The Caldwell News and The Burleson County Ledger (Caldwell, Tex.), Vol. 48, No. 3, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 6, 1933 Page: 3 of 8
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Municipally Owned Utilities
a Financial Burden to the City?
On the 29th of September, 1924,
the Secretary of Commerce, Herbert
Hoover, delivered an address in Wash-
ington on "Government Ownership."
Among other objections to public
ownership of municipal utilities was
the statement that "every experience
to date indicates that the tax payer
will pay." This is a frequent objec-
tion of the opponents of public own-
I This belief assumes that public
utilities which are publicly owned
wiU be inefficiently managed and,
consequently, will not yield returns
sufficient to justify the investment by
the municipality. Has experience
shown this assumption to be true?
Has experience shown that the tax
payer has had to pay in the end?
The public utilities are as univer-
sal in their benefits as such non-
revenue producing enterprises as edu-
cation, fire departments, police de-
partments, sewers, etc. It might pay
a city to operate its own light plant
at a loss if it could light its streets
better, extend the light services into
more homes and in more ways, and
encourage the development of local
But suppose that there are no bene-
fits to be got from the better lighted
streets and alleys, from the better
labor condiions, and from the'probable
lower rates, is there justification for
the investment by the city on a fi-
nancial basis only?
The government would lose millions
of dollars of taxes which are paid by
the utility companies. This is cer-
tainly no time for the government to
lose anything in the way of taxes.
But where do the utility companies
jjot the tax money they pay ? The in-
cidence of the tax falls directly upon
the consumer of service. He pays it
through hi^ Iijflit or water hill. This
revenue is not money collected from
blue sky and turned into tangible dol-
lars and cents. A public utility does
not pay taxes itself; the people pay
these tax in the increased rates.
The Municipal Kleclric Light Plant
in Cleveland, Ohio, pays no taxes. A
•criticism of this plant stated that the
city has lost $1,026,988.40 revenue be-
cause of this. A reply to this state-
ment pointed out that the total sav-
ings to the consumers of electricity in
that city for the period covered by the
life of the plant was $20,959,500.00
which is more than twenty times the
amount of taxes which it would have
paid as a privately owned plant.
It would seem an if towns which
did not have the tax revenue from
public utilities would have a higher
per capita tax, but a recent study
made in Minnesota did not find this
to be true. By comparing all of the
municipalities in the state from 1,000
population to 25,000 (excepting the
16 Iron Range Towns) it was found
that the 63 towns having municipal
plant collected $10.H3 per capita in
taxes while the 84 towns having pri-
vate owned electric service collected
$12.81 per capita in taxes. In other
words, towns served by private in-
terests collected 18 percent higher
taxes per capita for the period than
towns which owned their plants. Some
of the sixteen range towns omitted
ha *e municipal plants, and some have
private plants. These towns were not
included because of their unusually
high assessed real property valúas
due to the iron mines.
It is interesting to note, too, that
the average amount charged for 40
KWH of residential electricity used
in the municipally served towns was
$3.40; the average amount paid for
this service in privately served towns
Single and incomplete comparisons
are many tim«s misleading. The fol-
lowing statement was in a Minneapo-
lis Evening Tribune editorial: "Ac-
cording to the figures made public
by the tax payers association; Manka-
to, although a larger city than Austia
(Minn.), has a tax rate that is ten
mils lower. Austin has a municipal
plant and Mankato hns its electricity
furnished by a privately owned compa-
ny." Some of the relevant data that
was omitted in this observation was
that Austin's assets per capta are
$172.24 while Mankato's assets per
capita are $68.60. Each person in
Austin has the benefit, of three times
as much municip! property as a per-
son in Mankato. Another point of
interest is that Austin has twice as
many ornamental light standards as
Mankato and also has a few more
overhead lighting units and yet Man-
ifesto pays approximately $6000 more
annually for its street lighting than
Some towns have gone beyond mere-
ly lowering their taxes and rates;
according to a report recently re-
ceived from the Public Ownership
League of America, eighty-four cities,
towns, and villages in the United
States have no local city taxes be-
cause of revenues from municipally-
owned utilities. Some of these cities
own municipal light and power plants;
some own waterworks or gas plants;
some own only distributing systems,
buy their electric current or gaa
wholesale from some private compa-
ny and dstribute it over their own
municipally-owned distribution sys-
tem, selling at retail at a profit.
It is possible that these cities have
rates that are higher than those muni-
cipalities which prefer lower rates
rather than lower taxes. However,
as a rule these "no tax towns" have
flower rates than those charged by
private companies under comparable
j In compiling this list the League
secured names from the United States
Chamber of Commerce, the Leagues
of Municipalities, from city officials,
and from prominent citizens, "but in
all cases by those who may be con-
sidered reliable and trustworthy."
This list, probably, is not complete.
TAX FREE TOWNS
Atlus, Okia _ 8,439
Augusta, Kansas 4,033
Avilla, Ind 559
Beggs, Okla 1,531
Belleville, Kansas 2,383
Beloit, Kansas 3,502
Cass City, Mich
Earlsbo'ro, Okla *
Ft. Towson, Okla
Hartshome, Okla i
Kaw Pity, Okla
Middleton, Ind. *'
New Glarus. Wis
Ponca City, Okla
Pond Creek, Okla
Red Cloud, Neb
Russell, Minn. §
Skancateles, N. Y.
South River, N. J. ***
Spooner, Wis. ***
Tahlequah, Okla t
Tecumseh, Okla .
West Liberty, Iowa 1f . . ..
Wynne Wood Okla
A survey of tax levies w
cide the question of municipal or pri-
vate ownership of utilities; there are
other things to be considered. But for
private companies to say that they
pay 10 percent of their gross earn-
ings to the federal, state .county, and
municipal governments as if they paid
it out of their own pockets, will gain
Mrs. C. L. Portier, 79, of Mil-
waukee, Wis. is the first and oldest'
stenographer in the world. Her
father, C. L. Stales, was the inven-
tor of the typewriter. She assisted
him is his early experiments and
has never been without a typewriter
since 1866. She took part in the
00th anniversary of her tether's in-
vention on March 28. She is still
an expert tynist.
any kind, haying no bonds and being
entirely out of debt with a large bal-
ance in the light and water funds.
They now have a small levy and have
greatly reduced electric rates, as the
town council thought this would be
♦• Will be tax free after January,
1933, according to Silk Spurgeon, Sec-
retary, Municipal League of Indiana.
*** The United States Chamber of
Commerce reports that both Spooner,
Wisconsin and South River, New Jer-
sey, while paying their local expenses
for a number of years, have again re-
sorted to local taxation for at least
a part of the cost.
6y carl h.qetz
Some funny things happened in New
York during recent bank holiday.
The manager of Luna Park, Coney
Island .tried to borrow $25.00 on an
Ushers in motion picture theatres
offered to exchange 95 cents in silver
f.vr dollar bills.
On hotel provided its guests with
§10. in silver and charged the amount
to their accounts.
At one hotel a guest presented a
certified check for $30,000 and asked
for $5. on account. He got it.
Taxicab drivers accepted I. O. U.'s
The pastor of one church declined
to take up a collection. He said the
members of his church needed their
The owner of a restaurant sent men
to the various churches for silver
The older hotels aay they wo
oil prepared for the rapeal of pro-
John Zzpat is likewise distinguish-
ed. His name is last in the city di-
Black bath towels for blondes are
being offered by New York depart-
When a sandwich shop closed the
other day, an actor owed the place
91200 for coffee and cake.
Dates are sold on the streets of
New York. They are called depres-
sion food. They are excellent appetite
There are 162 firms named Para-
mount in New York, according to the
city telephone directory.
Farrish's Chop House, 42 John
Street, boasts that from 1856 to 1931
it has served 6,570,088 patrons. Dur-
ing the same time 1,525,551 steaks
were ordered as well 777,615 lamb
Department stores here are selling
paper bibs for babies.
A New York beauty shop adver-
tises wax baths for those who want
Former Governor Philip La Toi-
lette of Wisconsin, just returned
from s tour of Europe, called upon
President Roosevelt to report con-
dition*, particularly in Russia. . . .
La Follette has been mentioned for
a federal post in return for support
given the President during the c&m*
paign last falL
Two tiers of railroad tracks are to
be found beneath the New York
Central Building here.
New York shoe shops say it is get-
ting more and more difficult to sell
anything other than black shoes in
Dried flies are imported from
Europe for some of the birds in the
Men with $100. bills and even $500.
bills presented themselves at the
windows of the Pennsylvania Station
and asked for tickets to Newark.
They wanted change but they didn't
Dance halls announced they would
accept I. O. U.'S from patrons.
A cafeteria posted a sign it would
accept no bill over $5. Ten and twenty
dollar bills were barred.
Theatres accepted checks for
Hundreds of persons tried to return
theatre tickets so as to get some
At one church the text for Sun-
day's sermon was, "Lay not up for
yourselves treasures upon earth,
where moth and rust doth corrupt and
where thieves break through and
J* JAMO Of
JOHN JOSEPH GAINES,M.O.
To the bow-wows with your "vita-
mins" and your "sex-hormon •-?" and
your invisible cells! Let's talk about
something1 you can understand, that
you mi ; t every day.
"Cold feet' is most emphatically a
SYMPTOM, and if you have 'em per-
sistently it's a sign that your nerves
are not up to normal, or that your
capillary circulation is faulty—or
both. Elderly and old individuals are
often victims of this sort of condi-
tion. Many "nervous" women who are
much younger suffer with cold feet.
It is worth while to pay attention
to habitually cold feet. I am a be-
liever in a salt-water bath for the
feet before retiring, when feet re-
main cold in bed for a long time. The
salt in the water stimulates the ca-
pillary circulation in the skin, and the
nerve-endings there as well. Bathe the
feet with the salty water, and dry
them with a coarse towel. Get into
bed after treating. Keep up your at-
tention to the feet—a month if you
Limited amount of blood in the feet
means excess of blood in other local-
ities. Some cold-footed individuals
have congestive headaches. If your
home is not built for cold feet, get a
hot-water bag and warm the region
inhabited by your feet ir. bed. If not
that, a hot iron—even a hot brick!
I have known warm feet to cure some
forms of headaches.
Remember—some of you—we poor
folks often adopt poor ways. We do
not all have air-tight houses and steam
heated rooms. Some of us live out
in the country, you know. I can't
help feeling just a wee bit sorry for
victims of cold feet—hence this let-
Your physician will probably re-
commend a good nerve tonic in ad-
dition to my hints. He will know.
Warm feet are good protection from
kidney disease—bear in mind.
Phone your local items to 69
The 66th, 67th and 68th floors of
th Chrysler Building here are oc-
cupied by what is known as the
The fwteet of the
horde vas the celebrated aod nlool
ly princely homo of the MoM of
Florence. They bore ptlis on
shields. Prom the pilla
pawnbroker's brass balls.
SUNDAY NIGHT. APRIL 2U4
LEO MIKE'S ORCHESTRA
Constipation may very easily become
ehronic after forty. And any continued
constipation at that time of life may
bring attacks of piles and a hoet of
other unpleasant disorders.
One of the wisest students of fi-
nance in New York had just $1.55
in his pockets when the banks closed.
Many restaurants required their
waiters to bring their tips to tho
cashier's desk whenever they totaled
• 4 mills levy for 1932-33 due to
water shortage and salt water from
oil wells ruining two of their wells.
This condition is now corrected.
t Levy of 6 mills for year, 1931-32,
and making a levy of 6 mills for fis-
cals year of 1932-33.
§ No tax levy for 1932, but will
make small levy next year.
t 2 mills for library purposes.
II For the years, 1929 and 1930 the
town did not have a municipal tax of
The editor of "Manhattan" arises
to report that that slim young fel-
low, with his hat down over his eyes,
slipping in and out of the Chanin
Building, is Colonel Charles A. Lind-
bergh. Hte works with an aviation
company up on the 21st floor.
John H. S. Aachman bears a certain
distinction in New York. His name is
first in the new city directory.
New York's older hotels still have
their bars. New hotels are without
Why does a pawnbroker display
three brass balls over the door of his
place of business ? The insignia was
taken from that of the Italian bank-
ers, generally called Lombards, who
were the first to open pawnshops in
England for the relief of temporary
uaiuweu s j>yrup repsra
tor's prescription for the bowels.
by 47 years' practice, it hao
aund thoroughly effective in
remember a doctor should know what
is best for them.
"Dr. Caldwell's Synip Pepsin"
is a doctor'¡
been found thoroughly
relieving constipation and its ills for
men, women and children of all ages.
It has proven perfectly safe even for
babies. Made from fresh laxative
herbs, pure pepsin and other harmless
ingredients, it cannot gripe; will not
sicken you or weaken you; can be used
without harm as often as your breath
is bud, or when your tongue is coated;
whenever a headachy, bilious, gassy
condition warns oí constipation.
Da. W. B. Caldwell'
A Doctor's Family Laxative
PfKE SHAVER wouiO'MT loam
DOM TYptST AMY MOW FY
DURING THE fcuik HOLlPAV OM
THE GR0UHP "nWT MIS WIFE
OBJECTED TO HIS MA 10 MO
ADVANCES TO HIS
STEM O G RAPHEfi....
CADE AUTO CO.
Used Car Bargains
1930 FORD SPORT COUPE
new paint, top and fenders, A-l condition
1931 FORD TUDOR, new fenders, new paint,
motor in A-l condition
1929 FORD TUDOR, A-l condition, looks and
1929 FORD TUDOR, looks and runs good,
1929 FORD SPORT COUPE,
A good buy
1930 FORD STANDARD COUPE
A nice car
1929'FORD PHAETON, new paint, good tires,
1929 FORD PHAETON
Runs good, original paint
1929 FORD FORDOR SEDAN, new paint,
new tires and top
1928 WILLYS-KNIGHT SEDAN, new paint,
1928 STUDEBAKER SEDAN
Good condition .....
1929 CHEVROLET ROADSTER, new paint
new top, tires and motor A-l condition
1927 CHEVROLET COACH, new paint, new
tires, runs and looks A-l
1928 CHEVROLET COACH, runs good, good
tires, a bargain
1928 CHEVROLET COACH, this is a pick up
for the price -
1926 CHEVROLET COACH
Runs and looks good
1926 CHEVROLET TOURING
1927 CHEVROLET TRUCK
Closed cab _
1928 FORD TRUCK
Closed cab ..
1929 FORD TRUCK
Three 1924-25 FORD TRUCKS
Six Model-T CARS
License for the year 1933 paid on all used cars
in this bargain offer priced over $10.
Cade Auto Co.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Newspaper.
Cromartie, C. E. The Caldwell News and The Burleson County Ledger (Caldwell, Tex.), Vol. 48, No. 3, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 6, 1933, newspaper, April 6, 1933; Caldwell, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth175045/m1/3/: accessed April 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Harrie P. Woodson Memorial Library.