The Civilian and Galveston City Gazette. (Galveston, Tex.), Ed. 1 Saturday, September 2, 1843 Page: 2 of 4
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Ñuto Cation.-"-Five balus«of the new crop of cólton
were received by the Steamer Lady fiyroiH from
Houston, on Thursday—raised by Col. P. M, Cuney
on the Brazos—quality middjing fair-—and; snld at 7
cent* per lb., cash, and shipped to Bremen by Messrs.
H. H. Williams & Co, onboard the Galliot Union,
Capt. Martens; and we predict will bu the first cotton,
of the growth ot 1843, from this continent, landed in
Mr. Asa Hill, an old gentleman oi Rutersville, and
one of the pritooeta taken by the Mexicans at Mier,
arrived here by this brig Sam Houston, on Wednes-
day, having been released by Santa Anna in; conse-
quence of his age and the helpless condition of his
family ái home. Mr. Hill had two sons (boys) who
distinguished themselves at Mier. One of them was,
tor bis bravery in the battle, libérated and adopted
by Gen, Ampudia, who, when he was ordered to Yu-
catan, turned hirr. over to Sánta Anna, who designs
educating and rearing him as his own child. The
other is yet in the hospital of his wounds, and Santa
Anna promises to have him provided for. The fa*
ther, who is a poor man with a family of twelve chil-
dren, was perfectly willing to leave them.
Mr. Hill furnishes the following
List of men (Mier prisoners) who have died in the
hospital qf Santiago; viz:
Benj Middleton, oi" Trinity.
J J Blanton, Rutersville.
Robt Smith, do
! J Shipman, Brazos.
John Owens, Brazoria,
; Thos Caldwell, San Jacinto.
Died at Saltillo.
Burnet Bryan, Fort Bend.
: Robt Beard, do
Sam McChellan, Trinity
Chas Hill do
¿v| Kauffman, Bastrop;
- Allen Holderman, do
■ ' Martin, Victoria.
.¡Perry, Randolph,. Lewis, Wm Mitcbel, and 16
other men (names not recollected) were lost in the
The last number of the National Vindicator
Col. Warfield and Mr. Terrell have just arrived in
town; in our next w.e will give an authentic account
ofthe whole expedition. As the ColoneHtates, that
which appeared in tho Northern Standard extra is by
Do means correct.
Judge Shelby is out in the News of yesterday, in
* long letter, declining to be a candidate for Congress,
Bud pokTng sticks at Gen. Houston and Máj. Bache-
Among other things equally edifying, the Judge says
"but for the operations of Com.'Moore and his brave
compatriots, that our goodly habitations would uow
have been desolate and in ashes, and ih possession of
Our relentless foe, and our itivés and thúdren in chains
and slavery." r:
i This is hard to beat. "Our wives and children in
«bains and slavery." Shocking. When Gen. Lamar
liaid of Santa Anna that "lj,e' stamped his iron heel up-
on the breast beauty and drank the blood of the blue
yed babe,'* people only took the statement as athe-
toncaTflnfiTtg'h, Bat the Judge seems to look upon such
conduct as a matter of course.
3?hé Picayune of the 23d ult. says—
The yellow fever is evidently on the rapid increase,
although tho mortality is not yet great. The follow-
:ng was the report, up to six o'clock last evening
Admitted (whole number) . 31
" of yellow fever 2p
Discharged (whole nurpber) 13
•' of yellow fever 6
Deaths (wli le number). 2
'' V 14 of yollow íover 1
r :/4,V .
' A. letter, dated Independence, Mo. August 4th,
•'The Osago 'Indians have stationed themselves on
the Santa. F« route, to engage in the work of plun-
der. The Comanches were also gathered"in consid-
erable force on the Semitone, , Oyr Government will
Vo-vp, to take efficient steps to protect the traders, or
of jrer-land qOmmercebtUveenais and Mexico will
- \ynpjetely destroyed. %
Wo have bcotv pained exceedingly at the account,
^contained in the New Orleans papers, of a duel be-
tween Hon. Alcee La Branche, late U. S, Charge d'
Affaires to Texas, and Mr.Heusttt, an editor qf Lou-
isania, in which the latter was shot dead, at the fourth
fire, double barrelled guns being used.
