The Caldwell News and The Burleson County Ledger (Caldwell, Tex.), Vol. 46, No. 39, Ed. 1 Friday, December 18, 1931 Page: 4 of 8
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TU CALDWELL NEW8
C B. CBOMAH1E.
March 3, 187 .
at the Caldwell, Ttxu Post Office,
(Continued from page one)
the Caldwell News and Burleson County Ledger,
1 Tear: In County $1.50; Out of County 92-00
Ratee, per inch-
M cents per line of 6 point type will be charged for the first insertion and i
§ cents per line for each subsequent insertion for all legal advertising
money. If all the beauty and com-
fort and convenience that can be
wrought for almost nothing into farm
| home were expressed in dollar value
there would almost be anotber
i quarter-million-dollar home market
i on the farm. Without minimizing the
< real need of cash on the farm, the
f point here is that many of the thing*
' for which money is exchanged may
—, be obtained without going through
—luc j the arduous process of first getting
' i j the money. anJ the extent to which
LEGAL ADVERTISING—Hereafter all notices carried under this head ! this is done represents a gam as real
be accompanied h, the cash payment personally guaranteed by tha j as any bought with dollars.
such notices upon preseotatiar of statement. This paper _ _ __ „ . „ ,
_ accept for publication SL.h matter and wait until estates are ; Every Firm Must Have It*
up or eases finally adjudicated for its fees. _ The regumr legal rate of j n ",,B
ie first insertion and ! Tb^se things—supplying the tarn
i home market with necessary food an:
• comfort and beauty—are practical
land workable cn nearly all Texa-
farms. Beyond this point, however,
i any general plan for agricultural
readjustment." is subject to so mar.
j "ifs" and "and«" a? to make pre-
scription difficult if not impossible
| Every one of the 496.000 farms in the
State is different. For instance, two-
j thirds of the crop land harvested r.
jl92ii was operated by only two-fifth?
i of the farmers and three fifths of
' the farmers worked less than one-
third the total crop areas. Exclud-
ing the extremely small farms and
the bulk of the ranches, however, it
is seen that 90 per cent of the farm-
ers work five-sixths of the cultivated
area. These 424.000 farms average
60 crop acres per /arm, but the total
farm area in these farms varies from
20 acres to 500 acres. With such wide
variations in size of farm, in character
of owner, in land tenure and in farm-
ing regions it becomes plain that
general advice of whatever nature
will miss the point in the majority
This leads to the conclusion that
the soundest advice is for each farm-
er to go to hi« county or home de-
Prohibition and Politics
Chairman John J. Raskob. oí the
Democratic National Committee, has
asked everybody who contributed to
the last Democrat national campaign
fond to give him some advice on the
question whether or not a change in
the prohibition laws should be advo- >
eated in the next Democratic nation-,
We don't know what those gentle-:
men who financed Alfred E. Smith's
campaign for the presidency will tell f
Mr. Raskob. We believe, however.'
that the farther they are away f /om
the big cities the less like'y they are'
to recommend either the repeal of t
the eighteenth amendment or the CANADA
"liberalization" of the Volstead act- *
It would be a pity, it seems to us, Canada's census of 1931 has just
to have a presidential election com- been completed and it shows the total
plicated by the question of prohibi- population of the Dominion to be al-
thm. Prohibition, as we see it, is not most exactly ten million persons,
and ought not to be made a partisan That is an increase of about fourteen
issue. It cuts rcross all party lines, percent in ten vears, which is a fair-
and throws into the political situation iy rapid rate of growth—a faster rate
an issue which has no bearing upon in fact, than the I nited States showed
the vitally important economic ques- between 1920 and 1930. It is not very
tions whteh are the only sound basis many people, howeve-, to populate
for political action. Mr Raskob and j Can¿da*Tenormous area. The Do-
his friends suggest several alternative minion has 3,690,000 square miles,
programs for consideration. The es-! which is 660,000 square miles larger
lee of them all is that the people i than the United States. Our popula-
the United States and of the tion is about thirty-eight persons to
states should have the right ¡the square mile, and Canada s is faw-
to vote directly on constitutional j er than three persons to the square
amendments. This seems to be based j mil.
the theory that state legislatures,
ratified the eighteenth amend- ; VITAMINES
and which have ratified all'
previous amendments to the Consti-t We hear a lot about vntamines and
do not truly represent the pre-1 the necissity of eating foods contain-
optnion of the people of
states. We see no objection to
a referendum, but we think Mr.
