The Nueces Valley (Corpus Christi, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 16, Ed. 1 Saturday, May 25, 1850 Page: 1 of 4
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THE NUECES VALLEY.
BY BENJ, F, NEAL.
CORPUS CHRISTI, MAY 25, 1850.
VOL. II—NO. 16.
THE NUECES VALLEY.
published every saturday, at three dollars
per year, in advance, or four dollars at
the expiration op six months. m
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LEONARD SCOTT & CO.,
mar 21 70 Fulton street, N. Y., entrance 54 Gold st.
TITO ANY FAMILY that will settle on my lands,
X twelve miles from Corpus Christi, on the Nueces
River, I will let them have Ten Coivs on shares for ten
years ; will sell them One Hundred oleres of Land adjoin-
. ing, for One Dollar an Acre; one yoke of Oxen, and one
Horse—all to be paid for at the end of Ten Years, with
The soil and elimato are unsurpassed, wator abundant,
and a market for all that can be raised. There aro
three companies of Rangers in the vicinity to protect
the frontier, and Government is determined to establish
permanent posts, so there may be no apprehension of
future trouble with the Indians.
I will also give ONE TOWN LOT to each family,
on the town plat that is there to be laid off.
You may ask, why this liberality? I havo thirty odd
square leagues of Land here in a solid body, and 10,000
Cattle. I want the land improved und its resources de-
veloped not .
Each family should bo furnished with the necessary
' farming implements and provisions for one year. For
further particulars, apply to the subscriber.
Corpus Cliristi, Oct. 13, 1819. II. L. KINNEY.
IT having cometo my knowledge that soveral persons
belonging to this town and its vicinity are in the habit
of cutting tlown the good and live trees growing upon
my lands, thoreby doing much damage, I therefore take
this mode of apprising all parties that in future no pet-
son will be permitted to cut down or destroy green or
live treos, without written permission front mo, if even
the posts so cut should be used to fence in their lots or
fields, under the penalty of being prosecuted to the ut-
most rigor of the law. All persons requiring fire wood
will find plenty of dead and fallen trees, which they can
take without doing me the least injury.
H. L. KINNEY.
$3 00 per annum.
5 00 "
m u • 'I
8 00 "
3 00 "
0 00 "
10 00 "
HABIENDO llegado á mi conocimiento, de que va-
rious individuos vecinos de esta villa, tienen por
Costunbro el Cortnr los arboles verdes sobre mis terrenos,
causándome muchos perjuicios : Por el presente, aviso
á todos, que en lo futuro, están absolutamente proliibe-
dos de hacerlo, sin que obtengan de ante mano mi per-
miso por escrito ; aun cuando los palos asi cortados fué-
son empleados para cercará sus Solares ó labores. El
contraventor á este aviso será persogido ante los tribu-
nales según la ley in tales casos. Las personas que
necesitasen lena, encontrarán bastantes arboles caydos
y secos de que se podrán disponer sin causarme perjui-
cio alguno. apr6 H. L. KINNEY.
FBELDEN Y CA., Comerciantes, recibirán y vende-
• ran toda clase de efectos que les remitan en comision,
y remitaran las mercancías que les sean confiadas a su
cuidado a cualquier parto del Estado o do Méjico.
Corpus Christi, Oot. 8 de 1848. olO
FBELDEN & CO., Merchants—Will receive and sell
• Goods of all kinds on commission, and will for-
ward Merchandise entrusted to their care, to any part of
vWe St*to or Mexico. oct lOtf
'•SHIPS OF T1IE DESERT."
In the Western Journal, of St. Louis, for the
month of January, there is an article written by
Emanuel Weiss, a Swiss traveler in Syria and
Arabia, suggesting the introduction of the camel
into Texas by the Government, as a means of de
fence against the marauding border tribes of Indians.
We think the subject of sufficient interest to give
the aiticle entire:
It is a fact well known to eastern travelers, and
especially to those who have visited the mountain
regions of Syria and Arabia, that the camel is as
serviceable on the rough mountain path as in the
moving sand of the desert. The dry bed of a tor-
rent is the caravan's high road across the moun-
tains and foot-nrints the guides thiough the plains.
