The Civilian and Galveston City Gazette. (Galveston, Tex.), Ed. 1 Saturday, January 21, 1843 Page: 2 of 4
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SATURDAY, JANUARY 21, 1843.
The steam packet iar York arrived off the bar
on Thursday evening, but on accouut of the thick and
stormy state of the weather was uno ble to enter
fore oar paper of this morning went Jo prea?.
A sail vessel, supposed to be an American, Eng-
lish, or French sloop of war, has also beén at anchor
.?v refl lhe rougi,
prevented a pilo
ngout to her.
returns to the Treasury Department, from the
9 Custom Houses of the republic, exhibit the
following as the receipts and expenses of collecting
¡0 nine months ending 31st October last.
'orts; Tola! Revenue. Expense. Nett am't.
2 661 29
feveral limes, but had escaped, leaving, hit family in.
Austin. What injury be sustaiued is unknown. The
* ' ill bringing
; and furtb-
been taken and
d to have been in
In their threats
rson and life of the chief
malcontents declared to those
away the archivo*, that on
would pat the Com*
Office. Col. Tjiomas.
er declared that if the Presid
given up to them, tbey would
the archives. They are repr
.fil 08 $86,937 49*
g 14 8-10 per cent.—
win be tajeen at this
any prévious Quarter
dollars, at the lowest calculad'
Of the total revenue above the import duties amoun-
ted to $87,742 20 cents, the tonage duties to $3,697
22, and the fees to $1,633 23.
Every indication favors the idea that the amount
for the coming year will be greater; and as the appro-
priations promise to be even less than the amount ex-
pected to be collected under the tariff alone, there will
be a surplus to the amount of the direct taxes, anc
there seems to be a fair prospect that the country will
be in a situation to begin to pay its old debts, end thus
re-establish the standing for integrity which, by pro-
digality and want of management, rather than a dis-
position to disregard its obligations, it was forced to
impair by a failure to meet the demands of its credi-
ancles and improbabilities in 'the accounts recei ved , ply, was ordered' to the
we nevertheless feel certain tbat the party under Col. a4ded to whi
Fisher has been captajred. The smalluess of their
number and the great 4fength of time they lad been
in the enemy's country are alone sufficient to war-
rant this conclusion.
The Houstonian of last week contains the Presi
dent's Message on the subject of the removal of the
archives of the Government from Austin. As it is o¿-
xupied principally in arguing the right of the Execu-
tive to make the removal and the propriety of so do-
ing, and in detailing the conduct of the people of Aus
tin in preventing Messrs. Smith and Chandler from
carrying out the measure under the instructions o!
the Executive, all of which matters have already been
before the people in other shapes, we have thought it
unnecessary to lay it entire before our readers.'
Like some others which haye .arisen among us, this
Seat of Government Question is not worth half the
interest and feeling it has excited, and the petty squab
probably been of more injury to the parties concerned
than they would have suffered from yielding their
The exasperation of the people of Austin is natur-
al. They haye invested large süms of'money in pro-
perty there, under the expectation that the Seat of
Government had been permanently located, and its
removal threatens the entire disappointment of their
hopes for the present prosperity and advancement of
the place. Nevertheless, it is conceded on all hands'
that the general interests of the country would not
suffer, while the safety and convenience of those en-
gaged in the administration of the Government would
be promoted, by the location of the capital, for the
present, at some point more central to the populous
and business portions of the republic. We are
satisfied that, under the Constitution, the Executive
had the light to order the removal in the recess of
Congress, being the.sole judge of the contingency con-
templated by that instiument, and that the has had
repeated cause, and that there yet may be cause, to
suppose the existence of the required contingency.—
But, as Congress has, after consideiing the matter,
decided that no action upon the subject is necessary,
wp think that the Executive should be satisfied to
leave the public records where they are, as he is now
relieved of all responsibility on account of their ex-
We extract below the concluding portion of the
When the late command was sent to Austin for the
Temoval of the archives, ih6 Executive contemplated
a sufficient force to have effected that object. The
circumstances attending the failure are repotted to be,
thai the command, (20 in number,) ariived at Austin
on the 20ih December, and on the same day placed
into three waggons the boxes containing the most im-
portant land paper*", furnished them by the Commis-
