Hand Cultivator. Page: 2 of 2
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE,
JUDSON B. HURD, OF HARDIN, TEXAS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 308,163, dated Novembex 18, 1884.
Application filed August 6, 1884. (No model.)
To all whom it may concerbm:
Be it known that I, JUDSON B. HURD, of
Hardin, in the county of Hardin and State
of Texas, have invented certain new and use-
5 ful Improvements in Hand- Cultivators, of
which the following is a full, clear, and exact
Reference is to be had to the accompanying
drawings, forming part of this specification,
Io in which similar letters of reference indicate
corresponding parts in all the figures.
Figure 1 is aside elevation of my improve-
ment. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the same. Fig.
3 is a sectional front elevation of the same,
15 taken through the line x x, Fig. 1.
The object of this invention is to provide
hand-cultivators constructed in such a man-
ner as to cut up and destroy grass and weeds
without throwing the soil around and cover-
20 ing small plants, and without breaking the soil
away from around the plants.
The invention consists in a hand-cultivator
constructed with a plow-plate having wings
bent downward, rearward, and inward, to
25 adapt it to destroy the grass and weeds and
leave the soil level. With the plow-beam and
winged plow are connected two or more ro-
tary cutters, whereby the soil, roots, grass,
and weeds will be cut in parallellines in front
30 of the plow-plate. With the plow-beam, in
front of the rotary cutters, is connected a
gage-wheel, whereby the depth to which the
machine works in the ground can be readily
regulated, as will be hereinafter fully de-
A represents the plow-beam, the forward
end of which is slotted to receive the gage-
wheel B. The forward ends of the branches
of the beam A are made L or T shaped, and
40 have two or more holes formed through them,
to receive the pivoting-bolt C of the gage-
wheel B, so that the said gage wheel B can be
readily adjusted to allow the cultivator to
work deeper or shallower in the soil.
45 To the beam A, a little in the rear of the
gage-wheel B, are attached, or in it are formed,
bearings to receive the axle or rod D, upon
which are placed four (more or less) thin ro-
tary cutters, E, kept at the proper distance
50 apart by tubular washers F, placed between
them upon the said rod. The cutters E, or
the outer cutters when more than two are
used, are placed in line with or a little beyond
the outer corners of the plow-plate G, so as
55 to cut the soil, roots, grass, and weeds at the
sides of the plants, and thus prevent the soil
around the plants from being broken or torn
away by the action of the said plow-plate.
The plow-plate G, called by me a " shovel
hoe-blade," is made with its middle part like 6o
an ordinary shovel-plow, but has wings H
formed upon it, which are bent downward,
rearward, and inward, as shown in Fig. 2.
I is the standard, the lower end of which is
secured by rivets or other suitable means to 65
the upper middle part of the plow-plate G.
The upper end of the standard I is bolted or
otherwise secured to the beam A. A single
standard, I. can be used, as shown in the
drawings, or two standards, or a forked stand- 70
ard attached to the upper side parts of the
plow-plate G and to the beam A. The beam
A is designed to have a cross-bar or other
suitable handle attached to its rear end, for
convenience in using the cultivator. The han- 75
die is not shown in the drawings, as there is
nothing new in its construction. With this
construction the soil that is raised and moved
outward slightly by the passage beneath it of
the plow will be moved back and leveled by 80
the wings H, and the ground left level and
smooth, any grass or weeds left by the body of
the plow-plate being destroyed by the wings.
Having thus described my invention, I claim
as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat- 85
1. In a hand - cultivator, the plow-plate
made, substantially as herein shown and de-
scribed, with a middle part, G, having wings
H bent downward, inward, and rearward, to 90
adapt it to destroy the grass and weeds and
leave the soil level, as set forth.
2. In a hand-cultivator, the combination,
with the plow-beam A ana the winged plow-
plate G H, of two or more rotary cutters, E, 95
substantially as herein shown and described,
whereby the soil, roots, grass, and weeds will
be cut in parallel lines in front of the said
plow-plate, as set forth.
3. In a hand-cultivatoi-, the combination, roo
with the plow-beam A, the rotary cutters E,
and the winged plow-plate G H, of the gage-
wheel B, substantially as herein shown and
described, whereby the machine can be read-
ily adjusted to work deeper or shallower in 105
the ground, as set forth.
JUDSON B. HURD.
E. H. COLLINS,
B. B. JONES.
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Hurd, Judson B. Hand Cultivator., patent, November 18, 1884; [Washington D.C.]. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth170855/m1/2/: accessed March 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.