The San Antonio Light (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 53, Ed. 1, Saturday, June 2, 1883 Page: 1 of 4
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The San Antonio Liglit.
Vol. I.-No: 53.
San Antonio Texas Saturday June 2 1883.
Ten Cents a Week.
Caution to Consumers of Coal Oil.
BSyThls company from this date will not Imndlo Ilimininco OH and Piiro-
UllO for the following reasons : JliHuru"CO Oil Tank Co. who claim to own
these Trade Mark brands have not during several years past had any regular source of Oil
supplies but have received Insurance Oil and Pnrollno from sources where they
could buy cheapest without regard to quality. Insurance OH is simply
any quality of Water White oil. Consumers hilVO no Kimrailtoo of Its Fire
Test or purity. 1'urolilio is simply any quality of 74 Gasoline. As Gasoline
varies great y in purityt consumers should only buy under the proper name of 7i 0 Gas-
oline and then be sure the goods are guaranteed by responsible parties. The quality of
Insurance Oil and Purolllio which has been furnished by Insurance Oil Tank
Co. has almost entirely stopped the demand but wc wish to warn Intended purchasers we
will not bo responsible for these brands. Very Respectfully
WATERS PIERCE OIL COMP'Y.
MiMDrPi 1 HMDrD 1 1
JftlULII ; JffiUOT
IN AN V QUANTITY AT
E3D. STEVES & SOHSTS'
Yards nt International nnd Q roat Nortliorn Railroad Depot nnd Gulvcston Harrlsburg nnd
San Antonio railroad track Kast Commcrco Street.
THIS EltNST 11IOAMY CASK.
Ernst Still In .lull nnd Is Visited br Ills
Mrs. Dora Bwltzer who married A. Clay
Ernst In May last" sal I Mr. Ooorgo Iloilo to
the LimiT commissioner "Is my sliter. nnd of
courso I mil anxious for hor welfare. Tho col-
ored woman Woods declares that Ernst mar-
ried licr In Louisiana somo yours before nnd
lins had several children by hor. I lmvo not
et received a rnriincfdA nf tho tiiArrliiiro. hut
my Inquiries In Austin woro such as lead mu to
believe tlmt such marriage really occurred
nnd I saw persons who ullcircd that they woro
iresont at ilia lnnrnnen. ll nu is not li.nrrlcd
Is iunnceno will tie moved and It Is better
1 or noiu Hint uuscioiui solium to rouiovcu
rum t lie 111 lint my sister still reiiifcs to bo-
lovo In Frust'd irullt. nnd Is bitter tiiralmt mu.
Why. even vesterdav. whon I Invslck.uiv sliter
saldiJio lioneil that I would die. nnd If I rot
wci' mo would 110 uu in uer power to scun ma
10 iiiiniHviuu nccnuuo 1 nut nor unguium 111
jail. 11' Krust proves his Iniiocciico I shall bo
only 100 iriuu mm will rmoiy sanction ineir
llvinir together ns man nnd wife but until this
is noil" 1 csnnoisancunn it.
Tuns tliu matter stands. Ernst Is In Jail and
Is dally vUltod bv Mm Ernst No.U.uud tliev
are devotedly attached to each other.
Tho Mont Wonderfully Ciimiilato Stock uf
Clothing In tho City.
Mr. L. Wolftou. nt tho northwest corner of
Main Flnza has tho most wonderfully com-
plete Mock of elothlntr In the city. Thoro Is
nothing from the minutest nrtlelo of a boy's
suit to tho llnest garmunt of 11 man's toilet
uuu uu uus not in nis stouic. 1 110 tocK com-
prises suits or Blnirlu irarniunts. Thu nrtlcles
uro of tho best material nnd the best make
nnd nro sold nt tho very lowest prices. It Is
not in 1110 iiHiuru 01 economics to go uwuy
from whuro thuy can vol tho best bargains
and thero is no doubt they can do Hint nt
WolfBOu'g. Summer clothes ol course nro
now tho fashion and Wolfson prides himself
on having every article in summer weur that
can be Imagined und ho Is not af mid to assort
tlmt lie sells them tho cheapest. Also In (rents'
iiirnisninir koous ne manes u spcciaityor Keep-
ing tho trrcntest variety mid the best niiullty.
Tho stock of gouts' furnishing good Is tlio
The best grades always on hand. Also Doors Sash Blinds
Mouldings Shingles Fencing Barbed Wire Fence Posts
Newels Stair Rails and Ballusters. Our lumber is of the finest
quality and unexcelled. We would invite the public to ex
amine before purchasing elsewhere. Ed Steves & Sons.
HIRE ME A HALL!
I want to tell about tho BOSS IlARd AINS to bo had at
Jk.m lAJEHN dB3 GO'S
STTJegant Dress GMnghum at 7)6 10 nnd VM conts.
2jr"Lnngtry Dress Lawns nt 5 cents per yard.
E27Lonsdulc Hlcaclicd Domestic yard wldo do.
YurdB for $1 CO
J. H. MARQUART
Boot & Shoe Manufactory
1STO. 17 SOLEDAD STEEET
Opposltotho courthouse Is whuro you cannot thu best und neatest BOOT AND SHOE lu San
Antonio lor uio ieusi money.
Employs Only the Best Workmen
And In quality nnd prices defy competition. Always keeps on hand n largo stock
HEADY MANUFAOTUHUI) GOODS of his own make which will bo gold at bottom prices.
ALL KINDS OF REPAITlIISr(3l-
Neatly und promptly dono and satisfaction guaranteed. Glvo mo u trial.
J. H. MAB QUART Proprietor.
CARTER & MULLALY
Funerals Furnished With Hvory Kequlalte
Siioclal attention glvon to forwarding bodies
to all partsof tlio Uultod States. tSfTolophono
connection. Oil Is iittnndod dnrnnd nlirM.
Young Mini I
Shako that -old suit und call on J. Josko &
Sons Alamo street und hnvo thorn lit vou out
In one of those handsomo $10 suits. You can
also got a nice straw hat shirt und ncoktle to
In using Euplon Oil you not only guard
your family from accident but ulso provide
tho best and most brilliant light that any burn-
ing oil can produce
Houston Street next to Dr. Ilcrll's residence
Wohiivoengngpd Mr. Alnxnndorlatpehlrf rook
of tho Menxer Hotel. Ml'ALS AT ALLHOITHH.
Kinoy and uxtra dishes at short notlcu and In
ELEGANT PHIVATB DIXIXG ROOMS
Ol'KN DAY AND NIGHT.
imported wines liquors and olgan always on
AT T1IK Hon:rs.
W. Altletr J. M. Leonards Scguln; Luvln
Venord Fort Clark: Tliomns Mitchell Mitch
cllvllle: Ooorgo Wilson Mltchcllvllle: D. It.
Fant at. llosa; T. B. und II. II. Newman.
T. It. McCnllrey Hot Springs; F. Horons
FlntmilH J 0. lltirrell Frio county II. Sin-
clair Onlvcatnu nnd llnrrlsburg railroad; .1.
Ijiiiihton. .sr. Louis: I II. Sriddlor. IIIul. Hill:
V. II. Newton. I.svernla; (i. Ilrookes IIubIo
l'ass: I). J. Ford Camoroit; A. lleuton Texas.
J. N. Harlan. Nrw York: II. T. Ainhlor. PltU.
burir. Fit.; W. Fitch New York; A. Todd
Louisville ICy.: L K. Bplhnan Virginia: John
wtiiii iuxih; iv iM. Kontiins l'lunsanlon; l(
I.. MeMiirnhv. Louisville. ICv.: W. N.MeGruth.
Now Orh-nns; C'lmrlcs A. Fisher San Fmnclt'io;
iiaries I'eiorsou ew urieiins; Joirpn iioscn
thni. Man Francisco: J. L. Mondell. Ht. Loui: C.
