The Hempstead Courier (Hempstead, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 1, Ed. 1 Wednesday, June 1, 1859 Page: 2 of 4
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Wednesday ::::::: i JtWE.1, 1859.
r, HUBCHAUt, JR^ 9*m+n,
TKllJiS OF THIS PAPKU.
In advance, por annum $2 80
If delayed six month*, , , it 00
¿t the end of the year, 4 00
Transient advertisement* Inaorted at the rates
adopted by the Free In the South : For one
square of tea line* of bierier, Brat time, (1, for
each subsequent Insertion 60 cento.
To regular advertiser* ve offer the following
For card often Hncs or los*, per annum, . $10 00
'• >• •• over IÜ¡and under SO lines,. 16 00
For quarter column, one year, subject
to alteration 26 00
For half oolumn, one year, subject to
alteration, 50 00
For three-quarters column, per annum,
subject to alteration, 75 00
For whole column, per annum, subject
to alteration, 100 00
Patent medicines advertised at the rates named
above, and on no othxr term*.
Legal advertUomeuts frill be Inserted as fol-
VV'Uen the «ash Is pMl ln?advano*, according
to law, we will put tliuia In small type, ten lines
to the square, at the usual transient rate ¡ but
If we are forced to wait 1Í, 18 or 24 months for
our pay, we will put then) In long primer type,
eight linea to the square. Wo uro willing to
wait as long as the lawyer and the clerk docs,
but we must have security, ayd bo paid for
PiBsoMAb communications, when at ail ad-
uUsable, will be cliorgeil for at double the usual
rates of advertising; that Is, twenty oouts per
line for each insertion.
fW* Much of the matter for this paper Is ne-
cessarily rather ancient, but friends will please ex-
cuse this. None but those of the craft know how
much is to be done to got out tho ftrtt paper.
Some of the type for this edition were set two
weeks ago, and the mtyects may bo old to our
readers, but they must bo charitable, we will
epdeavor hereafter to give new matter weekly.
UT There are, no doubt, many, very many
errora of omission and commission, 4c., In this
Issue of our paper; but we hopo our patrons will
be generous enough to overlook them. We
hayo labored under overy imaginable dlsadvan-
.tage In getting this paper to press-, such as
having a " pled " office to cloar up, to., &c.; but
wont of al!, one of our hands took, what we call,
H "Norther," and loft tut Just at tho very timo wo
poet needed him. The gentleman who has been
assisting us, has not workod In an office for some
years, and 1s not exactly au fait; but his kind-
ness has been great—but for It, we should not
have been able to publish for a week yet. But
sre hope this Is tho last time we will have to apol-
|f" This paper has been sent to a good many
persons whoso names have not, as yet, been en-
rolled on our subcorlptlon list Tbto la done with
a view of bringing the matter Immediately before
them, hoping they will become patrons. Tho
praeant, except In tho matter of typographical
errors, will bo a fUlr speclmon of tho ftiture num-
bors which we expoct to issue; and ws hope all
jrho receive It will consider themselves as sub-
scribers. Those' who receive and who do not
wish to continuo doing so, will picoso return the
paper with their luiuo written on It, as a significa-
tion to tis that tlioy do not want It. Those who
<|o not return it will be considered subscribers!
find wo wlll ^ndoavor to give tliein the full vatue
Of tho subscription price.
UTWe regret that wo are unable to givo In
to-day's paper a Frloo Current Tho typo re-
quired for this purpose Is a jumbled mass of "pi"
and to put tt In ordor would require more timo
than we oould well spare from other, moro ossou-
tial matters. In our next Issue wo hope to have
¿di things In "applo-ple ordor."
A Pottkby.—Wo at o muoh pleased to learn
from Mr. Knox that ho will hnvo his Pottery In'
complete working order In about three weeks.
Mr. K. Is competent to carry on this establish-
ment, and we think it will bo quito an acquisi-
tion to our town.
W-Our thanks are due to our esteemed Mend
Capt,M. K. Snoll, for several valuable Rail Rood
tar* Our thanks aro due to our hundsomo
young friend, Jas. Fúrsgard, Esq., tho competent
Deputy Postmaster, (br supplies of late New Or-
leans, Houston and Galveston papers.
OT Our «nergotlo young Mend, Wm. M.
Hamilton, who Is familiarly known aa tho " Rail-
" has placed us Indor repeated
ng the very latest copies of
Northern papers. Will. Is al-
the arrival of tho oars, with not
iwsp*p«rs, but with periodicals,
which he sells cheap.
fr-tfwaa utttUng pa.
.torso early complying with
i to exchange.
a strong efibrt to get out this
promised, bnt H was in vain,
to work «gainst us-as we
of our assistants
tat we could so-
'««hi *<>1 ,
"I, and at as &ir rates
To-day we issue the lint number of the Hxitr-
stiad Courier, and In making our bow to the
public and introducing our paper, we beg leave
to submit a few remarks as to the oourso we in-
tend to pursue.
The "CouautR" Is to be In all things strictly
Independent, particularly in politics. We intend
to bo governed by tho motto at our mast-head:
"Open to all parties, controlled by none;" hence,
while we are independent wo will not be neutral.
Upon all the various questions claiming the atten-
tion of the age, we shall always express our opin-
ions, honslly, fearlessly, and without restraint;
and to the courteous and gentlemanly discussion
of those various questions our columns shall be
at nil timos open to all parties; while articles not
courteous and respectful, und free from person-
alities, shall bo curefully excluded.' We shall not
presume to arrogate to ouisolf tho office of Cen-
sor or Judge of public morals, but as near as
wo are able «hull endeavor to "approve the
light and condemn the wrong."
Wo doslgn making our paper a wclcomo visi-
tor to the family circle, and shall therefore stu-
diously exclude from Its columns all that is im-
pure or IndcIIcato, either In itself o:- in Its tenden-
cies. Wo wish the "Ooumxn" to bo a paper
that the head of a family may hand unfolded to
his wife qr daughter, sure that within its
pages nought will bo found to call the faintest
blusl^to tlio cheek of modest virtuo.
Wo 4Ü givo, as near as possible, the latest
news, and general Intelllgenco. From our favor-
able location, and by tho arrangements which wo
havo made and lutond making, w« think wo do
not boust In saying that wo shall give our coun-
try readors the news coming across the Gulf at
as early a dato as any of ourcotomporarics; and
from tho Interior, we aro quite Buro wo can give
the Tory latest intolllgonoo atas early a period as
any other paper. We aro located at the junc-
tion of tho Texas Central«nd Washington Coun-
ty Rail roads, and shall not only keep our rea-
dors advised of their progress, but shall do all
In our limited power to hurry their extension far
into the interior of the country, where they are
so much noeded, and where we know they will
work such maglo-llko results.
We shall endeavor falthfUlly to koep our rea-
ders advised of tho condition of the markets
and in order to facilitate this, wo will give a
weekly summary or piico-current of our staple
commodities. In short, wo Intend to devote all
the energy, experience and talent which we may
possess to tie making of the "Hempstead Cou-
rier" to be sought after, and to bo read when
To the corps editorial we extend the hand of
fellowship, and ask a renewal of the klndnoss
hitherto so liberally shown towards us. To ma-
ny of you, In Texas, we are known. We know
that the Toxas press generally is conducted with
marked ability, and with an avorago degree, at
least, of courtesy. We hopo to bo able, If needs
bo, to "give or toko a blow," in such manner as
to neither cause or take offenco. Wo desire to
be on good terms with out- ootcmporaries, and
to bo always courteous and respectful, and of
courso wish and expect to be treated In the saine
manner. It shall certainly bo our endeavor ne-
ver to be tlfs first to givo offence to any one,
nor too quick to tako offenco. Wo are no tyro
tn the business which wo now undortako, and
hence are not so sanguine as to expcct our
course to Ho entirely amid shady groves, inter-
spersed with flowery gnrdens and babbling
brooks, upon whoso bonks wo havo but to
rocllno at oaso, while ministering angels, obedient
to our bock and nod shall supply all our wants,
On tho contrary, wo oxpoct many difficulties,
and expeoting them shall try and be prepared to
mogt and ovcrcomo them.
Wo havo boen influenced In locating our paper
at Hempstead, not alono on account of tho fa-
vorablenuss of its position, but by tho liberal
Inducements held out to us by its enterprising and
energetic citlxens.. Thoy know that tlioy havo
all the elements nocessaiy to build up a largo and
flourishing town, and are determined if it doos
not bocome so, and that right speedily, it shall bo
for no want of liberality, onorgy and cntorpriso
on tholr part. With such advantages and suuh
citizens what may wo not hopo to make our
At an early dato wo shall tako occasion to say
somothiug about Uompstead and its peculiar ad-
vantages. For tho present, suffice it to soy, that
here wo hovo cast our lot, that tho destiny of
Hempstead we wish to moko our destiny, and
boliovlug as wo do In Its many advantages, wo
shall two our utmost ondoavors to mako that des-
tiny a brilliant ono.
Thus wo unfliri our bannor to tho brecxo, and
not while untiring energy sad unyielding porao-
veranee oan prevent, shall its folds bo furled.
w- Wo havo boon visited, we will not suy
annoyed vory much, during tho past two weeks
by tho boys. That class of tho commnidty is
always weloomo to our office provided it"bohavos
Itself, but boys must either keop their hands in
their pockets or, as ono llttlo boy did tho othor
day, to koep himself from doing harm, looked
over their head. He said he had no pockets, and
If he let his hands loose he might do mischief,
so ho fhstonod them over his hat
farWe acknowledge tho recolpt from our
friend A. D. M'Gowen at Houston, of six bottles or
oases of Lyon's magnotio powders. Tills Is a pe-
culiar preparation, for tho destruction of vormin
of all kinds, particularly those whleh are so very
troublesome In this seotlon of the south, Mr M'.
