The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 17, In Two Parts. Part 1, Reports. Page: 784
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WEST TENN. AND NORTHERN MISS.
About dusk the enemy's gunboats commenced bombarding the fort
and shelled our position generally, continuing for about three hours,
sweeping our position in front and rear with an enfilading fire from the
right; fortunately doing us but little damage, save to artillery horses.
The command, although unprotected, maintained its position during
this trying ordeal with firmness. The work on the defenses was dili-
gently prosecuted throughout the night and the next morning, until we
had to resume arms to receive the attack of the enemy; but on account
of the scarcity of tools we made but little progress, and the works thus
hastily and imperfectly constructed afforded but little protection to the
troops and particularly from an enfilading fire.
Sunday, the 11th, about sunrise, Dawson's regiment with four pieces
of Hart's battery were ordered from my right to the left of the line. 1
directed Lieutenant-Colonel Anderson to cover the interval thus made,
by taking ground to the right with his regiment by extending intervals,
which consequently rendered this part of the line rather scattering.
About noon the gunboats again opened fire on the fort, gradually ap.
proaching. Within three-quarters of an hour after this the enemy's
batteries and sharpshooters opened a brisk fire on our entire line. Lieu.
tenant McIntosh, in charge of a section of Hart's battery, commenced
firing as soon as he could do so with effect, and on several occasion,,
drove the enemy's sharpshooters from under cover of some buildings
several hundred yards in front of his position, as well as otherwise gen
rally annoying the enemy until all his ammunition was blown up by a
shell from one of the enemy's batteries in front. The commanders o
regiments were instructed to reserve their fire, with the exception of a
few sharpshooters in each company, until the enemy should advance to
within fair range.
About half an hour after the enemy's batteries opened on our front;
there was heavy and rapid firing on the left, which induced me to be.
lieve that the enemy was attempting to turn our left flank. Just at
this time I received a message from Colonel Deshler calling on me for
re-enforcements, and having been previously instructed by Brigadier-
General Churchill, commanding, to furnish re-enforcements-when called
upon by Colonels Deshler and Dunnington-if practicable, the enemy
up to this tire having made no serious demonstration of an immedi.
ate advance on this part of the line, I ordered the alternate companies
of the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Texas Cavalry (dismounted), to-
gether with two companies of the Sixth Texas Infantry, under Lieuten-
ant-Colonels Swearingen and Neyland and Major Phillips respectively,
to repair to the left and report to Colonel Deshler. While this move
ment was being executed and the remainder of the brigade were at
tempting to fill up the intervals made by the detached companies or-
dered to the left, the enemy's infantry advanced in force toward our
line,, snd notwithstanding our line was very much weakened they were
promptly and handsomely repulsed. Soon after this the enemy again
attempted to charge our intrenchments and were again promptly re.
pulsed. During the whole of this time their gunboats and batteries
were playing upon our position. About 4 o'clock p. m. Colonel Dun-
nington, commanding the fort, called on me for a re-enforcement of 100
men, and although one-half of my command was already detached,
deeming the holding of the fort of vital importance to us, I directed
Lieutenant-Colonel Anderson to throw the two right companies of his
regiment into the fort. While this was being executed two gunboats
passed the fort, delivering their fire immediately opposite. The fort
and the two guns on this part of the line being silenced, the enemy's
batteries and gunboats had complete command of the position, taking
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United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 17, In Two Parts. Part 1, Reports., book, 1886; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth154626/m1/795/?q=Hart: accessed October 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.