Texas Almanac, 2002-2003 Page: 88
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Texas Almanac 2002-2003
stroyed or damaged. Indianola never rebuilt.
Oct. 12,1886: Hurricane. Sabine, Jefferson County. Hur-
ricane passed over Sabine. The inundation extended 20 miles
inland and nearly every house in the vicinity was moved from its
foundation; 150 persons were drowned.
April 28, 1893: Tornado. Cisco, Eastland County; 23
killed, 93 injured; damage $400,000.
May 15, 1896: Tornadoes, Sherman, Grayson County;
Justin, Denton County; Gribble Springs, Cooke County; 76
killed; damage $225,000.
Sept. 12, 1897: Hurricane. Many houses in Port Arthur
were demolished; 13 killed, damage $150,000.
May 1, 1898: Tornado. Mobeetie, Wheeler County. Four
killed, several injured; damage $35,000.
June 27-July 1,1899: Rainstorm. A storm, centered over
the Brazos River watershed, precipitated an average of 17
inches over an area of 7,000 square miles. At Hearne the gage
overflowed at 24 inches, and there was an estimated total rain-
fall of 30 inches. At Turnersville, Coryell County, 33 inches
were recorded in three days. This rain caused the worst Brazos
River flood on record. Between 30 and 35 lives were lost.
Property damage was estimated at $9 million.
April 5-8, 1900: Rainstorm. This storm began in two cen-
ters, over Val Verde County on the Rio Grande, and over
Swisher County on the High Plains, and converged in the vi-
cinity of Travis County, causing disastrous floods in the Colo-
rado, Brazos and Guadalupe rivers. McDonald Dam on the
Colorado River at Austin crumbled suddenly. A wall of water
swept through the city taking at least 23 lives. Damage was es-
timated at $1,250,000.
Sept. 8-9, 1900: Hurricane. Galveston. The Great
Galveston Storm was the worst natural disaster In U.S. histo-
ry in terms of human life. Loss of life at Galveston has been es-
timated at 6,000 to 8,000, but the exact number has never been
exactly determined. The island was completely inundated; not a
single structure escaped damage. Most of the loss of life was
due to drowning by storm tides that reached 15 feet or more.
The anemometer blew away when the wind reached 100 miles
per hour at 6:15 p.m. on the 8th. Wind reached an estimated
maximum velocity of 120 miles per hour between 7:30 and 8:30
p.m. Property damage has been estimated at $30 to $40 million.
May 18, 1902: Tornado. Goliad. This tornado cut a 250-
yard-wide path through town, turning 150 buildings into rubble.
Several churches were destroyed, one of which was holding
services; all 40 worshippers were either killed or injured. This
tornado killed 114, injured 230, and caused an estimated
$200,000 in damages.
April 26, 1906: Tornado. Bellevue, Clay County, demol-
ished; considerable damage done at Stoneburg, seven miles
east; 17 killed, 20 injured; damage $300,000.
May 6, 1907: Tornado. North of Sulphur Springs, Hop-
kins County; five killed, 19 injured.
May 13,1908: Tornado. Linden, Cass County. Four killed,
seven injured; damage $75,000.
May 22-25, 1908: Rainstorm; unique because it originat-
ed on the Pacific Coast. It moved first into North Texas and
southern Oklahoma and thence to Central Texas, precipitating
as much as 10 inches. Heaviest floods were in the upper Trinity
basin, but flooding was general as far south as the Nueces.
Property damage exceeded $5 million and 11 lives were lost in
the Dallas vicinity.
March 23, 1909:Tornado. Slidell, Wise County; 11 killed,
10 injured; damage $30,000.
May 30, 1909: Tornado. Zephyr, Brown County; 28 killed,
many injured; damage $90,000.
July 21, 1909: Hurricane. Velasco, Brazoria County.
One-half of town destroyed, 41 lives lost; damage $2,000,000.
Dec. 1-5, 1913: Rainstorm. This caused the second ma-
jor Brazos River flood, and caused more deaths than the
storm of 1899. It formed over Central Texas and spread both
southwest and northeast with precipitation of 15 inches at San
Marcos and 11 inches at Kaufman. Floods caused loss of 177
lives and $8,541,000 damage.