W. Couwiiy Cincinnati; L. C i:iwidi. New
York: J. A Itoblnson St. Louis; Floyd Chcnoy
It. M. Hunter Tucson; A. (1. Leo. lllldnk'O
Toxin; II. ltashcoe New York; N. It. Miller.
Ilnrrlsblirir. l'ltniisrlvntiln: .1. (. mid .Mm.
Kvaus lloerne; W. II. HurKnss SeKUln; Mls
Lulu Minis SehliliihiirK; S. White riellln; 11.
Dnuirlas. Seuulii; K. Iluer chulenbiirK; Cn-
tnni Towiisnena .1. Wlinley Hnltlmnre; James
Helninu (Inlvrstou:. lames Wltttnv. Texas: II.
II. Miildletnn Texns; John Adams Now York;
u. r. itiueon iiiuiimonu; l eiipo Arellano Ulty
uiiuxiuu;u ii. sillllli uuio.
.Ino Dougherty ltefuiro; 1). T. Cahlll (juinoy
III.; J. Itollhi Gainesville; T. M. JoIuihoii
llcxiir: Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Cooper Kertlllc:
T. II. Miller. Seiruin: W. F. MeCluro. Jef lor-
11M11 Columbus: James Sutton Wilson county;
r.i'arKur i.tinnR .1. 1. ikwsoii iouiviue;
Frank Mead I'hllndclnhia: Charles Divis
Flttibuwr. A. Klndrud Qulveston; T. M.
Ilro.vn lloerne; It. 1). Wclborne lluxar; !. M.
iiurueiuyan i.uuuir; r. u. iviinc Texas: .1. 1).
Caldwell Helton; J. A. Iloswoll Laredo;
Charles W.Aitwond Monterey; John llalowel
llrudvllle;C. F. Harrison Nashville.
II. M. Nollln. Currv's creek: II. I'rnetor. Col.
lins; 15. L. Tlnilnli'j Wilson county: K. It. Ilnr-
best In tho city and tho ncncnil iiubllo would 1 nel. Dullnir; A. v. liraham. tnntluiro:
do well to consider tlmt fact. Wo would not Muri hy. I'earsnll; J. J. and .Mrs. liuen Cotui-
llko to docolvo thopuhllu nnd would not IT wo
knew It. nnd hence wo can recommend thu
nbovo esiabllshincnt when it comes to clothltiir
or Kent lurnisuinir Roods leellnif nssurrd
tlmt we nro doing tho publlo service. You will
1111U mu post selected siock anil tuo ciicupest
aoods lu tho city of Sun Antonio. lS-3-.t.
I.I GUT SI' Alt ICS.
Tlio urnnd Jury for tho Dlstriot court meets
on Monday next.
Horses stilt command hleh prices and irood
stock Is very scarce.
Tho death of Luclua Munstcr from ucuto
consumption Is reported.
Several carloads of Imnrovcd stook arrived
by tho Sunset last night.
Thero have been soven marrlaeo licenses
Issued during thu past week.
Clerk Clerk Clniidon wns Imsv this mnrnlnir
paying Street Cotnmlsslonor ItusM'i men.
Mrs. V. C. 1'idchal. veterdnv nresented
tho LiQHT with n basket ot delicious mulber
Joseph Wilklns and Antonla GHrzii nnd N.
C. F. Werner und Sophlo Atnberg have llcenso
Colonel Hord has irnt irntnr nn his rnnr-hn.
six miles distant from tho city by boreing an
Tho Suncrlntendont anil teachers had n
meeting with reiriird to exercises before tho
closing or the publlo schools.
Tho Iloxnr llonovolent association hold
tholr scniHinnuul meeting on Wednesday next
iu ciuct oincurs tor mu ensuing year.
Mr. icurgen of Soincrsot shipped nnothor
lotnf early peadios to St. Louis yesteiduy. A
cutnplo lalt ut tho LuiiiToflico show them to bo
or lino character.