The Telegraph quotes an old English author to
prove that the fact of our pronouncing one of his re-
cont statements fals«, only shows that he had the best
of tba "aigument." 'By the same rule ho has the ad-
vantage in argument in most of the controversies into
which he gets, for he is almost iuvariably charged
wilbi and proved guilty of falsehood. He may be a
Y0ry good hand at argument, but he is Cbrtainly a
Very bad one at telling tho truth,
A large portion of the levee, at New Orleans has
given way and fallen into the river, extending to the
verge of the market house, and damagiriR tho wharf
opposite, with u few small buildings. Tho damage
is estimated at $100,000.
Mr. Vhteshas wfltten a very long communication
' to the "editors" of tho Telegraph, in which 'ie en-
deavors to show that behus neither "recanted" or
"contradicted" the statements Ibade Ih his letter to
r. Converse, and that wp are entitled to'rio better
eatment than himself—not bocause we favored or
encouraged in any way the silly scheme of himself
and Mr. Andrews, but because, we presume, .we
were not the advocate of violent measures towards
thtfm, until the effect of remonstrance and caution
had been tried, Up to the time of tlie denotement of
the scheme here, we believed Mr. Andrews to be an
honest enthusiast, who deserved pity and advice rath-
er than punishment. When he called on us to open
his scheme we told him frankly that we considered
it both impolitic and impracticable, and that we could
not favor it in any way. We nevor said to him o«j,
any man alive or dead one word in favor of the pro-
ject, or any thing like it, and the attempt of Mr.
Yates to prove that we areno better than himself (a
very serious charge by the way) is as lame as his own
defence. It may be true that, to be found with him,
would entitle a man to the fate of poor Ttay; but
we hope nothing so bad is in store foi us. Poor. Mr.
Yates must be hard put to it for evidence when be
condescends to manufacture and attribute to ub lan-
guage which we never used, and that too such a con-
temptible phrase as "sauce for the goose is Bauce for
the gander," which he tacks on as the conclu-
sion of one of our articles, the very last word of
which he quotes four lines above. This may be a
very harmless trick in a little controversy of this sort,
but, in a matter of business it would be forgery.
"Free trade and Sailors Rights."
Mr. Editor.—Believing that there are a num-
ber in this Republic holding the Bame opinion as my-
self concerning Free Trade, but who are timid in ex-
pressing their sentiments publicly, I have Ventured
to give my views, anticipating that they may meet
in part your own on that subject, as well as some of
Free ports of entry, or in plain terms, to open our
ports to all foreign natfons, will be beneficial tp the
Merchant, Planter and Mechanic
By thus opening our ports we introduce capital all
over the Republic;—than which nothing is more
needed in this young Republic: and by the introduc*
tioti of capital we introduce laborers, artizans. and
Look at the Geographical position of our Repub-
lic and you will see, that our country is by nature
selected for free trade. We havo the United StateB
at the North, and Mexico on the South. Further-
more, we are not destined to become a manufactur-
ing people; tiay Providence has selected us to become
an agricultural one, ou account of the fertility of soil
If peace is established with Mexico, and our Ports
become free, we surely will receive the trade from
all the Btates <if Mexico I here mention. Nay, thiey
will be compelled to buy of us, on account of their
own exorbitant Import duties, which amount to near
one huudred per cent on first cost. The traders frotp
Santa Fe will prefer to purchase of us to going to
New York, particularly when they can save 25 per
cent, on British manufactures, aud shorten the dis-
tance at least twenty five hundred miles. The dis-
tance from Santa Fe, by' the great Spanish road, to
a point on Red River, in Texas, is only five hundred
miles; whereas, from Santa Fe to New York, by St.