G. is the sola agent for those powders In Hous-
ton, and it Is worth while for housekeepers to
got a stock of them.
yit strikes us that • Furniture establish*
ment Is very muoh needed in this place; we
mean • concern for tho sale of manufacturad fur-
niture. Thero Is a honae now vacant vary well
calculated for this business, and we hope some
of our large fornitura dealer* will take the hint.
▲ better market cannot be found in the south.
f A new hujnbugger, calling himself Pol-
lard E. Bunce, of Brooklyn, N. Y., advertises
that he will fomlsh those who wish to parchase,
a "Gold Index," or "Gold Indicator." He
start* out with a statement to the effect that.
" Having lately returned from Australia with M
Aal I need, I have no okfeoiion to Impart the se-
cret of my noeest," for two dollar*. We sup-
the "Indicator" will "find"
even In a man's pocket, that he
he "hM returned with all he
Oh, Humbug, thou art King!
The Ipte Indian Killing aOhlr.
We have noticed In quite a number of paper*
recently, an account of the "depredation" or
"outrage," as some prefer to call it, committed
by Captain Jack Baylor upon those rascals, the
Reserve Indians, but In every account whlcn has
thus far mot our oye, there has been apparently,
a desire to hold back the eauu of this depreda-
tion.- Wo are one of those who aro yet to be
convinced that it is not those Indians who have
been committing the lute "outrages" upon the
whites who luid tho impudonce to settle In tho
western port of Bell county, and who were re-
cent! y denounced to Gov. Rumncls as "a set of
d—d horsc-thleves, who were trying to steal what
little the Indians hod." This Is tho first time the
rascals havo been caught, and wc say hurrah for
Captain Jack. In this instance, in ono of their
forays upon tho people, they killed a young man
who happened to have somo friends; the Captain
got o bravo little crowd together, followed and
tracked them to the Reserve. Tho boys then
pitched In and killed all the Indians they hap-
pened to find "lying loose around." If wo had
anything to blame them for, it would bo this;
but outraged nature couhl Btand It no longer.—
The pcoplo of ihut section hove been compelled
to "bear and forbear" until truly "patience hat
ccascd to a virtue," and they just lot loose upon
any Reservo Indians they sa-Jr and slew somo 12
or 15 of (hem. Tho Captain was followed, at a
respectful dlstanco, however, by a body of U. 8.
troops and somo Indians. Had tlioy boon over-
taken by tho troops, there might have something
liko a showing mado to fight them, at they were
We who have lived oil or near the frontier,
know that the United States t oops are not kept
'n Texas to protect the whites from the asssault
of tho savage; but vice ver ta. Wo shall not oc-
cupy our space nor waste onr time in attempting
to prove this: thousands of respectable frontiers
men know it to bo so. Wo havo been expecting
some such scene as has been enacted by Captain
Baylor; but will be candid enough to s&y that
there was o much smaller number of Indians
killed by them than wo thought would have been
when the attack teat made.
Texas, through her Executive, and through
her Representatives In Congress have appealed
time and again to the Federal Government for
that protection whioh has beon promised her, but
thus far la vain.
Tho army, maintained at such great expense
by tho U. H. Government In Texas, Is, so far as
protection to the frontier Is concerned, one of the
moet abominable nulsanacs within our borders,
and we will never Ivtvo protection until It is re-
moved and the State charged with Its own fron'
tier matters. Let Uncle Sam pay Into our treas-
ury oiio-thiid of tho money now wasted upon the
army, and we can take cai-e of ourselves.
But we are awaro this is unpopular doctrine in
tome localities, and for fear we might tread on
somebody's too , we'll closo what we did not In
tend, at i ho outsot, to be inoro tlian a 20-line ar
tide, with three cheers for tho gallant Capt Jack
Baylor and his bravo companions.
er Wo were shown a fow days ago a full
set of teoth mude by our fellow townsman, Or.
0. D. Seward, which for artistic Bkill is equal to
any thing of the kind wu have eVor soon, and
our experience In that line is not small. The
teeth are set npoir gold plates and arc to be re
talned in their proper places by atmospheric
pressure. The Dr, tells us that, his lady patient,
for whom they are intended, will be able to mas-
ticate food of ordinary liarduo'-i with them. We
aould alinoit wish wo wcro toothless that wo
might pnt tho Dr.'s skill to afai-ther test—as it is
we are pretty nearly so. In a word, we are as-
sured by many persons that Dr. Seward has no
superior In Toxas.
