The Caldwell News and The Burleson County Ledger (Caldwell, Tex.), Vol. 57, No. 12, Ed. 1 Friday, October 16, 1942 Page: 2 of 8
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Friday, October 16, IMS
u they am ap-
a navy communique re-
The two island* abandoned
and Agattu, lying close
nearly aOO miles (rom
bombing by American air*
which destroyed most of the
buildings on the two Is-
was cited as a reason tor the
Japs still held a foothold on
i Island, but Yankee flyers made
1 tenure precarious. Army heavy
operating from the newly
American bases in the An-
islands in the Aleutians
Jap-held positions on Kiska
islands of Attu and Agattu
originally seized by the Japs
after the Aleutian campaign
:he for JS'azis
lany's influence in the Scan-
ivian countries had been weak-
This was evident when a
ral election in Sweden had re-
a record number of Commu-
anti-Nazi delegates to the na-
il assembly. It was evident,
in frequent peace feelers from
igued Finland. Thus when
and disorders broke out
st the Axis overlords in Nor-
and Denmark, few observers
was the Nazi action in coun-
itg with force the Scandinavian
it The Germans proclaimed a
of emergency in central Nor-
from the seaport of Trondheim
l* Swedish border. Reprisal ex-
followed. Reports from
igen said tension had mount-
to fever heat because of clashes
: from the "overbearing and
cativa" attitude of the volun-
pro-Nati "Free Corps."
Nazi radio gave official con-
bation of Scandinavian unrest by
Being that the Norwegian
rgency was proclaimed because
! Meant sabotage attempts "which
they had succeeded would have
erad Norway's supply sys-
ere called upon to be-
mongers by Robert
undersecretary of war.
before the American
ration of Labor convention In
9, Mr. Patterson cited rumors
I the quality of and effective-
at weapons made by American
as evidence of Nazi propa-
"Criticism at the Garand
U 8. tanks and P-40 planes
■OBEftT P. PATTERSON
wants of Nati rumor factory.
inferior died away in the face of
tal performance," he said.
"In the days to come Hitler will
ble his efforts to divide the
now united against him. In
task he will make use of the
[ rumor mongers among us.
"His agents will spread stories in
t United States and Canada that
will reflect on Britain. In Britain,
I his agents will spread the story that
Americans are not doing their part
In fighting, but are interested only
in making money out of the war.
And he will try to alienate us from
1 Mr. Patterson said that produc-
tion of armamenta for the Allied na-
tions will cut deeper and deeper into
production of civilian goods and re-
quire suspension of many peacetime
Standards of hours and working con-
as Pierre Laval imposed a
draft to speed the delivery of
French workers for German
war factories. Walter Edge, former
American ambassador to France,
urged withdrawal of U. S. recogni-
tion at the Vichy government. Such
action, ha said, would solidify 95
par cent of the French people be-
hind the United Nations.
Emphasizing that he was speak
lag as a private citizen. Edge aaid
It was "unfortunate that the govern-
aaams to feel ft necessary to
recognition of the Vichy
may be many things that
eontinued recognition that
a small peroantage of the
are in sympathy with
vernment. it must be
to the majority to see
WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS
1943 Farm Goals to Be Biggest Ever;
U. S. Increases Strength in Pacific
As Air-Naval Forces Blast Japanese;
Nazis: 'No Need to Take Stalingrad'
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Wkt* «plataas tn ixtimtá le IkiM nImm, Ifcajr era ta*M •
Wettn NiwimM' l!ato,1! aaws aaalyab aaS aal aaaaaaarUjr af thia Marapa *'.)
Released by Western Newspaper Union.
A secret landing by American forces in the Andreanof group of the
Aleutian lalands made It possible to eatablish an airfield from which
planes could blast Japanese positions on Kiska Island. The above photo
ahowa American troops in a "bucket brigade" passing supplies ashore
from a small boat.
Yank Power Grows
The Japs learned a lesson about
American air and naval strength in
the Pacific when flve of their ships
including a heavy cruiser were dam-
aged by a U. S. aircraft carrier task
force which pierced Nipponese de-
fenses at Shortlaj|d island in the
north Solomons, m addition, an air
field was bla¿ted at Bougainville,
main Jap air base, and numerous
A navy communique reported that
the Japs were caught by surprise
arid the American operation was
carried out without loss of men or
Besides the heavy cruiser, the
American battle score against the
Jap forces included one transport
damaged by heavy bombs, one sea-
plane tender and two cargo ships
damaged by light bombs.
In New Guinea, the advance of
the tough Australian bush troops
continued over the Owen Stanley
mountains which the Japs had pene-
trated weeks before.
Although craggy trails had pre-
vented swift movement, the Austra-
lians had cleared the enemy before
them and had removed the threat
of a Jap surge that once had pierced
to within 32 miles of strategic Port
A communique Issued by Gen.
Douglas MacArthur's headquarters
in Australia disclosed that the Al-
lies' New Guinea advance had been
made "with practically no loss."