Louis, v is upwards of three thousand miles. —
The States of Chihuahua and Durango have now to
purchase their principal supplies from Matamoros,
which is a distance of one hundred miles; whereas
from Galveston by way of Sari Antonio de Bexar, to
the Presido del Norte, whifch is apoit of entry, is on-
ly six hundred mile's. Then we may calculate n the
trade of Tamaulipas, Nova Leon, and Coahulla, 1
venture to assert that the introduction of specie and
bullion, through the regular channel of trade would
not fall far short of three million of dollars.—That'
consideration alpue ought to be enough to open our.
ports. . ; .
If we open our ports to foreign couhtiies they will
of course admit our Cotton, Hides, &c. &c-free of
duty; consequently we will have the advantage over
the United States, because.our cotton will command
more; many cotton planters, as well as dealers trom
the United States, would prefer to sell their cotton to
us, because we could afford to pay moro and get
more. r: ;
Furthermore, tho planter will be benefitted by free
trado. He will get more for his cotton and sell his
surplus produce kt higher rates, in consequence of the
great influx of emigration that commerce will bring
with it; at the Bame time purchasing every thing
cheaper than heretofore.
Then, it is a settled maxim that exorbitant duties
are generally paid by the consumer.
Some of our mechanics may argue thus: the car-
penter will say "if you open your ports, frame houses
will be intioduced, which no doubt will injure our
trade," but if they uro brought it requires carpenters
to put iherrt up, roof and finish them. Commerce, will
bring, naturally, plenty of work with it. The Shoe-
maker and tailor say, "we caht Work so cheap aB
they do in the United States or England." I admit it,
but if I want a coat or a poir of boots to fit, I have to
go to the regular mechanic and pay him his price
Some, again, will ask* "if we open our ports, we
will receive no revenue tó support our Govern-
ment?" The influx of emigration will naturally
bring money into tho country; the planter will sell
his surplus produce; the land holder will sell some
of his lauds for money, so, by that, means, every per-
son will have money enough to pay Government dues
either by direct or land tax.
It then will be necessary for us to have as economi-
cal a Government as possible. I Buggest to have
the office of Foreign Ministers abolished, and entrust
the bnsinessof the government to Consular Agents,
as woll as a number of Custom House clerks, inspec-
tors, &c. &c, COMMERCE.
Plethory of Money.—Prime business notes have
been negotiated in the street during the last week at
the rote of three per cent, a year, and it can be done
to any extent.—New York Journal of Commmeice of
the 14 ft. -——
Printers.-^Twelve persons have held the office
New Yd*, Aug. 12, P. M.
Cotton.—The sales for the week ending last even-
ing amounted to 5400 bales, of which Bay V550 were
Upland and Florida at 5J a 8 cents, 900 Mobile at 5$
a 8¿, and 1950 New Orleans at 5} a 8J cents. The
arrival during the same period were 6045 bales.
Singular Case.—A negro boy, the property of Mr.
Andrew H. Jordan, of Columbia, Miss, died in Lou-
isville, Ky. on the 9th inn, The editor of the Ad ver-
tiser says of him-**-
He visited him after he was shrouded, in. company
with his master, from whom we received the follow-
ing remarkable details concerning him. He was
four years old in April last; and four feet one inch in
height; was born in Mississippi, of parents in no re-
spect remarkable for any deviation from the ordinary
size and temperament of their respective sexes—no-
thing unusual in person or mind, distinguished him,
until he completed his first year—when he began de-
veloping in a manner that ejfcited the astonishment
of all who bbw him. His hair grew with surprising
rapidity over his entire body and face, giving him
whiskers and beard as luxuriant as an adult. His
body assumed, the muscular development of athletic
manhood, his strength enabling him at four years of
age, to lift S0p pounds dead weight .with ease. His
mind was clear and strikingly vigorous, and his char-
acter distinguished for integrity and generosity We
examined his corpse, and were astonished at the sym
metry and enormouf strength of his proportions. A
grenadier might have envied the fulness of his whis-
kers on cheek and chin, and a demagogue consented,
to be honest with the ingenius expression of his coun-
tenance. His hands and feet weie more taper.and
symmetrical'than any of his race we ever saw,. He
fell a victim to pleurisy, end the eminent medical aid
called in to his relief were fully persuaded of the ac-
curacy of his age.
mmtmammmmmrn .1 .
The Arkansas Intelligencer announces that Capí,
Steen, U. S. Dragoons has been ordered to march
from Fort Gibson, with his company West, until he
intercepts another company of Santa Fe traders who
are now on their rout to' Santa Fe, and from thence
escort them to the limits of the United States.
An Sour during the French Revolution.—At that
very hour, in the room of the Jacobins, surrounded
by a dozen other patriots as remoseless as him-
self, sat a colossal mau—his harsh features dilated by
the wine he had taken, and his aspect rude as a Bre-
ton peasants. The glass was lifted in his hands, and
with the voice of thunder he gave the toast "May the
body of the last King be burnt to ashes on the fu-
neral pyre made'witn the body of the last priest."
It was the terrific Danton. The words were repea-
ted by the Bhouta and clamor of the party around
him. At that very moment a dwarfish npan with a
huge head, a mouth marked with the hardness of vin-
dictive temper, and an eye in which incipient mad-
ness already glared—without stockings and in a white
waistcoat dabbled with blood, sate in a cellar uuder
the very Place du Carrousel, whice afterwards béheld
his drunken apothosis, writing a recommendation that
France should massacre two hundred thousand men
to the manes of her strangled freedom, with an exact
calculation of the timje requisite,for such a purpose.
Merciful idea! It was "the sanguinary Marat. At that
very moment two members of the Assembly were
perfecting a plan for the destruction of the monarchy,
and the establishment of a dictatorship. The one
was Maximilien Isadore Robespierre. He himself
was to be dictator. At that moment, in a little
chamber .of the Palace, at Versailles, sate a kirigly-
looking old man—weeping. The father was weeping
over tho backsliding of his children, and the King
over the treason of his pieople. It was the unfortun-
ate Louis XVI, At that moment, in a gaily illu-
minated saloon of the same Palace, two females were
playing at ecarte—the one was lovely and still youth-
ful. She lost, and the three hurfdred louis weré pas-
sed to her fair antagonist, who murmured.tnany apol-
ogies, but yet took the notes nrofferrod her. The lo-
ser was Maria Antoinette. At that same moment a
beggar lay star ving for lack of bread in the garden of
the Tuileries. while her wasted child pressed to her
shrunken nipple, and tried the breast in vain. At that
very moment a monk was unfrocking himself, never
to resume the cowl of the Benedi-Jtines. A maiden
draiped in far too Cypr ian a style, was sitting near-
him; and wine and glasses were mi the table—he had
discovered a better profession—-Wd this was Talley-
rand— The man of the People.
Mayor of ihe city of Washington since the year 1802.
Of this number five were practical printers.
Commerce and Agriculture.—In the course of his
speech at the anniversary dinner of the Royal agri-
cultural Society at Derby, thuHon. Edward Everett
U. S. minister to England, made the followingstate-
ment of fdcts, as remarkable, we venture to say) as
they are new to a great majority of American rea-
The commerce between our two countries, is the
largest that is carried on between any two countries
on the face of the globe. The annual c'om-
merce between Great Britain and the United
States is nearly two fold that which you •Carry
on with any other people. The entire annual move^
ment of this commerce both ways—your exports to
the United States—your imports from the U. States
either of them singly being twice as great as your
commerce with any other nation. And yet what
think you it amounts to? About as much as the val-
ue of the anual crop of oats u^beans in Great Bri-
tain.—(Cheers.) 1 take the 4pFs from the, instrucr
live essay of your worthy collaborateur Mr. pusey.
