The Colorado Citizen (Columbus, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 32, Ed. 1 Saturday, May 18, 1861 Page: 2 of 4
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any change in regard to Fort Pickens no-
tice.would be given to the Commissioners.
The crooked path of diplomacy can
scarcely furnish an example so wanting in
courtesy, in candor and directness, as> was
the course of the United States Govern-
ment towards our Commissioner* at Wash-
ington. For proof of this I refer to die
aaaesed-dooaments market), taken in clip
¿action with further facts which I-now pro-
ceed to relate.
Early in April the attention of the whole
country was attracted to the extraordinary
preparations for an extensive military ami
sSFawaLexpedition in New York, and other
Northern ports. These preparations com-
menced in secrecy, for an expedition whose
destination was concealed and only became
known'.when nearly completed, and on the
d í\h of April, transports and
>f war witli troops, munitions and
^supplies, sailed from Northern
so extraordinary a demon-
stration, th% Commissioner requested |he
delivery of an answer to their official com .
t anatation of the 12 .h of Marsh, and the
reply dated on the T5th of the previous
•month, from wlvijjh it appea^ tlwt during
ttbe¿whoieinterval, whilst the Coromision-
.¡ers were receiving assurances calculated to
iaspiie^ hope of the success of -their mission^
.the Secretary of State and the.Presjdent of
the United States ha* already determined
to bold no intercourse with them whatever
—to refuse even-to listen to any proposals
«they had to-make, and had profited by the
delay created by their own assurances, in
order to prepare secretly the means for ef-
fective boetile operations.
That-these -assurances were given has
been virtually confessed by the govern-
ment ¡of the United States, by its act of
4ap<ÍÍBg a messenger to Charleston to gire
notice of its purpose to use torce if oppos-
ed Ufcits intentions of supplying ¿Fori Sum-
#o more striking .pr^of of the abscence
4}f:gOQd faith in thexonfidence of the Gov-
ernjnentof the'.United States towards the
Confederacy can be required than is con-
tained'in the circumstanees which accom-
panied this notice.
.According to the usual eourse of navi-
gation, the vessels composiug the expedi-
tion and intended for the relief of Fort
:Bufiitef, roight be looked for in the Charles-
ton Harbor on the tth of April. Tut our
•commissioners in Washington were detain
-ed under assurances fbat notice should be
given of any military movement.
The notice was not addressed, to .them,
but it messenger was sent to the O-overnor
of South Carolina, and the notice was so
■gluen at a late hour on the 8th of April,
the eve of the very day the fleet might be
That this manoeuver failed in its purpose
<was not the fault of those who controlled it.
■ 'A fceñvy tempest delayéd the arrival of the
expedition inigMrfimaior the.command-
* er of oar forces at Charleston to ask and
• iaceive Instructions from the Government.
Even then, under all the provocation inci-
dent tó Che contemptous refusal to listen to
dur Commissioners, and the treacherous
course of the Government of the United
J ^States, I was sincerely anxious to avoid the
effusion of blood, and directed a proposal
to be made to the commander of fort
"Sumter, who had declared himself to be
nearly out of provisions, that we would
abstain from directing our fire on Fori
'Sampler if he would promise not to open
fire upon our forces unless first attacked.
' "This proposal was refused. The conclusion
Was that the <*e#fgn of the United States
' *ras to place the beseiging force atCliales-
ton, between the simultaneous fire of the
fleet.. The Fort should, of course, beat once
redueed. This order was executed by Gen.
Beauregard with skill and success, which
•rere naturally to be expected from the well
kuow^charaeter of that gallant officer;
and, though the bombardment lasted
aoma thirty hours, our flag did not waive
•var the battered- walls antrll after the ap-
pearance of the hostile fleet off Charleston,
Fortunately not a life was lost on our
aide and we were gratified by being pre-
pared. The necessity of any usless effusion
of blood by the prudent caution of the of-
ficers who commanded the fleet in abstain-
ing from the evidently futile effort to onter
the harbor for the relief of Major Ander-
son, was spared.
