The Caldwell News and The Burleson County Ledger (Caldwell, Tex.), Vol. 49, No. 8, Ed. 1 Thursday, May 10, 1934 Page: 2 of 6
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BURLBSON COUNTY LEDGER
i. ANDBRPONT, PaWUhar
Devoted Uarsssrredly to the Development
aside, but It Is prssumH here that
it is proposed in order to protect
Bryan city-owned utilities against
a recently enacted state taw wheh
require the administration of ail
municipalities in the state which
own their own utilities which ever
have to borrow money to make
plant repairs, extensions, and im
claaa matter at the Caldwell, Texas, Post Office, provements when the needed loan
Congress, March 3, 1879. j oiuj improvements exceed $2,000, to
Burleson County¡ «ubmit the matter to the people
1 and vote on it.
The city administratis at Bryan
weekly by the Caldwell News
' Street, Caldwell, Texas.
1 Yaar: In County
1 Year: Out of County
$1.60 rather than run any risk* of letting
$2.00 their city-owned utilities gH in a
—~ I jam because of any such luw, have
a6c decided, it is presumed to set up
lüc $60,000.00 in cash, which will be
ADVERTISING—All notices carried" undeTtKia^heading c«r ""of'""uny" eme/ge^éy
LEGAL ADVERTISING—AH notices carneo unaer mis muum* t . c#re of
be accompanied by the cash or payment personally guaranteed uickly thnt muy ,,¡1HSibly arise,
attorney placing auch notices. The regular legal rate of 10 '. . lht, neceM¡ty of having to
line of 8 point type will be charged for the first insertion ,)l)irow money am, IU|| K|ll.cial elec-
• per line for each subsequent insertion for all legal advertís- t(on# for the pUr.,0#e-
CLASSIFIED -2 cents a word, first insertion, 1 cent a word for
then tU eitlaena' taxea of the City
«Usaras, principally because
earn has owned light and water
iyst.ms long enough to enjsy the
material benefit* they provide,
whereas, we havent.
Hearne lists it thre.> utilities
as having a total worth of $249.-
683.81. It values its light plant
Bryan i* the first city in the
state as far as it is known here
to take such action since the law
aubaaauent insertions. No ad accepted for less than 60 cents. . ,
CARD OF THANKS—A flat charge of $1.26 will be made for not was^enacte^a couple of
nor* than 60 words.
SOME IDEAS ABOUT TAXATION
Back in 1926 we used to listen with interest not un-
tinged witn pity when lolks told us that in England the
taxes were so nign tnat it took almost a quarter ol the
national income u> pay tnem. We were ratner proud ol
tne tact tnat m tne united States, lumping federal,
State and local taxes together, tne average citizen only
paid about 11 percent ol ms income, directly and indirect-
ly, in taxea.
But now comes along the National Industrial Con-
ference Board—we are not quite sure how much it knows
about it Dut its title sounds as ii it ought to know how
to do aimpie arithmetic—and tells us that this whole pic-
ture has cnangeu. .between lUütí and llJ32 the tax bur-
den id Ureal liritain has risen irom '¿ii percent of the
total income ol its people to a shade over 2d percent; but
here in the Uniteu ¡states, in the same period, our tax
burden has increased irom the lormer 11 percent to more
than zu percent.
We like to look at these statistics about taxes. It
always seems to us that there must be some way of cut-
ting them down, and we ponder the subject with a great
deal ot enthusiasm—in tne beginning. 1 ne more we pon-
der, however, tne more we wonder where the process of
tax reduction is going to begin. What are taxes levied for?
¿or public works ana the operation of the Government.
Well, would we be content to improve fewer miles of
highway, to build lewer modern bridges? We don't
think so. Uan we get along with lewer and less mouern
post offices, jails, court houses, insane asylums, school-
houses and paras / some olti-iasnioned lolks think we
ougnt to. Mayoe they are right; but then, again, who is
to ted us wnere to oegin lopping off tne unnecessary
It seems to us it would help a lot to cut down on po-
litical payrolls, but then what would become of our po-
litical parties'/ Aren't there enough people out of work
now, without throwing a lot more on the relief '/
We notice irom tnese same statistics that although
English people pay a nigher percentage of tneir incomes
in taxes, they seem to nave more leit than we do. .Tne
tax burden on each individual in England is about $U3 a
year. If that is a quarter of the average income, then the
total income must be aoout $372 per person, in this
country the per capita tax load is about $64 a year,
fcatimatintf that at one-lath ot the income, we only have
about a year per head.
It may sound silly, but it looks as if we needed to
earn more money per person. Possibly that is the best
way to try to pull ourselves out from under the tax load.
It won't be so heavy when the money to pay it is more
plentiful. Maybe there's something in this idea of mak-
ing dollars cheaper. The cheaper dollar won't buy as
much of some things as the present dollar does, but it
will go just as far as now in paying taxes.
of plants earnings the city s
utilities hardly will ever suffer for
the lack of finances to keep them
in first class repair at all times,
especially in case of emergencies.
At the same time the City of
Bryan is talking about becoming
lux-free sometime in the near
future. The proposed changes in
the city's charter indicates it in
a way. After the Emergency Fund
if $60,000.00 has been set aside
the charter amendments, if rati-
fitd by the people au'hurizos the
City Commission to divert one-
third of the profits of the city's
utilities to the city schools to bo
used as operating expenses; one-
third to be used to retire bonds
and puy interest arid the remaining
one-third will be authoiized to be
use for all other lawful purposes,
cost of administration, civic im-
provements, etc. When this is
'torce btu^TVBL JCASt tívo/VÍPJO/V
OAE.DALI4H Hu^er£«LY TWc L.A9ff-0
DENTON, May ii. Recent student i lections at Texas State t'ol-
lejfc for Women (CIA) unanimously elected Miss Atine Durrum of
Clarksville, president of thy student body for 1084-36. Vote count nam-
ilone the city's tax rate should be- ed Miss Durrum, without opposition, for the position.
come less Othet students elected to offices are Miss Elizabeth Pool, San An-
Hiyun's municipal utilities, its tonio, vice president; Miss liur.el (ieorge, Iowa Park, secretary; Miss
watei and light plants have been Joyce Hunter, Royse City. Duedalian Quarterly editor; Miss Jean
potent iactors in the growth and Thompson. Fort Worth, editor Iji*- O, student weekly publication; ind
Miss Irene Hobbs, iLttlcficId, business mtuiuircr I.uhh-O.
Kill School Girl
LAREDO.—The slaying r.nd par-
tial d:vouring of a 12-year-old
other children, wa
the road to her ranch
vlrtim trailsd behind her
3udi'enly the other children heard
h r ci y out and disappear in «orne
;u '. Lru h. They ruihed home and
for Bryan, is what the city offi
cials of Caldwell are striving to
make the city's utilities do for
Caldwell, help develop it civicly,
save insurance and reduce taxes.
"It can be done," city officials
said, "if everyone will do his or
her part by supporting the two
liearnc Utilities Report
The annual report of the City of
development of the'eity. They have
saved citizens many dollars in
tuxes and insurance. They have that were kept nt home to build the year ItKltt. Hearne's
helped to finance many things Hearne unci lighten the tux bur- rendition is
Bryan proudly possesses. They ,|t.ns of Hearne citizens as the fi pared with Caldwell's
MORE , , nanciai statement of that city's rendition for the ;>a*t
have helped to lower the city's key | utilities shows in th< way «if sub- of $1,400,000.00. Besides
rate for basing fire insurance pre- ¡ stantial amounts transferred from ing less taxes than Caldwell 'pro-
miums. The city's key rate is ¡ the utility treasuries to the general pert y owners, Hearne's property
around 28 cents, one of the lowest fund treasury which ordinarily re- owners enjoy lower renditions,
in the state. ceives its funds from the people in 'I'hey benefit two ways, by virtue
What Bryan's utilities are doing the form of taxes. Hearne's utili-iof the fuct that they own their
" !~ —L-' -u" ties, the past year provided the utilities and have them practically
City of Ileum something like free of debt and benefit from them,
424.00 for administrative purposes, because their utilities help to keep
to defray the city's expenses, their money at home, which
aguinst the sum of $11,666.77 which used to reduce taxes, (five emr'1
was contributed by property own-ment and improve their city.
