The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 32, In Three Parts. Part 3, Correspondence, etc. Page: 60
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0 R]Y., SWV. VA., TENN., MISS., ALA., AND N. GA. [CH". XLIV.
Woods go along; the matter of overstaying his leave can as well be
inquired into when he returns. It is time now that we must look
W. T. SHERMAN.
HEADQUARTERS SEVENTEENTH ARMY CORPS,
Vicksburg, Miss., March 12, 1864.
Lieut. Gen. U. S. GRANT,
Comdg. Mil. Div. of the Mississippi, Nashville, Tenn.:
GENERAL: I have the honor to inclose herewith a copy of letter*
to Major-General Sherman, commanding the Department of the
Tennessee, requesting to be transferred to the field of operations in
Southern Tennessee and Northern Alabama and Georgia. Also list
of regiments in my command which have enlisted as veterans.
I desire you to have a full and complete understanding of the case,
as many of the officers and enlisted men in these regiments are
beginning to feel that they are not fairly dealt by. I write this in
no spirit of complaint, as I am now, as I always have been, ready
and willing to do everything in my power to bring this war to a
successful termination and to obey the orders of my superiors.
When the orders and instructions from the War Department
relating to the enlistment of veterans were received here the officers
and enlisted men of my command entered into the spirit of the mat-
ter with commendable zeal, influenced by motives of patriotism, the
prospect of getting a furlough, of receiving the liberal bounty offered
by the Government, and the chances of getting home to recruit their
regiments and thus keep up their organization after their original
three years had expired.
About the middle of January instructions were received from the
major-general commanding the department that a certain portion of
my command would be required about the 1st of February to make a
short campaign into the interior of this State. I had then furloughed
only two regiments, immediately informed the command that their
serviceswould be required in the field, and that I could furlough no
more of them at present. Without a dissenting voice they expressed
their readiness to go on the expedition, expecting a furlough shortly
after their return. Immediately after getting back I furnished 2,500
men for the Red River expedition, and am still, without any addi-
tional force being sent me, expected to protect and keep open the
Mississippi River and exercise my discretion about furloughing
veteran regiments. Without some change many of the regiments
will not be able to get their furloughs for months to come. The
men will be disappointed in their well-founded expectations and dis-
heartened, and the one great object the officers had in view, viz, get-
ting home to recruit their regiments, defeated.
Already we are beginning to feel the effects, as regiments have
been sent home from other commands and are being filled up with
recruits, while the regiments of my command, not having the same
opportunities, are getting comparatively none.
As there is a prospect of a good deal of hard fighting before the
war is over, I think it is of the utmost importance that the strength
and esprit of the army be kept up.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
JAS. B. McPHERSON.
* See p. 35.
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United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 32, In Three Parts. Part 3, Correspondence, etc., book, 1891; Washington D.C.. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth152650/m1/69/?q=furlough: accessed July 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.