The tóiigh india-rubber-like soles of the camel's
feet are affected neither by the burning sands, nor
by the loose, sharp-edged stones strewed over the
range of rocky mountains, running from the Taurus
to the Indian ocean. The long-legged, sure footed
and indefatigable animal makes its way through
heavy mud, crosscs the rapid torient, steps over
the huge stones and other impediments, which it
often encounters with a heavy load and sometimes
perhaps the additional weight of the lazy driver
upon his back ; while the mule would be unable to
travel over the same ground, though without any
It takoe but half a minute to secure the camel
in its kneeling position by the bridle string so thai
it can neither rise nor move until released. It is
unheard of that camels ever have been affected by the
stampede or the panic, disturbing so often the beasts
of burthen in the west.
The camel wants no shoeing, no bit, nocarrirge;
a caravan of a hundred in Indian file requires but
two men to keep it moving with all order—one at
the head and one at the end.
The camel drinks only every seccond day, but
it may be deprived of water for three or four days
together without any effect on its health or its vigor;
it will perform an eight day's journey with no
other food than a three pound's weight of oil cake
an'l a few hand-fulls of grain or beans per diem
The common day's journey of caravans of burden
camels in Syria and Arabia is from twenty-seven
to thirty English miles, and the load on such jour-
neys is between from four to five hundred pounds.
EjTVnliiin^rnmf la |K« u 11„~. 1 -*
breed will carry for the short distance of six hun-
dred to one thousand yards from ten to twenty cwts.
The India mail is conveyed from Suez to Cairo—a
distance of ninty-three miles—in eighteen hours.
The Cavass (express) of the Egyptian govern-
ment mounted on running camels or dromedaries
perform said distance with one animal in six to eight
The dromedary is not a particular species; any
young camel may be trained for racing and for war,
although the mountain breeds are best adapted for
The dromedary carries n sixty pounds weight in
addition to ils rider, and will outstrip the fleetest
horse in a day's journey, as the French Chevaux-
legers in Africa found out to their vexation in their
twenty years struggle with the children of the des-
ert. The running camel moves with ease for
weeks together, at the rate of eighty miles a day,
while no horse can go longer than one day, to a day
and a half, at the same rate; they are evidently the
only animals upon which theTexanscan undertake
to outstrip and subdue the border tribes.
The cainel is ulso very successfully employed for
draught, as the writer of this article observed in Al-
exandria, (Egypt,) and by the English Engineer
department at Aden (Arabia Felix.) In this respect
it is far superior to the slow and greedy ox ; it draws
as mueh as two oxen, walks twice as fast, and
eats but for one.
The camel may be broken in when three years old,
and is useful and active to the age of eighteen or
Among the Mahommedans, camels' flesh is an
article of food ; when young it is not easily distin-
guished from beef. Camels' milk is the chief food
of the Bedouin, and the hide of the animal is con-
sidered superior to every other for sandels.
The camel is certinly inore useful than either the
lama, mule, horse, or ox, as well on account of its
superior strength, frugality, endurance, and willing-
ness, as for its adaptability to every climate and every
The one-humped or Arabian camel would answer
bpst to the climate and soil of Texas, New Mexico,
and lower California, and the tvvo-humped or Bac-
trian to northern California and Oregon. The Ara-
bian camel is fleeter than the latter, and no doubt
could be imported with less cost fromjthe Moroccan
coast into Texas, than the Bactriau from the mouth
of the Amoy river.