I refer to the report of the Secretary of
War, and the papera accompaning it, for
further particulars of this brilliant affair
In this eonnetion f cannot refrain a well
deserved tri «?e to ihe oohle State, the em-
inent soldieriv qualities of whose people
were eonspiwa^ly displayed. The people
of- Charleston for months had been irrita-
ted by the spectacle of a fortress held within
their principle harbor as a standing men-
ace against their peaee and independence
—built in part with their own monev—its
custody confided with their long consent to
an agent who held no power over them
other than such as thev "themselves had
delegated for their own benefit, intended to
be used by i hat agent for their own protec
tion «gainst foreign attack. How it wá*
held out with persistant tenacity as a means
of oflWheo Rgainst tbem by the very Gov-
ernment which they bad established for
their own protection, is well known. They
had beUagiiered it tor months, and felt in-
tira confidence in their power to capture it,
yet yielded to the requirement of discip-
line, curbed their impatience, suhmited
without complaint to the unaccustomed
hardships, labors and privations of a pro-
tracted seijfe, and when at length their pa-
tience was releved by the signal for attack
and success had crowned their steady and
gallant aooduct, even in the very moment
of 4riumpb, they evinced a chivalrous re-
gard for th a. feelings of the brave but un-
fortunate officer who bad been compelled
to h>wer his flag.
* <n*affcstatjoQ of «xúltaúou ware
checked in his pre«** i.-si. Thtir cr,inm i l-
ing General, ^wiih their cordial approval
and the consent of his Government, re-
frained from imposing any terms that
would wound the sensibility of the com-
mander-<>f the Fort. He was permited to
retire with all the honors of war, to salute
his flag, to depart freely with all his com-
mand, and was escorted to the vessel on
which he embarked'' with the highest
marks of respect from those agiirvst vhotn
his guns had so recently been directed.
Not only does every event connected
with the seige reflect the bigest honor on
South Carolina* but the forbearance of her
people and of the Government from mak-
ing any harangue of a victory obtained
under circumstances of such peculiar prov-
ocation attest to the fulest extent the ah-
scence of any purpose beyond securing
their own tranquility, and the sincere de-
sire to avoid.the calamities of war.
Scarcely had the. President'of the United
States-received inteligence of the failuie
of the scheme which he -had devised for
the reinforcement of-Fort Sumter, ¡when
he issued the declaration of war against
the Confederacy, whieh has pNnnpted me
to convoke you. In this extraordinary
production, that high functionary affects
total ignorance of the existence of an in-
dependent Government, which, posessing
the.entire and enthusiastic devotion of the
people, is exercising its functions without a
queston over seven sovereign Stales—over
íive miilion¿of people-*—and over a territory
whose area exceeds five hundred tfiousand
He terms sovereign State "combinations
too powerful to be suppressed in the ordi-
nary course of judicial proceedings or by
the powers vested in the marshals by law.
lie calls for an army of seventy five
thousand men to apt against a posse com-
i ta tus in aid of the process of the eourt-
of justice in StaJLes where no courts exists
whose mandates and decrees are cheerfully
obeyed and respected by a willing people.
He avows that the first service to be as.
signed to the forces which have been call-
ed out will not be to execute the processes of
the courts, but to capture the ¡Forts and
«trongholdsfsituatedñn the admitted limits
of the Confederacy, and garrisoned by its
troops, and declares that this effort is in--
tended to mantain the perpetuity of .popular
. He concludes by comimding The persons
composing the "combinations" aforeáaid, to
wit: the five trillions of inhabitants of these
States to retire peacabjy to their respective
abodes within twenty days.
Apparently contradictory as are the
terms of this singular document, one point
was unmistakably evident, the Prsiden* of
the United States calls for am army of 75,
.000 men, whose first service was to be the
captore of our Forts. It was a plain dec-
laration of -war which I was not at liberty
to disr egard, because of my knowledge that
under the-constitution of the«United States
the President was usurping a power grant-
ed exclusively to Congress.
He is the sole organ of communication
between that country and foreign powers.
The law of nations did not permit me to
question the authority of the exeoutiue of
a foreign nation to declare war against this
Confederacy. Although I might have re-
frained from taking active measures for our
defence, if the States of the Union imita-
ted the action of Virginia, North Carolina,
Ai'kansas, Kentucky, Tennesce, and Mis-
souri, by denouncing H as an unconstitu-
tional usurpation of power to which they
refuse to respond, I was not at liberty to
disregard the fact that many of the States
seemed quite content to submit to the nsur
pation of the powers assumed by the Pres-
ident of the United States, and were ac-
tively engaged in leveying troops foí^he
purpose indicated in the proclamation. De-
prived of the aid of Congress at the mo-
ment, I was under the necesily of confining
my actiou to a call on the State for volnn
teersfor common defence, in acoorance with
the authority you had confided to sue before
your adjourn meat.
I deemed it proper further to issue a
proclamation inviting persons disposed to
aid in our defence in private armed vessels
on the high seas, to the end that prepra-
tions might be made for the immediate is-
sue of letters of marque and reprisal, which
yon alone, under the constitution, have the
power to grant.
I entertain no diubt that you will concur
with me in the opinion that in the abscence
of an organized Navy, it will be eminently
expedient to supply their place with private
armed vessels, so habpily styled bv the
publcists of/the United States the militia
of the «ea, and so often and so justly relied
on by them as an efficient and admirable
instrument of defensive warfare.
I earnestly recommend the immediate
passage of a law authorizing me to accept
numerous proposals already received.
I cannot close this «-eview of the acts of
the Government of the United States
without rafering to a proclamation issued
by their President under the date of the
19th inst.. in which, after declaring that an
insurrection had broken out in this Cortfed1
eracy against the Government of the United
States, he announces a blockade of al! the
ports in these States, and threatens to
punish as pirates all who shall molest any
vessel of the United States under letters of
marque issned by the Government. Not-
withstanding the authenticity of this proc-
lamaton, you will concur with me that it is
hard to beleive that it could have emanated
from a Preisdent of the United States.
Its announcement of a mere paper
blo(k-i¿e is so manifestly a violation of
the law of nations that it would seem in-
credible that it could have been issued by
authority ; but conceding this to be the
case, so far as th e Executive is concerned,
it will be difficult to satisfy the people of
|these States that their late confederates
will sanction its declaration—will deter-
mine to ignore the usuagns of civilized
nations, and will inaugurate a war of
extermination on both sides, by treating
as pirates open enemies acting under the
authority of commissions issued by an
If such proclamation was issued, it could
onty have been published under the sudden
influence of passion; and we mav rest
assured that mankind will be spared the
horrors of the conflict it seems to iuvite.
For the details of the administration of
the different, departments, I refer to the
reports of the Secretaries of each, which
accompany this message.
The State Department has furnished
the necessary instructions for those com-
missioners who liavetb«eii st-rit to England,
France, Russia and Belgium, since your
adjournment, to ask our recognition asa
member of the family of Nations, - and to
make with each of these powers treaties
of amity and commerce.
Further steps will be taken 'to enter
into like negotiations with the other -Eu-
ropean Powers, in.pursuance to resolutions
passed at your last session.
Sufficient time has not yet élapsed since
the departure'of these commissioners for
the receipt of any intelligence from them.
' As rHeem it desirable that commission-
ers or other diplomatic agents should also
be sent at an early period -to-the inde-
pendent Powers seuth of our Confederacy,
with all of whom it is our interest and
earnest wish to maintain the most cordial
and friendly relations, I suggest the ex-
pediercy of making the necessary appro
priations for that purpose.
Having been officially notified by the
public authorities of the State of Virginia
that she had withdrawn from the Union
and desired to maintain the closest politi-
cal relations with us which it was possible
at this time to establish, I commissioned
the Hon. Alex. H.NStephens, Vicc-Pre6i-
dent of the Confederate States, to repre-
sent this Government at Richmond.
