The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 32, In Three Parts. Part 1, Reports. Page: 384
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KY., SW. VA., TENN., MISS., ALA., AND N. GA. [CnAP. XLIV.
I now saw that I could complete the investment of the work and
storm and take the city. I ordered Major Ross, commanding Sixth
Texas, to move up a wooded ravine and attack the north side. I
ordered Colonel Hawkins, commanding First Texas Legion, to move
on the jagged slope of the bluffs, clear it of the enemy, swing on his
left, and extend the are of a circle formed by Major Ross to the north
and west. I ordered Col. Thomas H. Logwood, commanding Fifteenth
Tennessee Cavalry, to move through the upper edge of the city, and
Maj. Jas. G. Thurmand, commanding Fourteenth Tennessee Cavalry
(Colonel Neely's right), to move centrally through the city. These
officers and their commands promptly and gallantly executed these
orders, and in twenty minutes we had completed the circle around
the main redoubt and swept the heights above the city except the
main redoubt, and had taken the city by storm, except the tier of
buildings fronting the river, under the immediate cover of their two
gun-boats, in which a number of the enemy had posted themselves
and were firing from the windows of the houses.
In driving the enemy from one of these houses the gallant and
accomplished gentleman and soldier, Maj. J. G. Thurmand, fell dead,
shot through the head, leading his regiment, the gallant Fourteenth
Tennessee Cavalry. He is dead. His deeds place him in the ranks
of that honored few whom we delight to recognize as the bravest of
Two gun-boats now opened their batteries upon us in the city and
rained down showers of balls from exploding shrapnels. Captain
Thrall now placed in position on one of the streets, in 50 yards of a
brick house occupied by the enemy, his piece and opened upon it
with terrible effect. I held the dity for three hours, destroying
quartermaster's stores and cotton, not without, however, a contin-
uous struggle with the enemy's sharpshooters, posted in houses, and
his gun-boats, until the latter were silenced. Colonel Logwood, hav-
ing driven the enemy from the upper part of the city by gallant and
impetuous charges, had wheeled his regiment upon its left and closed
the circle of investment and commanded the sally-port of the main
About 4 o'clock in the evening, General Ross reported to me in the
city the progress made against the central redoubt and the refusal of
the enemy to surrender the main redoubt. We concluded that to
carry the work by storm would sacrifice too many valuable lives and
was not worth the price. Two boats of re-enforcements were ap-
proaching the city; our ammunition was nearly exhausted; we had
felt the enemy heavily; had damaged him very much; it was nearly
night; we determined to withdraw.
We captured mules, horses, clothifig, and ammunition, and 17
The loss of my brigade was 37 killed and wounded; of the two
The enemy's loss, from all I can gather, must have been over 100,
though he stated it to the citizens at 243.
The enemy has been compelled to evacuate the city, and it is hoped
that he will abandon the idea heretofore entertained of opening the
Yazoo River and drawing cotton, negroes, stock, and supplies from
its rich valley.
The Fourteenth Tennessee Cavalry was under my immediate ob-
servation, and it gives me great pleasure to commend the gallantry
of both men and officers.
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United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 32, In Three Parts. Part 1, Reports., book, 1891; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth152618/m1/403/?q=thrall: accessed February 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.