The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 8. Page: 293
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CHAP. XVIII.1 PEA RIDGE, OR ELKHORN TAVERN, ARK.
Report of Col. E. Greer, Third Texas Cavalry, commanding division.
HEADQUARTERS FIRST CAVALRY BRIGADE,
March 19, 1862.
I have the honor of submitting to you the following report of the
action of the forces under my command in the battle of the 7th and 8th
Early in the engagement my command had been assigned a position
by General McCulloch on the field to be held at all hazards. Repeat-
edly during the day I sent messengers for orders to Generals McCulloch
and McIntosh. Not being able to find them, and growing impatient
from long delay, I ordered my regiment to horse and moved them in
the center of the field, and then went in search of the generals myself.
Meeting with the staff of the two generals, I was then for the first
time informed that they were dead, and that I was senior officer on the
My first inquiry was for Brigadier-General Pike. I was informed
that he had left the field, and, as I afterward learned, with a great por-
tion of the division. I at once assumed command of all the forces re
maining on the field, sending Captain Dotson to the rear to halt and
bring back the different commands that were moving, with the determi-
nation, as I understood, of going around and joining General Price's
division. About this lime I received a note from the commanding gen-
eral, addressed to General McCulloch, containing information that the
enemy had been driven back on the left.
Later some one came from the commanding general and stated that
he desired we should hold our position. Being unexpectedly placed in
command and having had no intimation of the general plan of attack,
seeing but few troops on the field, and not knowing the whereabouts of
the remainder, I took a view of the field and its surroundings.
I discovered Captain Hart's battery of four pieces on a hill in close
proximity to the enemy, unsupported by any of our troops. Soon after
the discovery Captain Hart opened a heavy fire on the advancing forces
from the other side of the hill. I moved my regiment rapidly up to that
point, and ordered Captain Hart to move his battery some 400 or 500
yards, while my cavalry would cover his rear.
About this time I was informed that Colonel Stone's regiment had left
for the train, and feeling apprehensive that the enemy would send a
considerable force and destroy it, I ordered Major Brooks, with his bat-
talion, to form a junction with Colonel Stone's forces for its protection.
After remaining here for some time I carefully examined our position
and available forces present, who had free access to all the command-
ing points south of us.
I ordered the troops under my command to bivouac for the night.
Soon after this order was given Captain Bradfute suggested, as we were
not prepared to remove the battery which had been captured from the
enemy in the early part of the engagement, that a detail be at once sent
back to disable or destroy it. I dispatched two companies for this pur-
pose. Large heaps of rails were piled around and upon the guns, fire
set to them, and in this manner these cannon were effectually disabled.
My force at this time, as reported to me, consisted of the Third Louis-
iana Regiment of Infantry, Colonels McNair's, McRae's, and Mitchell's
regiments of Arkansas infantry, Colonel Young's regiment of cavalry,
commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Dimond; Colonel Sims' regiment,
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United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 8., book, 1883; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth154611/m1/299/?q=Hart: accessed November 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.