"be surprised at the re-
flate if his 'party should commit itself
to a referendum on the repeal of the
«jgtheentfc amendment and should
fiad itself in a position to submit such
• referendum to the people.
We thick -there is a great deal to be
mM in favor of the general proposi-
tion thai there is too much of a tend-
to centralizing government 'at
And, of coarse, any
organization or group that
to has a perfect right to advo-
cate an* try to pat into effect any
change in- the Constitution which
ase mi desirable to the group. But if
the parpóse of a great national party
Is to elect its candidate for the presi
áemey, we think it would be just too
had to complicate the issue by pat-
ting into the platfoxm, under what-
ever disguise, a proposal upon which
there is so much and such violent
Cffercnce of opinion as prohibition.
We hope that something will be
by the new Congress to settle
the question of wha¿ the government
it, going to do with the great dam and
plant at Muscle Shoals. The
¡ra appointed by the Presi-
to investigs&e and recommend has
its report. That report calls
the establishmnt of a farmer-
corporation to take over and
( Muscle Shoals for the manu-
of nitrates for fertiliser. That
la all right as long as the government
Haetf does not go into the business
af competing with private industry.
We think that the sooner Muscle
is taken off the government's
and turned over to some busi-
orgaaization to operate, the
We are inclined to doubt whether
a strictly farmer-owned corporation
can be set op with enough capital to
in an enterprise of the mag-
proposed. If that can be done,
the management entrusted to ex-
who know how to rur it in
with the large private
which are already engaged
ia the «ame line of business, then we
are In favor of the Commission's plan.
At any rate, we think it would be a
T desirable thing to take Muscle
oat of polities by disposing of
it as speedily as possible. We have,
t very little hope that the new
■ will take any decisive action
ing them, but few people are able
to keep the list in mind. Here is a sim-
ple, concise list of the common foods
which contain the vitamines essential
Vitamine A—milk, butter, fresh
cheese, eggs, green vegtabls (spin-
ach, lettuce, ect.), yellow vegetables
(carrots, yellow corn). Vitamine B
—Germs of cereals, liver, yeast, let
tuce, raw peanuts. Vitamine C—
Lemons, oranges, grapefruit, raw
cs&bag* and sauerkraut, sprouted
grain or peas tomatoes, lettuce, water-
cress, raw spinach, turnips or green
peppers. Vitamine D—Liver and cod
liver oil, egg yolk, snails, sunshine
(that is, sunshine on the body actual-
ly causes vitamine D to appear in the
body, which aids bone growth, pre-
vents rickets, prevents tooth decay).
Vitamine E—Germ oil of wheat or
other grain, other vegetable oils,
fresh meat and animal fat, fresh let-
tuce. Vitamine G—Fresh or evapor-
ated m lk, liver, green vegetables,
fresh or canned bananas and yeast.
Enough natural gas is being pro-
duced in the United States today to
By Albert T. Reíd
Who Can Pass This Examination?
Have youtr¡*liobt¿$>od boy?
Are you impudent ?
Do you cat wist you are toíd to
you pickup your play thing?
you tease the dog ?
you msh. youHtfudt fae
Do youtrvu* mud ¡oto tfce house
DO you always say "yes núm.
and *oosip *
Do you aJway¿ say "thank ypq
play mate, s
^tTar haDDiness1*in^farm?life i ,variou* *inds °-f livesí°?k are T0U*hs' teed, inffni!e W can u u Uy ** PolltlCS Looming UP
pem> ana nappin.s- in larm me ¡y as fc,ij0ws: lor each horse or mule marketed for a few cents per dozen v
has been worked out in individual | bushels of corn or equivalent, two more than ¿he market price, choice Stl*01t¿^ For ^0Xt 1 C3T
cases for years and years in the form tons hay, one acre improved pasture; meat animals ordinarily bring a
of practical demonstrations that form for eacj, dairy cow, 25 bushels of premium; a big advance has been ,,,oTiv rw mt.er 17
the safest reference. There are corn or equivalent, two tons hay, two made in the last year in producing ,,.'p. ' p "Hf, ' "N. h t l s„._v
thousands of these demonstrations acTe3 improved pasture; for each head number one turkeys end selling them 1,., frir th nHrt nf 191°
and a multiplicity of kinds to fit the beef cattle, ten bushels of corn or at advanced prices; many creameries , ' v„-r t ,fthc combined nation
widely varrying conditions Combined; quivak.nt, onc ton ^y. 3 im_ pay for butterfat on grade; and cot- 1,
together these demonstrations fit in- proved pasture; for each hog raised, ton is coming more and more to be t ... „wtinn« R, rlUbl
to the "safe farming plans and! 14 bushed corn or equivalent ™ must hold pnmar> elections. Republi-
"farm poUcies" as announced at inter-, pounds bay. une.qUarter acre'
vals in the past by Texas A. * M.¡proved pasture; for each hen.
120 1Ujr.aftd sUple; Mp€C,al,y i0 cans can íómiñaíe by convex,on
im- standardized one-variety commum- ,
one ties and through cooperatives. Home
_ - ? pro
College. Chaotic and discouraging as • bus^el com or equivalent; for each demonstration club women have done _ t
present conditions are, the beatiturkey raised one and one-half a lot to standardise quality food and thcDemocraUc national convention is
Already a battle over delegations to
thought of Texas and the Nation con-
tinues to regard the principles laid
down in these well-known plans as
the best guide today.
Good Faming Principles
It is human to desire some magic
way out of any difficulty. Perhaps
these principles, hosry with age, wiB
bushels corn or equivalent. household articles and to sell them Advocates of Gov.
Unfortunately most Texas farmers m special markets. Similarly, a signi-
are not in a position to tum readily bat been made in curiag u.,
to a balanced system of livestock and P°ri< home to produce a superior "í03".
cotton farming. The machine age product tKwt commands a preramm iii ^ ^
brought machine methods, distant bcal markets. Quality production f«rt- ^
markets and apecialiied farming. In •>*« by alert marketing w increas- ?w;? tK " tn s. .
Texas this specialisation, due to the ing net farm income and leading to- At th U *je se-mis t be
wonderful adaptibility of most of the w*rd the ideal of "every farm afac- ¡ on SüH? to
sUte to cotton, has been in cotton tonr evei7 ™.the year. There the TeXAS delegation either to Speak
kucoc k' luvipiv j| uvai j " imi ase w iu sVJIVc lv vOw-vUTl. fiar LUf^Il in CvvlOn f / ■ • • ^ « « %. +~% * . «
be regarded by some as inapplicable ¡production. Of the gross farm income > * fr°°d oí f^srn relief ahead " Í®,r'
today. Yet there is magic in them j for the last six years 78 per cent has in 1
for those who see and those who ¿o.¡come from cotton; four out of five *
this direction for those who see
Theae principles as announced In the I farms and ranches grow the crop;
fall of 1930 by President T. O. Wal- two-thirds the average crop acres on
ton of Texas A. & M. College are the j farms of from 20 to 500 acres is in
preservation of land as capital stock, ¡ cotton; and more than 60 per cent of
use of adapted crops and livestock, the farms in this class are operated ' ...
