The Laws of Texas, 1929-1931 [Volume 27] Page: 82 of 1,943
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70 GENERAL LAWS.
or any candidate for city commissioner in municipalities, or any
three candidates in a school election, or the proponents or the
opponents of a bond issue, may name one watcher for each precinct
in an election or primary election for each precinct where
voting machines are used. Any candidate for the United States
Senate or Representative in the House of the United States
Congress may name one watcher for each election precinct where
a voting machine is used. The candidate desiring representation
by a watcher shall sign a certificate setting out the name
of the person, the number of the precinct where such watcher
is to serve, such certificate to bear the signature of the candidate
or candidates entitled to representation, together with the
signature of the bearer. The presiding officer of the election
must require a counter signature and preserve the certificate of
the bearer to make certain he is the identical person refered to
in the certificate, but cannot for any other reason refuse to permit
such watcher to serve. For their services election officials
and employees shall be paid a sum to be set by the authority
charged with holding the election or primary election, but not
less than the amount set now by law and not more than ten
($10) dollars per day. Watchers, a necessary adjunct to an
election with voting machines, may be paid by the interest they
represent, but not to exceed ($10) dollars per day.
SEC. 25. Definitions.-The list of candidates and offices
used or to be used on the front of the voting machine shall be
deemed official ballots for the purpose of precincts using machines.
The provisions of this Act shall apply only in counters in
which said voting machine is adopted.
The word "ballot" as used herein (except when referring to
irregular or unofficial ballots) means that portion of the cardboard
or other material within the ballot frames containing the
name of the candidate and the office or a statement of a constitutional
amendment, bond issue or other proposition with
the words "yes" or "no" for voting for or against.
The term "protective counter" means a separate counter built
into the machine which cannot be reset, and which records the
total number of movements of the operating lever.
The term "public counter" means a device in full view of the
election officials while the voter is voting which records only
the number of votes cast on the machine.
The term "watcher" is similar to supervisor in meaning, but
an official of the election in this act.
SEC. 26. The fact that the use of voting machines as herein
provided will contribute to the accomplishment of honesty, integrity
and accuracy in the holding of elections and primary
elections in this State, creates an emergency and an imperative
public necessity that the constitutional rule requiring bills to be
read on three several days in each House be and the same is
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Gammel, Hans Peter Mareus Neilsen. The Laws of Texas, 1929-1931 [Volume 27], book, 1931; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth16362/m1/82/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .