The Laws of Texas, 1931-1933 [Volume 28] Page: 56 of 2,111
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48 GENERAL AND SPECIAL LAWS.
Article 6014. Neither natural gas nor crude petroleum shall
be produced, transported, stored, or used in such manner or
under such conditions as to constitute waste; provided, however,
this shall not be construed to mean economic waste, and the
Commission shall not have power to attempt by order, or otherwise,
directly or indirectly, to limit the production of oil to equal
the existing market demand for oil; and that power is expressly
withheld from the Commission, and no part of this Act shall
ever be construed so as to prevent the storage of oil except for
the prevention of physical waste. As used herein, the term
"waste" in addition to its ordinary meaning, shall include:
(a) The operation of any oil well or wells with a gas-oil ratio
exceeding that fixed for such well or wells by order of the Commission,
and the Commission is hereby given authority to fix
and determine by order such ratio.
(b) Drowning with water of any stratum capable of producing
oil or gas or both oil and gas in paying quantities.
(c) Underground waste caused by the premature intrusion of
water into any producing well or wells or into wells producing
from the same stratum, resulting from improper drilling or producing
methods by the owner of such well or wells.
(d) Permitting any natural gas well to wastefully burn.
(e) The wasteful utilization of natural gas; provided, however,
the utilization of gas from a well producing both oil and
gas, for manufacturing natural gasoline, shall not be construed
to be waste.
(f) The creating of unnecessary fire hazards.
(g) Actual physical waste incident to or resulting from so
drilling, equipping, locating, spacing, or operating wells as to
reduce, or tend to reduce, the ultimate total recovery of crude
petroleum oil or natural gas from any well or pool.
(h) Waste incident to or resulting from the unnecessary, inefficient,
excessive, or improper use of the gas. gas energy, or
water drive in any well or pool; however, it is not the intent of
this Act to require repressuring of an oil pool. or that the separately
owned properties in any pool be unitized under one management,
control, or ownership.
(i) Surface waste, including unnecessary or excessive surface
losses or destruction of crude petroleum oil or natural gas
without beneficial use.
(j) The escape into the open air of natural gas except as may
be necessary in the drilling or operation of a well; this section
shall be cumulative of and not contrary to the above definitions
of waste, and shall not be construed to conflict therewith.
(k) Waste incident to the inequitable utilization of gas energy,
water drive, or other natural force, resulting from the inequitable
withdrawal from any common pool; provided, however,
that the Commission shall only invoke this definition of
waste for the purpose of preventing discrimination in production
as between producers disposing of their oil and/or gas by
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Gammel, Hans Peter Mareus Neilsen. The Laws of Texas, 1931-1933 [Volume 28], book, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth17293/m1/56/: accessed November 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .