Cherokeean/Herald (Rusk, Tex.), Vol. 144, No. 20, Ed. 1 Thursday, June 18, 1992 Page: 2 of 18
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Page Two—CHEROKEEAN/HERALD of Rusk, Texas—Thursday, June 18,1992
ewaf-ífr. ÉH ■■■
with Marie W hitehead
Next Sunday ia a Super Special
Day...as it should be! It is THE DAY
during the year when Dear Ole' Dad
comes in for a generous serving of
appreciation. Wondering, to myself,
how the event got started, but not
worried or I would have looked it
up...I finally concluded I'm glad
that somewhere back there in the
annals of time, the day was so desig-
nated. Dads are not only necessary,
but they're human, too!
Ideas, notions, images, these
things get started when some-
body cuts loose with a string of
words, thoughts, setting into
motion a perception that may
last for generations to come.
Like the image most of society
shares when "Dads" are men-
tioned. If we go back to early,
very early, childhood memories
and listen to the nursery school
question, "What are little girls
made off", we will recall the an-
swer) "Sugar and spice and ev-
erything nice." Now, the same
question asked of little boys is
answered: "Snaps and snails and
. puppy dog tails!"
Poor guys, they've had to work
uphill from the beginning it seems.
They end up being the butt of many
jokes which pit them against the
female. For instance, a question that
is always good for a laugh (at their
expense) is found in the response to
this: "Do you know why God created
woman?" "After he looked at man,.
gets reports, plans
Directors for the Rusk Chamber
of Commerce met Monday a nd heard
a number of reports concerning con-
cluded events as well as updates on
Mrs. Virginia Penney, president,
officiated at the business meeting in
the Southern Motor Inn.
In the absence of Wayne Pianta,
Mrs. Penney asked Robert Gonzalez
to report on the recently held GTE
Team Building Seminar. For Lewie
Byers, who was unable to be present,
Joe Terrell reported on the city's
plans to upgrade the building for-
merly occupied by Baskins.
Chamber Secretary Louise
Morriss told the board that to date
she has 30 paid reservations for the
Indian Summer Arts and Crafts Fair
^" When is'it" NEWS?"
When is it ADVERTISING?
~ If it is free, our space is ;
■ free. ■
¡ If you charge...then we "
■ charge!!! ■
■ the .
I ChERokEEAN/HERAld ¡¡
^Your Home Town Newspaper^
Mary Buchanan gave a report for
the Rusk Business Association ex-
plainingthatnotjust business own-
ers, but all interested persons are
welcome to attend the meetings at
5:30 p.m. each second Thursday of
Preparation for serving as a tour
guide in the area was recently con-
ducted and reported by Ruth Ross.
She complimented the work ofMar-
ga?tet Perkins in coordinating the
The recently held Fair on the
Square proved to be an outstanding
success according to Carol Stovall's
report to the directors. At the meet-
ing in May, she reported a bench
had been stolen from the downtown
area. Members voted Monday to
replace the bench.
President Penney closed the
meeting's agenda with the an-
nouncement that a coffee will be
held from 10-11 a.m. Thursday,
June 25. She said the event is
planned to show appreciation to the
directors and members of the Cham-
ber who are "not only wanted, but
Directors present included
Mmes. Buchanan, Ross, Stovall,
also Ike Daniel, Ike Frazer, Frank
Madden, Robert Odom , Marie
Whitehead, Elam Holcomb, Glenn
Miller, Harold Porter, Terrell,
Gonzalez and Secretary Moitíbs.
Rusk Calendar of Events
A community calendar has been established at the
Rusk chamber of Commerce.
Individuals, groups and organizations are invited to
call the chamber office at 903/683-4242 and submit
activities for listing on the calendar.
