The Gonzales Inquirer (Gonzales, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 3, Ed. 1 Saturday, June 18, 1853 Page: 1 of 4
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SMITH ft DAR ST-.. .Proprietors.
" 0l"EN TO ALL PARTIES—CONTROLLED BV SONE."
GONZALES, TEXAS, SATURDAY, JUNE 18, 1853.
if M& < wá
is ri'ullsiieo every saturday by
fcMITH & DARST,
At 43 00 j r Annum, payable in Advance.
TERMS FOR ADVERTISING.
One square, (tin linos or, law) first insertion.. #1 00
For each sul>8^i(i|ent insertion .50.
A liberal deduction will be made from the above'
frates, to those who advertise by the year.
All political addresses, will be charged as regular
Advertisements not marked with the number of
Insertions will be published till forbid and charged
¿VII letters of a business character must be post
paid, to insure attention.
Every communication for publication must be
accompanied by the writer's proper name.
No communication or advertisement of an abu-
sive character will bo published on any terms.
For announcing candidates' names for any ofllee
Cisterns*—Size and Capacity.
Everybody ought to have a cistern at his
house or barn, or both, as a safeguard against
fire, if nothing else—it is a cheap kind of insu-
rance. Water will put out fire, and many a
fire Will be put out, if water is plenty and han-
dy. "Behold how great a fire a little matter
kindlcthbehold also how small a drop of wa-
ter that spark qucncheth, if applied before it
is kindled into a blaze. Therefore, build cis-
terns. God will give water, if man will mpke
ready vessels to hold it. Some would build
cisterns, but they know not how, or if they do,
have no idea of the size required to hold a giv-
en quantity. To such we repeat what we have
said. To one barrel of water lime add two of
■eery coam clear sand, and make into mortar;
not all at once, but only just as fast as you can
use it. Plaster right on the earth, bottom and
sides of the pit, without any mason, or mason.
work; do that yourself and save your money.
Now you want to know how big to make
your cistern. How much do you want it to
hold V Look at that barrel, it holds thirty gal-
lons. Look at that hole in the ¿round, it is'cir-
cular, six feet deep and si* .vide, and will hold
i ,260 gallons—as much as forty-two barrels.—
Is that big enough V >T" ranli—u a foot deep-
er and it will hold 210<$!aFons more—ton feet
deep, 2,100 gallons, or 70 barrels; and this is
bíg<tÉdÜfKu4Wr$iM) 6 -ahy former. If you
want inore water, so as to wator stock, it is a
very easy and cheap way\>f getting it; and for ¡
your own use, is the purAt and healthiest wa-1
ter in the world. Two barrels, of water June i
will make a cistern ten feet deep and six feet • „ . . , , .,
- .. _ , J .1 .. energy of the brain was taxed to the utmost
wide. Two days work will dig it, one will plas-
THE NAPOLEON OF DUELLISTS.
On tlio evening of the 4th of June, 1835,
the steamboat Robroy started from St Louis
to New Orleans with a full crowd of passen-
gers. Immediately after " getting good head-
way," to adopt a favorite backwoods phrase,
one person attracted universal attention by the
annoying eagerness with which he ondevored
to make up a party of cards. Indeed, his oft-
vopciitod an«l preserving efforts to that end
soon became insulting and unendurable; and
yet his appearance was such as to deter the
bravest on board from administering the chas-
tisement he so richly deserved. He was a
huge mass of mighty bono and muscles, with
swarthy features, the impress of many a scar;
piercing dark eyes, that seemed to possess the
power of blasting the beholder—cold, gleaming
eyes, such as haunts the memory painfully ;
a rank luxuriance of coal black hair, immense
whiskers and moustache. This savage looking
figure was habited in the costliest clothing and
adorned with profusions of jewelry, while the
outlines of several murderous weapons were
plainly distinguishable beneath his gaudy vest
and superfine coat. Nor did he need those
to render him an object of terror. A connois-
seur in the science of belligerent gymnastics,
would have confidently pronounced him a
match for any five men on the deck without
any aid from lead or cold steel.
At length, after many failures, he prevailed
on a wealthy young merchant of Natchez to
join him at a game of paiker. They sat down
at a small table near the bar, and were soon
absorbed in that most perilous of excitements,
of which tho two alluring ingredients are the
vanity and pride of individual skill, and the
uncertainty of general hazard. At first the
stakes were small and the run of the cards
seemed in favor of the merchant, but present-
ly they bet more freely, and gold eagles and
hundred dollar notes were showered down on
the board with extravagant ardor; and the
current of fortune cliangcd—ebbed a^yay from
the merchant, and flowed to tho professional ed 11 four queens," exclaiming as he did
gambler in a stream like the oceans' tide. As
it usually happens in such cases, his want of
success only piqued and maddened the loser,
and he sought to recover himself by venturing
such desparate ventures as could but deepen
and confirm his ruin. And thus they contin-
ued during that long summer night. The in-
tensity of their excitement became equivalent
to insanity. Every nerve was strung—every
XI : (
. W pi
tor it, and another will cover and carry away
the spare earth; and two dollars worth of plank
will make the covering and curb and put in a
pump, which you can have at any price you
like from five to twenty-five dollars. Now slug-
from thy slumbers, and go and
a cistern which will hold water
'8 lo iked in t he om-
ite )* — I'toif.
- ("ri m, itxw
; ,vftt fc i
,oi Seed Ooru.
.«crcs ' tirfi planting, andin
man iw V v •• tiro won was lost in 180?, In
coxis • 5-J jwi1 9wil Corn put .iv rtYtrcrib"
aimqai * ACTjaaniaVirftllrefc -r less ui.ript' or
úv? 5' Í ■" ty"0 uwuw .-twill, the whole
¡.yiasB .vou'lti undergo a dfigrt-o of fermentation
sufficient' to ¿Mitro-i the (gbrtrmating pnwiple;
and jdthotigh apparently sound nod dry in the
spring, wjil bring the planter nothing bü ta irop
of disa. poinhnchfc Corn stniu'lug in tin; field,
exposed to a "nanl neeze. whilo. damp, will be
found in the same condition as that injured by
heating in the crib. All this vexatious trouble
and loss may be avoided, besides improving the
quality of tho. seed, by going through tho field,
basket in hand, as soon as the corn gets hard,
and selecting the bst ears from every stalk bear-
ing two or more ears, enough for your seed.—
To keep this, strip dotfn the shucks and tie up
in bunches and hang up in sumo dry room.—
Thfr garret of tho dwelling is as gwkl a place as
can be found for storing seed corn.
• The farmer cannot spend a day or two in
September ntorc prwfltaWy than tn thus teletifr he dashed a fcw words; as if engaged in trac-
ing his seed corn. It is a labor which should
ncvor bo entrusted with boys or hirelings. It
needeth the eye of tho master, who feels the
deep interest which .the importance of having
likely tó germ initio iri fits own
good seed, is
Kick,—There is no more healthy fi&d, par-
ticularly at a season vhen bowel "om^laints
are prevalent, than rice ; -tMtis if properly
■cookcd. JJo rCpiet to say not one cook in ten
«ftrperform the simple operation of boiling
rice. Take two measures of wator to ono of
rico. Sóak the rice an hour or two previously
and then boil until it absorbí! all the water,
which will bo about eight or ten minutes, and
it is done. If the boiling is continued longer,
it will become like puste—clammy and indiges-
Bojliso Potatoes.—Since tho prevalence'of
the potatoe disease, few will cook dry and mea-
ly. Try this plan. Put them in c
and heat until just beginning to boil; then pour
it off and add cold,water a little salted, and
boil until they are
r, and finish
i, and you wfll
:ibU to make them so,
off the his
—their teeth were set as those of Antagonists
in the tug of mortal strife—the sweat rolled
from their brows like great drops of rain.
The passengers formed a circle around the
players and looked on with that interest which
extraordinary concentration of intellect and
passion never fails to inspire even in bosoms,
that shudder at the excess. Tho merchant
and gambler attracted all eyes, and kept many
awake and gazing till morning. And the lat-
ter was one presenting a countenance so pite-
ous that it might have melted hearts of marble
to tears A pale and exquisitely beautiful face
peeped infteswwaiJ^J&win the half-opened door
of the ladies' cabin, woeping all the while as
if oppressed by some dreadful sorrow. It was
the merchant's lovely wifp, weeping her faro-
well to departingiiopc.
There was one speetátor, also, whose nj>-
pearcnce and actions excited almost as much
curiosity as the players did themselves. He
was a tall, spare man of about thirty, with
handsome features, golden h%ir, keen blu^eyes
of preternatural brightness, and his firm, thin
lips, woro a perpetual sinile—a mysterious
smile of the strangest and most inscrutable
meaning. With tho exception of his red calico
shirt, Wis person was dressed wholly in buck-
skin, ornamented with long flowing tassels,
and wild figure wrought out of variegated
beads, after a fashion of some western Indians;
he stood close besido the card table, and held
in his left hand a sheet of paper, in his right
hand a largo pencil, with which ever and anon
of aces," and tho board. The merchant drop-
ped on the floor, as if ho had been shot
through tho Strain; and tho beautiful young
wife flew to his side, and fell shrieking upon
his bosom. They were both borne away In-
sensible to the ladies' cabin.
As the gambler deposited the winnings in his
pocket, he emitted a coarso laughter that
sounded frightful as the chuckle of a fiend,
but he instantly lost color, as a low, calm voice
remarked in his ear—
" Villain, you play a strong hand at many
different games, but here stands one that can
beat you at all of them."
He tuqied and met the glance of those keen
blue eyife so pretcrnaturally bright, and shud-
dered; but he immediately gained his presence
of mind, for he was no coward, and then he
frowned till his shaggy brows met like the coil
of a serpent, and demanded sternly—
" Beggar, who arc you to banter a gentleman
thus rudely V"
" I am James Bowie, of Texas," answered
the other, with a ringing laugh, " and you arc
John Lafitte, a bastard of the old pirate 1"
The gambler reeled in his chair, as if he had
been struck with a thunderbolt, but recovered
again from the shock in a moment, and asked
in a firm tone—
"What game do you wish with me?"
"Poker first, and pistols afterwards, if you
play foul!" replied Bowie.
" Very well," rejoined the other, and tlioy
took their seats at the table.
For a time, the success seemed about equal-
ly balanced, the gain and loss being alternate.
At last tho gambler ventured one of his skill-
ful manoeuvres in dealing. Bowie smiled
strangely as his quick eye detected the trick.
He said nothing, however, looked at his hand,
and bet five thousand dollars, staking the
money in ten large bills. Tho gambler went
five thousand highor which resulted in a
Bowie held "four jacks;" but with his
habitual fiendish chuckle, his antagonist show-
ing tho progress of the gamo.
Still the merchant and the gambler pcrsov-
crcdin their physical and mental toil. The
dial of the stars, with its thousand, fingers of
golden fire, pointed to tho world shadow of
midnight; but still they did not pause. It still
was " shuffle and cut,pass, anto up, and I call
you, and rqfe,c down tho pile." Towards morn-
ing a tremendous storm arose. The red light-
ening flashed awfully—the hail poured down
litó a frozen cataract; the great river roared
till it rivaled the loud thunders of heaven • and
tho very pilot at the wheel was alarmed But
the mad players heard it not. What was the
tumult 8f,ihc raging elements to them whose
destiny hung on the turning of a card ? And
the smiling blde-eyed stranger in buckskin
stQ Ustood by them, with his pencil and paper
«itámly noting the developments of the game.
finally the storm passed, as the beautiful
day-beam came out,likc a thing of gloiy in the
cold waty, grey east The infrtuated merchant, distract-
ed With heavy losses, dared the climax <jf folly.
He*staked five thousand dollars, -comprising
it of monoy in the world, on " two
" By heavens, the pile is mine 1"
"Not yet," shouted Bowie, as with both
hands he raked the heap of notes, to' the tune
of twenty thousand dollars, in his pocket
Choking and purple with rage and shame,
tho gambler roared—
" To the hurricane deek, and let pistols be
trumps this turn!"
" Good as gold!" replied Bowie; and they
hastily ascended the stairs and assumed their
separate positions, the gambler over the stern,
and Bowie over the prow.
At that instant, the sun was just rising in a
cloudless sky. Nature looked sublime—a bride
worthy of her almighty husband and God.
The woods and waters appeared as parts of the
divine picture, with the. boundless blue of
heaven for its back ground. The broad bosom
ed river rolled away like an immense sheet of
burnished silver, speckled here and there with
a flash of golden bubbles; shining fishes
gamboled in the sparkling wave, and thj
birds—tho£B. swpdt 8S§5rf^whose life is a
tkuftu of music—Vhaunted their wild anthems
to the new day; while the two groat duelists,
.the most deadly ever known in tho south-west,
stood with cocked pistols, eye to eye, and the
fingers fixed on the hair triggers, prepared and
waiting to slay and be slrtin.
" I am ' ready. You give the word 1" cried
Bowie, in his clear ringing voice, and with that
inscparalablc smile of strange meaning on his
" I am ready. Fire!" shouted the gambler,
in tone murderous as death.
The two pistols roared simultaneously.—
Bowie did not move, though ho had barely
escapcd with his life, for the bullet of his foe
had cut away one of the golden locks of his
yellow hair. i Tho gambler was shot through
the heart and dropped on tho brink of the
deck, and almost tumbled in tho river. He
was burricd by the squatters at the next wood-
yard - And thus porished justly a bastard son
the the pirate Lafitte.
Thoro never was a jury empannolled in tho
West who would have brought in a verdict
against any man for killing him, and more
especially under the circumstance, because
public opinion pronounced " that hp ought to
be killed." And .such wero the desperadoes
that Bowie commonly exterminated
Tho generous victor immediately proceeded
to tho ladies' cabin, and restored the winnings
to tho merchant and his beautiAil wife, who
both received the boon as a gift from heaven,
with as much gratitude as joy.
" O! Doctor," said an elderly lady recently
to Dr. H the celebrated bone-setter, in de-
scribing tho effect of a diseased spine, ' I can
neither lay nor teV
' In that case,' replied he, * I should recom-
mend the propriety of rootting.''
An afflicted old lady says: " I have buried
several children-—I've buried my husband—
yet, in all these troubles, Tve found consolation
in that passage of scripture where it says,
" Fret not thy Gizsatd." , - v(
' ■ iw! 1 "'.'"''i' Hill,!, I
Ban Bolt's Answer.
Dedicated to Col. Wilson A Purdom.
by s allí is a. reedy.
Ah! yes, I remember that soft eyed ono,
With tho hair of liquid brown,
And step as light as the trembling Ikwn
When it springs o'er the mossy down
You say a stone in the church-yard is placed,
In the valley once blooming and lair,
That on its furface a sweet name is traced,
A«d mj^Alicé sleeps silently there.
My spirit bowed and I wept wild tears
When I knew my first love was dead,
For a glorious dream that was cherished for
Has darkly and vision like fled.
Sweet Alice!—each hopo of my boyhood's life
Was twined round that gentle name,
Ben Bolt has been changed by the world's dark
let that pulso in my soul is the same.
Our kind old master you say has fled,
Like a star from the morhing's ray,
I grieve that 'tis so, for his bright light shed
A beam o'er my childhood's day
And you and I are all that remain
Of a band so blooming and bright—
O, time his hand has heavily lain
On a scene so radiant with light
You say tho old mill has gone to decay,
lhat the long grass waves where it stood—
It has passed like the barks we launched away
On its rain-swollen, dark rolling flood.
I have wandered afer where the ocean swelled,
Mid scenes that were fair-as a dream,
Yet I have tasted no water like those which
From the spring by the old mill stream.
Ben Bolt too is sadly changed anee then-
There are wrinkles upon my brow;
And my heart will not bound with youth again
For my dark locks aro whitening now.
I fear that time can no soff light send
Where such secrets a fond bosom keeps,
And soon—very soon, you and I róy friend,
Will rest as sweet Alice now sleeps.
The Newspaper—Eloqnent Extraot
The following extract is taken from a sermon
defftereá by tho Rev. Dr. Adams, of New
" Why is anything made public, but the be-
lief that it will be of interest to others f Why
is it announced that Isaac and Bebeoca were
married on a certain day last week, but on the
supposition that it will give you pleasure to
know it And then lower down tUb shoot, un-
der tho startling head of deaths, your eyes run
along always with apprehension lest it fell ott
some well known name, and read that the agid
father, the young child, the belovod wife,
rich, the poor, the admired, the honored, ihe
beautiful are gone; and is it ngMrfJcMi for
granted that even strangera*Hlíave ií sigh for
the afflictedjjuid^ wona respond in sympu-
ncursions of a common foe ?
"Read in this light, the commonest adver-
tisements which crown our papers have a kind-
ly order about them. Say not, with a cynic
sneer as though you were doubtful whether
there was anything honest In the world when
a store keeper advertises, his wares, thai it is
all sheer selfishness, for it is pleasantjQ an-
nounce a fresh supply of tallow
ware or muslins, is it not jyst as pleasant
ono who wishes to (mow it ? Whete a
young partners in trade insert their
vertisement, informing the world how Jftppyi
they shall be to wait on customers, can yoh
read it without entering into their career?
" Business advertisements! Waste pd;
You know not what you say. Thoie ships
which are to sail for every harbor iif'tho world
those fabrics which have arrived from every
commercial mart on tho earth, this iron from
Russia, tea'from China, cotton from Georgia,
sugar from Louisiana—do they not preach to
us at the corner of the streets, at the .entering
of the gates^ in oar docks, and in our custom
housts and exchanges, sermons on tBe annual
dependence of mankind ?"
The Nightingales perpetrated, the following
on Xond*y n>ght They were new to us:
Sam—Josh, I say, I was going down street
tother day, and I seed a tree lark,
Josh—Golly, Sam, I seed it hollow.
Jonsing—And I seed de same one leave.
Sam—Did it take its trunk with it f
Jonsing—No; it left dat for board.
"Pa, pa, what makes mother kiss you so
"Why, it is because she loves me, my little
"Well, then I guess she loves the Doctor,
too, for she kissed him a heap of times when
he was here to see Jim t'
'the room <
tho hour of his <
.. , mmasmssssBsam
Facts from the Last Censtu.
The leading fhcts of the census of 1890, are
widely known. Gathered at the cost a million
and a half of dollars, they should be careftilly
scanned. They deserve to be pondered They
unfold the elements of our national greatness.
They furnish reliable data for estimating fbture
expansion. And they afford the information
from winch the Christian philanthropist may
graduate the measure of his toil and responsi-
Resources. The value of the real and per-
sonal wealth of the country exceeds seven
thousand millions of dollars, or an average of
nearly 2,000 to each white fiunily of five per-
sons. Of this amount $580,000,000 are em-
ployed in manufactures; a still larger amount
in commeroe; and $994,000,000 in the con-
struction of 88,00d*mileB of railroad, comple-
ted and in progress.
Population.—The total population in 1850
was 28,200,760, an increase in ten years of
4,186,807, or 86 per cent. Of tho whole num-
ber, 2,210,828 were born in foreign countries,
making, with the descendants of emigrants
since 1790,4,850,984, chiefly from Ireland and
Germany. The average density of population
is about 7 to tho square mile. .With the same
ratio of increase as during the past half cen-
tury, the population of tho United States at
the close of this century will be one hundred
million . ¿,
Churches.—The number W churches of all
denominations is 86,221, with sitting for 18,'
849,896 persons, and valued at $86,416,689,
or an average of $2,400 each. More than
one third of these are hi Pennsylvania, New
York, and the-Now England States; while
thousands of them are small, clustered in vil-
lages, and little accessible to the inhabitants of
the agricultural districts. They furnished ac-
commodations for perhaps two-thirds of the
classes who might go to church; but thousands
of them are opened but once in two or four
weeks, a considerable portion of them are not
evangelical, and perhaps an average of one-half
tho sittings are generally unoccupied; so that,
while we should be grateful few: the extent of
sanctuary privileges, wo need not abate our
zeal in the work of church extension, or in our
efforts to cany the gospel to every ft
Schools.—Four millions of children ei\joy
tho instructions of U5,000 teachers,, in
issue 422,^po,000 copies annually,
should bo added tho i
in the census, wh
tb; n equal to <
¿■3. v..M.fUW3>:s> w* Í& tifo*
Igj „ | 1
The principal C
with silent gloom, I
ance, with calmness and
ho oxclaiined, —
yourself more manly."
sent to him froto «flífti
ington, which had been
and having shaved and
placed his hat on the
said to the guard officers, " I
moment, gentlemen', to v
fatal hour having arrived, a
of troops were pa
course of «people assem
general and field officers,
lency and staff, wore present on
melancholy and gloom pervadfld
the scene was afieQtU^JM|MfiiL
I was so, pear durini
the fatal spot, as to ol
and participate in vr>
melancholy scene was "calculated
Mi\|or Andre - walked
in which he
of our subaltern officers,
of tho immense mjiltitw
who, rising superior to the
poared as if conscious of the
ment which he displayed.
want of fortitude; but
smile on fails
to several gentl<
respectfully returned It
sire to be shot, aB
most comfortable to
man, and he had
quest would be
therefore, when he
the gallows, he
made a pause.
sih officer b;
MUft :&''W '
I * ag
My Germán friend, how
married? "Vel dials
called " him; they Í tank apout, « ♦
; the black leg had "two pairs] long that as i
"Julius, why is de gettin'
ob August like one pb Moore'i
you gub it up, my
"In course,T[ does.
"Because it's de last
bob bed de 81st
" Uncle Sam."—Immediately after
declaration of the last war with England,
Elbwrt Anderson, Esq., of th s city, then a
tracer, visited Troy, on the
was concentrated, and
large quai itity of provisions, beef; poi
Tho inspectors of these articles at tkát place,
wore Messrs. Ebenezar and Samu4 Wilson
The latter gentiemah, invariably known
"Uncle Sam," generally superintended
son a large share of worsen, who,
casion, wero employed'in overhauls
visions purchased by the contractor for the
army. The casks were marked " E.
work to the lot of a
Mr. Wilson, whó, on
of his fellow workmen the mi
mark for the letters U. S., (for the Uni-
was then almost entirely new to
thom.Yaaid he did not know unless it
Elbert Ánünm, *nd "Uncle W—alluding
said "Uncle Wilson.
The joko took among the workmob, and pnssed
currently; and "Uncle Sam" himself being
present, was occasionally rallied by them on
the increasing extent of hia possessions.
Many of those workmen being of a character
denominated "food for powder," were
shortly after following the
pushed towacd the frontier
purpose of meeting the enemy and of
the provisions they hadlábored to put
order. Their old joke, of course,
the cheeks, not
throng of spectators,
ded to tho gallows, hé i
are not i
which the .
ideir.iical one appeared in print—it gained f
rapidly, till it penetrated and was i
in every part of our country, i
continue so long as the 1
and the writer of
lects remarking, at the time it
in print, to a person who wao i
ito origin, how < *
originating in the midst of
mud, salt, and hoop-poles,
a national cognomen.—JV.
The very best <
V' ' -'.V •
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Smith S. W. The Gonzales Inquirer (Gonzales, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 3, Ed. 1 Saturday, June 18, 1853, newspaper, June 18, 1853; Gonzales, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth178766/m1/1/: accessed July 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.