I am happy to inform j'ou that be has
concluded a convention with the State of
Virginia, by which that houored'Common
wealth, so long and justly distinguished
among her sister States, and so dear to
the hearts of thousands of her children in
the Confederate Stales, has united her
power and her fortunes with ours and
become one of us. This convention, to-
gether with the ordinance of Virginia
adopting the Provisional Government of
the Confederacy, will be laid before you
for your constitutional action.
I have satisfactory assurance from other
of our late confedeiates that they are on
the point of adopting similar measures,
and 1 cannot doubt that ere you shall have
beeu many weeks in session, the, whole of
•he slave Stales of the late "Union will
respond to the call of honor and affection,
and by uniting our .fortunes with ours,
promote our common interests aud secure
our common safety.
In the Treasury Department,t&gnlations
have been devised and put into execution
for carrying out the policy indicated in
your legislation, on the subject of the
navigation of the Mississippi river, as well
as for the collection of the revenue on the
Free transit has been secured for vessels
and merchandise passing through the
Confederated States, and delay and incon-
venience have bnen avoided as far as pos-
I organizing the revenue service for
the various railways entering our territory,
as fast as experience shall indicate the
possibility of improvement in these regu-
lations, no effort will be spared to free
commerce from all unnecessary embar-
rassments aad obstructions.
Under your act authorizing a loan,
proposals were issued inviting subscrip-
tions for five millions of dollars, and the
call was answered by the prompt subscrip-
tion of eight millions by our own citizens,
and not a single hid was made under par.
The rapid development of the purpose
of the United States to invade our soil,
capture our forts, blockade our ports and
wage war against us, induced me to direct
that the entire subscription should be
accepted. It will now become necessary
to ra'se means to a much larger amount
to defray the expenses of maintaining our
independence, and repelling invasion.
1 invite your special attention to this
subject, and the financial condition of the
Government, with the suggestion of ways
and means for the supply of the treasury,
will "be presented to you in a separate
To the department of Justice you have
confided not only the organization and
supervision of ail matters connected with
the courts of justice, but, also, those con-
neeted with patents and with the bureau
of the public printing.
Since your adjournment, all the courts,
will) the exception ol those of Mississippi
and Texas, have heen organized bv the
appointment of Marshals and District
Attorneys, and are now prepared for the
exercise of their functions. In the two
States just named, the.gent!emen confirm-
ed as Judges declined to accept the ap-
pointment, and no nominations have yet
beeu made to fill the vacancies.
I refer you to the report of the Attorney
General, and concur in the recommenda-'
tion for immediate legislation, especially
on the subject of patent rights. Early
provision should be made to secure to the
subjects of foreign nations the full enjoy-
ment of their property in valuable inven-
tions, and to our own' citizens protection
not only for their own'inventions, but for
puch as may have been assigoed to them,
or may hereafter be ass gned by persous
not alien enemies.
The patent office business is much more
extensive and important than was antici.
pated. The applications for patents, al.
though confined under the l«ws exclusively
to citizens of our Confederacy, already
average seventy per month, showing the
necessity for the prompt organization of a
bureau of patents.
The Secretary of War, in his report
and accompanying documents, conveys
fall information concerning the forces,
regular, volunteer, and provisional, raised
and called for under the several acts of
Congress—their organization and distribu-
tion ; also, an account of the expeditures
already made, and the further estimates
for the fiscal year ending on the 18th day
of February, 1862, rendered necessary by
I refer to the report, also,-for a full his-
tory of the occurrences in Charleston
harbor, prior to, and including the bom-
bardment and reduction of Fort Sumpter,
and of the measures subsequently taken
for common defence, on receiving the in-
telligence of the declaration of war against
us made by the President of the United
There are how in the field at Charleston,
Pensacola, Fort Morgan,-Jackson, St. Phil-
lip and Pulaski, ;19,000 men. and 16,000
are now en rout for-Virginia. It is proposed
to organize and hold in readiuess-for in-
stant action in view of the present exagen-
cies of the country, an army of -100,000
men. If further forces be needed, the wis-
dom and patriotism of the congress will be
confidently appealed to for authority to
call into the field additional numbers of our
noble spirited volunteers, who are con-
stantly tendering their services far in ex-
cess of our wauls
The operations of the Navy'Department
have been necetsarily restricted, by the
fact that sufficient time has not yet elapsed
for the purchase or construction of more
than a limited number of vessels adapteB
to the public service. Two vessels have
been.purchased, and named the Sumpter,
and McRae, and are now being prepared
for sea at New Orleans with all possible
dispatch. Contracts have also been made at
that City with two different establishments
for the casting of ordnance, cannon, shot and
shell, with the view to encourage the man-
ufacture of these articles so indispensable
for our defence, at as many points within
our territory as possible.
• I call your attention to (heTecommen-
dation ot the Secretary for tbe establish
inent of a magazine aud laboratory for the
preparation of ordnance -stores, and the
necessary appropriation required for that
purpose. Hitherto such stores have been
.prepared at the Navy Yards, and no appro-
priation was made at your last sessiou for
j this object.
¡ The Secretary also calls attention to the
fact that no provision has been made for the
payment of invalid pensiou to our citizens.
Many or these ,persons are advanced in
life—they have no means of support, and
by the secession of these States have been
deprived of their claim upon the Govern-
ment of the United States.
I recommend the appropriation of the
suiq necessary to pay these pensions, as
well as those of the army whose claim can
scarcely exceed $20,000 per annum-
The Postmaster General has already «uc-
ceeded • in organizing his Department to
such an extent as to be in readiness to as-
sume the direction of our postal affairs on
the occurrence of the contingency cotem-
plated by tbe act of the ldlh of March,
1861, or even sooner, if desired.
Tbe various books and circulars tave
been prepared, and measures taken to
secure blanks, postage stamps, stamped en
velops, mail bags, locks, keys, <fcc.
He presents a detailed classification and
arrangement of his clerical force, and asks
for its increase.
An Auditor for thie.department is nec-
essary, and a plan is subraited for the or-
ganization of liis bureau.
The great number aud magnitude of the
accouuts of this department require an in
crease of clerical force in th? accounting
branch of the Treasury. Tbe revenues of
this department areoollected and ditbarsed
in modes pecular to itself, and require a
special bureau to secure a proper account-
ability in the administration of its finan-
I call your attention to the additional
legislation required for this department—
to the recommendation for changes in tbe
law regulating the rates of postage on
newspapers and sealed packages of cer-
tain kinds, and especially to the recom
mendation of the Secretary, in which I
concur, that you provide at once for the
assumption by him of the control of our
entire postal service.
In the military organization of the
States, provision is made for Brigadier and
Major Generals, but in the army of the
Confederate States, the highest grade is
that of Brigadier General $ hence it will,
no doubt, sometimes occur that where the
troops of the Confederacy do duty with
the malitia, the General sHected for the
command, and possessed of the views and
purposes of this Government, will be super
ceded Jb^ an officer of the malitia, not
havjgg the same advantages.
To avoid contingencies in the least ob-
jectionable manner, I recommend that
additional rank be given to the General of
the Confederate army ; and concuring in
the policy of having but one grade of
Generals "in the army of tbe Cofederacy, I
recommend that tbe law of its organiza
tion be amended so that the grade be that
of General. .
To necure thorough military education,
it is deemed essential that offioere should
enter upon the study of their profession
at an early period of life, and have ele-
mentary instruction in a military school.
Until such school be established, it is rec-
ommended that cadets be appointed and
attached to companies until Ihey shall
have attained the age, and shall have ac
quired the knowledge to fit them for the
dutie* of lieutenants.