sioner of the General Land (Jffice. The mob of re-
sistance increased in number from the time that the
object of visit was known, and before the waggons
bad left the avenue, the arsenal was broken open and
the artillery charged with grape and canister was
brought up and fired upon the waggons and teams; no
damage, however, was done to them; and only two
Bhot are reported to have entered, the General Land
Office. The company who were authorized to take
the aichives in chaige, continued their march until
they arrived at Kinuey'S, 11 miles from Austin, on the
way to Caldwell, on the Brazos. They encamped at
Kinney's for the remainder of the nightt, and in the
moruing found that the malcontents had placed the ar-
illery in advance of them, and represented their num-
'rs at 90 men. Those in charge of the archives, not
Iving sufficient force, left them, and returned to
iir homes reporting that Capt. Joseph Daniels, al-
lied jp jhe General Land Office, bad beeu shot at
a state of iutoxi,
of violence against t
hespía re the facts transmitted in compliance, will,
the call of the House. To offer comments upon them
would seem to be, an insult to the common sense and
ood understanding of every member. A sense of
uty to our geneial constituency, to our national
character, and the respect we may hope for from a-
broad, and for order and self existence at hpme,
constrain me to behevp' that the Hóñ. Congress
will adopt such efficient measures, or Empower the
Executive to do so, as will secure the safety of the
archives,. Their removal is connected with ho indi-
vidual gratification which the President can feel; he
'regards the matter purely of national import. Their
loss would involve the nation inextricable confusión
injury and expense; and a longer postponement of
the action of the Congress can be attended with no
other than the most, pernicious effects. Those whose
interests are identified wiib transactions under our
land laws, cannot but feel deep solicitude -that the
the basis aridevidence of
laced beyond the reach of
At leqj^yiine-tenths of the
itizens of the country are thua more or less concern-
ed. Shall tbéir rights be surrendered to the keeping
and conti ol of a mob who have .so long, openly trod-
den down (be Constitution and contei
thority of the laud t If the archives are
ed, the blame cannot attach to the Execut:
gress has bad, and at tbilr time has the power
tain hifp In the discharge of his trust and the
.lj¡'on of his'duty; and if they aro destroyed by «r
' ateyer, the evil Will then be felt by all,
stion-will then be asked, why has it come
usl Could it have been averted/—A^idbywhat ri
Interest and injury will give a ready añswer to,
inquiry; If the Mexicans ipaiu visit us in forty-five
days from this time, and the aichives survive des-
truction in the internal consternation, dismay and dis
aBter may swallow upibr the time, every bther consid-
eration; but a sense of individual misfortune willonly
be smothered by the general calamity, until the coun-
try is again redeemed and composed. The Constitu-
tion has devolved upon the Executive, as a public
functionary, important duties, and so long as he is res-
ponsible for the execution, no threats of personal in-
jury shall ever deter him from the discharge of his ex-
alted trust. Like every other man, personal securi-
ty may be a desiratum with him; and he might be
fond tp see society to assume that state v^hjeh wonld
elevate its members above tbe influence of personal
abuse. For this must be desirable to every good
But if a love of personal secuiity had been the pre-
dominant feeling of his life, his present connection
with'Texas might have been different: and the situa-
tion of the country might also hare been different in its
relations to ¿he civilized world. He has always
shown a disregard of personal comfort-—of personal
privation, and of personal danger when he believed
the rights and interests of his country and fellow*
men were dependent upon his course; If his actions
have been creditable, to himself, the highest grati-
reward for th$sé, he desires to see his' country estab-
lished upon a firm basis—its laws respected-sedition
put down—society connected by ásense of moral ob-
ligations, and every citizen, whether in public or
private station acquit himself to society as a man.—
And if the superadded obligation of aupath attaches
to his duty, let him redeem the pledge, and stand
acquitted of blame to his country anu his Gpd.
The account of the battle at Miér, -as given by Güu. j ®anythinB
Hunt, is similar-to tbe statementa made by Mr, 3 — -- - ■■
the first lieutenant t
legs in irons. Mr.
men led away by tbe i
I do wish lteen; you would te
tliat I have
Weil/ said 1, I should like I
glass of yourt, for its a very g
nal midshipman, will beusefu,
'I'll give it to. you with all my heart,' reply
'if you will tell roe tbe signs.' i
Well, then, come down below, give me tl
and I will tell them to you."
