The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 22, In Two Parts. Part 1, Reports. Page: 311
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ACTION AT FAYETTEVILLE, ARK.
that the enemy at Fayetteville were making preparations to move from
that place, and to re-enforce General Phillips in the Indian country, I
took all the effective mounted men of my command, except three com-
panies of Colonel [J. F.] Hill's battalion (that are badly armed and with
horses unshod), with two pieces of artillery, the whole amounting to 900
men, and left here at 3 o'clock on the 16th, going by what is called the
Mulberry and Frog Bayou road to Fayetteville, and attacked the enemy
there at 5 a. m. on the 18th. I found the enemy about 2,000 strong, well
armed with Springfield and Whitney rifles, no artillery, and nearly every
hill dotted with rifle-pits. After a furious fight of three hours and ten
minutes, I withdrew my command in good order. I found it impossible,
with the arms I had, after my artillery ammunition was exhausted, to
dislodge them from the houses and riflepits with the kind of arms my
command had without losing all my horses and a large number of my
men, as it was impossible to get near enough to them to make our aim
effective without a great sacrifice of life, much greater than would have
been justifiable under the circumstances.
The troops, with few exceptions, all fought well, and are now in fine
spirits, ready and willing to try the enemy again. The enemy all (both
infantry and cavalry) fought well, equally as well as any Federal troops
I have ever seen. Although it was thought by a great many that, com-
posed as they are of disloyal citizens and deserters from our army, they
would make but a feeble stand, the reverse, however, was the case, as
they resisted every attack made on them, and, as fast as driven out of
one house, would occupy another and deliver their fire. Whenever, how-
ever, my troops could get to them they drove them before them every
time. Colonel [J. C.] Monroe made two splendid charges with his com-
mand, one on foot and the other mounted. Colonel [Lee L.] Thomson,
with his regiment, and [Caleb] Dorsey, with his squadron, under Colo-
nel Scott, made a dashing charge and drove the enemy to their pits
and to the houses, where they rallied and poured in a dreadful fire with
their long-range guns. The artillery, managed by Captain [W. M.]
Hughey, under my immediate command, did frightful execution in the
enemy's camp, driving them out and completely scattering their cavalry
for awhile. Captain Hughey was wounded in the arm by a sharp-
shooter at the commencement of the action, but continued in charge of
his pieces, under a heavy fire from the enemy's sharpshooters, during
the whole fight. His men were all taken a little over a month ago from
the camp of instruction at Dardanelle, and, with one or two exceptions,
Two horses were killed and 2 wounded in the battery; 1 man killed
and several wounded.
Captain Hughey deserves especial mention for his bravery, skill, and
energy in the management of his two pieces of artillery.
The loss is not positively known, but it will not exceed 20 killed, 30
wounded, and 20 missing. The enemy's loss in killed is fully equal to
our total killed and wounded; the wounded were very great. We cap-
tured and paroled 26 prisoners, 1 lieutenant, 1 non-commissioned officer,
and 24 privates ; also destroyed a train of 10 or 15 wagons. I could have
burned a large part of the town, but every house was filled with women
and children, a great number of whom were the families of officers and
soldiers in our service, and I did not deem it advisable to distress them
any further, as their sufferings now are very grievous under the Federal
The enemy's force consisted (notwithstanding all previous reports
from persons living in Fayetteville to the contrary) of one cavalry regi-
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United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 22, In Two Parts. Part 1, Reports., book, 1888; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth154600/m1/314/?q=Hughey: accessed May 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.