Tho "lltorarv" nawnbroker was ilrlrlnv
around this morning exhibiting hi patent. It
is u rouu tuiiiir aim in Hiiprounuiuiy win iuuko
Thero wns somenlen slinrlnv nn Arnnnn
D Inst night. The part Blnvlng was pretty hut
tho voices had not tho spontaneous freshnesi
of tho truly cultivated ludy amateur.
Most of tho ICnlirhtsTeiunlnr lef t nn tlin
noon train for Austin. Captain Sharduln
Donuty Marshal Karbor nnd Mr. J. l'elersnn
ilnd that they cannot nccompany tho party.
Mrs. J. M. Carnlan died Vrldn V lit. n n'nlnnlr.
Funcinl to-dav trom rosldoneonf Mrs. l'elnr
Gallagher on Nncogdoches street at 5 p. m.
nnd from St. Mary's Cathollo cathedral.
Last nlfrht ut a Into hour Mr. Charles Ou-dnn
and Mr. Haines while iout liuggy riding on tho
Main plaza met with 1111 accident thu buirgy he
lug overturhed and both thrown out. Happily
110 very serious Injuries occurred.
Madison Sipiaro Presbyterian church Itev.
W. Howell Uuchannn Puetor. Services to
morrow at tho chapel as follows: Sabbath
school at 10 o'clock preach lug at II. A cordial
inviiiiiioii is oxicuuca to an.
Elders Wllmoth und Ptmiilnirtnn will nrcncli
to-night Ht 8 o'clock nt tho Madison Snunro
Presbyterian church nnd to-morrow at 11 n.
in. and 8 11. 111. at tho business colltare. nnrnor
of Houston und St. Mary's Btreots.
Divine services lo.morrow nt St. Paul' M.
F church. Sunday school atV o'clock a. in.
nii r. u. vniurou 11 .1. ioupci. i-.aKie imps;
11. II. Losdnii Uvalde: (1. W. I'cuteri'oxt. Mi'
fclntiitl; A. II. D.iwily Maiairnrdii; It. I) Hen.
derson Htoekdalc; C. 1). Fenloy Uvalde; J II.
Watson. Wnresvlllo: J. J. I'eteixiu. Junius
urisili ir. A. iMlilucnic iverrvilie; .. l'
niniiii Tuup .inc.; aiiuiuw ! 'rgursnii
itoerue: it. 11. uanrine. i.aieao: J. F. vt uv und.
W.T. lirooks. Denton: (i. L. Itvuii. W. II. Ku.
sel Plcttanton; O. L. Atuherg ltuttersvlllc;
josepu rreeuinan uiuvuston; r .11. urown
iioeme; j. aii'uii Kieiimotia inuiann; .1. u
Kline Austin; J. II. Hums San Saba: J.J
iJieKson juansiield; Joseph .Miistaehla llryan
Texas: J. M. Loiurneckcr. Atlanta. Illinois: K
M. Luchox Medlua; John Cblldross Luperltu:
11. rox i-aicsiine; James jvieuiusKuy somen
set; Harry II. Luehiiu Myers' Springs; T. Mo
line uvuiiie. iv. wuicrs. u'wnterti. 11. 1.
Hopkins W. Wormack Nuvurro couuty; O. F
l or Hule
80 acres on Medina river. Nico poultry ranch
uppiy iu iiiiiuu sua est uousiunsiroei.
TKl.I'.aUAI'IIIC NKWS llOILKD DOWN
Lampasas Is to bo connected by rail with
Ykstuiiiiav was Merrick's llfth days' Bpeooli
intutiiiK 111 ino ouir ruuio inur
Hen Thompson Isruld to bo a cundldat
ugHin 101- i-uy .narsnai or Austin
TUB 1 reo Traders at Detroit vfMtiirdnv
adoplcd lengthy icsolutluiis but did not lavor
a now party
Home June 1. Tho Vatican bus abandoned
iorino present me no 1001 establishing ilyplo
iiuvtlu relations with I.ugluiul
City or Mkxico Juno 1. Tho Callma paper
riuius Hiiiv ill" nuru 13 suepcillictl on IIIO .MOA
1 can r.auonai rauroaii 011 tuu 1'ucillo couBt.
WASIIINmON. I). C. Juno 1. -Sixteen tlinn
sand rejected models ol unnatenlalilii Invi.n
Hons wero Bold ut tho Patent ollleo to-dny tor
SAN FHtNL'I'CU. Jllllo l.-.Inoil.n M. Ilrnrnll
sues J. C. Flood tho Nevada millionaire tor
uuD-owiiiii iiiieic!!; 111 mu .Muuia tary mine
tuuuu in uuu 1111111 'ii uouiirs.
OUUYMAg. Mex.. luuu 1. Advlens from Hi
nowly discoveml gold Hold Bay that men mid
uiiluuils uro dying lor water. Tho mines will
remain unwonted until tno rulny eeuson
HAHTKOltli Juno 1. Maud S ut tho Charter
Oak park to-day inado tho llrst trial to a
wagon. Sim mudo the llrst mile in 2:Zi4 seo-
unu mini 111 ..id uuu uuu last nan in i:uo.
Louisville Juno 1. The men In tho Ohio
1 aus iron woius. uuout IUO 111 nunilior. dn-
nuinded 1111 Increase ol 51) cunts ner lltxi. which
was not acceded to and this morning they
At Waco: Tho cltlzuns ordered to clean
up. neven convicts sent to tno penitentiary
Neirro named Stove Hates ariested for nturv.
lug his child. Negro named Gube found dead
wuu uouy nuaieu wiin mulcts
Point ok Pines. Muv 31. Tho Hnnlnn.k'nn.
ncdy boat nieo was rowed llanlan won eusily
111 inmuics i seoonud ; Kennedy l'j minutes
LONiiON Juno I. The Poruvluu Charge
D'nllulrs lu 11 lelt r to tho Times states that
iicuuiui iKiesius nus 110 uuiiioniy to contiud
u licatvot !! ace with Chili nnd I ho mile .ir..
prcuchingat3und 8 o'clock p. m.. Sermon at 1 '""llf "'Vt vuu "lu wollla uo
8 o'clock will bo preached by the Itov. Dr. H
uavis or oan iraneisen uiuioriiln. Suti
Tamatave Madiigasctir Juno 1. Tho French
Jeet Tho Psychology of Jlati. Iivorybody in- have bombarded two ports on the northwest
viicu. Dealt ucu. j 11. uirnes rusior. r ' '."'"ii-ii uiusuiir ureui iiesirue-
tlon to IlrltLdi und other tncrchundlse. Tho
Musical SorvlcontSuu Fernando Cathedral f 'e"v '"""V". wlr i arlu t and the IrltlBh
To-morrow bolng tho third Sunduy ufter
Pentecost 1883 tho following scrvlco will bo
High mass 10 a.m.; K'Tle Lulirl Ilordoso;
.nauiuiissy. iiioaiiinorunsiiie pressing to:
ward their mllltury prepurutlons.
PiiTsnuiK! Juno l.-The signing of tho scnlo
yesterday oeoualons groat rejoicing among all
Gloria. Luin-'l linril'wo' Griuiiml o Mnnnili 1 elasso'. A numlier of mills uro running to-
il im. Lu rtiiy. but mest of them have shut down until
Creubrilwdcs " 6S n order toullow tho men to attend
narnby Sanctus. TO'&rMtotuSr'SSS. ilMT0
iK'Bo: AirnusDei llordesn Domino Salvam ViV'1 Ui v i5. r5 'nnV w it i '.V.0Sn?Jtu u.?y'
fao Ilordoso; Organ Poatlude. Arthur J. II. 3 '.wma nf AiiSiij f Infii0 n wr
Harbour Dliector of Choir urawnis of Ullver s wlro mill on the south
iinruour miccroroi inoir. 8ldCi lQ thu limill)ur of ..- .lU th
l'rocrensloii pioyou uy unmpnia nun works ut Johnson
t. . . ' . I enupylvanlu etruok to-day against 11 rcduo
DurlnirthomouthorMayUObulldlngpcrmlts tion lu wages of 10 per cent
wcro Issued lrom tho Mayor's olllce. Tho value Wasiiinoton D. C. Juno 1. Tho Comrals
of tho onntiimnliitod lninrni-nmnntii t nnt di slonur of Internal Uoveuuo Inn Umnil n mu.