PT Wo are indebted to Capt. M. K. Snell for
a copy of tho Southern Intelligencer of the 25th
May, from which we learu that "the democracy"
of Travis county have nominated
GEN. i?AM. HOUSTON,
GEN. A. J. HAMILTON,
ror. OONO t'.KSS 2l) DISTRICT.
Go it Boots—go It Bug-jry.
Wo hopo tho boys will oil havo a jolly fight of it,
and that* the Printers will hold the itakct. Our
open palm Is íeady for tho shillings!
A private note from a f, lend informs us that
Gen. Houston has consented to run. Wo would
not bo much surprised to hear that ho " ran in."
Wo are no "Runnels man," nor aro wo
"Houston man;" indeed, In this elect ion, wo ext
peel to occupy exactly tho sanio ground wo did
two years ago—that Is, to voto for uolthor,—but
wo liko to seo the fun. If Sleplien Crosby does
not 'run for Commissioner! wo will givo honest
Frank Willi o a singlo pop.
tw Wo have received from A. Z. Rumsoy,
Esq., through our fiend, Capt. Snell, a pamph'
lot pubilshod by Jno. D. Pul te. son, of Weslfield,
Chataugua county, N. Y., giving a detailed ac<
count of those magnificent sheep raised by him
on his farm. Mr. P. has, wo beliove, introduced
some of those sheep into tills State. A lot ot
them passed through this placo some months
ago. Sheep raising Is now attraotjng considerable
attention on tho part of our citlxens, and It is
well known that nothing advances the Interests
of a fanner more than tho improvements of the
breeds of the animals ho may b* raising. This in
emphatically the "sheep-fold of the world."
Sheep In Toxas are subjeot to fewer disasters,
diseases, Ac., than in any other placo In tho
world, and as there is no more care and expense
required for raising fine qualities than tho com-
monost kind, we think It Is the policy of our peo-
ple to get the beit. Mr A. Z. Rumsey, of whom
we have spoken above, la the agent of Mr. Pat-
tenon; and thoso who wlih to procure foil*
bloods, shonld mako application through him at
Houston. Mr. R. ha* also a vory extensive
supply of agricultural Implements on hand, at a
small advance on northern price*.
X3T We loam there ho* been a very great
riso In the Brosso* within the past ten day*, by
some said to be is much as 80 ffeet during one
night Tlii* rise evidently oame from the Leon,
I mpassM and Noland, they having been, a* the
Bel ton Independent informs us, higher than at
any time for many months.
tT Attention I* called to tho article in «hi*
papar signad A. B. Thesntyeot I* one which
wo hop* will receive the proper attention of the
" power*-that be."
Some itinerant showmen—and aa a gen-
eral rule this class of the community is con^bsed
of men who are either too mea n or too lazy to
work—came to our city lust week, and after
giving two exhibitions with the magic lantern,
pocketing considerable of the small change from
our folks, sloped off without paying their room
reat, Ac., ¿bo. Mr. Cannon very properly and
promptly sent our efficient constable, Mr. Mont-
gomery, after them, who soon returned with the
"spondulix." One of tho accompaniments of
this exhibition Is an object of charity, or would
bo wcro he ulone, but no doubt capital is mado
of his crippled condition to creato sympathy.
He sits at the door, but others realizo the benefit
of tho " Show." Showmen, as a general thing,
will bear watching.
tw Wo aro much pleased to learn, from the
occasional glimpses wo havo got of papers from
tho upper port of t!Us Sl ate, that tho frost of
somo two or three weeks ago, did but partial
damage—none to tho corn or grain. Tho cot-
ton, and portions of tho wheat crop, only suffered
to any considerable extent.
pgr We loam from our lal est <in;ieis that an-
other ve.y desi .uctive fire litis occurred In Mem-
phis, Tenn. It occurred on the 17ill Mnv, and
the lo-s sustained was somo if; 120,000, with but
a trifling amount of Insurance.
A serious Are also occurred !h tho Lafnvctto
District of Now Oilcans. The Sugar Refinery,
with a la 'gc amount of bone black, which is used
In tho refining process, and considerable sugar,
were desti oved. The loss is estimated at some-
thing over |il 00,000.
BT Tho Bolton Independent, of the 21st,
May, comes to us filled with Indian news. Among
othor things, it tells of one of those pets of the
government, a Reserve Indian, having been shot,
and tho killing of tho horse of another who es-
caped. In the saddle-bags upon the killed borset
were found meat, a six-shooter, a pass from Mnj.
Ross, and the scalpofa white child, tho hair about
threo inches long.
Thero is great excitement on the frontier, par-
ticularly In Jack, Palo Pinto, Wise, Tarrant,
Park, Denton and othor counties In that section of
the State. G. W. Hagler writes to tho Birdvillo
Union, that ofter night, at the timo they killed
the Tndlan mentioned above, they were passed by
20 U.S. Iroops and 80 Indians, under command
of a man representing himself to bo a Deputy U,
S. Marshal, who called for the party at Jackboro',
and threatened to hove them at any cost, even to
tho sacking and burning down of that town, or
that he would causo the Indians to do so. We
anxiously wait the Issue of this matter.
fry Saturday will, for a period at least, be our
day of publication; hence we will not issue a
paper until Saturday morning, tho 11th day of
Juno. After that time we expcct to mako our
appearance regularly every Satuiday.
|arA German in N.Y. who had desei ted his first
wife in his Father land, came to tho U. S. and
married the second wife; tho first followed and
claimed him, but he objected; tho new wife left
him, and finding that she would not return to
him, ho shot her and then killed himself.
t3T The Mississippi rlv^er, after having attained
a higher altitudo than has been known for many
years, has commenced falling. It is our im-
pression that so long as the present levee sys-
tem Is continued, tho river will rise each suc-
ceeding year higher than the proceeding.
BTWe havo noticed with no little pleasure,
that wagon loads of wool have commenced com-
ing Into town for shipment to the South and
The' shade trees planted by tho town
authorities are, in a groat measure doing vory
well; somo of them have died out, but it is rath-
er late in tho season now to replant. Wo have no
doubt but thoir places will be filled noxt fall, and
that In a fow years we will have occasion to
bless tho proposer of the resolution for planting
Of tho story lo be written by Dickens for the
N. Y. Lodger, tho Exp ess says:—"Bonnor will
advertise—perhaps—In the London Times, and
tho circulation of the l.edgor will run up to two
millions. Who cun doubt it? A family journal
which is able to givo, every wee'.;, contribulions
fresh fiom the pens of such clioico wi iters ns
Dickens, P.-ontlce, Mótrs, Saxo, Mrs. Southworth
M.s. Sigoorney, Mis. Anna Cora Ritchie and
the illust' ious Everett, to say nothing of Bryan
the poet, Greeley tho philosopher, and Ray.
mond tho traveller, ought to have a cl> culation
as unlimited and wide-spread as tlio faino of its
t*T We omlorso that sentiment. Bonner
ought lo succeed. Ho has Invosteil many thou-
sonds of dollars in advertising, and should reap
tho benefit of It. Where is there In tho world
another publisher, who, liko Bonnor l^s paid an
almost princoly salary to retain a favonj^.author
who had determined not to write for a yoar f—
A great many papers, particularly at tho North,
are "down" on Bonnor, crying out "humbug,"
at tho top of their voices, when in their hearts
thoy know it la nothing bnt onvy and jealousy
that prompts them, "Onr vojoo is still for Bon-
net." We hope he will realise hia wish, to havo
his Ledger In every house In tho Union.
Our friends must not misunder-
stand tho proposition mado in our
Prospcctus in regard to Clubbing. We
are willing to roceivo Clubs, as wo
have stated, but this docs not apply to
homo or local subscribers. We pre-
sume a mere hint on this subject is
Balloon Asobnsion.—We seo by an
advertisement in tho Houston papers
that Professor Wilbur is to make a
balloon ascension from that city on the
2ncl of June. We hope ho will meet
with better success than he did at Gal-
WST Capt. Daly, of the Republic, sug-
gests that, in default of tho formation
of the gas company, and the lighting
of Houston by gas, that they shonld
have an immense tower erected in the
centre of tho city, and place a Drum-
mond light upon it. Not a bad idea,
Capt, if it would answer.
ArroiKTSHT v raa Prwornt.—William
L. Patterson, of MMstlppI, Consul of the United
State* *t Genoa.
What are wo going to do on the
" Glorious Fourth?"
Wo suggest that a meeting of tho
citizens bo held somewhere in town, at
an early day, and that proper measures
bo adopted to celebrato this anniver-
sary. It is necessary, if we intend to
do any thing, that an orator and a read-
er should bo selected; that arrange-
ments should be mudo for having a bar-
becue, and there will bo various other
little matters to bo attended to which
cannot be put off to tho eleventh hour,
and be properly done.
Texas Railroads.—Wo met, some
weeks ago, Mr. Valentine, who is the
representative of a large number of
English stockholders in the Galveston,
Houston & H. Railroad. Ho was just
down from a visit along the line of that
road as far north as Henderson, its
terminus. Ho told us that the people
are very anxious to havo the road built,
and, as an evidence of that anxiety,
have subscribed, to bo given as a h'bnus
to the stockholders, as much as half a
million of dollars; at Crocket $100,000,
at Rusk $100,000, and at Henderson
$300,000, conditional that tho road is
finished to thoso places within five
years from the first of May. With this
expression on tho part of tho people,
Mr. V. will bo ablo to convince capi-
talists of the necessity of the road, and
they will.mako such advances as will
enable the directory to go ahead with
The Sabine and New Orleans road,
we are satisfied from representations
made to us by Mr. A. M. Gentry, will
bo built, and that in a short time.
Thero is iron enough on tho way and
landing, we learn, to complete near
ono hundred miles of. it. The Tele-
graph tells us that a force of some 200
hands had gone to work on tho eastern
section of that road, and that tho com-
pany were beginning to let its energies
out in tho activo prosecution of the
work. We hope before five years to
bo able to get on a car at Hempstead
and have our baggage checked through
to New York.
As the best evidence of the prosper-
ity of our own road, we will simply
state that tho earnings of April of the
present year, exceded thoso of the
samo months of tho years 1857-58 by
somo $13,383 89. Tho track is laid
some milos above and ready for usé.
We presume, by the first of July, tho
cars will be making daily trips to the
Tho track of the Washington county
road, which taps the Texas Central
just above our town, is laid to the river
—and beyond, we bcliave—and is
graded nearly to Brcnliam. This com-
pany have not yet supplied themselves
with rolling stock, but will soon do so.
When thoy commence operations on
that road, wc may look for a great in-
crease of business.
The business at Hockley, sinco the
completion of tho road to this place,
has, wc learn, increased something near
fifty per cent
ttSS" Strange! is n't it, that only in
tho South arc diabolical things done?
Seems to us that but a few years havo
elapsed sinco tho press of the North,
especially of portions of Illinois, were
filled with anathemas against tho South
for their brutality, on tho occasion of
somo citizens of a southern state hav-
ing burnt, at the stake, a negro man
who had committed the most brutal
outragcafujon some young females.
"Nothiiipw that kind had ever beon
done north of Mason and Dixon's line.''
No, it was a nigger, and their tender
sympathies were aroused. But where
in tho South has tho occurrence, re-
lated by the "Chicago Press," ever had
a parallel? In Mercer county, Illi-
nois, about the 1st of May, a man and
his wife were arrested on suspicion,
only, of having etolen $180. Upon an
investigation before a magistrate noth-
ing conclusive was proved against
them, and they were still retained in
custody. At night they were taken
out of the custody of the officers by a
band of villains, who had their faces
blacked, and taken to tho woods, where
the most outrageous crueltios were
perpetrated upon them. Upon refus-
ing to confess tho theft, the man was
hung up by the neck until life was al-
most extinct, when he was taken down
and buried, with a hope of scaring tho
woman into a confession. She was
not so easily scared, and tho villians
then hung her up until she was nearly
dead ; she was then let down, and the
man taken out of the grave, bat find-
ing there was nothing to be made out
of them, the lynchers left them to get
along the best they could. It is said
that preparations were being made to
arrest somo of the parties engaged, as
the man and woman are able to iden-
tify them. N
Now, what transaction in the South
equals that ?
to learn that
Ware, has partially completed his ar-
rangements for erecting suitable build-
ings for a Race Conrse and Agricultu-
ral Fair Grounds. We hoped to be
ablo to give the details of this matter,
but Mr. W. left town without giving
us the statement.
This wo regard as an important fea-
ture in the improvements of our sec-
tion of the county, and wo hope and
expect Mr. W. will be amply rewarded
for his enterprise. He has been prom-
ised by several persons, who own fine
stables of race horses, to uso thoir best
efforts towards establishing a Jockey
Club, and for having races over his
course next spring.
Would it not be well now, in antici-
pation of this matter, to establish an
Agricultural Society in this county?
All will agree with us that nothing
tonds more to tho truo advancement of
the interests of an agricultural country,
than a well organised agricultural so-
If a meeting for this purpose can be
held during tho next term of our Dis-
trict Court, which will bo held in Bell-
ville on Monday, tfie Gtli of this month,
it would bo desirable; if not, we sug-
gest tho 4th day of July next as a suit-
able time for holding a meeting in
Hempstead, when the proper means
should bo adopted for organising " The
Austin county Agricultural Society."
S8rA valued friend remarked in our
presence a few days ago, when the
subject of newspapers was being dis-
cussed, that ho " never saw an inde-
pendent or a neutral paper that was
not out-and-out against the Democratic
Party." ' As regards oursolf, wo will
say, that for the past nineteen years we
havo been pretty constantly engaged
in publishing a newspaper—much of
tho timo devoted to politics—always
printing, when we were tho editor
thereof a whig paper. Wc supported
"Harry of the West,' in 1844, for the
Presidency. We did so because we
had been taught from our earliest in-
fancy to love and honor the man,
and becauso wo gloried in his Ameri-
can principles. Ho was defeated; so
were we. Our whole soul was in the
matter, and, politically speaking, wo
have never raised our head since; hence
we never intend to support any man for
Major, wo are not against the Democ-
racy, neither branch of it—nor aro wo
for them. Wo havo said elsewhere
that we will be Independent, and wo
moan it. We have no taste for tho
political field—it is to us as a muddy
pool—wo cannot see through to the
other side, and therefore do not wish to
"slosh about." Our aim here, is to
print a paper which all parties will be
willing to support; in a word, wo
want to make money.