balancing the farm huitines*. u*inv h«> tonantc Tki« m^ana that Depressions are painfu>, thej shatter
or to Gov. William H. (Alfalfa Bill)
Murray of Oklahoma. No Murray
activities have been carried on in
Texes officially. The Garner boom
has a state organisation with Houston
An effort to force presidential pri-
maries was made by Rep. T. H. Mc-
Gregor. loyal «upporter of former
Senator James A. Reed of Missouri,
farming The movement attained no headway.
expressed in terms of selling your
own home market first. Many will
find it easy to produce more of these
provide six times as much energy as j foods than can be sed at home,
all of the electirc power stations put! Economies are often effected when
ether. production is ircreased.
It takes little more effort to milk
four cows than it does two, nor to
care for 120 pullets than for the 80
needed to supply a family of five; a
half-acre garden is not twice as ex-
pensive or troublesome than a quar
New natural gas fields of enor-
mous volume have been discovered
and developed in the past two years
in southern New York and northern
Pennsylvania, end in many other
sections of the United States. I know
some counties in which almost every
farmer has his own gas well.
The life insurance companies of
the United States paid more than
The Wise Farater Will Preserve
Farming is the oldest occupation.
balancing the farm business, using by tenants. This means that^ most
foods than can be used at home, farms are not only meagerly stocked v'.
producing quality products, and mar-¡but lack the necessary fences, build- v lL;h- /«
keting on a quality basis. ing* *"d equipment for livestock lea farms but farming
T • .. . ' . . .' continues. Depressions often bring Former Governor Dan Moody and
interpreting in the lightjrf present wonderful livestock of hardshi and privation to others who fought the nomination of
conditions, it has already been shown tr^iUon of Texas has been too much farm families> bul art, because t Alfred E Smith at the Houston con-
what "living at home may mean as hmited to the ranch (juntos the bu k nothing else offerR partly because vention, so far. have made no public
man <rin«r ..in,.!, 1 amalt,ur- m farm investments can't be abandoned,; move, other than to assert that econ<>-
g g ' partly because farm life offers more mic conditions, not liquor, must have
Landlords May Form Livestock 'enduring satisfaction than life in the Democratic party's attention.
p.Ft.^.km u'i.l t—town, farmers persistently hang on. The actual battle will begin on May
^ /While the rest of the world makes ( 7. though its outcome may be deter-
The management of livestock may evil prophecies of the future of farm-¡mined before '.he forces join issue,
gradually be learned by experience >'our re*l farmer with subborn On May 7, precinct conventions will
and from the help of county agnts i conservatism knows deep down in his 1* held. At these precinct meeting*,
and from demonstrations, but how heart that time* will be better. And delegate^ will be named to county
landlord and tenant may get together the>* wil! ** ior those who can adapt conventions to be held May 10. The
in livestock partnerships is more themselves to changing conditions county convention, in turn, will name
difficult. It can be done, however. who c*n nonage wisely and produce delegations to the Texas delegation,
ter-acre one; and a one-acre orchard and almost any tenant can begin on cheaply. If the forces are evenly enough
does not double the labor and ex- a small scale and contribute more and These will preserve the land by jP*tched, it is highly probable the
pense of a one-half acre fruit plot, more to the partnership from year j terracing, by developing luxuriant ?*,** delegation will go uninstruct-
Such modest increases in a State to year. The year 1932 will probably pastures, by planting such legumes as ®d but directed to vote as a unit,
where food has to be imported from mark the shift of many farms to live-. cowpeas, soy beans, alfalfa and before the smoke of this bat-
other states is not likely to create a stock partnersip and the beginning; clovers for leed and cover crops, by . has cleared the Texas Democrats
damning surplus. Certainly it repre- of a more profitable era. i using crop rotations and cropping Wl" „j[n beat of a battle for
Simple lease forms suitable for! y tems, and in East Texas by state officers. Candidates have until
By George Santayana
O world, thou choosest not the better
it is net wisdom to be only wise,
o the inward vision close the
two thousand million dollars to
their policy holders and beneficiaries j sents less of a hazard than launching. aimDie lease torms Tftr, ,.u f.„m ** u, - -
last year. There is about three times into many of the farming specialties. attachiiL u, the customerv "third managing woodlands for present and Jtune 6 to spplications for ballot
^ and fou*h>. and .<hal/ and ¿air co™ future profits. It is "these who shall For offk" with:
tracts may be obtained from county mbent the earth." I? <> ?_ county they can wait until
as much life insurance in force to-
day as there was ten years ago.
There are literally millions of men
who are providing states for their
Plant Only Adapted Crops
To plunge surpluss acres in 1932 agents.
into this or that cash crop may prove ^ . . „ _
In Every Line. Cot Cost of
dependents after they die, and com- ^
* - „ij v _ to be jumping out of the frying pan
w !int0 th« f're* Tomatoes, cabbage,
no ot.ier means than settings asioe, __■ l _ «
a fixed percentage of their incomes I w'^p " .fci1 ÍÍ1 . The «verage yield of am
! June 18.
f,_ ,.f -may bring relief here or there, but livesCx-V or^urt^nearlv* ?* !-^ farmers alone. Jefferson said that T""'
A *ood rule t<J u^xkI, boyin, 1 yA™?™? ^¡¡¡^ Z <mMU. «• ''™er CÍ
That we are in a period of transi- r- D... e. .. .
tion and reconstruction is clear. Re- to
adjustments made now will affect fn ,1°' 5°v<",or
civilization for decades. Manifestly Lrm "dv nt«**'
v- . _ .' or a rtrst-term governor being pre-
sumed to be a candidate for re-eleo-
>n. because of the precedent.
Clint Small of Wellington, third
the whole job cannot be done
percent of the individual's fixed an-
nual income, and increase the in-
surance as the income increases.
Bat H is wisdom to believe the heart.
Columbus found a world, and had no
law one that faith deciphered in the
To trust the soul's invincible surmise!
to fhkl out bow maar
'aa all his science and his only art. j trical appliances of all
The hardest problem that communi-
ty committees cn unemployment have
to face in using the funds raised for
unemployment relief is finding or
making jobs for the class often called
"white collar workers."
It Is comparatively easy to make
work for the manual laborer. New
York is doing this by all s-vte of
street, park and waterfront improve-
ments. A good many white collar
workers are being provided work in
collecting information which various
public and semi-public institutions
need but in ordinary times have felt
they could not afford to collect. One
New York business house suggested
of the city
rt7Pr'^kenng facilities, and to ^r/"'cosToF^cLn^ bin ^¡u\ZnTu^ in 'SBSTS hJE ^arffX? STi?' ^ N
v a *verage cost of production. Its hard «„ ,k„ «.— k.. Allred are both frequently mentione.
probable demand7 Farmers should ¿ZF ■friculture. But the time has come ."«tioned
not hesitate to examine the possibil-1 ouJ shovin* un the violH Knhrííw when individuals, firms, and s* ocia- s_ ' . t ' ,f '' 19 avow -
ities offered by various special cash tions must go a step further to con- on<f tlme ^ formal
into the , r™' ^búu ^^ha'rTV fu^lslT mar! A."^
crops but blind p.ung.ng imo vne |far in improvin<r prices on
production of any of them, or grow- — v
ing them on a large scale will more
improving prices on a big¡k t exchanees for thp 8tanda"d 'ro" P"ren,1>' Prefers to seek re-election as
T!^ 1 ducU of the fami home S so mP.ny ^ut if Governor
kind were in
is a torch of smoky | we, and' on condition that this in-
formation should be available to
the pathway but one stop! every distributor of electric appli
janees, one of the unemployment re-
a void of mystery and dread, lief agencies put a
tn, the tender light at faith to > women at work en aalary,
doorbells and gathering these statis-
beart is lad ties.
There Is no community so eamll
that seas wm
acreage apparently to be
from cotton production.
SeO Feed Through Livestock
ware store's, grocers, dry goods mer- í v r"ce" ne "ns a
-i——i -i.. - i i- stalwart rerguson supporter. East
of the individual farmer.
How to do this—how it was done ¡ hdpfui demímstíatíow^usrthe same ,.tt. ran/tw.„.
with profit in most lines in 1931— • as farmers and their families. A mer- '* c n<,,d«te
I chants, and club women have made , r.v«« .. . .
i helo/ul dcmonitrs: inns m.t tK. «m ! l?°: m®>' ent«r snti-martial
profit in most line* in
demonstrated by farmers ano ¡ chant who handles canned goods,1 ,k;" p ""1" \\
members of their femilies in nearly | prwerVes, jeUies, meat and meat pro- i H*f_?erruso? h. ve •" eye on
On tike other hud T.u. i. pro!, "" i*"^™ -! cl-nt -b. hindí c„n«l
ably in for a big feed crop acreage.
Sold for cash this feed is not like!
to pay much for the
seldom does. But fed
stantial prices are usually received
for feed. This was true even
where farmers managed skillfully.
^ fertU,xin« 'Here "needed; t«rrac"-; foundation i. being undermined,
on the feed and livestock markets, or ing or contouring to hold soil or ¡ A u i • ... .
skill in management, ad on whether moisture or both, routing ' - A hop<;iul 8,*n ,s v,8,bl«
there are fences, lots, barns and where
to permit economical and rodents and controlling plant
and cultivating wisely.
At this stage it is beliexed that
•I. c®*t® i ducts is keeping money at home "and i SKSd'^
inprofit-, encouraging the development of his f ^h '^ li L ^ ^ i" P"
ith good! own town and countv. t'nW «>n«,w ^t*1 W1". ** candidates for con-
eo is not likely have been cot by culling out unprofit- j en
e fro*,nf• ^ able livestock and replacing with good j 0v
to livestock sub- individuals, feeding balanced rations,! of
sute now is in a situation like that
iuire or ootn, rotating crops ,u't he, whjch resulted in Sam Houston being
rodents and controlling plant di- orXisión «re «lin. , f,i£■'
profession, sre coming together to! Presuming that a run-off primary
counsel with each other and with farm reqpired to elect state officer™ a<
and home agents in regard to the úsual, the state race and its resultant
wisest moves for them to make. Thus activities will not end until Septem-
the good judgment of all who are in- ber 6, when the sUte convention
terested u focussed. Thus s worthy drafts a platform.
QaaBty Products Briag
handling. Nearly alwr ya, however,
livestock pays more for feed than the
cash grain market affords. Livestock
also contributes to the stability of
farming by furnishing an income _.... . . . A .
throughout the year, by distributing ,i *1 , mu<* .has f*t been ae-
labor more equally from season to cowp'^hed in raising the general
«mI h. omhirMiv mnin l„r pnce level of Texas farm commodi-
"nmassing per acre efficiency and t>*o, many farmers and their wives t,e* and possibilitiss. Thus a united
have secured nremfeams for produo- ¡ citizenship will add another chapter
the yearly feed requirements for ** ^¡t^roducU «nd seUiry them j to TtXMt- vraatness.
task is laid out with all its opportuni-
By thst time the merry whirl of
the general election will be under
way from which Texas voters will
get no respite until the last ballot
are east November 8.
Here’s what’s next.
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Cromartie, C. E. The Caldwell News and The Burleson County Ledger (Caldwell, Tex.), Vol. 46, No. 39, Ed. 1 Friday, December 18, 1931, newspaper, December 18, 1931; Caldwell, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth174981/m1/4/: accessed May 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Harrie P. Woodson Memorial Library.