1 . 1 Pleiuentarv circular reurardlnir ifMlnmitti.
ted to stuto tho' ostlmntod oost of tho t.rnposod" Si!?nic? dm'r'lV'SM otu ?i'!!.'IVs '.'"Pf1"11-''1
building but tho declared value of tho 1m- ? SStJj!.?' iM';w?!u"" '"'Printed
' ...wv..j v i""'"" 1 next. Such as nro received will bo cancelled
and ruturued. if nnsalhln liv .Inlv 1 'ri.vD
.r tho gnld.wmch and chain will 1 will bo returned WimMM TboMyo is a little over a mile or 5987 feet
lurncriiuu to-morrow evening which have beeu compressfd Into blooks or I which cn be crotsea in a Druic wallt of jq
Tho rafllo for t
take Piacu at j
at 1 0 clock.
TIIK ACCEITKI1 TIM K
Tim MreutDst llirKaln of tlio Sanson Now
Tills lspri'-cmllientlv liuvers' vnnr. na tirlxoa
aroiiencrnlly olf. Thu Isrgest stocks that aro
ueing pressed to sale nt Wolfton's nllnrd splcti-
... luuiiiiB iu kmc customers onrgntns.
llU hOUSe If full Of thrm. I 'vnrl- ilinirlln.it
hns Its shnro. If you go Into tho dry goods de-
partment you will Ilnd nil kinds of goods In
inaiiinostnckcutipto tho ceilings nnd with
the nil vantairrsoircred In nil respects thero Is
uuiii-i iippiiriniiiiy ouoreii 111 phu Antonio
r elsewhere In tho Stato for bargains. Mr.
licit nnd desirable irnndu urn nlivm Imlno- r.
eelved. Takhiir into consldcmtlon tho fact
Hint this Is an especially good year for huyors
iiud that Woirson makes It n point to offer In-
ducements beyond any of his competitors und
"' upiioniiiiuy peiiiom presented ill
San Antonio. 1 ho storo notvs of this ostnb-
llshmcnt should bo carefully watched ns Mr.
itiimun nitvujH Keeps 1110 puuiio advised or
IIV rstii-l lnllv irncul mmnrtiinll l.u ..1 I..
advises jou It you want Muytnlng In the dry
iron-Is ''rosvoods or female apparel Hue he
will surprise j-ou with the iniKiiiricenco of tho
stock and tho cheapness of tho goods. 2-St
1II.ACK AND WIIITU VKAOAS.
Did Smith Uruiv n Kavolvar or W It a
Yesterday James Stevens a colored mnn nnd
us Smith employed at Cartoi- & Mullnly's
stable had a rathor serious difficulty when
in I th uppllod an olfensivo epithet to Stevens
diu took n stick ami knnekm'i dm ilnun.
Smith. It Is said then drew u Idstol and wns
only prevented from lltlng by the Interference
of frlonds. Smith says tlmt what ho drew was
1101 a pistol urn n touacco poticli lu tho shape
01 u pisiui mid mis ne nruw to irignten tho
negro nnd snvo hlmsilf from further Injury.
Iloth wcro arrested by Officer McSorlcy but
when tho csso wns called In thn Uaf-nnler'n
court uu Important witness was absont und It
ivus euuiiuuou uiiin jiouuuy.
Gosling Will Not llealgn.
Tho Light has good authority for stating
that thero Is uo truth whatever In tho state-
ment that Marshal Gosling Intends rotlrlng
Vesterdav Marshal Gosllmr brnuirht In tun
lrlsonurs William MolSwan charge I with tho
heft of a rcirlstorod liaokairo ut El P.iso. nnd
lames llorehcad clurired with the steullmr or
Uuvernmcut property to-wlt a horso. iloth
prisoners now no in ino county jail.
xiw uiiuuu siuics .uirsuai ion ror uonzuies
list nlirht to make n low In tho cusn nt P. W.
Gullugher& Co. vs. Teiinaiit Walker .V Co.
THU UKOOKIA'K HltlDOi:.
The Structure Described and Details How
the Great Work Whs Accomplished.
The great bridge which unites the cities of
New York and Brooklyn. It has cost $15-
500000 and its construction has occupied 14
years. The Legislature of 1867 passed the
charter provisionally fixing the capital at
$5000000 and permitting the two cities to
contribute ns much money to the enterprise
as their common councils deemed expedient.
Piivate capital was to supply the remainder
of the sum required. Subsequent legislation
made the bridge the property of the two cities
Kew York contributing 33 1-3 per cent and
Brooklyn 66 2 3 per cent of the total cost of
construction. Great changes were made in
the plan of the bridge as at first proposed.
The height was increased from 130 to 135
feet and the breadth from 80 to 85 feet. This
of course greatly increased the coast of con-
struction. The towers which support the ca
bles are 276 feet high and rest upon the bed
rock at a depth of 78 feet. The approaches
are of granite with archways constructed
with a view to their use as warehouses. The
span of the bridge proper is 1595 feet in
length. 1 ne terminal elevations In iNcw
York and Brooklyn are 38.17 and 61 32 feet
above hich water mark respectively. The
supporting cables merely rest upon the tow
ers exerting a vertical pressure ana are ias-
tened at anchorages on each side 930 feet
island from the towers. Tbe an-
chorages are cubical masses of stone
masonry rising 90 feet above high water
matk and measuring 119x132 feet at the base
their weight being 60000 tons each. The
frame work is held by steel suspenders at-
tached to the cables. A multitude of suspen-
soiy ropes of steel wire also diverge from the
tops of the towers to points 15 leet apart along
the bottom floor of the vertical trusses com-
posing the roadbed. The weight of freely-
moving vehicles the bridge can sustain is 13S0
tons making with the weight of the cables
and frame work a total of 8120 tons to be
sustained by the cables and stays.
The roadway consists of five parallel avenues
at the average width of 16 feet separated by
six vertical lines of trussing the outside para-
pets being eight feet high. The outside
avenues devoted to vehicles are 19 feet wide
while the central pedestrian way is 15 feet
wide and elevated 12 feet above the others.
The cars are moved by a stationary engine'
and endless lope of steel wire. The four sus-
taining cables arc nearly 16 inches in diam-
eter and ie composed of a multitude of steel
wires twisted in skeins and wrapped in an
But the great work was the laying of the
founditims of the towers. This was done by
caissons or chests 102 by 172 feet in length
and breadth and 22 feet in depth. The
masonry was built upon this caisson which
was sunk to the bottom. Then the earth was
removed by workmen in its interior until the
bed rock was reached. The Interior was then
filled willi concrete. The compressed air was
preserved by a double set of doors with an in-
lervcnirg lock one of which was always shut
belore the other was opened.
Altogether no less than Coo men have been
employed in the work. Since the death of
Mr John A. Rochling who was killed in
1S69 more that 20 men hive been fatally
hurt and several more have died from the
the caisson disease caused by working in
compressed air of the caissons.
The bridge roadway from the New York
end near the Uly nan to bands t'reet
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The San Antonio Light (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 53, Ed. 1, Saturday, June 2, 1883, newspaper, June 2, 1883; San Antonio, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth162568/m1/1/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .