Combination Tool. Page: 2 of 3
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE,
ROGER WILLIAMS ARCHER, OF BEEVILLE, TEXAS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 313,272, dated March 3, 1885.
Application filed April 25, 1884. (No model.)
T'o all whom~ it 7-ay conceern:
Be it known that I, IOGER WILLIA2MS ARCH-
ER, a citizen of the United States, residing at
Beeville, in the county of Bee and State of
5 Texas, have invented certain new and useful
Improvements in Combination-Tools, of which
the following is a specification, reference be-
inghad therein to the accompanying drawings.
My invention consists of a tool having a
io staple-holder, a driver, a chisel, a vise attach-
ment, and a detachable driver adapted to be
used with the vise to splice the ends of the
wire in building wire fences, in which the tool
is used for driving staples, cutting the wire,
15 and splicing the wire, the several devices form-
ing a combination-tool disposed for conven-
ient use upon a stock or holder.
Referring to the accompanying drawings,
Figure I represents that side of the tool hav-
20 ing the staple-holder and driver; Fig. 2, that
side of the tool having the wire-cutter; Fig.
3, an end view of the tool; Fig. 4, a view in
perspective illustrating the operation of splic-
ing the ends of the wire; and Fig. 5, the de-
25 tachable driver having the cutter and applied
to the stock.
The stock or holder a has an enlarged end,
b, formed with a longitudinal guide-groove, c,
adapted to receive and hold the staple d in
3o position to be driven therefrom. The groove
is preferably of dovetail form in cross-section,
and is so formed as to hold the staple firmly
therein to receive the action of the driver.
The driver consists of a bar, e, having its
35 driving end made concave to fit .the bend of
the staple, and its sides are beveled to fit the
guide-groove c, within which it is supported
upon the stock, so as to be driven forward
within the groove against the staple. The
40 stock has a longitudinal guide-slot, f, and the
driver has a chisel, g, extending into and
through said slot, so that when driven for-
ward it will cut the wire h, placed against a
shoulder, i, of the stock at right angles to the
45 cutting-edge, and on the side of the stock op-
posite to that on which the driver works, the
said shoulder having a groove, i', to receive
the edge of the chisel. The slot f, within which
the chisel works, has a cross-slot, f', and the
50 chisel has aside pin,g',which is passed through
said cross-slot in putting the driver in place,
and serves to hold it upon the stock and per-
mit of its removal. The vise consists of a
clamping-jaw, j, arranged on the side of the
stock not occupied by the driver or chisel, so
that its end forms a clamp with the side of the
stock-head. The jaw has a suitable joint-con-
nection, k, with the stock, and is controlled
in its clamping action by a screw, 1, passing
through it, thumb-nut m and a spring, n, act-
ing to open and hold the jaw open to receive
the lapped ends of the wire to form the splice.
In splicing the wire the two ends are lapped
and crossed and secured within the clamp with
the ends standing out at each side of the head.
The driver is then removed from the stock,
and one end of the wire is passed through a
hole, r, in the driver-bar, and the wire end
wound around the wire, then wind the other
end in the same way and the splice is formed,
as shown in Figs. 6 and 7. The contiguous
surfaces of the jaw and of the stock may be
guttered crosswise to receive and form a se-
cure clamp for the lapped ends of the wire.
The tool is made of iron, and the driver for
tlhe staple forms the wire-cutter and the wind-
ing-arm in splicing, and for this latter purpose
it is easily removed from the stock.
The chisel may be secured to the driver in any
suitable way parallel with the driver-bar, and
it fits in the stock-slot, so as to form a guide
to keep the driver in straight driving relation
to the staple-holder.
The driver can be held in place in the stock
by tongue and groove.
1. The combination-tool composed of the
stock a, having a longitudinal slot, f, and a
grooved transverse shoulder, i, and a driver-
bar, e, having a chisel, g, arranged to operate
within the stock-slot to cut the wire placed
against said cross-shoulder, substantially as
herein set forth.
2. The stock formed -with an enlarged head,
b, having a longitudinal side groove, c, adapt-
ed to receive and hold a staple, the cross-shoul-
der i, and the longitudinal slot f, having a
cross-slot, f', and a sliding driver, e, provided
with a chisel, g, extending through said stock-
slot having the cross-pins g', serving as a guide
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Archer, Roger Williams. Combination Tool., patent, March 3, 1885; [Washington D.C.]. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth170912/m1/2/: accessed April 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.