The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 20, In Two Parts. Part 1, Reports. Page: 966
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KY., MID. AND E. TENN., N. ALA., AND SW. VA. [CuAr. XXXII.
General Breckinridge's division, and was engaged in the action that day.
Total loss, 3 men wounded, 4 horses killed, and several more wounded.
The stock.was very much exhausted, not having been unharnessed in
The officers and men all bore themselves well and with coolness.
Sergt. A. A. Blake especially displayed much gallantry.
J. H. WIGGINS,
Colonel [W. B.] WADE.
Report of Brig. Gen. John A. Wharton, C. S. Army, commanding Cavalry
HEADQUARTERS WHARTON'S AVALRY BRIGADE,
Shelbyville Pike, Tenn., January 22, 1863.
MAJOR I have the honor to submit the following report of the oper-
ations of the brigade acting under my orders during the battles before
Murfreesborough, commencing December 31, 1862, and ending Satur-
day, January 3, 1863:
The brigade was composed of the following commnands.t * *
I received my orders from Lieut. Gen.'W. J. Hardee in person. They
were as follows: I was informed that at daylight on the morning of the
31st [ultimo] our left wing would attack the enemy's right. Being drawn
up on the extreme left, I was ordered to reach the enemy's rear as soon
as possible, and to do them all the damage I could. My command was
formed before daylight. I had divided my brigade into three commands
in order that it might be better wielded: Texas Rangers, Third Confed-
erate, and Second Georgia, under Colonel Harrison; the First Confed-
erate, Davis Battalion, Malone's battalion, and Murray's regiment, under
Colonel Cox, and the remainder of the command acting as a support to
the battery and as a reserve. I moved the command promptly at day-
light. So vigorous was the attack of our left upon the enemy's right,
proceeding first at a trot and then at a gallop, I had to travel a distance
of 2j miles before :I reached the enemy's rear. I succeeded in getting
into position near the Wilkinson pike, with the enemy in my front;
caused Colonel Cox to form his command for a charge; directed Cap-
tain White to open on the enemy with his battery. After a brisk fire
from the artillery, I ordered Colonel Cox to charge, which he (lid in gal-
lant style, as evidenced by his capturing the Seventy-fifth Regiment
About this time Captain [S. P.] Christian [Company K, Eighth Texas
Cavalry], with four companies of Texas Rangers, charged a four-gun
battery and captured it, including horses, drivers, harness, and every-
thing pertaining to it.
Up to this time we had taken about 1,500 prisoners, which, with the
artillery and one piece found without horses about a mile in the enemy's
rear, were sent to the proper officer in Murfreesborough.
The enemy's immense wagon trains, guarded by a heavy force of cav-
alry, could be seen moving near and in the rear of the enemy in the di-
rection of the Nashville pike. I determined to move across the country,
give the cavalry battle, and to attempt to capture the train. Our infantry
t See Organization of the Army of Tennessee, No. 189, p. 661.
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United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 20, In Two Parts. Part 1, Reports., book, 1887; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth154629/m1/976/?q=Wiggins: accessed October 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.