Mr. Green and I went down to the berth i
ceived the spy glass as a present, in due form.l
led him to my chest in tbe steerage^ and in a Í
fideutial tone, lold.him as follows:
HBHHH B r|s'You see, Green you must he vwry particular i
saw the battle, and, after the firing had ceased, he j making those sines for if you make a, mistake you^
was so firmly Convinced tbat Col., Fisher had defea- be worse off than If you never made-them at all;
ted the enemy, tb^ he started back to tell the men in the first lieutenant will-suppose that you are r "
camp that our troops had defeated the Mexicans; but ^pursuade him that you are a i—ti" "
ated the Mexicans; b(it
nd Chalk arrived, and re ¡Now observe, yofrrhiU|| not attempt to make the
ad surrendered.—Heapd-the 'sign until he has scolded youWellfihen, at auf
in carttp/believing the statement of .Sinclair | you must make ill; thus you see, you must pat
and Chalk, immediately saddledI their horses aud star- thumb to the tip -of your nose, and extend your
ted for Victoria. It appears, however, that tbey tijjid straight out frjm it with alt the Bogota separatei
wide as you can. N w, doit as I did it. Stqp-
Needham, Mr. Obronican and aeveral other soldiers
who hsve arrived from the west within the last three
or four days. These men, it appears, have derived al-
moin their information from Sinclair and Chalk, who
esoafp) from Mier after the battle, and who secreted
themselves, as they say, in some canes in that city at
the close of the engagement, and fled from the city
in the uigbt after tbe men had Surrendered. Mr.
Chronican, who was left from the camp guard, aiys
he went, during the engagement, near the city and
from the summit of a hill that overlooked the place,
.not reach Victoria-anth the flth^'iíncf diiily
The Dayton came iu again from'Houston on Wed-
nesday morning, after the publication of our paper of
that day. She brought nothing later in relation to the
men reported tobe taken under Col. Fisher at Mier,
Mr. M. Chronican, who has ariived at Houston, how'
ever, furnishes the Houstonian with tbe followiug ad-
Col. Fisher, shortly after he entered the town, made
a requisition for such articles as were most needed by
the troops;—which the Alcalde promised to furuish,
and deliver at the ferry, aboat six miles below the
place, on the .following morning. Col. Fisher then
withdrew bis troops and started down to the ferry to
receive the promised supplies: but in consequence of
some mistake about the distance and road, he did not
reach the appointed place until the morning of the
25th December. A few minutes before arriving at
tbe place, a Mexican wfes captured by the Texians,
who informed them that Gen. Canales, who was then
at the ferry with three hundred Mexican troops had
ordered the supplies back- to Mier. The Texian
troops then commenced retreating towards the town,
which both armies reached about the same time, and
each took possession of a number of large stone buil-
dings. A skirmishing fight took place during the re-
treat of the Texiansj and when they reached the town,
the battle became general «tod lasted until night —
During the night there was occasionally firing from
both sides. The next morning the battle again be-
came general, and lasted until eleven o'clock, A. M.
(when the Mexicans having received a large reinforce-
ment.) the Texians surrendered, upon the condition
that they are not to be sent from the Rio Grande, and
be treated as prisoners of war. Mr. Chronican was
With the camp guard during the battle, and within half
a mile of the town; He learut tbe above particulars
from two men who escaped, Sinclair and Chalk.—
They were in the battle, and remained in town until
after the balance of the troops surrendered. Four
Texians (Dr. Tower, John E. Jones, ■ Berry
and another) were killed, and about 25 were wound-
ed. The loss of tbe Mexicans in killed is estimated
at four buudred, and a great many wounded. Mr.
Chronican estimate the number of Texians Vvbo sur-
rendered, at between 280 and 300. The Mexican
force was thought to be about 1,500 regular troops
under Gens*. Canales and Ampudia. Mr. Chronican
mentions that the camp guard, numbering about 45,
returned in safety to tbe western settlements with
their baggage and horses.
