Improvement in Seed-Planters. Page: 2 of 2
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
ICHABOD H. ALBERTSON, OF BEDIAS, TEXAS.
IMPROVEMENT IN SEED-PLANTERS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 173,570, dated February 15, 1876;.application filed
December 18, 1875.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, IoHAon H. ALBERT-
SoN, of Bedias, in the county of Grimes and
State of Texas, have invented a new and val-
uable Improvement in Seed-Planters; and I
do hereby declare that the following is a full,
clear, and exact description of the construc-
tion and operation of the same, reference be-
ing had to the annexed drawings, making a
part.of this specification, and to the letters
and figures of reference marked thereon.
Figure 1 of the drawings is a representation
of a longitudinal section of my planter, and
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the same.
This invention has relation to improvements
The object of the invention and improve-
ment is to allow the dropping mechanism to
rise and fall in passing over a clod of earth or
other obstacle without interference with the
shovel opening the seed-furrow, which will
by this means be continuous and of sufficient
depth to receive the seed.
To this end the nature of the invention con-
sists in the combination, with the beam of a
shovel-plow for opening the furrow, of the ver-
tically-vibrating frame of the seed - dropper
mechanism, and a roller or drum for smooth-
ing and pressing the seed into the ground, as
will be hereinafter more fully explained.
In the annexed drawings, the letter A des-
ignates the beam of an ordinary bull-tongue
or shovel plow. B is the shovel-plow stand-
ard, C the dropper-spout, and D the plow-
handles, secured to the beam A in the usual
manner, and connected with its rear end by
means of rigid rods E. F represents the frame
of a seed-dropper mechanism, the side rails a
of which are pivoted to the beam A by means
of a suitable bolt, i, passing through register-
ing perforations in the side rails, and in the
said beam slightly in rear of the clevis. Rails
a gradually diverge, and at their rear ends
are provided with hangers B', which afford
bearings for a leveling-roller, G, which may
be of wood, iron, or stone. The journals of
this roller are provided with pulleys c, which
communicate motionthrough the medium of
an endless belt, H, to a seed-dropping roller,
I, having its bearings in a hopper, I', arranged
on frame F, and communicating, by means of
a suitable chute or conduit, with dropper-spout
C. The frame of the dropper mechanism be-
ing pivoted to the plow-beam, and having at
its end the leveling-roller C, the said frame
will be allowed to rise and fall in passing over
a clod or other obstacle independently of the
furrow-shovel beam. By this means the rais-
ing of the shovel out of the ground when the
roller passes such obstacle is effectually pre-
vented, thus securing a continuous and unin-
terrupted furrow for the reception of the grain.
Side rails a of the frame F are provided, at a
point slightly in rear of drill-shovel, with cov-
ering-shovels J, which throw the earth over
into the drill, covering the grain, the earth
thus turned up being pressed into the drill.
These shovels are secured to prismatic metal-
lic standards d, which pass up through corre-
spouding perforations in side rails a, and are
secured therein against endwise displacement
by means of suitable wedges e,which are driven
into the said perforations alongside the said
By removing the said wedges the standards
may be adjusted to increase or diminish the
penetration of the covering-shovels, as the
necessities of each case may require.
Standards d are endowed with suitable rigid-
ity to resist strain by means of angular metal-
lie braces L, which are secured to rails a just
in rear of the said standards, as shown in
What I claim as new, and desire to secure
by Letters Patent, is-
In combination with the standard d of the
covering-shovel J, the angular braces L, at-
tached to the frame of the covering and drop-
ping mechanism, substantially. as specified.
In testimony that I claim the above I have
hereunto subscribed my name in the presence
of two witnesses.
ICHABOD H. ALBERTSON.
J. S. 1\ooNNY,
W. F. HOL1IAN.
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Albertson, Ichabod H. Improvement in Seed-Planters., patent, February 15, 1876; [Washington D.C.]. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth166521/m1/2/: accessed May 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.