• I also call your attention to an ommis-
sion in lhe law organizing the army, in
relation to military chaplains, and recom-
mend that provision 4>e made for their
In conclusion,! congratulate you on the
fact that in every portion of our country
there has been exhibited the-most patriotic
devotion to our common cause. Trans-
portation companies have freely tendered
lhe use of their lines for troops and sup>
The Presidents of the lailroads of the
Confederacy, in company with others who
control ¡ioes of communication with States
that we hope soon to greet as sisters as-
sembled in convention in this city, have
not only reduced largely the rates here-
tofore demanded lor mail service and con.
veyance of troops and munitions, but have
voluntarily proffered to receive their com-
pensation at their redueed rates in thev
bonds of the Confederacy, for the purpose
of leaving all the resources of tbe Govern,
ment at i is own disposal for-the common
Requisitions for troops 1wye been met
with such alacrity that th¿*Dumbers ten-
dering their services have, in every in-
stance, greatly exceeded the demand.
Man -of the highest official and social
position are serving as volunteers in the
ranks. The gravity of age, the zeal of
youth, rival each other in the desire- to be
foremost in the public defence; and
though at no other point than the on&
heretofore noticed have they been stimu-
lated by tke excitement incident to actual
engagement and the hope of distinction
for individual deportment, they have borne,
what for new troops íb the most severe
ordeal, patient toil, constant vigil, and all
the exposure and discomfort of active
service with a resolution and fortitude such
as to command the approbation andjustify
the highest expectation of their conduct
when active valor «hall be required in
place of steady endurance.
A people thus united and resolute can
not shrink from any sacrifice they maj be
called on to make, nor can there be any
reasonable doubt of their final success.
However long and severe may be the
test of their determination to maintain
their birthright of freedom and equality
as a trust which it is their first duty to
transmit unblemished to their posterity.
A "bounteous Providence cheers us with
the promise of abundant crops. The fields
of grain which will, within a few weeks,
be ready for the sickle, give assurance of
the amplest supply of food, whilst the
corn, cotton and other staple productions
of our soil afford abundant proof that up
to this period the season has been pro-
# We feel that our cause is just and holy.
We protest solemnly, in the face of man-
kind, thtf we desire peace at any sacrifice,
save that-of honor.
In independence we seek no conquest,
no aggrandizement^ no. cemioa of any
kind from the States with which we have
lately confederated. All we ask is tot>e
let alone — that those who never held
power over us shall not now attempt our
subjugation by arms. This we will, we
must resist, to the direst extremity.
Tbe moment that this pretension is
abandoned, the sword will drop from our
grasp, and we shall be ready to eater into
treaties of amity and commerce that-can
not but be mutually beneficial.
So long as this pretension is maintained,,
with a firm reliance on that Divine Power
which covers with ita protection (tie
just cause, we will continue to straggle
for our inherent right to freedom, inde-
pendence and self-government.'
jambs d . baker, 1
bin h. baker, > editors.
a . hicks baker, )
A Cavalry Company.
A Cavalry Company-, composed of sixty
members rtoik and file, has been organized in
our town,subjcct to the call of the Governor
of thiB State, or President Davis, ready to march
ata moment's notice. The íslléwing are the
J. S. Shropshire, Captaftfe;
J. C. Upton, First Lieutenant;
T. G. Wright, Second Lieutenant;
W. B. Yates, Third Lieutenant;
N. C. Wilsow, 1st Orderly Sargeant;
A. B. Carter, 2nd Orderly Sargeant;
W. M. Garner, 3d Orderly Sargeant;
J. B. Wall, 4th Orderly Sargeant;
W. L. Bonds, 1st Corporal;
A. L. Baker, 2nd Corporal;
P. J. Oakes, 3d Corporal;
T. H. Marshall, 4ih Corporal;
S. E. Goss, Surgeon.
Acws From Iforthen Texas Tia
The New Orleans, Delta, of Sunday, the 12th,
has a letter to Gov. Moore, of Louisiana, from
Shreveport, dated the 8th inst., calling for arms
and amunition, and enclosing a handbill sentj
by express from Marshall, calling for helo to re-
ps] invasion. It is stated in this handbill that
an express had just reached Marshall, bringing the
startling inteligence that Montgrmery, ef Kan.
sas, at the head of 2000 or 3000 men, had taken
possession of Forts Washita and Cobb, and
threatens to invade Texas. The express also ata.
ted that Col. VT. C. Young, with 600 men, was
holding them in check, and had dispatched run-
ners calling upon the people for help. This ie,
no doubt, another version of the news received
by us from McKinney, Collin county, relative to
the movements of the United States trotps
from Fort Smith, Washita, Cobb, and Arbucle.
N e. 51,
I. O. (X F..
EETS regularly ever* Saturday «venia® «I
the Lodge room in Columbas.
John CaaTBa, P. G.; I John R. Jtaeon, T*
F. Barnaro, N. G.; J. D. Ba*e*,T. 84
Ben Baker, v, G.f j F. d. Dn.ua , *."■*
royaland Select Haiten
MEETS at the Lodge iRoom of Caledonia
Lodge on the second Saturday of Fabraary,
May, August and November. '¡Called meefiqf
whenever necessary. %
? T. W. HARRIS, Th.m Master;
J. M CUMMINS, DopH BI.Master;
W. J. DARDEti, F. C. of Wask.
L. TVl. Nkwsoh, Recorder. Í
■■i w 1^111
,Situated on Dr. Loguefs Row,
IHE Proprietor of the " St. CHASUl*
would respectfully announce to the Páfeffe
that his Establishment has been opened, ani ho
will be thankful for «'literal share of petieMj ,
He has made arrangements so that all théaíti-
cles in his line will he of the tost qmAHy, aad
calculated to suit the wants of those wbo Majr
favor him with their patronage. Give
Columbus, January 24,1B61.
TTAJ7ING bought out M. c.
JlI Billard and Bar Rooms, si
former avocation m the torn of
would announce to the poblis that be amy
found at the o'd stand, Head} Mid. willirg to 1
commodate those wh 'may favor him wilh 1
His bar-room is supplied with a fine
and ail other "Liquors '
He will Hecp on hand during'the 1
ply of lee, and having a Barkeeper well I
in mixing up drinkc, the Proprietor 'is
that he will be able to plefcee the •
Those fond of a'sftteécffie 1
ment can while away a letobre 'hour at
liard Room. dfi?
wholk8alb Ac*RETAIL OBALKBS t*
ffiawvS^ an<\ cy
Sugars, Tobacco, &C. Ifct*
(One Door above Thalemiet%,)
C OL ÜMB US, TtiiA*.
WHOLESALE ANQ RETAIL DEALER til
FAMILY AND FANCY
west simt or rftfe ftufUó «aaaaa,
£0* 33 TrtT
Fall and Winter
a O CDS!
WB. & BflBVXB,
AVING just received from the ft
and clothing, bonnets, hats aad sapa,
queens ware, etc., ia prepared « oell an le* a|
anybody else, and wiH not he Mdetail. OUh
and examine to convince yetase lvea.
Ten Per Cent. Deducted fbr
Mr. Reever takea this asethed ef
thanks to his friends far their liberal
and will be thankful lor a mialiaSsli— ef <
. NO JOXXt
IDOfPT WANT it to to forpxUakr
who ought to be interested, that the
just past has been one of hard emit aad j
expense to me, in meeting the ' '
who favored me with their
nujfrittd*, in return, wiUyea'
and enable me to release myself from
at least to some extent T ALEX.
Columbus, January 10, 186).
Henry m. johnson
announce to the eHtiena of 1
vicinity that be will opea a P
sale of Beef,
Kesler & Meta and
will be sold at fonr and
warranted palatable. Re I
tion to business, ta amit a!
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J.D. Baker & Bros. The Colorado Citizen (Columbus, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 32, Ed. 1 Saturday, May 18, 1861, newspaper, May 18, 1861; Columbus, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth177622/m1/2/: accessed May 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.