Improvement in Running-Gears for Wagons. Page: 2 of 2
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH C. FOWLER, OF ARCOLA, TEXAS, ASSIGNOR TO HIMSELF AND
JNO. H. B. HOUSE, OF SAME PLACE.
IMPROVEMENT IN RUNNING-GEARS FOR WAGONS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 217,601, dated July 15, 1879; application filed
May 6, 1879.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPK C. FOWLER, of
Arcola, in the county of Fort Bend and State
of Texas, have invented a new and Improved
Coupling and Fifth -Wheel for Vehicles, of
which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improved means for
connecting the front axle and reach of a wag-
on or other vehicle.
I make use of a ball-and-socket coupling de-
vice applied back of the front axle, whereby
the forward axle is not weakened by boring
to insert a king-bolt, and the vehicle may be
turned shorter and with less strain than when
the joint is in line with the axle.
I will describe the construction and opera-
tion, in connection with the accompanying
Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal section
of the running-gear of a wagon fitted with my
improved coupling devices. Fig. 2 is a side
view of the ball-and-socket coupling sepa-
rately. Fig. 3 is a top view of the same.
Similar letters of reference indicate corre-
a is the rear axle, b the reach, c the forward
axle, and d the head-block, of a cane-wagon
intended for use on plantations; but I do not
limit myself to any special vehicle in the ap-
plication of my invention.
Attached upon the end of reach I by straps
e e is a ball, f. Attached rigidly to head-
block d is a metal plate, g, that is apertured
to set over the ball f, and attached to axle e
is a plate, h, that is apertured or formed with
a cup-shaped recess that sets up against the
under side of ball f.
The plate g is attached to head-block d by
screws passing through the plate and its flange
g', and plate I is attached to the axle by
screws passing through its flange I'.
I prefer to connect these plates g and I rig-
idly together by lag-screws or bolts i, (shown
in Fig. 2,) with an intervening metal strip, t,
to retain them at the proper distance apart.
A semicircular plate, k, is attached at its
ends to the axle c, and extends beneath the
reach b, to form a bearing for the reach in what-
ever position the axle may be turned.
Upon the head-block d is a cross-bar, 1, that
is connected, by a brace, m, with the reach.
The bar I rests loosely on the curved plate n,
that is attached upon d.
The weight of the reach is sustained princi-
pally by bar I and brace m, and there may be
a chain, o, extending from brace m down wardly
to the ball f to equalize the weight.
It will'be seen that the ballf is the center
on which the forward axle swings in turning
the wagon, and as this center is back of the
axle the forward wheels can be turned short
with the axle at right angles to its former po-
sition without the wheels coming in contact
with the reach, thereby permitting the wagon
to be turned within a limited area.
The construction described has also the fur-
ther advantage that it is not necessary to
weaken the axle by boring for the insertion
of a king-bolt, as is usually done.
The wagon can be readily uncoupled by re-
moving the bolts that connect the plates g h.
The described coupling devices are applica-
ble to any style of running-gear or vehicle.
Having thus described my invention, I claim
as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat-
1. The combination, with an axle and reach,
of the ballf and socket-plates g t, substan-
tially as and for the purposes set forth.
2. In combination with the axle and reach,
the ball f, socket - plates g k, head- block d,
cross-bar 1, and brace mit, substantially as de-
scribed and shown, and for the purposes speci-
3. The semicircular plate k, in combination
with the reach b, axle e, and ball-and-socket
coupling device, substantially as and for the
purposes set forth.
JOSEPH G. FOWLER.
JOE C. ABY,
G. K. CESSNA.
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Fowler, Joseph C. Improvement in Running-Gears for Wagons., patent, July 15, 1879; [Washington D.C.]. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth169860/m1/2/: accessed May 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.