April 20-26, 1915: Rainstorm. Originated over Central
Texas and spread into North and East Texas with precipitation
up to 17 inches, causing floods in Trinity, Brazos, Colorado,
and Guadalupe rivers. More than 40 lives lost and $2,330,000
Aug. 16-19, 1915: Hurricane. Galveston. Peak wind
gusts of 120 miles recorded at Galveston; tide ranged 9.5 to
14.3 feet above mean sea level in the city, and up to 16.1 feet
near the causeway. Business section flooded with 5 to 6 feet of
water. At least 275 lives lost, damage $56 million. A new seawall
prevented a repetition of the 1900 disaster.
Aug. 18, 1916: Hurricane. Corpus Christi. Maximum
wind speed 100 miles per hour. 20 Lives lost; damage
Jan. 10-12, 1918: Blizzard. This was the most severe
since that of February, 1899; it was accompanied by zero de-
gree temperature in North Texas and temperatures from 7 to
12 below freezing along the lower coast.
April 9, 1919: Tornado. Leonard, Ector and Ravenna in
Fannin County; 20 killed, 45 injured; damage $125,000.
April 9, 1919: Tornado. Henderson, Van Zandt, Wood,
Camp, and Red River counties, 42 killed, 150 injured; damage
May 7, 1919: Windstorms. Starr, Hidalgo, Willacy and
Cameron counties. Violent thunderstorms with high winds, hail
and rain occurred between Rio Grande City and the coast, kill-
ing 10 persons. Damage to property and crops was $500,000.
Seven were killed at Mission.
Sept. 14, 1919: Hurricane. Near Corpus Christi. Center
moved inland south of Corpus Christi; tides 16 feet above nor-
mal in that area and 8.8 feet above normal at Galveston. Ex-
treme wind at Corpus Christi measured at 110 miles per hour;
284 lives lost; damage $20,272,000.
April 13, 1921: Tornado. Melissa, Collin County, and Pet-
ty, Lamar County. Melissa was practically destroyed; 12 killed,
80 injured; damage $500,000.
April 15, 1921: Tornado. Wood, Cass and Bowie coun-
ties; 10 killed, 50 injured; damage $85,000.
Sept. 8-10, 1921: Rainstorm. Probably the greatest rain-
storm in Texas history, it entered Mexico as a hurricane from
the Gulf. Torrential rains fell as the storm moved northeasterly
across Texas. Record floods occurred in Bexar, Travis, Will-
iamson, Bell and Milam counties, killing 215 persons, with
property losses over $19 million. Five to nine feet of water stood
in downtown San Antonio. A total of 23.98 inches was mea-
sured at the U.S. Weather Bureau station at Taylor during a pe-
riod of 35 hours, with a 24-hour maximum of 23.11 on
September 9-10. The greatest rainfall recorded in United
States history during 18 consecutive hours (measured at an
unofficial weather-monitoring site) fell at Thrall, Williamson
County, 36.40 inches fell on Sept. 9.
April 8, 1922:Tornado. Rowena, Runnels County. Seven
killed, 52 injured; damage $55,000.
April 8, 1922: Tornado. Oplin, Callahan County. Five
killed, 30 injured; damage $15,000.
April 23-28, 1922: Rainstorm. An exceptional storm that
entered Texas from the west and moved from the Panhandle to
North Central and East Texas. Rains up to 12.6 inches over
Parker, Tarrant, and Dallas counties caused severe floods in the
Upper Trinity at Fort Worth; 11 lives were lost; damage was es-
timated at $1 million.
May 4,1922:Tornado. Austin, Travis County; 12 killed, 50
injured; damage $500,000.
May 14, 1923: Tornado. Howard and Mitchell counties;
23 killed, 100 injured; damage $50,000.
April 12, 1927: Tornado. Edwards, Real and Uvalde
counties; 74 killed, 205 injured; damage $1,230,000. Most of
damage was in Rocksprings where 72 deaths occurred and
town was practically destroyed.
May 9, 1927: Tornado. Garland; eleven killed; damage
May 9, 1927: Tornado. Nevada, Collin County; Wolfe
City, Hunt County; and Tigertown, Lamar County; 28 killed,
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Ramos, Mary G. Texas Almanac, 2002-2003, book, 2001; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth162510/m1/88/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.