The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 20, In Two Parts. Part 1, Reports. Page: 855
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THE STONE'S RIVE1 CAMPAIGN.
Confederate Regiments, acted with great courage and judgment. I
recommend both of those gallant officers to your favorable notice as
deserving of promotion. I refer you to the colonels' reports of other
officers who acted with great gallantry. My thanks are due Capts. W.
A. King and H. S. Otey, of my staff, for the assistance they gave me
upon the field.
I carried in the fight, in round numbers, 1,343. My loss in killed, 30;
wounded, 298; missing, 18; total, 346.
L. E. POLK,
Brigadier- General, Commanding.
Capt. IRvINe A. BUCK,
Report of Lieut. Thomas J. Key, Helena Battery.
Tullahoma, Tenn., January 23, 1863.
GENERAL: On the morning of December 31, 1862, Captain [J. H.]
Calvert's battery moved forward on the left wing of the Confederate
Army, supporting General Polk's brigade. Skirmishing began before
the shades of night had fled, and by day-dawn the rattle of musketry
extended far off to our right, and at the first charge the Abolition hordes
gave way, save a brigade which was concealed in a dark cedar grove
and behind large rocks, and to dislodge them Colonel Hill sent to my
battery for one piece of artillery, which was immediately dispatched,
under charge of Lieutenant Fitzpatrick. After the right wing of the
enemy had been driven a mile, one of -their batteries was discovered
firing upon General P.olk's lines, and immediately my battery rushed in
advance of the brigade in open field and engaged the enemy. So soon
as we opened upon the enemy's artillery it returned the fire with deadly
aim, wounding 1 man and killing 3 horses. My artillery killed the Abo-
lition captain, 1 sergeant, and 2 or 3 cannoneers, and cut down 1 of his
caissons and .a number of horses. The battery was silenced and made
a hasty retreat. With all possible speed -the harness was cut from my
dead horses, and [I] moved forward in pursuit of the enemy.
The next point of attack was near the Nashville and Franklin pike,
where the Abolition infantry had ensconced themselves in a dense forest
of timber, and were awaiting the advance of our forces to mow them
down as they pursued over an open field. This battery began shelling
the woods,, and routed the Abolitionists in front, but they rallied and
renewed the attack on our left, and promptly we turned our guns upon
them, and they were hurled back in confusion, regiment rushing upon
regiment, in disorder, into the immense cedar thickets.
The fourth place of action was, after we had pursued the enemy's bat-
teries into the clustering cedars, near the railroad, where they were
masked. At this period the sounds of the battle carnage that pro-
ceeded from that gloomy forest of cedars and. towering oaks were ap-
palling, grand, and awful as ever fell upon the ear of the hero of a
hundred battles." The contest was unequal and desperate. Their
rifle guns could throw canister as far as ours could spherical case, and
in order to prevent annihilation we were forced to withdraw.
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United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 20, In Two Parts. Part 1, Reports., book, 1887; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth154629/m1/865/?q=key: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.