Litioiodsness. —Two litigious individuals
named Bennett and Smeades have lately been
indulging in the expensive amusement, of a pro-
longed and complex litigation, originating in a
claim of Bennett vs. Smeades, for an anchor of
the value of ©IS, alleged to have been appropri-
ated by the latter. This case has gono throu;'
some four or five courts, and at last reached tl
High Court of Appeals, which, deciding only the
question of the law, tho caso came back to the
court below, to be tried on tho facts, whore a
verdict having been obtained by Bennett—
Smeades having won on the previous trials—the
latter appealed to the General Torm, whioh al-
lowed hiin a new trial. The caso was again
heard by the court below, and Bennett got a
qualified verdict; but being dissatisfied, nppealed
again, had tho verdict sot aside; another trial
ordered, and Bennott being again successful,
Smeado appealed, and won. The caso is again
before tho Court of Appeals. In tho meontimo
the litiganls havo beon taxed for costs <¡S00 each,
being §1(100 in all, for tho attempt to collect $18
—and the worst of it is that both aro rich men,
and are ablo to pay tho amount.
A somewhat similar caso occurred in
Mississippi somo thirty or forty years
ago. The amount involved, however,
was much less, being only twenty-five
cents. The quarrel arose from one
man going into a littlo grocery store
and asking for tobacco; a piece was
thrown down to him, and tho price
named. He bit a piece off of it, and
refused to tako it, saying it was not
good. The shop-keeper sued him for
tho twenty-five cents, and after a long
term of years, tho matter was finally
compromised, oach ono paying his own
costs and lawyer's fees. It cost them
near $200 oach. As in the caso above
mentioned, thoy were both able, and
had to pay. The case was known as
the "Tobacco Case."
A Few Thoughts on Railway*.
Tho advance of civilization in this progressive
age of the world, has, not inaptly, boen compar-
ed to a rook tumbling from the summit ■ of •
mountain, and rolled toward the valley beneath.
At first its motion is slow, and every litde
tuft and hillock in its path, would seem to offer
ormaneut obstruction to its progrss, but ais it
■The young folks will take notice
that Prof. Stevens commences his Dan-
cing School on Friday Wfening next.
Ho is represented to us as a very good
IGrThe "Blue-eyed man of destiny"
is gotting up another expedition, it is
said: Sonora is the place this time.
The man, McAniece, we think is
the name, who robbed the mail some
time ago, and who has been for some
weeks in jail at Galveston, passed up
on Monday morning on his way to
Austin, in charge of a Deputy United
States Marshal, to stand his trial for
having wrongfully appropriated some
$30,000 worth of drafts.
advances, its speed accelerates, until at length, a
momentum is acquired which carries it bound-
Ingly along, laughing at objects which at first
would have proved insurmountable, and finally
plunging into the yawning abyss below, there to
awaken with its sounding triumph, the ocboes
of tho surrounding hills.
During the year 1810, George Stephenson,
after great difficulty In obtaining the necessary
pecuniary means, constructed the first locomotive
steam engine, and in 1814 placed It for trial upon
a tramway or railroad, upon which coal, drawn
by horse power, was conveyed from tho ntoutb
of the mines. Some time after this, while plan-
ing a railway from Manchester to Liverpool, he'
pledged himself to attain upon it the excessive
speed of ten miles por hour. He was then laugh-
ed at as an onthusinst. Now at this timo after •
lapse of scarcely fifty years, how great are the
results! There is scarcely a nation m Europe that
does not employ tliis, at first scorned invention,
as the principal means of transportation. Great
Brittiau may truly be said to bo a land of railway*
crossing and recrosshig oach other in every direc-
tion. Franco and Austria are rapidly becoming
tho some; and ovon in Switzerland, whoso Alp*
havo ever stood an iinnassablo barrier, separating
the north of Europe from sunny Italy, tho iron
band is laid, and its mountains pierced to give way
to this modern civllizer.
