The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 32, In Three Parts. Part 1, Reports. Page: 9
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the disqualifying effects it would have upon them and our war mate-
rial for a spring campaign. He then went on to say, that as I had
been preparing for a move, he deemed it advisable to make one to
my immediate front, the object being to gain possession of Dalton
and as far south of that as possible.
In accordance with the above instructions, everything being in
readiness, Johnson's and Baird's divisions moved out from Chatta-
nooga and occupied Ringgold, Ga., on -the 22d, taking up a position
on the ridge west of East Chickamauga Creek, with two regiments
of mounted infantry (Colonel Boone's Twenty-eighth Kentucky aid
Colonel Harrison's Thirty-ninth Indiana), on the east side of the
creek, the former on the right flank and the latter on the left.
Carlin's brigade, of Johnson's division, was stationed about midway
between the main line and Taylor's Ridge.
Cruft's division of the Fourth Corps moved on the 22d from Blue
Springs, near Cleveland, to Red Clay. Long's brigade of cavalry
co-operated with Cruft's column, Long's instructions being to estab-
lish communication with Cruft at Red Clay, and then push on as far
as possible toward Dalton, on the Spring Place road, observing
well the movements of the enemy, so as to give timely warning of
any attempt to turn Cruft's left flank, and should the enemy retire,
to notify Cruft, so that the latter might advance from Red Clay.
During the evening of the 22d General Palmer notified me, from
Ringgold, that he had reliable information that Johnston had
dispatched Cheatham's and Cleburne's divisions to the relief of
Polk in Alabama, who was falling back before General Sherman's
column. On the 23d Davis' division of the Fourteenth Corps closed
up on the balance-.of General Palmer's command at Ringgold. Brig-
adier-General Matthies, commanding a brigade of the Fifteenth Corps
stationed at Cleveland in reserve, was directed to send six regiments
from his command to re-enforce General Cruft at Red Clay. Colonel
Long, having established communication with Cruft the evening
before, advanced with his brigade of cavalry along the Spring Place
road, driving in the enemy's vedettes when within 4 miles of Dal-
ton, attacking a regiment of rebel infantry which was encamped 1
mile beyond, driving them from their camp and capturing some
prisoners. The enemy then formed, and Long withdrew hiis com-
mand to Russell's Mills, 4 miles east of Varnell's Station, on the
Cleveland and Dalton Railroad, and encamped there for the night.
Cruft, by instructions from General Palmer, took position on the
23d at Lee's house, situated at the cross-roads on the road leading
from Red Clay to Tunnel Hill. The command being at this tiine
well concentrated in the vicinity of Ringgold, and having recon-
noitered thoroughly on both flanks, General Palmer advanced to feel
the enemy in his position at Tunnel Hill, skirmished with him 3 or
4 miles, and, finally, drove him from his position entirely, to a point
about 1 mile beyond Tunnel Hill, where he formed line and opened
on us with his battery. The main force then withdrew and went
into camp about 3 miles northwest of Tunnel Hill, and on the morn-
ing of the 24th the line stood as follows: Baird's division south of
Taylor's Ridge, near Ringgold, with Cruft's division at Lee's house,
Johnson's and Davis' divisions in advance, toward Tunnel Hill,
with Boone's and Harrison's regiments of mounted infantry (the
former on the left), and Harrison's men leading the advance toward
Tunnel Hill, Long's brigade of cavalry at Varnell's Station, on the
Cleveland and Dalton Railroad supported by Grose's brigade of
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United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 32, In Three Parts. Part 1, Reports., book, 1891; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth152618/m1/30/: accessed January 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.