The editor of the Star makes the comments copied
below on this subject. Although ihete are discrep-
who left Victoria abouuhe time rumor was star
ted, was told that the report was brought to tho set-
tlements above'Victoria'by b Mexican who .came di-
rectly frrom Mier.. Mr> Cbror.ican says the patty
with Which bo. came, travelled very rapidly the - first
tv?o days, and after that travelled very slowly; it is;
" ' ' at a Mexican from Mter
were returning, and
,ns were defeated,
who have beard
others who re-
- , wail a little, till that.marine, passes. , Yesr tbat i
Well, that is considered the first proof of your 1
* a mason, but it requires a second. The first Her
fifty rqunds of
in stoné h'oiiQi
report that nc
baT^ng at least
surrendered to 1600 oi 2,000 Mexicans,
four of their own number had been killed. If they
had fought tfn until hslf of their number were slain
and their amunilion and provisions had been exhaus-
ted," there would have been some excuse for th'ém to
surrentle'r, but foi them to have yielded under- ¡the
circumstances mentioned by Ch^Ik and Sinclair, ex-
hibits apicture of imbecility and cowhrdice so total-
ly at variance with the known character of Texians,
and somuchin contrast withthe former achievements
of tbe gallant Fisher, Cameron, and the comrades of
Jourdan, that We still View all these statements with
The advertisement of the Secretary of State for
proposals for carrying the mails includes the; routes
from Galveston to Matagorda—the mail to leave Gal-
veston every Wednesday at 10 o'clock and Matagor-
da every Sunday at 12. This is the only rout^ Con-
nected with this city, except Houston. '
"Bidders are requested to make their proppBals in
the following form—*
"I propose .to carry the public mail on Route- No.
—— Weekly, from the first day oí March, 1843, until
«Ka ^Rrat^ba^.i^fJtfajch,^1814,^a pel iod twelve ninths,
"Those proposals should be sealed, and superscrib-
ed ''Bureau (Jen. P. Office." i ;
"Contractors will be required, in every instance, to
give bond, with ample security, conditioned\%r Ithe
faithful performance of their contracts, and Will be
held subject to all the penalties imposed by taw in ca-
ses of failure."
ant wil>, 1 tell yotoi frankly, be, or rather preten
be iu a terrible rage, and will continue to rail at
you must, therefore, wait a little til), b* pauses,
then, you observe-put your thumb to your nose,,
the fingers of youi hand spread out as before, ihu
then add to it your othér hand by joining your thumb
to the little .finger of the band-already up, and stretch
your other hand.and fingers like the first. Then you
will see tbe effects of the second sign; Do you think
you can recollect all this? for as 1 said before,' you
must make no mistake.'
feen piit his hands up as I told him, and after
ays declared himself perfect, and I
,rds that Mr. Green
the lovyer deck,
whiéh had been dry Uly tit
lower deck, when the first I
reported the circumstances to
Greeu was consequently summ
deck, and the first lieutenant w
commenced, as usual a voUeyof
Green, recollecting my '/¡strnctiuns, ^
first lieutenant had pause'1 and then
freemason sign, looking b very bo1<
lieutenant, who actuaU- Brew back
ment at this contempt | conduct,
nessed ou board of ^
•Whatl sir,' crie#1
are yoju mad? you,
me in this manner! \
not be three days longCt
three days, for either yo
Of all the impudence, *if
contempt, I have heard of, ^^8 beats: a
such a little animal as you. ^■Cotisidei'
under an arrest, sir-till the cap^^ comes on
and your conduct is reported,
Tbe lieutenant paused, and now Green. ]
sign the second, and as a fepIV, thtnkini
Mtn■« !lú.«n ^ ..i — Li'* .I T
st lieutenant. 'Whj
e into the service, f"
II you, sir, that
leave tbe service 'fM
right understanding; but,
it lieutenant was, more fu
The Matagorda route is "No. 1" and the Houston
APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRESIOENT.
By and with the. advice and consent of the Senate.
• Charles H. Raymond, Secretary of Legation to the
Lacblan Mcintosh Rate, Consul General for Great
FianCis B. Ogden, Consul for Liverpool G. Britain.
Alfred Fox, " Falmouth, "
John Graham Stewart," Glasgow, "
John Roxburgh; " Greenock, "
Thomas Were FoX, " Plymouth,. "
John Atkinson, " Kingston-upon-Hull.
Basil G. Ijams, Notary Public for ColoPado county
Daniel J. Toler, " " Washington "
THE GREEN MIDDY.