One more fact to show the importancé of your ag-
riculture. The whole foreign commerce of Great
Britain, in pursuit of which.you overshadow the ocean
with fleets, and plant your colonies in the farthest
islands, is actually less in value than the annual gi'ass
crop of theSe islands, (Cheers.) So truelj was it
said that he Was the greatest benefactor who could
make twe bllides of grass grow where only one grew
befóte. (Cheers.) It does not-become me my loed
—I will not say as a stranger—by your kindness you
will allow me to throw off that name—(cheers)—but.
as your guest, it does not become me to enter into
details on this occasion; but it struck me in going o-
vei your implement yard this morning, .that however
inactive and neglectful you may have been hereto-
fore in the improvement of agriculture there is no-
thing to complain of now.
"Did you pull mynoaein earnest, srrl" "Certain-
ly I did sir," (giving it another tweak ) It's well for
you; for I don't allow any body to joke with me after
TO THE VOTERS OF GALVESTON COU1
Fellow Citizbi*.—In order to correct any false impreMione
that may be abroad, and prevent mi«apprei er ¡OB ae to the
oourae I «hall purtue at Representative, «honld I receive a ma.
jnriry of yotir suffrages, I wonld again solicit' your attention to
the following proposed measures, accompanied with a
that my undivided time shall be unremittingly e mployed fs theW
support, and that no exertion on my part shall be wariijiif .ro
■ucli matter* as tnay be oonducive to the general welfare, or the
interest of my constituents.
Ao honorablt Peace.
A repeal ofthat incubus, and stigma;—the Sterel Act.
The Navy, and the rights of her ifficers, which have at alf
times possessed my warmest sj mpnthies.l shall fearlessly and
steadfastly maintain. Every effort on my part shall be'made
for the preservation of at It ait the S'oop of War Austin and
Brig Wharton, for Ihe National service, and If possible the
whole ofour notional vessels, and for Ihe adoption of such far*
ther measures for their preservation, ontfit and efficiency as
may be practicable. With a view to the accomplishment of
these en de. so important to the protection oi our^oast and com
merce, 1 shall strenuously urge the retrenchment of useless ex
penditures, and the application of roch other means as may be
within the control of Congress, to the support and equipment of
our National vessels. ';<f
The Coaiiing Trade, carried on by our own ^citifens, «which
w ill keep a large sum of pioney in this country and give em-
ployment, by building, repairs &c to a numerous class of our
own mechanics and citizens.
;\n alteration in the city charter, enabling the. corporation to
build an hospital and to tax passengers for*the support of the
sick and needy, and such other amendments as may be propos
ed by the citizens generally.
An Act to provide for a county jail and.cou)
A Landlord and Tenant late, that will protect'tbe rights of both
A Lien Law, with sncbstipulations as will secure the building
to the mechanic, if not paid for his labor—also to the furnisher
A TariJFveteá upon specie principles, making it operative
in protecting our manufacturers, by keeping the high rate of du>
ties on those articles manufactured here, and permitting the
impo rt of the material o'euch articles of which fbey are com
posed to be free, or at a low rate, as the neture of ihe case may
require, preserving a high duty on luxuries and reducing that on
the necessaries of life, without injury to thf home pioducer. In
order to take away any temptation to smuggle, I shill advocate
a low duty on artioles of small bulk, but of high value. I am
oppossed to a great or indiscriminate reduction of the tariff, or
its repeal, to sauction which disjunctive doctrine I conceive
means any thing jor no'lung.
A repeal of the Exchequer law, which Is an expense to Govern-
ment, without any corresponding benefit, and which does not
even furnish the means of a circulating medium. I am for pla<
cingour currency upon a sound and constitutional basis.
An act for a public system of education, the want of which is
now felt, and whioh was one of the leading complaints in our
Declaration of.independence'.—the diffusion of knovrlsáfi is all
important to the preservation of our fr?e institutions.