ers in_ the form ol taxes. In other One of the greatest comparisons i
word ! Hearne's utilities contribuí- lietweent the City of Hearne and1
ed cash to the general expenses of >>ur city in the way of taxes paid ,
the City of II earn • nearly as much into the treasuries of the two eities i
. as was contributed in the way of annually for all combined purposes
Hearne utilities, including its light, taxes. This means, that if Hearne is in the total amounts. Hearne's
water and sewer systems, recent- had not have owned its utilities, financial statement showed that on
ly published in the Hearne Demo-j that the citizens of Hearne would its total assessed valuations at its
erat, the official publication of that have lieen forced to have paid tax rate of $1, all the citizens were
city, is an outstanding illustration nearly twice as much as they did required to puy last year wa
of what municipal utilities mean to jn the way of taxes to have sup- $11,866.81 . The total amount Cald-
a city, and explains why so many pli «I the General Fund the amount well citizens were required to pay
of cash required to operate the last year on the city's total assess-
city, and the private power com- ed valuations of $1,400,000.00 was
pany would have collected the $¡<2,000.00. In other words, the
$0,324.00 if Hearne had had a pri- taxes of the citizens of Caldwell,
ate company instead. ate nearly thrc-e to one greater
The most interest iry feature of
the financial report is the total
rate of the City of Hearne. It is
688.81. It values It light plant
at approximately $160,000.00. all
of which wa paid for out of earn-
ing , except $15,000.00 which wa '
the original investment which was
liquidated with taxes assessed at
Five years ago additional equip-
ment wa purchased at a cost of
$107,000.00. All of this indebted-
ness has been paid excepting $6,-
000.00, which according to advice
from the City Secretary of Hearne,
will be liquidated in July, this y-it'
when the plant will be freed of all
The Hearne utiities have tui'd
the city well. They have advertís d
the city as nothing else would.
They have provided brilliant
illumination for years, good service
at reasonable rates, helned to pavo
the city and have reduced taxes
considerably, besides aiding in nu-
merous other ways financially and
civicly. They have provided eco-
nomical fir" insurance.
Comemnting on their financial
statement city officials of Hearne
said. "Our statement shows a
healthy normal condition, but hav-
ing let our tax valuations slump
about 36 per cent, our plant has
had to carry u rather heavy bur-
den for the city, $0,321 00. Our
machinery notes are now below
í6,000 from the high point of
$107,000 five years ago. We will
pay out in July this year."
Thursday, May 10th. Ascension
Day. festival service at 10 o'clock.
Let us commemorate this great
festival by attending worship in
God's house. Everybody welcome.
Sunduy. May 13th
Sunday School at o'clock.
English service ut 10 o'clock.
The service is in honor of our
Christian mothers and fathers. So
let us not fail to come to thank
God for their love and care.
Rev. Carl A. Stadler
Mexican school girl by a mountain n t.ricd thilr parent . The father of
(• girl hurried out in ««arch of his
d r.ghter and found a huta moun-
lion wa r ;ported here Saturday
The girl -wa «aid to have been
killed while on her way home from
•cliool near Freer, Duval county.
Friday atUnioon. The report said
thi girl, acconipuni>.d by stv<ital
-,ln Hon devouring the body. The
rutV.r killed the lion and took th*
'mains of hi daughter
in Japan is
7 with Magnolia1 s
Ask about Summer-ize Service only
$TATION$ AND DEALERS
MAGNOLIA Pl.TROLEUM CO.. i Wior Vícuum -
MAN'S HEART STOPPED.
STOMACH GAS CAU K
W. L. Adams was bloatlmI so with
gas thnt his heart often missed
beats after euting. Adlerika rid
him of all gas, and now he eats
¡«janything and feels fine. Stone &
Hitchcock. Druggists. (Adv.)'
I"Stay with Magnolia and You Stay Aheadr
Hesiry J. Schiller
At Bryan To
cities and towns today are so eager
to possess their own.
The gross income of Hearne'
city-owned utilities for 1033 was
$46.060.17. The systems' gross ex-
pense was $22,662.08. The net pro-
fits for 1033, after deducting every
charge for expenses was $22,662.98.
to Set Up Emergen-
cy'Fund of $50,000 Out of
fund requirements of the bonds
and other obligation of the city;
the balance or other one-third of
earnings to be used for all general
and lawful purposes after the pro-
posed emergency fund to the
amount of $60,000.00 specified has
According to the election notice
from which this information was,
taken which is running in the
Bryrn Eagle, the special fund of
$60,000.00 will be created within
the next two years, one-half, or
$26,000.00 will be paid into the
fund the first fiscal year and the
other one-half the next fiscal year,
the entire amount to come out of.
The proposed fund is never to
This net profit means that Hearne's $1 on each 1100 valuation. Cald-
utilities gave Hearne citizens the well's total tux rate is $2.35 or
best service possible at very rea- nearly two and one-half limes the
sonable cost, and wound up the tax rate of the City of Hearne. In
year with a profit of some $22,- addition, Ileum's total assessed
662.08, earnings thut were not sent addition, Hearne's total assessed
away from home to help build vultitions is less thrin the total us-
other communities, but earnings scssed valuation.- of our city for
J//S %/ Cjf ^ea</fXiAyv tí
Firestone liaa malntuin«<l its leadnrahip in tiro development by producing • now
tire for 1934 with u wider tread, flutter contour, deeper nun-skid, greater thicknma, and
more and tougher rubber, which give greater non-skid nufet>, more traction, greater
blowout protection, and more than 50%
longer non-skid mileage.
iney arise in the future to its city-
The proposed amendment to the
charter also specificly authorizes
the administration to use one-third
of the earning of city utilities for
maintenance of the public schools;
one-third or as much as is neces-
sary to pay off city bonds and to
maintain the interest and sinking
On May 22, the voters of the city
yan are called upor. to go to
oils and vote on the question
Blinding its charter in order
that the aum of $60,000.00 may be fiuiiiim __
Bet aside out of the profita of it's, |)(, uge(j cxcept in some emergency
light and water systems to take ,,.ffct;t¡ng the city utilities, such as
care of any possible emergency tnat | breakdowns and replacements
* ' which call for such expenditures
to keep the city utilities in good
condition at all times.
The city utilities of the city of
Bryan have been a phenominal suc-
cess. They have earned large sums
annually for the city, which have
enabled the city to maintain one
of the best water and electric sys-
tems in the state, and at the same
time have contributed to the civic ■
and economic welfare of the city, I
I y furnishing one of the best street
lighting systems to lie found any-
where, aiding the public schools,
helping to pave the city, purchas-
ing and maintaining parks, etc.
Normally, the City of Bryan
utilities owned by the citizens ex-
clusively, show net earnings an-
nually of between $76,000.00 and
$86.000.00. These profits, which
would leave the city if the utilities
were not owned by it, have been
a potent factor in the city's growth
and development. It has enabled
the city to secure scores of things
it could not and would not have
obtained otherwise. The city en-
joys one of the lowest fire in-
surance rate in the state. It has
one of the most complete and mod-
ern fire department; beautiful city
hall and fire stations; White Way
system; paved streets; commodious
school buildings, etc., to be found
unywhere. Its tax rate is nominal,
because the city utilities pay for
many things the city enjoys.
The election notice calling the
special election to amend Bryan's
charter did not state why the spe-
clal Emergency Fund should be set
IffffA?! l*lfYrfTf ' E>.
It was a great record
of leadership that
Chevrolet made in 1933. . . . And
this year, it's even greater. Sales
are already thousands of cars
ahead of last year. Production is
the largest in the industry. And
every day, from state after state,
comes the saine report on regis-
tralions: Chevrolet is UmUng all
others! What's the reason for this
success? The pictures tell the
story. Chevrolet is the only low-
priced car with this winning com-
bination of five features. Chev-
rolet is the only manufacturer
who can say:
CHEVROLET MOTOR COMI'ANY
tumimir I U<h'il«« Wimpil prim anH ran
G. M. A. I Mm. A Vunrial MiUmi I'ulur
the New FIRESTONE
high SPEED TIRE /or 1934
not found In any úÉh^r loW'prlcéd oír
80 HORSEPOWER —
80 MILES PER HOUR
BODIES BY FISHER
HIGH SPIED TYPE
4.50-20 . .
4.30-21 . .
4.75-1 . .
5.50-17 . .
Othsr 3i§0$ Proportionately Ion
Tlie«c achievements are made practical
l>y the Firestone patented proceaa of
Cum-IMp|iing, providing greater adheaio*
between the pile* of the high stretch curda
and lictwceii the Cnni-Dipped body of the
tire and the tough, masnive non-skid tread.
11 ul ho provide urea I er n t reng t b, longer flexing
life, and greater protection againat blowouts.
fiiim-IMpping made it poaalble for
Firestone m dcnlgii, develop and put on the
market the fii-Nt succcnHful balloon tire in
1423. Tlii* tire mam the pattern used h.r all
others and complctcl) revolutionized the tire
industry and net new standards for the
Firestone uImo developed the flrat
all-rubber iioii-mIiíiI lire, and luis always lieen
iirsi to give motori ! the benefits of new
discoverie in non-sk 1.1 ilenigu, providing more
traction and greater iion-nkid «.afety.
For fourteen yearn leading race driven
have driven to victory on Fireatone tires,
built with (.um-IHppcd high stretch cords.
They have trusted their lives to Firestone
l-caderxbii — as they know that the patented
Firestone construction feature* provide them
with greater safely — longer mileage — and
greater blowout protection.
Protmct your fit and family by driving
In today and replacing your amoolfc,
thin, dangaroua tira with tho now
F¡ration* High Spaed Tlrae for 1934.
l.iatin to l.awrnnrr Tihhutt or
Ktrhant Crook* and llanmy f'irtilon , Jr.,
rrery Monday night —;V. tl. C. iVilMoril
MORE THAN 50% MORE NOR-SKID MILEAOE
The NEW ?¡re*tOII*
AIR RALLOON for 1934
The new Firestone Air Balloon for 1934 embodies all the
Improvements In the new Firestone High Speed Tire. The
lower air pressure provides maximum traction nnd riding
comfort. Gum-Dipping safety-locks the cords, providing
V0 to 40# greater deflection and blowout protection.
Get 19SS low swung style by equipping your car today with
i new Urea and wheels In colors to match your car.
FREE TRIAL ON YOUR CAR.
Save with a
HAKVEY & gON AUTO COMPANY
Firestone Tires are
Track Tasted on the
ground In the world
Firestone Tires are
large fleel of lirealnne
test cars, day and
nlglu every day In he
yaar, over all kinds of
roads and highways.
Im (Imm new Pireitone High Spaa' Tira mada at lha Firaitana Factory
and KaMbMwi Building al "A Century at Pngrtu"—Opening May S*
Cade Auto Company
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The Caldwell News and The Burleson County Ledger (Caldwell, Tex.), Vol. 49, No. 8, Ed. 1 Thursday, May 10, 1934, newspaper, May 10, 1934; Caldwell, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth175102/m1/2/: accessed October 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Harrie P. Woodson Memorial Library.