Asia too, the birthplace of tho Bclonces, whoso
magnificent ruins alotio remain a perpetual mon-
ument of hor ancient greatness, is awakening
from hor semi-barbarism to the tramp of tho iron
horso. In Africa, French engineers are surveying
railway routes in Algiers and in Egypt. But it is in
America that this great invention is most fully-
nurtured and extensively developed; for beside*
South America, Mexico, and tho Caradas, here
in tho United States, from tho great lakos to
the Moxican Gulf, and from tho Atlantic to the
extreme western wilds—which it Is fast pierc-
ing, andchangingfrom a wilderness toa cultivated
country upon which millions of families fiud their
support and happiness—railroads are in opera-
tion, or in course of construction, wherever the
commerco aud tho intercourse of tho population
demands it. In Texas too, in this beautiful and
luxuriant country, tho benefits of railroads aro
begining to bo felt. Although not more than
throe or four linos aro in course of construction,
yet a rich harvest of benefit is already being
reaped. Tako for instanoo tho fifty mile* of
tho II. & T. C. R. R., completed from Houston
to tills place, and what an improvement has it
effected. A short timo since it took two or
throe days to make a trip to Houston, now it oc-
cupies as many hour*. Commerce thon suffered,
not only from the high price of transportation,
but nlso from unavoidable delays, which now haa
no grounds for complaint, either from the one
cause or tho other. Its results, too, in improv-
ing and populating the country through which
It passes, far cxceed the most sanguine expecta-
tions of thoso who have not previously witnessed
Who would have supposed, thot hero where
this flourishing littlo town now stands,—
where a little more than two years ago ngt a
house was erected,—that now a poulation of '
nearly a thousand souls, would be profitably pur.
suing their several avocations! That an acade-
my, a wagon and plough shop, chair factory,
andsovcral various mercantile houses, on an ex-j
tonslve scale, and all doing a profitable buaine
should have sprung into existence in so short
This Improvement is not confined to the t
situated on the line of the railroad: tho counti
in the vicinity issotded and improvod in liken
ner; indeed, a more stable, and cultivated popiil
lation intermingle with, and suaceeds that
which precedes it.
A population of this description, wi|f] strong
and means sufficient to Insure succcsg, and en
bio it alone to support a considerable buslne
town, is rapidly ocupying the country in thf
vicinity: besides it may be remarked, Hcmpsto'ai
possesses an advantage over most towns situated
on tho lino of railroad, inasmuch as two railways J
here connect, the one destined to open thej
northern and the other the western portions
the state, to its commerce. Manufacturers :
particular would certainly possess, in such al
situation, great facilities for transporting theitj
wares to the northern and western portions or
tho state: and those porsons living in the interior,
could not but feel relieved from tho additional ex-|
pense incurred in trading exclusively on the se
board, when tho same quality of goods shou
be purchased here, at nearly the samo rates.
It is true, at present, buyers are necessitati
to procure many articles, such as agricutural in
plements, foundry castings &c., from thence, bu
it is to be hoped manufacturers will percei^
the advantage of creating such establishing
within tho reach of the population of the i
of Texas, and so cultivate a healthy, cj(
business. Tho extent of a business of t1)j
scription, at this placo can scarcely bo <
when it is considered, that shortly such ar
extent of the ulterior will bo brought
an easily reached distance. It Is unncceg
point out tho great convenience and ad
whioh would accrue to tho agricultural!!
country merchant from such a procedure.!
Thus railways, although from the. inc/
travel and business, they are of immense!
to I heir termini, yet to a cousiderablf
they destroy cortoin despotic
largo cities have been used Ij
of tho country resident.
Who is not already poi
of railway benefits. That I
tho real value of the counf
the intelligence and Indus
cry; thrt it is consequent!]
of true patriotism to en
construction: for Uieyj'
izers,-the monster I
Mr Editor:—i j
the citizens of Hen
of tho towngK
no small interest t
South of, and ne
is laid off by the I
ing about fitteen aq
lug Inactive, a wast
was fenced cleared
and made the nursery ,
for fruit and flowers, H*#!
and compliment to the t
of revenue. Tho profl
nursery, would repay tho c
to start It within twelve
I would like to hear
Drake, of the Tremont Hi
a story of ono of his waited
fitted Sam Lovers Handy ,
the castor," sold a trnvclor to o
table sorvant. The boy rushed
modio and obviously distressed lO^I
finally returned with tho answer, "It's M
This is not more comical than the reply
we heard given, once, in a rcstaurat in this
by a newly arrived "Handy Andy," when iski
to go into the kitchen and see If the
could have a Welch rarebit After *oi
utes' absence he returned, and assured
tower that there was nary Wi ""
"How do you know there'*' not?"
"Plaze, sir," «aid Pat, with the
>llclty," I looked In the rag
W* Porter, the Kentucky I
measured 7 feet 0 inch**.
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Marschalk, Andrew, Sr. The Hempstead Courier (Hempstead, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 1, Ed. 1 Wednesday, June 1, 1859, newspaper, June 1, 1859; Hempstead, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth178818/m1/2/: accessed April 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.