The Caldwell News and The Burleson County Ledger (Caldwell, Tex.), Vol. 55, No. 19, Ed. 1 Thursday, August 22, 1940 Page: 1 of 6
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AND THE BURLESON COUNTY LEDGER
VOLUME LV—NUMBER 19
CALDWELL, TEXAS, THURSDAY, AUGUST 22, 1940
PRICE $1.50 A YEAR—6 CENTS A i
Here are some things I have
clipped out. Maybe you'll find one
or two you like:
Hitler is like a man on a bicycle,
if he stops he falls off . . . Company
and fish smell after three days. . .
A man always talks to himself no
matter whom ho is talking to. . .
Vou can't kiss and laugh at the
same time. . . . Money talks hut
L rever give* itself away. . . . Tho
dictionary is funny, it says the
dumb can't talk. ... A hick town
is one where there is no place to
go that one shouldn't. ... If you
don't send out any ship.*, y >u can
expi-ct none to come i. . . Some
women have good husbands, others
married the men they wanted. . . .
The bigger a man'., head gets the
/••¡nior his shoes are to fill. . . A
quartette is where ail four think
the oth r three can't s;ng. . . . We
all have family trees, but some are
more shady than others. . . . Every-
thing in life that is worth while
is either ill gal, immoral i r fatten-
ing. . . . Some folks ui • always
building air castles and then trying
to move into them. . . . "I'll drive,"
said the wife as she climbed into
Exchanges about the country
have been circulating a list of
words termed "the most difficult in
0-thc English language." From the
lists, Bill Cooke, editor of the
Rockdale Reporter, picked ten of
the choicest morsels. Here they are
Proant it r an*iibi«u ntih-ioriist
How would you like to be in a
spelling match where the above
words were offered?
Miri you know that a frown de-
* mands a greater expenditure of
energy than a smile, fifty muscles
being brought into action when
frowning, while only thirteen are
required for a smile.
• • • •
About Town: M rs. \nnie Lee
Turnar, moving to Gatesville, where
die will lu> in charge of Bainter's
ready-to-wear and millinery depart-
P m nt. J. (.', Godby, Jr., head of
Caldwell high school's science de-
partment and assistant football
roach for the last several years, re-
signing his position here in order
that h may continue his studies at
Baylor .Medical College. . I'ud-
din' \ddison. falling ash- p in his
cafe on Highway .'!<> and awakening
to find that someone had emptied
•*iis money drawer. . . . George Al-
bert l.etdkar, receiving his bachelor
of science degree Wednesday at
Southwest State Teachers College,
San M arcos. . . . Bub Dowcll, in
charge of the City Tailor Shop
again after having it leased to
l¿eonard Biaba for the past three
months. . . . J. W. Harvey, who has
been in business in Caldwell for 40
years, enjoying a surprise birthday
ffr"*1>arty given him by his many em-
ployees. He refused to tell his age
but admitted he's just beginning
to live. . . . Julius Houston, past
master of Warren Lodge A.F. &
A. M. No. 56, urging all his
brother masons to attend a meet-
ing next Tuesday evening at which
time the Brenham Dc Molays will
be here to initiate a candidate for
a De Molay degree.
" - - ■ ■ ^
71/MA/ IT DOWN, AMP
3IZVEST SCOWS' POM
1940 Cotton Crop Is Estimated
At 14,875 Bales by County Agt.
Perfecting knowledge of the latest
methods or aerial fighting, Lieut. M.
W. Brush is shown sighting a new
type of heavy aerial machine gun
at Floyd Bennett lield, N. Y., while
a fellow reservist looks on.
Dime Box Band
To Play Concert
Program To He (¿iven On
Courthouse Lawn To Start
At Eight P. M.
At the invitation of the Caldwell
and Burleson County Junior Cham-
ber of Commerce, the I>im Box
high sch iol band, directed by W.
B. Williams, will give a concert
here Saturday night on the court
house lawn, beginning at 8 o'clock.