Now through July: Berry picking at EasTex Farms
Now Through Aug. 16: Texas State Railroad Summer
July 17: Patriotic Concert by Cherokee Civic Chorus
Aug. 22-Nov. 1: Texas State Railroad Fall Schedule
Oct. 1-4,9-10 Cherokee Civic Theatre Fall Production
Oct. 3 and 4: Indian Summer Arts and Crafts Fair
Oct. 15-Nov. 15: Fall Foliage Auto Tour
Dec. 1-25 Christmas Celebration
Descendant of the Cherokee Sentinel,
established Feb. 27,1850
A ComoNdotton of the Riak Chrnrok—an. The
Alto hktrald. and The We* Newt A Vtmwt
effective April 1,1969
"T«xm' Oldest, Conttnously Published
1-1. ■ |la,lMn>ll —
WPP* I y Npwsp<tppi
In County $13 par year
(X* ol County $15 petyeai
Out of Stat* $20 pat year
POSTMASTER Send ad
ckaaa cheng** to CHER-
OKEEAN * RAID. P0 ft
m Rué, r«IM nm
New Emmaus marker
dedication is slated
his first human, he knew that he
had botched the job." Stuff like
Much ado has been made
about Women'* Lib and how
"we'Ve come a long way, Baby,"
but I think the Guys have moved
up the Human ladder in equal-
ity, too. Time was when you just
didn't catch a grown man cry-
ing. But today, if you look
closely, you may see a pear-
shaped blob of water roll down
a cheek. When did it become
not-o.k. for guys to hide their
feelings? Probably about the
same time it was essential for a
manly man to defend his castle,
to reinforce the moat, and to
stay the hand of the enemy!
Which means from the begin-
ning of time.
Therefore, we might deduce that
it's about time for all of ub to allow
the Human father to be just
that...human! After being the pro-
tector-defender, provider of essen-
tial sustenance, to banker and
sharer of his only set of car keys,
what more can we ask? Poor Dads,
what they might most want (and
need) is too simple to give—under-
standing! But we can try anyway!
Fathers are very special. Can
you imagine our world without
them ? Until next week, Happy,
Happy Father's Day to all Dads!
Another early-day Cherokee
County community will be recog-
nized for its part in the county's
development June 28 at 2:30 p.m.
when an Official Texas Historical
Marker is dedicated at the New
Emmaus Baptist Church on FM
856, two miles north of US 69.
The Cherokee County Historical
commission will conduct the formal
dedication of the historical marker
as a tribute to the pioneers who
founded the community, its
churches and its school as the core
of the once-thriving rural commu-
nity, according to Bernard Mayfield,
historical commission marker chair-
Now called New Emmaus, the
community dates from the 1860s.
Like many rural communities, it
has waxed and waned in time with
the changing economic structure of
the region. Where once thrived
stores, a large cotton gin, general
stores and other community ameni-
ties, only the New Emmaus Baptist
church and farm homes exist today.
The land shift from cotton and other
row crop farming to ranching has
changed the complexion of the en-
Research has failed to determine
how the community got its original
name, but it became New Emmaus
in 1953 when the present New
Emmaus Baptist Church was con-
stituted. The original Baptist con-
gregation was organized Feb. 23,
1877, by Elder M. M. Wadsworth as
the Emmaus Baptist Church in
The community gained strength
when Dr. J. M. Brittain gave two
acres of his farmland for a school.
Before then, school was conducted
in the church building. Dr. Brittain
later practiced medicine in Jack-
sonville many decades. The school
became a public one year later and
operated there until it was consoli-
dated with nearby new Summerfield
district in 1915. An inter-denomi-
nation church was organized at
Emmaus in 1915 on the private prop-
erty of Elgin Maris, to whom the
site revered in 1911 whenthechurch
disbanded. It was used by Baptists,
Methodists and Presbyterians on
A church had existed at Emmaus
earlier, but it lacked a firm location
until Mr. and Mrs. Thomas A. Cocke
deeded two acres of their farm for a
site Jan. 1, 1881.
As with most communities, a cem-
eteiy came into existence early near
the church. In 1922, the cemetery
was enlarged with the purchase of
another acre next to it.
The only operating business at
New Emmaus now is a beauty shop.
Gone are the store, the gin and
The oldest grave marker in the
cemetery is that of Johnnie C.
McMichael,born Feb. 14,1876, died
Aug. 8, 1881, only a few months
after the Cockes deeded the land to
the church. Earlier burials are sup-
posed to have been made there, but
proof of that is lacking.
The marker dedication ceremony
will include the invocation by Elder
Fred McCarty; history of the com-
munity by Mrs. L. H. Clifton, mem-
ber of the historical commission who
researched and wrote the history;
unveiling of the marker by Dewey
Murphy, cemetery committee chair-
man; and the benediction by Mrs.
Gail Houghton, member of the
church, after the formal dedication
by Mayfield. Joh n Al 1 en Tem pieton,
historical commission chairman,
will preside at the ceremony.
The New Emmaus marker will be
the second dedicated in two months
in that section of Cherokee County.
A similar marker was dedicated
May 17 at nearby Henry's Chapel
as a highlight of that community's
To date, more than 100 Official
Historical Texas Markers have been
dedicated in Cherokee County at
points of historical significance.
Markers will be dedicated soon for
the Cherokee County courthouse,
Rusk College, the first free public
school for black children and the
Acme Hotel, all in Rusk; Mewshaw
State Sawmill/CCC Camp, Ben
Canon's Ferry site, Little Bean's
Indian Village, all on US 84 west of
Rusk. Applications for several other
historical markers have been ap-
proved by the Texas Historical Com-
mission, Austin, as the commission
expands its work in this field.
On June 4, the Rusk Volunteer
Fire Department assisted with Air
One; On the 7th, an alarm at Oak
Park Nursing Home where no fire
was found; on the 7th to a truck fire
off of Bagley Road and a car fire on
Highway 69 South; on the 11th, to
a call from State Farm Insurance.
This turned out to be a capacitor
burning out in the air conditioner.
On the 13th firemen responded to
another Air One Assist.
Now that graduation has passed,
a yearly problem has resurfaced.
Nationwide we once again have a
generation of young adults that
think they are indestructible!
Thinking back, that is how I felt
upon graduation. This group will
push their endurance to the limit.
They want to pack as much living
into their new found freedom as
possible. Sound familiar? In <)oing
this, they eventually wind up in an
automobile. They may do this after
consuming alcohol or after they are
exhausted from a long work day, a
day at the beach, a long ball game
etc. ..Then begins the ride home.
Some make it and some do not.
There are horror stories of people
(not just teenagers) being thrown
from the back of trucks or sliding off
of tool boxes and being killed or
Ruiz prison law suit...then and now:
$6 million in taxpayers $$
paid to California lawyers
Texas Attorney General
In recent days, questions have
been raised regarding the lack of
settlement in the Ruiz prison law-
suit. I share the frustration that we
Texans have no doubts that our
course is correct.
What do Texans want to see hap-
pen? They want the end of early
release of prison inmates. That's
what I want too. But the key to
making that happen is not the addi-
tional 2.300 inmates a Ruiz settle-
ment will allow-not in the face of a
current backlog of 15,000 inmates.
The most important issue is our abi 1-
ity as a state to regain control of our
To understand where we are to-
day, it is important to understand
how we got here. David Ruiz filed a
petition on June 29, 1972, stating
that living conditions in Texas pris-
ons were unconstitutional. He was
As a result, a federal court or-
dered Texas to change the way it
operates its prisons. We have. In
1985 the state entered into a court
ordered agreement that not only
dealt with prison crowding, but com-
prehensively covered prison opera-
tions in 21 different areas. The state
has been in substantial compliance
with the court order for several years,
and indeed the court-appointed
monitor ceased to act as monitor two
Has the state of Texas completely
changed how We operate our prison
system? YeB. Are they run in a con-
stitutional manner? Absolutely. Do
they meet national standards in ev-
ery area? Without a doubt.
The plain truth is that the Ruiz
case has been resolved for years.
The importance of the final settle-
ment - the one we can't seem to get
without a fight in court - is our abil-
ity to control our own destiny. Even
the U.S. Justice Department wants
to see the federal courts release
Texas prisons from their oversight.
In March, I rejected a settlement
agreement that would ha ve imposed
permanent federal court control of
our prisons, imposed limits on in-
mate capacity (caps) for existing fa-
cilities as well as those under con-
struction and prisons to be built in
the future. The March proposal
would also have prohibited the state
from ever seeking modification of
the agreement and locked in in-
mate to staff ratios at the current
level of roughly 4:1.
In early May, I announced that a
final Ruiz settlement appeared im-
minent. No one could have been
more pleased at the prospect than I
was. I have said since I began my
campaign for this office that my
greatest goal i s to untangle the state
from the web of litigations and fed-
eral controls. The Ruiz case is a
prime example of this and is one of
my top priorities as Attorney Gen-
When our attorneys reached a
tentative agreement with the in-
mates' attorneys, and I communi-
cated that fact to other state offi-
cials, we did not know the other side
would refuse to honor their com-
mitment to end their control of our
Suddenly, the agreement wasn't
enough for the plaintiff attorneys.
They wanted us to sign a "side let-
ter" full of intrusive requirements
detailing how we would go about
the daily business of running our
For example, the side letter would
have imposed a ratio of one prison
guard for every 3.5 prisoners in the
Texas Department of Corrections.
The nationally accepted standard
is one guard for every six prisoners.
To comply with the side letter would
mean an additional expense of $76
million dollars the first year, and at
the rate our prison population is
likely to increase, the cost would
double in just a few years.
Perhaps even worse was the
simple fact that the side letter would
impose these exacting requirements
in perpetuity - stipulated forever
and overseen by federal courts.
It's easy for me to understand
how all of this could become confus-
ing to the general public and the
press. Nothing is more confusing
tha n the so-cal led 95 percent ca p on
prison capacity. Many Texas citi-
zens, justly angry over the increase
in crime and our revolving door
prison system, believe our prisons
aren't ftill and won't be until we
reach a settlement with the Ruia
'11m facts are juat the opposite.
You're reading Cherokee County's hometown newspaper.
worse yet, only a breathing body for
the rest of their lives.
I urge you parents to caution your
children about the problems of
drinking and driving and driving
while exhausted. Advise them that
if they find themselves in that posi-
tion to park the automobile, find a
motel, find a phone and call some-
one, anything but drive! I person-
ally know that there are parents
out there that have done this very
thing. That does not mean that their >
children will listen. Even as adults
we do not always take our own ad-
vice, but we must continue to make
available the information on how to
avoid tragedy. Let your children
know that, while you may not ap-
prove of where they are when they
call, you would rather welcome their
call for help than a call from the
hospital. This plea is not limited to
parents but extends to all people.
Don't let your neighbors, your friend
or even your enemy for that matter,
make a mistake that could coat
them their lives.
You graduates are the ones to .
make the decisions. Make them
wisely. It is your life to live. It is
your parents and friends that must
stand and wait for news when you
make a bad decision.
by Peqqy McAriNur
We already have high density among
our prison population in older facili-
ties. The national average is one
inmate for every 22 square feet. The
"95 percent cap" does not refer to a
prison's original designed capacity,
but to 95 percent of court-ordered
capacity which in Texas can aver-
age between 130 and 150 percent of
design capacity. Texas prisons aren't
almost full. They already house more
inmates per square foot than any
other state prison system in the
As we try to make our streets
safer for law abiding citizens, we
must not lose sight of the long term
costs of an ever growing inmate
population. The amount of money
we spend to put away a 20 year old
for what should be the most produc-
tive years of his life is the same
amoun t of money we could s pend on
that same person beginning with
early childhood and ending with a
medical school degree. It is time for
our state to be given the opportu-
nity to show the leadership, the
creativity and the accountability
required to create a brighter future
for our children.
And it is past time for the in-
mates' lawyers to get out of our way
and let us get on with the business
at hand. More than 30 attorneys in
our office have worked on this case.
We've been through nine appeals,
more than 70 reports, and 2000
pages of stipulations, plans and
court orders, not to mention the
$1.5 billion spent for prison con-
struction and for implementing re-
medial relief associated with the
It seems we have a much greater
interest in ending the case than the
San Francisco plaintifflawyers who
already have collected $6 million in
legal fees from Texas taxpayers, and
who we'll keep paying until I can
persuade a fair-minded federal
judge that enough is enough.
TTie bottom line is that I refuse to
surrender the management of our
state prisons to outsiders who have
little interest in the safety and well
being of law abiding Texans. I will
not negotiate, compromiae or eettle
for anything leas than the return of
control over our state prisons to the
people of Texas, nor will I rest until
ws achieve that goal.
LIBRARY HOURS: Monday
from 2 p.m. - 7 p.m. Tuesday from 12
noon - 5 p.m. Wednesday from 10
a.m. - 3 p.m., Thursday and Friday
from 12 noon - 5 p.m.
DISCOVER THE NEW WORLD
OF READING: The Summer Read-
ing Club continues each Wednesday
at 10 a.m. You may still sign your
child up. Last week we had Bixty
children. We anticipate more this
week! We are out of room and cannot
do the really great things for our
young readers that we would like to!
We need a larger libraryl
Guests for programs this summer
will be: June 17, Mr. Moses and his
turtles; June 24, Mr. Simmon and
learn a little German; July 1, Mr.
Campbell or one of our city police-
men, July 29, Awards Party-Olym-
pic Style, and the movie RUNAWAY
NEW BOOKS: RODALE S ALL-
NEW ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OR-
GANIC GARDENING-THE INDIS-
PENSABLE RESOURCE FOR EV-
ERY GARDENER-Includes entries
of practical and up-to-date informa-
tion on all you need to know to be a
successful organic gardener.
Another new plant bookisTOUGH
PLANTS FOR TOUGH PLACES-
Peter Loewer-Plants for difficult
places are featured in this guide to
ANSWER BOOK-helps you tackle
projects, correct problems, and re-
pair household items.
FICTION-I AM THE CLAY-
Chaim Potok-Three people are
brought together by chance during
the Korean War. This is their story,
OVER THERE-Thomas Fleming-
Unforgettable characters seek to
change the world during World War
Editor's note: The following
letter was written to Wallace-
Thompson Funeral Home. We
are publishing it as their records
were not kept that far back and
we do not have copies of this
newspaper saved in our office
from that period.
I am doing research on the
Greenrock family. I am seeking in-
formation on Gustave James
Greenrock (born 1880) and Mary
Emma (Gossett) Greenrock (born
about 1874) or any of their descen-
I know that Gustave James
Greenrock died on July 2, 1944, at
Rusk Texaa. Hia death certificate
statea that he waa buried at Ruak,
Texaa, and that hia wife, Mary
Emma, predeceaaed him. Did your
funeral Ijome handle the fiineral
armngementa for either Gustave or
Mary Emma Greenrock? Do you
have any information on the date
and place of birth or the date and
place of death of Mary Emma
Greenrock? Do you know the name
of tha cemetery where the
Greenrocks were buried? Ars cem-
etery records available?
It would be helpfVil if i could ob-
tain obituariea of the Qraenroelu. Ia
theraa local i
have published I
Thank yea very
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Cherokeean/Herald (Rusk, Tex.), Vol. 144, No. 20, Ed. 1 Thursday, June 18, 1992, newspaper, June 18, 1992; Rusk, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth152064/m1/2/: accessed October 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Singletary Memorial Library.