BY CAPT. MARRY ATT. '
The second day after our return to Spithéad, 1 was
sent on shore jn the cutter to bring off a youngster do is wright or" wrong.'
who was to join the shiu; he had never been to sea ,.r„, it «.«o ..®.;
before; his name was Grpen, and he was as gi;een as
a gooseberry. I, took a dislike to him the moment
that I saw him, because he had a hooked nose, land
very small ferrety eyés. As w<b were piilli'ijtgj. on
Would then come to a
his astonishment, the first lieutenant was more fori
ous than ever, and calling the sergeant of marines, oi
dared him to take Mr. Green-down, and put him in
irons, under-tbe half-deck.
This conclusion to niy joke I had'tfot thongbt of,
so I confessed my participation in Green's conduct.
I was sent for to the gun-room to be reprimanded,-
but preparatory to going,*! received an intimation
that my rebuke would no; be very severe, the lieu-
tenant being more disposed to laugh than be angry.
I went down to the gun-room, when a tittering
ceased as the sentry opehed the door and I walk-
ed in. ; M :■
k 'Did you want me, sir,.said I to the first lieu-
tenant, touching my hat and looking very demure.
'So, Mr. Keene, it was you who have been"prac—
tising upon Mr. Green, an.I teaching him iniult tend,
disrespect to his superior officers on ihe quarter-deck. "r-i
Well, sir?' ,,, j
I made no reply, but appeared very penitent*'
'Because a boy has just come to sea, and is igno—,
rant of his profession, it appears to be a oqstom,
which I shall take care shall not be followed up, to*
i play him all manner of tricks and tell all manner of ]
falsehoods. Now, sir,-what have you to say for your-
'Mr. Green and I have, both just come to sea, sir, $
and the midshipmen all play u? so many tricks/.^-
plied I, humbly, 'that I hardly know whetherJfiff 7
the full titter, Iexei.cised my peculiar-geniuA
vnntiiin. -.Í" ■
tó tbé Ifin
appear a soft pf:a:ma-
is t at I got in with him. anj f always make between us.'
At.last, after I bad given' a'character tó
lieutenant, which made hi
rine ogre, he asked how it wasH
"Oh, very well," replied, ! ^but I am a. freei" ason,
aud so is he, and he's neyer severe with a brother ;
mason." ' J\ . •
"But hów did be know that you were a mason/" '
"I made the sign to him the very first time that
he began to scold me, and he left off almost imme-
diately; that when t made' the second sign; he
did not when I made the first."
"I should like to know those signs; won't you tell
them to me."
'Tell them to you! oh, no', that wou't do,' replied
I. <1 don't know you* Here we are on board—in
bow—rowed of all the men. Now, Mt. Green I'll
show yoú tbe way up.'
Mr. Green was presented and ushered into the
service much in the same way as I was, but he had
not forgotten what I said to him, relative to the first
lieutenant, and it so happenned that on the third day,
be witnessed a jobation, delivered by the first lieuten-
ant to one of tho mid shipmen, who verturing to re-
But, sir, it Was you who play
'Yes si?; I told him so for fún,
he was such a fool as to belie
that ypu were a freemason, and
kifed to each other,, and that.,
signs to know one another
were a freemason, eir; whei
•Well, sir, I did say so,' but1
your teaching him M> be impud
•He asked me far tbe signs, sir, and
them exactly; so I gave him the sign
•Mr. Dott and you—a pretty pat
I've a great mind to put you in
all events, I shall report your conduct to' t_,
when he comes from London. Títere* sir
I put on a penitent face as I went i
eyes with lhe back of my hands.
I waited a few seconds at the gun-
then the officers, supposing that f
gave vent to their mirth, the first lit
The M«lhodi«t Episcopal Church iti tbheity «
with appropriate service!, on to-morrow (Su
The fiist exercises will commence at II i
sermon an effort will be made to liquidate tho I
on tbe House. Both sacraments ^rilt bo adminii
ternoon; services commencing at 3 o'clock.
The Rev. Mr. Hnokina of ih« Baptist Church
night. Tbe public are respectfully invited to attend.
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Stuart, H. The Civilian and Galveston City Gazette. (Galveston, Tex.), Ed. 1 Saturday, January 21, 1843, newspaper, January 21, 1843; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth177229/m1/2/: accessed April 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.