I shall oppose every measure calculated to grant the public do*
main to holders of fraudulent land certificates, in whosever hands
they may be—adfocated by my venerable oponent, Doctor
Jones. With the same propriety may land be granted to tho
holders of counterfeit Promissory notes or, Exchequer bills.
The controlling ruje of law in these inattera is, caveat emptor,—
\*hich,in plain english means, that tho purchaser must l«ok out
for himself, and not resort to the public or any other sourco for
indemnity; should na make a bad bargain^his remedy is alone
witli him from whom he receives the fraudulent certifidste or
forged paper. A contrary doctrine would open the most extent
sivi Held for,fraud to which there would be no limit.
Follow Citizens, upon hearing of the massacre at the Alpmo,
amongst whose victims was my friend Bowie, I proceeded from
Mississippi to New Orleans, and raisod a company of men. for-
ty five in number, with whom l arri\ed on this Island about
the latter part of April or beginning of May 1836, armed and e-
quipped for service, and npon whom l expended all my resour*
ces. On our way we^heard of the battle and victory at San Ja-
cinto, from the fchooner Flash, Capt. Falwell, and upon our ar-
rival at the Easténd of Galveston Island we found a portion of
the Texas army encamped, guarding the Mexican prisOneWdait
ly arriving. We immediately marched to Velaseo, where the
Government Was established, and reported ourselves as the ' Za«
vala Guards" where we did iiity in guarding Santa Anna. Ac-
tive war having now been suspended and negotiations bei ng
carried on with Santa Anna for his release,-I remained in the
country serving under its vaiions Departments of Wa-, TrCasn-
uryand Navy until last year when I received a situation in tha
Custom House. v ,
I became a mémber Vthe Coast Guards, and when an attack
was apprehended upon this citjrjas.t yoar I turned out with my
•fellow citizens, for its defence; although I do not possoss one
inch ofground in Galveston.'Point Bolivar, or any other part of
the conntry, having paríed even withiny head right, to pay my
debts accrued whilst m- the nnvrtl service. I was then a tear man,
but the times have changed, by tho armistice, and I am now a
peace jr.an,nnd profess to belong to no party, either blindly in-
fluenced by, or prejudicial against, any individual. I receive and
judge of measures, npon principle, without regard to the man
proposing or opposing them; those principles are unchangeable
wboeve/ the parties may be affacted by tliprn. The thinking
portion of this community will. ee the position I assume and
upon which, I wish to stand at the approaching canvass; the pre-
judiced partizan may satisfy himself with the adage-Jlhat "there
is none so blind as those who will not seo."
In submitting my name for your favorable suffrages, I declare
to you that I am nn man's man, but the people's man, and should
I be elected, I pledge myself to carrv out and support these prin-
cipios, together with the measures above noticed,which pledge I
shall keep as saored as. that whioh Í made you last year, which
has never been violated, and the strict observance of which is a
sure guaranty for my future actions and conduct.
Your fellow citizen
Galveston l September 1543
MEETING OF MECHANICS, See. .
At a meeting of the Mechanics, Workingmen aní
Boatmen -of the city of Galveston. friendly'Ttx. the
election of Richard Baciie as Representative tol
Congress, held at the Fulton House, on Friday eve-
ning, 1st inst., P. R. Edwards was calléd to the chair,
and J. Conrad was appointed secretary. The ob-^
ject of the meeting being stated, on motion, it was
Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed
by the chair to ¿raft suitable iesolutionsk and present
the same for the approval of this meeting
Whereupon the following preamble and re&lu-
tions were submitted and adopted;
Whereas it is absolutely necessary for the inte-
rests of the Mechanics and Workingmen of this
county to assemble together and select from the Cati-
didates now before the people the one best qualified
to represent their interests in the next Congress, and
upon whom they can confidently rely: and wheiea(
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Stuart, H. The Civilian and Galveston City Gazette. (Galveston, Tex.), Ed. 1 Saturday, September 2, 1843, newspaper, September 2, 1843; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth177264/m1/2/: accessed March 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.