The visiting band, composed of
.'in pieces, has been organized about
two and one-half years, and its
appearanc.' here is expected to at-
tract a large crowd of band music
The Caldwell high school band
gave its last summer concert here
Russian's Collection of Indian Lore
The largest collection of Texas
Indian Lore .'i the world is on ex-
hibit in the famous Russian Nation-
al Museum at Leningrad. !< was
gathered some years ag:> by a Uu-
sian nobl There are still numer-
ous collections in Texas, both
privately owned and in the several
museums of the state.
Bren ham Lady Is
In Accident Here
Painful injuries that will confine
her to her bed several weeks were
suffered by Mrs. P. L. Lemm of
Brenhani in an automobile accident
here Saturday afternoon, when she
was thrown violently against the
dashboard of the car driven by her
husband as it collided with an old
•ar occupied by several negroes.
She was taken to a Brenhani hos-
Mr. and Mrs. Lemm were en
route to Temple to sue Mrs. Lemni's
mother who was in a serious acci-
dent Saturday, but failed to reach
there l>ecause of Mrs. Lemm's in-
Mr. Lemm states that he was
driving on Highway 36 inside the
city limits of Caldwell when he snw
the negroes approaching very slow-
ly on a side road (the Tunis-Snook
road) which runs down hill to the
highway. He says they were appar-
ently about to stop for him to pass,
but their brakes failed to hold and
his car and the one occupied by the
negroes crashed together. Though
the negroes were thrown out into
the ditch on the side of the road,
none of them was injured, he says.
Stolen Car Is
A new Dodge sedan, stolen in
Cameron Friday, was recovered
Sunday about one mile north of
Caldwell on a dirt road near High-
way No. 36. The car had been aban-
doned by the driver and no trace
of the thief has been foun t, accord,
ing to Sheriff Clint Lewis Jr., who
investigated. Lewis said the cai
belonged to Dr. C. L. Wnson of
Cameron. Tools, a quantity of nar-
cotics and a pair of rubber gloves
were missing. Lewis said he be-
li. ved the thief wore «rubber
gloves while driving the car, an no
fingerprints could be found on the
Perkins Says This Year's
Production Cut Heavily By
Insects and Flood Waters;
22,536 (tinned I¿ast Season
The s «son's cotton crop will be
about two-thirds that raised in Bur-
l-son county last year, M. G. Per-
kins, county agent, estimated today.
Last season's yield was 22,536
bales, but Perkins estimated that
it will be cut to 14,875 this year
bccause of insect damage, flood
waters and root rot. Perkins' es-
timate will mean a loss of $434,400,
compared with the value of the
"There are approximately 1K.4X1
u"rcs planted to cotton in Burleson
county this year," P. rkins said. "Of
this number, 20,40.'! acres are in
t> Brazos bottom and the remain-
der is in the uplands. 1 estimate
that the bottom farmers will gin
about 0,000 bales, and the upland
planters about 5,875. The hill and
> reek bottom farms have been hard
¡lit by floods and root rot, while
the bottom has not been greatly
affect.d by high waters and have
controlled insect damage by use of
airplane poisoning equipment."
Based on Perkins' estimate, Bur-
leson county's yield will be 153.4
pounds an acre this year, as com-
pared with the last five years'
average of 182 pounds an acre.
Picking is underway in practical-
ly every section of the county at
this time, Perkins said, and with
dry weather prevailing most of the
upland cotton will lie ginned by the
last of September.
"Continued good prices for cattle
and an increasing higher market
for hogs, poultry and produce will
partly offset the cotton loss of the
upland farmers," the county agent
Troop Due Back
At 12:10 Tonight
12 Trains To Be lTsed
In Moving Units From
Cald'-vell's Company E, 143rd
Infantry, Texas National Guard,
participating in the Louisiana
Maneuvers, is scheduled to reach
home Thursday midnight (12:10 a.
in.) under present schedules for
moving the thousands of soldiers
nit of the training area.
The infuntry unit will (Ktrain at
the Santa Fe passenger station.
Company E will entrain at
Cravens, La., at 1:30 p.m. Thurs-
To move all National Guard and
Regular Army troops located in the
Eighth Corps area out of the
Louisiana maneuvers grounds to
their home stations will require 42
trains, made up of 108 pullmans,
íl boxcars, 121 flat cars and 108
Rtock enrs, a total of 79'. cars.
Making up trains for the home-
ward troop movement started Sun-
day. Trains will be placed on tracks
in the order in which they will de-
part, and as fast as a train is
loaded and sent on its way. an-
other will move in for loading.
Ready for Another Bout l^ith Nazis
(Turn to No. 4, column 3, last page)
Mexican Orchestra at State Fair
The Mexican Police Tipiea Or-
chestra with 110 musicians and
artists, will again be presented as
a free attraction at the 1940 State
Fair of Texas, October 5 to 20. This
is one of the most internationally
famous musical groups in the entire
Snook Lodge To
A barbecue, bazaar and dance
will he held at the Snook S. P. J.
S. T. Hall Sunday, according to
officials of the lodge. The program
will start at 10 a.m. At noon bar-
becue plates will he served. Chicken,
mutton and sausage with all the
trimmings will be available.
With J. S. Sebesta as master of
cercmonies, the speaking program
will begin at 1:30 p.m. Mr. Sebesta
will welcome the charter members
of the Snook lodge, and songs by
the young people of the Snook
choir will follow, after which R. S.
Bowers will speak on National De-
fen e, and Dr. Charles J. Holluh
of Houston, consul of the Czecho-
slovak Republic, will speak in
Ciech. A dance, beginning at 8:30
p.m., will clone the program. Divis
orchestra of Temple will furnish
muaic during the day and for the
dance at night.
Captain Moscicki, (right) son of the former president of Poland, la
seen in London where he was recuperating from the effects of a head
wound received during the last days of fighting in France. MoscickJ la
chatting with a French officer on the staff of General de Gaulle, who
lias organized French resistance to the Nazis in co-operation with thfl
British government, following the armistice.
Twentieth anniversary of wo-
men suffrage in the I'nited States
will he celebrated with observ-
ances at the headquarters of the
National League of Women Vot-
ers in Chicago. Monday. August
2li. Margaret M. Wells, president
of the league, shown above, de-
clared: "In a country notable for
a multiplit-it> of pressure groups
working to promote their special
interests, enfranchised women
working through the league stand
as one group determined to pro-
mote the public interest."
Only 100 Bales
Of New Cotton
About 100 bal - of new cotton
have been marketed in Caldwell,
according to reports of the two
The crop is about three weeks
later than last year, and picking
will not be in full swing until after
September 1. it was said.
Of Aliens To
Start Aug. 27
All In Burleson County
Must Register at Caldwell
Postoffice; Is Part Of
National Defense Program
As part of the national defense
program, a nation-wide r gist ra-
tion of aliens will start August 27,
and the postoffice employees are
icady to start registration on that
■.late, announces Postmaster G. rge
Kocurek. Is is stressed that all
aliens are required to register,
penalti ; of fine and imprisonment
being provided for those who fail
to comply with the law.
Starting Tuesday, aliens will be
furnished with forms which they
will secure at the postoffic? and
carry home with them to fill out.
i bey must return the filled-in
fi rms in person at the postoffice to
wwear to or affirm th ir complete-
ness and accuracy before a regist-
If the alien does not speak Eng-
lish, he will be required to obtain
.m interpreter on his own re pon-
All aliens will be required to
register, regardless of whether or
not they have applied for natural-
ization papers. Unless they have ob-
Uvned full citiz nship in the federal
courts, th y come under the
Aliens are required to furnish
information about their length of
res id nee in this country, when and
where they entered the country,
present occupation, military or
(Turn to No. 3, column 4, last page)
Dowell Warns Fire
Truck Chasers To
End Hazardous Play
"Fire truck chasing and orders
•<iven by 'sidewalk' fire chiefs in
Caldwell must stop in order that
the volunteer fire department may
render efficient service."
That was the dictum set down by
Fire Chief Babe Dowell this week,
following the record rush of Cald-
well people to the last two fires
here. Firemen were greatly hindered
in their attempts to get to the fires
by scores of automobiles that sped
to the scene ahead of the truck
and automobiles driven by firemen.
Dowell pointed out that firemen
have the right-of-way over all
traffic to fires.
'Fire truck chas rs impose un-
necessary hardships on firemen
when they persist in either leading
or following the truck and fire-
m n's automobiles," he pointed out.
