The Tyler Daily Courier-Times. (Tyler, Tex.), Vol. 28, No. 220, Ed. 3 Sunday, May 9, 1926 Page: 5 of 12
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THE TYLER DAILY COURIER-TIMES, SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 9,1926.
DETERMINE HN D OF FERTDJ"
On account of the iraportunce of de-
termining the kind 0f fertilizers' to use
on the uplands of Sniitli county l'or
cotton Hiul corn, and on account of
the fact that thUB far this question
has not thus far been learned by those
who own farms on uplands, the fol-
lowing experiments were carried on
by Alex. Woldert and Dr. Albert Wol-
dert 011 their upland farms situated in
the southwestern part of Smith coun-
ty, about seven miles west of Bill-
iard. As a comparison other experi-
ments are given made by others in
various sections of Smith county, and
considered as a whole, the lesults ob-
tained should prove of vn'uo tc those
who are trying to farm by up to date
In 1923 Mr. Lee James, it tenant
on the Woldert farms, selected three
acres of this upland farm and ferti-
lized it according to the method sug-
gested by Mr. W. S. Hotchklss of
tlie state experimental station at
Troup, Texas, and composed of the
following: 30 per cent acid phosphate,
1200 lbs. cotton seed meal, 600
pounds, and nitrate of soda 200
pounds. This one ton of fertilizer
was used on the three acres of land
and cost $43 per ton,
James planted the cotton in rows
four feet apart, and left one to three
stalks to a hill, and on these three
adres of land he made an average of
9Í3 pounds of seed cotton per acre.
He ulso had two ucrcs of land and
fertilized it with Meridian fertilizer,
cqsting $15 per ton, and cultivated
it o;ie to three stalks to a hill, and
made 900 pounds of seed cotton per
On the fertilized cotton lie made
about $95 per acre net, or a differ-
ence of about $50 per acre in favor of
fertilized cotton over cotton not fer-
tilized at all, since the land not fer-
tilized produced less cotton than eith-
er of the above experiments.
Years 1923 and 1924.
In 192i Nee .lames used the wrong
kind of fertilizer for cotton and it did
not pay. That is to say he used only
200 pounds per acre of a commercial
fertilizer; and his report says,ho did
not make any more cotton where lio
used 20o pounds of fertilizer than
where he used no fertilizer at all.
In 1921 Sherman Jones (another
tenant on the Woldert farms) had one
acre iff cotton, and fertilized it with
600 pounds of 16 per cent acid phos-
phate, and later applied a side dress-
ing of 50 pounds nitrate of soda, and
on this one acre of cotton made one
hale of cotton that weighed 555
pounds. The fertilizer cost $24. On
the best land not fertilized he made
about, one-half hale of cotton per acre,
and on the poorest land made about
one-fifth bale per acre. By fertiliz-
ing the one acre it will be seon that
he doubled his yield of cotton by fer -
tilizing and made one-half hale more
cotton per acre, which one-half bale
of cotton was worth about $65. After
deducting the cost of this fertilizer
$(25) it. will be seen that he made a
neT profit of about $41 per acre by
In 1923 Mr. Mont Adams on his
upland farm three miles south of Ty-
ler made eight bales of cotton on five
acres by fertilizing ns follows: He
flat broke the land in January and
weijt over it with a section harrow,
then bedded it with a middle buster.
He.then went over it again with a sec-
tion harrow. IIo then rebedded it
and made a furrow in which he plant-
ed the cotton. The cotton was plant-
ed April 25, and at the same time 400
pounds per acre of 16 per cent acid
phosphate and 50 pounds nitrate of
soda per acre were put just ahead of
the planter. Later ho made two sido
dressings of nitrate of soda, each side
dressing consisting of 100 pounds ni-
trate of soda per acre. The rows
'were 3 1-2 feet apart, depending on
the nature of tlio land, and the cot-
Beat Wife; Man Flogged in Public
Sixteen Are Hurt
In Storm That
Okmulgee, OK., May 7.—The I'allh of
the pioneer llreok Indians who estab-
lished their capítol at Okmulgee he-
cmuso they believed if free of danger
from storms seemed somewhat just i -
i'ied Friday, when a series of small
tornadoes circled around this city,
lenvli',4 suffering and properly de-
struction in their wake, but failed to
si l ike this city.
ii was not. known Friday night
whether any p>
in I lie forty in
at least sixi■
Hating near r
small inland to
Two houses w
Morse, and I ho t wi: i.
ly missed the school hn.
filled with children. No o
At Micawher three buildings w. re
destroyed, including the town black-
smith shop. No one was injured.
Everybody roads the Want \.¡
James H. Kingsmorc, of Baltimore, was scntcuccd to five lasiies villi I in: cat- ; -iils
'for bcaling his wife. - Kingsmorc, the public whipping post and Sheriff John E. I'utce,
' .with th$. lash, ay$ shown ukftyfi, '
Young folks like many friends and
entertainment—and if it is not pro-
vided at home it is but natural that
they will seek their pleasures in pub-
Our Plan Service Contains Many v
WORE & SEAY LUMBER CO:
"Everything to Build a Home" * .
Tyler Phone $47 Texas
ton stalks were left about 12 t0 18
inches apart in the drill. By this
method of working his crop and ferti-
lizing he made eight bales of cotton
on five acres and received the first
prize offered by the Tyler Chamber of
Commerce. This fertilizer cost a lit-
tle less than ordinary commercial fer-
In 1925 Lee James had three acres
of cotton on upland and fertilized by
the McFarlane modified method, con-
sisting of. 400 pounds of 10 3-3 fer-
tilizer and 100 pounds nitrate of soda
used later as a side dressing. On
this three acres he made 820 pounds
per acre of seed cotton and on land
not fertlized lie made only 532 pounds
per acre. The fertilizer cost. $11.60
per aero, and his net profits was
$11.44 per acre by fertilizing.
in 1925 Sherman Jones (on the Wol-
dert upland farm) used the same kind
of fertilizer as used IJimios and
made 1215 pounds of seed cotton per
acre by fertilizing.
In 1925 Mr. Talbot Simpson of near
Big Sandy, in northeast part of Smith
county, selected five acres of gray
sandy upland in center of his field.
On one acre he used no fertilizer at
all, and on-this one acre he made 300
pounds of seed cotton.
On tlio second acre he used 200
pounds of fertilizer consisting of 120
pounds of IS per cent acid phosphate
and SO pounds nitrate of sdon, cost-
ing $6 for the fertilizer, and on this
second acre ho picked 500 pounds of
seed cotton, and on this second acre
his net profit was $1S per acre.
On the third acre he used 400
pounds per aero of the same ferti-
lizer and made. 800 pounds seed cot-
ton per acre, and bis net profit was
$12 per acre.
On the fourth acre ho used 600
pounds of the same fertilizer per acre,
and picked 900 pounds of seed cotton
per acre and his net. profit was $54
On the fifth acre lie used 800
pounds of the same fertilizer and
picked 1700 pounds seed cotton per
acre and his net profit was $112 per
acre by fertilizing.
In other words, .Mr, Slmlpsou
proved that there is nothing In the
idea of burning up the crop by f'-rt 1-
lizlng, for 1925 was the dryest year
perhaps in 25 years, and besides he
found that the more fertilizer he used
per acre that the more money lie maje
per acre by fertilizing.
'Corn Experiments on Woldert Farms,
In 1923 I,en James (on the Woldert
upland farm) fertilized three acres of
corn with 200 pounds per aere of I he
following: Add phosphate '16 per
cent) 1200 pounds, cotton seed meal
600 pounds, and nitrate of soda 200
pounds, costing about $43 per ton.
On tip' three cures lie averaged 20
bushels of corn per acre anil on land
not fertilized he averaged 16 2-3 bush-
els ol corn per acre Alter deduct-
ing the > <>Ht of the fertilizer lie found
that using this small amount of fer-
tilizer did not pay. A small amount
nl utilizer doe;; good by preventing
the land from getting poor.
In 1!)21 Mr. I). II. ilasklns (six
miles east fif Tyler) raised si 2-3
bushels corn per acre on the Newt.
Cross farm seven miles east ot Tyler
on low bottom land and won the lir-t
prize offered by the Tyler Chamber
>f Commerce. Tie- kind of corn was
the Iteutor's white com fsauie as Lee
Jam*.- raised in 1925) which Hct.-kln-
ralsed as follows: He first broke the
land, then rebroke it and the last
week in March, 1924, lie put down
in the rows 400 pounds cotton seed
meal, and 400 pounds It! per cent
acid phosphate per acre, distributing
the fertilizer with a Kelly distribu-
tor. After putting the fertilizer down
In the row he bedded the laud back
and then harrowed it. He afterwards
opened up the furrow, and on April
10 planted the corn in the row on
top of the fertilizer, planting the corn
about three Inches deep, and later
hoed it, leaving one to three stalks
to a hill and 24 inches apart In the
row. Ills rows were 3 1-2 feet apart.
About May 1 he used a side dressing
of 66 2-3 pounds of nitrate of soda
per acre, when the corn was as high
as the hip. He applied the nitrate
of soda by means of his hand.
On tills 10 acres of land lie used one
bushel of seed in planting and on this
10 acres made an average of SI 2-3
bushels of corn per acre.
In 1925 Lee James tried a fertilizer
consisting of 300 pounds of 16 per
(tent acid phosphate, and 200 pounds
cotton seed meal per acre, and plant. -
ing the corn in rows throe feet apart,
ono stalk to a bill, and 18 to 24
inches apart in the drill. When the
corn was as high as the liip he ap-
plied a side dressing of 100 pounds
of nitrate of soda per aere. On the
two acres of laud so fertilized James
made an average of 27 bushels of corn
per acre. The cost "of this fertilizer
for one aere was $10.90.
In comparison another renter plant-
ed the same kind of corn a few feet
distant from the Lee James corn and
did not fertilize and this latter ten-
ant raised only about eight Ar ten
bushels of corn per acre.
Moral—These experiments show
that the more of the right kind of
fertilizer per acre one uses on upland
farms in Smith county, the more net
profits he will gain.
Home Environment Count
The old question of the father to
the daughter's lover, "Can you support
her in the style to which she Is ac-
customed?" is merely another sugges-
tion of environment. If the daughter
lias been accustomed to a nice home
and pleasant surroundings she will not
be contented unless her own home Is
Just as pleasant. If she litis the
strength of character, and determina-
tion, no matter how limited her fi-
nances, there is every probability that
her own home will show good in sic
and a love of beauty, even though en
a simpler scale than her girlhood
home. Pleasant environment plants a
desire for beauty in the mind of a
girl which humbler circumstances can-
Hope ot Motion Is
in the Rural Home
The true American family can only
be found in the rural districts, the city
family has censed to exist, C, J. Cal-
pin of the federal Department of Ag-
riculture declared in mi address before'
the National Catholic Iiural Llfo con-
ference, held nt Milwaukee.
Census statistics, he said, show that,
"in the llii.iiiio,ODD of farm population
there are l.iiiio.otio more children under
twenty-one years of age Until In the
.'10,000,000 of city population."
"The city," he continued, "Is the
place of fewer families, more unmar-
ried adults and fewer children in fami-
lies having children. Space is too dear
In the cities for children, families
who desire children must move to the
country. The farm has sunlight, space,
air and quiet. That's why the children
are I here."
The common occupation of the fann-
er's family, lie said, also tends to weld
more firmly thy family Ideal, adding
that "the rural home and family he-
comes, tlii'ivlMiV, a type 111 the nation
The city family lies long censed to be
the type of American family. The rural
home Is holding the line for I In family
ideal In the nailon. If the rural struc-
ture crumbles, the rural home crum-
bles, and the nation crumbles."
Read tho Daily Counor-Timou.
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Get to Work on Lawn
To delay work until spring ustinllj
means raising nr lowering sections In
the lawn Inter on when the grass dees
not respond so readily. Flower bed
that have been planned for I he sprina
con better be started In cold weather
in order to get the advantage of Un-
rolling sod to enrich the ground.
Time for Making Repairs
An observant householder says that
If he has any repairs to make on hi-
house, cement walks or fences lie I -
It done in '"hi weather rather than
In the spring. While spring l-i tie
natural time in the minds of many It
|« not, lie believes, the best time. Tii<:
lawn can he trumped down and dly
turbed otherwise considerably In tin
fall and put back Into place and - •••lie
up well In the spring. HrsMe« It
there I- an- greet dl«phieeinent <•(' th
surface, there •■•.III have to he some re
adjustment in the prIny.
¡PAW m %
YOUR OWN LOVE NEST NOW!
When oil, Mr. and Mi ;. Newlywcd, have relumed f/om your hon
wliei• a.re you goiu lit live? Are yoit going to move into u flat; ¡if I
pay muí, Or are you goitii; to 11 *■« in your own bottle your love re
It m no ce.'.v in Iniilil your home through our convenient, preloi
ipiati It, h, tio more ol a burden Hum paying real . W.i would be pi
'•tfxtend us an opportunity to explain in full our plan., and to show
call' a, Just I'lione 17ii.
R. E. L.J0HNS0
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McDougal, H. A. The Tyler Daily Courier-Times. (Tyler, Tex.), Vol. 28, No. 220, Ed. 3 Sunday, May 9, 1926, newspaper, May 9, 1926; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth178092/m1/5/: accessed March 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.