"Information from native carriers
who deserted the Jap forces plus re-
ports from our own patrols, indicates
the retreating Japs were exhausted,
living on short rations and badly
needing supplies," the communique
Much of the Australian success
was said to be due to a constant
air attack on Japanese supply lines.
Boosted for 1943
A nation-wide wartime plowup
next spring, reminiscent of the days
of 1918, loomed as the U. S. depart-
ment of agriculture drew up tenta-
tive production goals calling for even
greater acreages and output of most
farm products than was requested
under the record 1942 production.
The goals for all farm crops but
three—wheat, short staple cotton
and commercial vegetables—were
set higher than for 1942. Corn nnd
other feed grains, beans, peas, pea-
nuts, potatoes, sugar beets, hemp
and vegetables for processing were
given the green light. So were pro-
duction goals for cattle, hogs, dairy
products, poultry and eggs.
With less manpower, machinery
and other facilities to operate with,
farmers had their work cut out for
them. Moreover, the needs of the
ormed forces and the Allies, particu-
larly Russia, were said to be much
greater than had been expected a
few weeks before.
If 1943 farm goals are not reached,
civilian consumers will have to
tighten their belts. Consumer ra-
tioning was to be inaugurated Janu-
ary 1, but civilians had already been
asked to limit meat consumption to
2V4 pounds weekly.
A possibility remained that soon-
er or later, butter, cheese, cooking
fats, vegetable oils, eggs, poultry
and canned fruits and vegetables
would be placed in the same catego-
ry as ment.
Unnoticed at the start, Marshal
Timoshenko's counteroffensive, be-
gun far up the northern arm of the
Don river in the vicinity of Klet-
skaya, had moved forward. Its
object was to draw off German strik-
ing power from the Stalingrad area.
Timoshenko had struck first, in a
50-mile area between the Don and
Volga northwest of Stalingrad and
had extended his forces southwest to
the German flank.
That Timoshenko's strategy had
worked was indicated by a signifi-
cant statement on the Berlin radio
which announced that the Germans
would abandon frontal attacks on
Stalingrad and destroy what was left
of the city with heavy artillery. "It
is no longer necessary to send Ger-
man infantry and assault engineers
into the battle," the announcement
said. "The finishing touches will
now be entrusted to heavy artillery
and dive bombers."
Observers noted that the German
announcement was reminiscent oi
propaganda covering the Nasi with-
drawal a year ago from Rostov,
when the Russians gained their first
victory of the war.
Southward, in the Caucasus the
Nazis had succeeded in advancing
in the Mozdok area, while Rumanian
reinforcements were reported push-
ing southward from the German-held
Black sea base of Novorossisk.
210 Million Daily
War costs will exceed 210 million
dollars a day by January 1, 1943,
according to figures based on re-
vised calculations by Budget Direc-
tor Harold Smith. Mr. Smith's esti-
mates placed total war spending at
78 billion dollars in the current fiscal,
year which will end June 30. 1943.
The budget director's upward es-
timate was about 25 billions more
than President Roosevelt's figures
last January and eight billions more
than a previous calculation by
Increased expenditures for all war
purposes would make it necessary
for the treasury to borrow approxi-
mately $60,300,000,000 from the pub-
lic during the current fiscal year,
Lewis Divorces CIO ^
Labor leaders and políticos had
long awaited the formal secession
of the United Mine Workers of
America from the CIO. Bushy-
browed UMW Chief John L. Lewis
kept his own counsel, but chose a
dr'matic moment for the divorce.
The occasion was the miners' an-
nual convention at Cincinnati.
Brusquely warning the delegates
that he would no longer remain th«
union's president if it remained in
the CIO, Lewis obtained unanimous
consent to withdraw. A committee
report urging the separation charged
the CIO with failure to pay s
81,850,000 debt to the UMW and de-
nounced alleged attacks by CIO of
fleers on Lewis.
The convention actior. merely
gave public recognition to a situa-
tion that had existed for months.
Lewis and Philip Murray, CIO presi-
dent, were feuding after a friend-
ship of years standing. Murray, a
former miner and vice president ol
UMW, had been "read out" of the
union, last spring.
in the week' newt
NEW TOOK: Supplies of tea on
hand in the United States are suf-
ficient to meet present restricted de-
mands for the next six or seven
months, Benjamin Wood, managing
director of the Tea bureau, declared.
Wood said estimated stocks were 28
to 29 million pounds, enough to car-
ry the nation well into IMS, under
quota regulations restricting tea
aalas 80 par cant.
MELBOURNE: Australian chorus
girls must be over 45 years of age,
according to a recent government
order. The age limit is one of the
new "austerity" restrictions In force
in the Australian commonwealth
Able-bodied women under 45 years
of age should be in Jobs "that con-
tribute more directly to the war ef-
fort," the government feels. Hence
the new theatrical restriction.
"Laborara ara needed by the fed-
eral government more urgently
than ever before," Paul H. Figg,
director, Tenth Civil Service Re-
gion, said today emphasizing the
importance of filling quotas im
mediately for the Pearl Harbor
Navy Yard, the Hawaiian Air De
pot, Hawthorne, Nevada, and Valle-
jo, California. Wages range from
$6.06 to 97.04 a day at these places.
Men, between the ages of 18 and
62, with four years of schooling,
or six months' experience above
that of a mere laborer, can quali-
fy for classified laborer.
Aircraft engine mechanics with
four years of experience,
which must have been on
engines, muat ha recruited imme-
diately for civilian employment at
$2200 a year with the Air Corps,
Figg announced. Applications
should be filed with the secretary,
Board of U. & civil service exam-
iners, Duncan Field, San Antonio,
Stenographer and typist examin-
ations for both field and Washing-
ton, D. C., service are still open.
Persons willing to go to Washing-
ton may be offered immediate ap-
pointment at $120 a month.
Applications are not desired from
persons engaged on war work, ex-
cept in those cases where the posi-
tions open call for the use of high
er skills than the worker is now us-
ing in his present employment.
Applications for all these posi
one ofltionB may be obtained from the
aircraft civil service secretary at any first
or second-claas post effiee in Tasas
or Louiaiana, or from the regional
director, Tenth Civil Service Re-
gion, Customhouse, New Orleans,
On All Makes Of
C. F. Kaltwasser
makes breathing difficult, put J-pur^
pose Vlcks Va-tro-nol up each nostril.
Va-tro-nol does S Important things.
stent nasal congestion. It brings more
comfort, makes breathing easier, thus
Invites sleep... And remember. It helps
low directions In HgjanAjiiii
PROTECT YOUR TIRES
INSIDE AND OUT
and EXTRA MILEAGE PLAN
l í¡ Wa Will latpoct sad Rotsta
Toar Tiras from Wheel to
Whaol and Holp Ysi •at
First, we Inspect each tire, removing
glass, tacks sr ' other foreign particles
imbedded in ti 'read. The tiree will
then be rotateu scientifically from
wheel to wheel to assure more even
wear. This service helps increase
Ef ■ gMMMjgSB' P.
Wo Will Apply Firastoao litro
Milaoga Tiro Prosorvotivo
Neat, the tread and sidewalb of
each tire will be thoroughly treated
with Firestone Extra Mileage Tire
Preservative. This is an entirely new
process that seals the clacks in the
rubber and protects against oxidation.
This service helps protect tire mileage.
W. NL Joffort, Rubber Administrator,
Urgot You to Have Your Tiras
The rubber on YOUR car is actually more precious than
gold. And it is your patriotic duty to conserve your tires Nou>.
Don't wait for compulsory tire inspection. Help America conserve
rubber by having your tires inspected today at your nearby
Firestone Dealer or Firestone Store.
Uta Our Mow firottono Tiro Impaction
and Extra Mileage Man
Firestone Dealers and Firestone Stores are equipped to expertly
inspect the tires on your car, to inflate them properly and to switch
them from wheel to wheel. In addition, we will apply Firestone
Extra Mileage Tire Preservative to your tires and Firestone Extra
Mileage Puncture Seal to your tubes. These two new amazing
products, developed by Firestone engineers, are designed to help
you protect the mileage in your tires. And we will advise you when
it is time to have your tires inspected again.
Thit Plan Atturot You of Extra
IVUIoago from Your Tiros
Whether you can buy new tires or not — you want to get the
most miles out of the tires now on your car. And that's what our
Inspection and Extra Mileage Plan gives you.
Don't put off your inspection. Drive in today! You have a real
opportunity to save money and get our expert service that will
help you get more mileage out of your tires.
Sfccc¿ai Introductory Offer
Wa Will Apply Firestone litro
Miloogo Puncture Seal
Fi ally, we apply Firestone Extra
Mileage Puncture Seal to each of your
inner tubes. This sensational new
development automatically seab leaks
and punctures caused by nails, tacks
or small pieces of glass, thereby
minimising the danger of flat tires.
It heir' maintain correct inflation.
This service assures Increased tire
INSIDE and OUT:
1. Complot* Tiro Inspection
and Rota to Tiros from
Wkool to Whool
2. Apply Tiro Protorvotlvoi
3. Apply Puncture Soal
TOTAL VAlUt *8" ^
fe Your Tirat
INCIUDIS POUR TIMS
Umm SB tltf Veto* ef Flrnwm wkh lUckmnl Cristo, MmrgmrH Sp—Ju md tfcc Fhemtmt
Snapfcani Orchestra, muter Artcttow of AIM Wrnllanmrtn, Mmnday rvmtngi, am N. B. C,
Harvey & Son Auto Co.
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Smith, G. A. The Caldwell News and The Burleson County Ledger (Caldwell, Tex.), Vol. 57, No. 12, Ed. 1 Friday, October 16, 1942, newspaper, October 16, 1942; Caldwell, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth175524/m1/2/: accessed May 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Harrie P. Woodson Memorial Library.