The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 20, In Two Parts. Part 1, Reports. Page: 858
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KY., MID. AND E. TENN., N. ALA., AND SW. VA. [CHAr. XXXII.
I then returned with the battery to my command in the woods and moved
by the right flank until I got in sight of Brigadier-General Johnson's
command, which by this time had come up from the Wilkinson road.
Pending this movement, General McCown passed by me, saying he would
move his command to the right, which I suppose he did, as I saw no more
of him, thus leaving me on the extreme left, which, in effect, had been
the case ever since passing the hospital near the Wilkinson turnpike,
as I saw no force on my left after that time. I may here state that my
position inclined me, in wheeling with the line of battle, to pass off at
a tangent from it toward the left, and I was, consequently, often com-
pelled to move back by the right flank to regain my place in the line.
After rejoining General Johnson's left, I moved forward, and almost
immediately engaged the enemy, whose right laid across a neck of
woods, the left being behind a fence in front of my right. After a very
severe engagement of some twenty minutes, we repulsed him on our
right, throwing him into confusion, he still, however, maintaining his
ground upon our left, on which we concentrated the fire of the Fifth,
Sixth, and Eighth Arkansas Regiments, soon breaking, after a sharp
contest, his line at that point also. It was here that Lieutenant-Colonel
Murray, of the Fifth Arkansas Regiment, took the colors of his regi-
ment and gallantly bore them to the front, encouraging his men to the
contest. A beauiiul stand of United States colors was captured by
Private J. K. Leslie, of his regiment. The brigade still continued to
move steadily on, constantly firing upon the broken ranks of the enemy,
and, upon reaching a point about opposite a white building on a hill on
our left, I ordered my battery forward, and rode to this building with a
view of placing it in position to open on the enemy's right.
While waiting for the battery to come up, I captured an ambulance
and two horses belonging to Colonel [William L.] Stoughton, Eleventh
Missouri [Michigan] Volunteers, and Major [B. F.] Doughty, [Eleventh]
Michigan Volunteers, which officers, I suppose, had been wounded and
brought to the hospital. Here, again, the officers of the hospital asked
my protection, and I gave them my name and took the building under
my charge. While this was occurring, which was in an incredibly short
space of time, I discovered our lines breaking rapidly to the rear, al-
though there was but little firing going on at the time. I immediately
galloped to the rear, to head off the stragglers and check the retreat,
not knowing what was the cause of this sudden movement. On halting
and rallying the stragglers, I found that they were General Johnson's
men, who were passing in rear of my line, and were retreating toward
my position, on the left. I directed them toward the right to their
proper place, and, riding rapidly in that direction myself, I met with
General Johnson in search of his men, who told me that my brigade was
not far distant in the neck of woods; and upon going in the direction
indicated, I found it in line, the colors in place, with the men rallied on
the line. In the confusion of the retreat, while I was at the Yankee
hospital, on the left, General Johnson's men had gotten between me and
my brigade, they having fallen back on my position, causing me to mis-
take them for my own. My brigade fell back to the original position
from which I had advanced in this last attack, after joining General
Johnson in moving to the right from the direction of Overall's Creek,
as before mentioned.
On inquiry as to the cause of this retrograde movement, Colonel Govan,
of the Second Arkansas, stated that the line on his right gave way, and
being left alone, without support on his right, he ordered, during, my
temporary absence at the hospital, a retreat, although there was but
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The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Additions and Corrections to Series 1, Volume 20. (Pamphlet)
Errata sheets for the Records of the War of the Rebellion include additions and corrections to the text and the index for Series 1, Volume 20.
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United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 20, In Two Parts. Part 1, Reports., book, 1887; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth154629/m1/868/?q=key: accessed January 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.