"Not only do they hamper the fire-
men but they also constitute a
traffic hazard. Travelling at high
speed, the motorists take risks in
their attempts to get the fire ahead
of the next person that endanger
other motorists. If anyone gets
run over or his car damaged, it is
not the responsibility of the fire-
men or fire department.
'We have a trained volunteer fire
department, with enough men to
combat any fife we may have here.
Drills are conducted twice each
month and every man knows what
he is to do at the scene of a blaze.
The firemen take orders only from
the chief and his two assistants,
and when spectators start giving
orders they only cause confusion,"
"If the public will let the firemen
get to the blaze as quickly as pos-
sible and perform their duties with-
out interruption, Caldwell's fire
loss will be held at a minimum,"
THE QUESTION IS: WILL A COUNTY
• ********* ********
MERCHANTS STILL UNDECIDED
FAffi BE HELD HERE ÍN OCTOBER?
At a meeting called by the Cald-
well and Burleson County Junior
Chamber of Commerce last Thurs-
day night for the purpose of decid-
ing whether or not a fair will be
held here this fall, only nine Cald-
well business heads attended and
no definite decision was made.
Cards were mailed to all business
men in Caldwell urging them to at-
tend the meeting, explaining that
they were the ones to decide if a
1940 fair will be held.
The meeting was held at Fair
Park an«l was presided over by (J.
A. Smith, president of the Jaycees.
Watermelon was served before the
business session opened.
In opening the meeting, Smith
stated that "it looks like a large
majority of the Caldwell business-
men are not in favor of holding a
fair this year because only nine are
present" (150 invitations to the
meeting were mailed) He was in-
terrupted by someone who said,
"What's the matter with you?
We're setting an all-time record
here tonight for this is the first
time that more than eight Caldwell
businessmen have ever been seen
together at the same time." And
the discussion continued.
Smith explained that the Cald-
well and Burleson County Junior
hamber of Commerce "will put on
a fair this year if the businessmen
will underwrite it."
"The Jaycees will get out here
and do all the work and give the
people of this county the kind of
fair they're entitled to, but if bad
weather or something else should
happen to cause the fair to lose
noney, we wouldn't have th 1 funds
to pay it out," he said. "The county
ha* spent hundreds of dollars on
the fair grounds, and officials are
of the opinion that it is up to the
businessmen hire from now on out
to arrange for the fair each year."
Smith pointed out that many
permanent improvements have been
made on the fair grounds during
the last two years, and that this
year's exhibition should break even,
or might make a profit. It takes
between $1,500 and $2,000 to stage
n fair, he said.
"Since the county has spent a
great deal of money improving the
grounds, and the junior chamber of
commerce i< willing to do the work
this year, I believe the merchants
of the town should be willing to
underwrite the county-wide exhibi-
tion," he added. "It is possible that
Texans To Vote
On 4 Amendments
In Nov. Election
Citizens Urged To Study
Proposals Before Balloting;
In General Election
J^our amendments to the state
constitution will be submitted for
the approval of Texas voters in the
general election in November. Ap-
pearing in current issues of The
News are the resolutions proposing
and explaining these amendments,
and it is suggested that voters read
and study them in order to be able
to cast a careful and intelligent vote
for or against the amendments
when the time for balloting ar-
One amendment would change
the method of appointing notaries
public. It is proposed, in senate
joint resolution No. 6 that notaries
public hereafter be appointed by
the secretary of state. The amend
rnent would not affect the terms of
office of notaries public who have
qualified for the present term.
Senate joint resolution No. 4
proposes an amendment that would
give the legislature authority to
provide for direct appeal to the
Supreme Court in cases involving
injunctions granted or denied on
the grounds of constitutionality or
unconstitutionality of any statute,
or on validity or invalidity of ad-
House joint resolution No. 8
I roposes an amendment to the con-
titution in regard to duration of
ffice of appointive positions under
erms of civil service. The amend-
ment proposes that provisions of
he Texas constitution limiting the
duration of all offices not fixed by
he constitution to two years shall
not apply to appointive offices of
municipalities placed under terms
of civil service.
Duration of such offices would
(Turn to No. 2, column 4, last page)
Moat of Those Going T*
Polls August 24 Will B*
Voting in Railroad Coi
sion, Supreme Court C<
Saturday is election time agaia,
but political observers have pre-
dicted that less than one-third of
the 3900 qualified voters of Burle-
son county will show up at the
Citizens in every precinct of the
county except one will vote in only
two races, those of chief justice of
the supreme court, in which Judge
James P. Alexander of McLennan
County is opposing H. S. Lattimore
of Tarrant County, and railroad
commissioner, in which Olin Cul-
berson, former Hill county judge,
is running against i Perce Brooka of
Only one other race, that of com-
missioner of Precinct No. I, will be
voted on in Burleson county in the
August runoff. The two candidatea
are the incumbent, R. R. Piwonka,
and Chas., W. Holik. In the firat
irimary, 1,578 votes were caat in
his race, with five men running
for the office. Piwonka received 588
votes, Holik 344.
In 1938 only 1650 votes were cast
in the runoff election.
Wednesday wan the last day for
voting absentee in the second
primary election. County Clerk
John J. Toupal said 31 absentee
votes were cast.
The Texas liquor control board
has announced that it will be a
violation of state laws to sell in-
toxicating beverages on election day
f' oni 7 a.m. to 8 p.m.
The polls open at 7 a.m. and
close at 8 p.m.
Here is a copy of the official
Precinct 1 ballot for Saturday's
For Railroad Commissioner —
Olin Culberson of Jackson county;
Pierce Brooks of Dallas county.
For Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court—James P. Alexander of Mc-
Lennan county; H. S. Lattimore of
For Commissioner, Precinct No.
1—R. R. Piwonka; Chas. W. Holik.
C6URT MUSE REVS
Thomas Kemple and Ora Lazell
R. S. Brewton to Southwestern
Life Insurance Company; rein-
statement agreement of loan on 100
acres of A. C. Walton land at Clay.
D. L. Alford to Sarah Woods.
Correction deed to lot between
Wright and Short streets on new
Van Holland and wife to Grant
Munson and wife. Deed to lot 1,
block 12, in Clay, Texas; $225.00.
Affidavit to Mrs. Maude Windell;
that she is the owner of The Bra-
zos River Package store, and the
Cut Rate Package store at Brasoa
River on Highway 21.
Central Hanover Bank and Trust
Co. of New York to Gulf States
Utility Co. Release of mortgage on
Water Company in Somerville.
Gulf States Utility Co. to City
of Somerville. Waterworks and im-
provements in Somerville; $6,500.
J. Webb Howell to Geo. C. Chance
transfer of $9,800 mortgage on
128.07 acres of land Jamea Curtis
league on Brazos River; owned by
Luke M. Scarmardo.
(Turn to No. 8, column 5, last page)
County Tax Rate
To Remain Same
Burle, on county commissioners
ast week fixed the 1941 county tax
ate at 90 cents per $100 of valua-
tion, the same as for the current
year, County Judge Hays Bowers
has announc d. He said the assessed
valuation is $8,090,000.
Chance To Show Prize Animal*
The Junior Fat Stock Show to tie
held as a feature of the Livestock
Show of the Stat1 Fair of Texas
will give boys of Texas an oppor-
tunity to show their prize animals
and to sell them also, as auctions
will be held for the disposal of
•teerj, hogs and lambs.
Lights To Protect Poultry
Slow burning lights such as
highway flares, will help protect
poultry against dogs, cats and other
(Prices subject to change)
Cottonseed, a ton
Cottonseed Meal, sack
Hulls, a ton
Hoga, per pound
Hides, per pound
Eggs, a dozen
Butter, per lb. 40c
Hens, a pound
Bakers, a pound
Fryers, a pound
Turkeys, No. 1 hens
Turkeys, No. 2
Toms, No. 1
Butterfat, No. 1
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Smith, G. A. The Caldwell News and The Burleson County Ledger (Caldwell, Tex.), Vol. 55, No. 19, Ed. 1 Thursday, August 22, 1940, newspaper, August 22, 1940; Caldwell, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth175420/m1/1/: accessed February 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Harrie P. Woodson Memorial Library.