-
man was instructed to secure all in-
formation on this for study at the next
The Commission accepted an in-
vitation to meet with the Cherokee
County Heritage Association April 4 in
Commission members present were
Mrs. Cecil Terry, Mrs. Luman
Holman, Dr. W. A. Miller, Tom Dean
Stevens, Jack Moore, Bernard
Mayfield, Mrs. Ogreta Huttash and
Chairman John Allen Templeton of
Jacksonville; Mrs. Melvin Sessions,
Mrs. Henry Rose and Mrs. Verline
Danheim of Alto; Judge J. W. Sum-
mers, William A. Holland and Terry
Guinn of Rusk; George Bennett of Mt.
Selman, Henry Rose of Alto was a
The Commission's next meeting is
scheduled at 5:15 p.m. in the county
courtroom in Rusk on April 26.
Regular Army, Service Records of
Volunteers, Naval and Marine Ser-
vice Records, Pension Records, Boun-
ty Land Warrant Records, Records of
Civilians During Wartime, Records of
American Indians, Records of Black
Americans, Records of Merchant
Seamen, Records of Civilian Gover-
nment Employees, Land Records,
Claim Records, Court Records,
Records of the District of Columbia,
Miscellaneous Records, Cartographic
Records and a List of Microfilm
This Guide has been completely re-
written and greatly expanded and
represents the first revision in almost
20 years. Every serious researcher
will want their own copy and it should
be in every genealogical library
Order your copy today by. sending a
check or money order for $21 for hard
cover or $17 for soft cover to National
Archives, P.O. Box 301, Washington,
If you are working on the Hudson
family, you will be interested in
joining the Hudson Family
Association (south), Route 7, Del
Monte Place, Longview, Texas 75601.
Dues are $10 per year for annual
membership or $20 per year for con-
tributing membership or $40 for a two-
year patron membership. Malcom H.
Hudson is Bulletin Editor and
Genealogy Director. The Association
publishes two quarterlies - Bulletin
and Hudsoniana. Members receive
both. Bulletin presents genealogy,
while Hudsoniana is the newsletter in
which Colonial genealogical data ap-
pears as space permits.
Fannie Todd Barbour married Mr.
Gray and lived in Louisville, Ky.
About 1878 she had two sons living in
Texas - Where? Thomas Gray
married Miss Gamble and Dr. John
Gray. Who are their descendants?
Charles Washburn (1883-1927)
married Rosa? and lived in Houston,
Texas. Who are their descendants?
Robert M. Washburn born ca 1890
married ? and lived in Longview,
Texas. Joe Ingraham born July 5,1903
Fort Worth, Texas, attorney for
Sweifel and Tuohy in Fort Worth. Did
he marry? Descendants? Would like
to hear from Mary Gene (Hart)
Graham living 1972 at 3655 Wicker-
sham, Houston, Texas.
Mattie Gaines born ca 1887 married
I B. Loving and lived Cross Plains,
Callahan County, Texas and had
Zenovia, Leota, I B. Jr., and Billie
Ruth. Vienna Gaines born ca 1889
married W. Charlie Stark of Temple,
Texas and had Alleen who married
Mr. Cochran and had a son Bill Gale
Cochran living in Temple. Would like
to hear from above. Lloyd F. Oliver,
2500 Jackson Keller Road, Apt. 1806,
San Antonio, Texas 78230.
Kissin' Kuzzins is beginning it's 14th
year of publication. Queries are free,
but must pertain to a Texas relative.
Have you submitted a query on your
By Park Watson
Letter to Editor:
B°°L - k
Memorial Library 0*^
By PEGGY McARTHUR
A word of appreciation is in or-
der to the good people of Rusk who
use the library. Most of our patrons
are careful in their usage of our
materials. Fines are paid prom-
ptly by most or arrangements to
pay as soon as possible are agreed
upon. Last week one patron paid a
fine over $23 and another over $8.
We do not make it a policy to try to
get rich on fines. The maximum
fine for any book is $3. Fines serve
only to remind people that we need
to keep the items we have
available for the use of all people.
From time to time we receive
donations from citizens of our
community. These gifts are always
Appreciated. Books are also
presented. Many of these fill voids
on our shelves.
Thank you to Mr. Frank Egbert
who bought a Zip-Cod* book from
th* post office while I waa waiting
In Una last week. Ht presented It to
the library Just because ha wanted
to do something for ua.
New books are coming in all the
time. Come down and look around.
We may have just the book you
want to read.
The American Society of
Hospital Pharmacists has out a
book entitled "Consumer Drug
Digest." It is designed specifically
to give consumers the information
they need about every drug they're
likely to take, both general infor-
mation and guidelines for
everyday use. Questions are an-
swered that are likely to arise
while medication is being taken.
"The Good Old Stuff" is a selec-
tion of thirteen of John D. Mc-
Donald's boat mystery stories.
Fans of McDonald are familiar
with his books, but many do not
remember when he wrote for
magaslnes. "The Good Old Stuff"
has been chosen to give readers a
taate of his early best and to show
the ranga of hit abilities In the
mystery field •
One of the most important issues
facing the Texas Legislature this year
is the deregulation of the trucking in-
dustry in Texas.
Texans for Fairer Prices is a broad
based coalition of suppliers, shippers,
businessmen and consumers who
have united to effect needed changes
in the regulation of trucking in Texas.
We believe that the deregulation of
the trucking industry will result in
fairer prices through open com-
petition in the market place.
Those who favor the protectionist
regulation of the large trucking com-
panies cry that service to smaller
communities will suffer if rates and
routing requirements are
deregulated. The experience in other
states which have deregulated
trucking proves them wrong.
Results of extensive surveys have
been published recently outlining the
impact of trucking deregulation in
Florida and Arizona, states which
have deregulated trucking since I960.
Small towns have not suffered from a
lack of service as a result of
deregulation. In fact, many com-
munities report an increase in ship-
ping options following the elimination
of the monopoly of regulated single
In a deregulated market place,
small carriers who today have little or
no hope of being licensed to operate,
will have the flexibility to service
routes that are not appealing to the
trucking giants. When competition is
free, service will improve while costs
While we favor the deregulation of
rates and routing requirements, we
fervently support continued
requirements for safety and insuran-
ce responsibility. Carriers in Texas
must operate their vehicles in a safe
manner and carry sufficient insuran-
ce to assure the safety of all who
travel Texas highways.
Bob Krueger, Co-Chairman
Tom DeLay, Co-Chairman,
Texans for Fairer Prices
P.O. Box 571
Let's take a look forward...into the
past! I'm not much of a historian. Got
good grades in history in school...but
not much of a historian. And yet
history has such a bearing on today
and tomorrow. I'm worried about our
leaders. Doesn't seem to be much
positive direction in their thinking.
I relate both party's actions as to
our tomorrows to a "pin ball"
machine. Some one pulls a lever back
and the little ball rolls and bounces its
way down to a final resting place...a
haphazard conclusion of its race
Now that in itself would not be too
bad...half the time it ends up in a good
slot...but there remains the guy that
pulled the lever in the first place.
There he stands...pushing and
shoving on the machine in an effort to
get the ball rolling his way. Some
times he is successful. But only too of-
ten he "tilts" the machine and the
game is over.
Our nation has a great political
history to review. Over the years
great and positive leaders have
jostled the little ball into the right slot.
They have made big decisions...and
made them right..."right" meaning a
beneficial solution to their particular
problem...and our country has
Texas' Oldest Weekly Newspaper, Established as the Cherokee Sentinel, Feb. 27, 1850
Second Class Postage Paid At Rusk, Texas 75785. Published Weekly on Thursday by E.ll. Whitehead Enterprises,
818 N. Main Street, Husk. Texas, Ph. AC 2!4-<w:i-2257
TEXAS PRESS ASSOCIATION
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Outside Cherokee County, I Per Annum
Outside State, • to Per Annum
But then again, without regard for
the wise decisions of those who have
made history, the players have
"tilted" the machine and havoc has
resulted. I believe that decisions af-
fecting our nation should be made
without the "pin ball" syndrome.
I believe that the time has
come., and almost gone...when our
leaders...whoever they are...should
settle down to some real old fashioned
political cooperation in finding
solutions. Party politics are fine. A
cooperative effort to find solutions to
the myriad of problems should be the
goal. The major political parties
should not take an "adversary" stan-
ce. It is not possible for any one group
to be right all the time. I think it is
time for the good of the country as a
whole to be foremost in the minds of
those who make those major
No matter if the problem is Russia,
Nicaragua, the Near East, Social
Security or the EPA, there is, some
place in the minds of men, a right
solution. It seems to me that the
future of our country, our children,
our prosperity and happiness hinges
on more than a "pin ball" theory.
If I could, I would sincerely urge our
"leaders" to dispense with the party
line. Sit down. And regardless of af-
filiation try to work the ball into the
proper slot without so much pushing
and shoving on the machine.
1 am afraid that our future cannot
stand any more "tilting" from the
men who did not put the money into
the slot in the first place.
I would put what money I can into
the machine happily if I only knew
that the men who play the game would
cooperate In getting the ball to fall
Taking a look forward Into the past
might help History WILL repeat It-
self It always doea
Here’s what’s next.
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The Cherokeean. (Rusk, Tex.), Vol. 134, No. 7, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 31, 1983, newspaper, March 31, 1983; Rusk, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth151585/m1/2/: accessed May 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Singletary Memorial Library.