I have thus enumerated some of the advantages
which would render the introduction of the camel
into Texas an inestimable benefit. The honor of
the idea belongs to the Spaniards, who had impor-
ted some camels into Mexico shortly before the rev-
olution, but they destroyed them at their retreat
from the country, not willing to leave the breed to in-
surgents of such a powerful auxiliary to man, in
peace and war. There is no reason why the camel
should not be as servicable to men on the prairies of
Texas and the mountain regions of Mexico, New
Mexico, California and Oregon, as in the correspon-
ding tracts of the old world—the line of country
from Orenburg (Syberia) to Mogadoxa, (east coas1
of Africa.) and from Pekín (China) to Magadora
(Vest coast if Africa.} It would be acclimated
ai soon and as easily as tho "genus equus,"
no species of which existed in the western hemis-
phere until the Spaniards imported the horse and ass;
meanwhile the new world already possess an ani-
mal of a corresponding species to the camel—the
On board ship the camel kneels on its own accord
during heavy seas, and rises when the vessel is
etiady again, unlike tho horse, which tires itself out
by lolling with the vessel and standing always on
its legs. The menagerie conductors never lose an
anif/mi in crossing the sea from Egypt to England,
andffrom England to the United States.
Tjh# camels will serve as "chevaux de frise"
oga^tst cavalry attacks, if need should be. as no
boric unacquainted with the sight and noise of those
animals dares to approach.
The depredatory Indian tribes would have no
longer a shelter in the swiftness of ihcii hursi-a und
the barenvss of their retreats, if hunted down by a
corps of " lancer-riflemen " mounted on the re-
nowned Morroccan dromedaiiesl
If the Bedouins of Africa, with the dromedary
for auxiliaiy, resisted French soldiers for twenty
years, and the Bedouins in Syria, Kurdistan and
Arabia the Turkish Nezam's (regulars) for ever-
more—how long will the Bedouins of America re-
sist the Anglo-Saxon command, on the boiders of
their new territorial acquisition assisted by this
powerful auxiliary—the running camel, the ship of
the desert 1
The following is the largest estimate that can be
made of the expense of importing one hundred
camels from Morocco to Corpus Christi:
One hundred camels at an average price of
fifty dollars each, .... $5000
Twenty eolored attendants, at fifteen dollars
a month for threo months, ... 900
Agency for superintending the purchaso,the
loading and landing of the animals, - 1000
Traveling expenses, ..... 000
Freight of attendants and camels from Mo-
rocco to Corpus Christi, ... 5000
Insurance 2 per cent, on $17,500, ... 350
Food, water and stabling of the camels from
the time of purchasing, ... 4000
To the time of landing at Corpus Christi and
victuals for the attendants, presents to bro- .
kers, merchants and uuforseen expenses, 650
Amount brought forward, ... $17.500
Allowing for saddles, harness, tents, water
cooking utensils and arms, ... 2500
Thocost of the one hundred camels at Cor-
pus Christi, ready for a journey, will be $20,000
or $20!) a head—not including the very improbable chance
of losing some on tho voyage, which is already accoun-
ted for in the extreme estimate of first cost, freight and
expenses in general.
I never have seen a burden camel sold for more
than $50, but I bought some myself in the Red
Sea us low as $3 to $5 a head. Running camels I
have seen selling for $20 up to $200 !
Admitting only of eighty passengers at $100 a
person to San Diego or San Francisco, guarantee-
ing so by this limited number the uninterrupted
journeying with a speed of thirty miles a day, this
first trip would only produce $8,000, but compen-
sating largely for all expenses and loss of interests
up to a country where such a useful animal is worth
at least $1000—if it should not be thought proper
to employ it in the transportation line between the
Sacramento and the Diggings, or to return with for-
tunate adventurers at $300 a person ! either to Mis-
souri, Arkansas or Texas.
Taking the average weight of a person to be one
hundred and fifty pounds, the pnssengers, baggage,
arms and provisions two hundred and fifty pounds,
and a reservation of weight for water and food and
victuals for the attendants, one hundred pounds, the
burden of the animal for the greater part of the
journey will be reduced to about three to four hun-
dred pounds, as it is not always necessary to carry
water and food on the journey, and as travelers
prefer always to follow the camel on foot during the
cooler parts of the day, therefore a thirty miles per
diem is a safe average for the whole length of the
journey. EMANUEL WEISS,
A Swiss traveler in Syria and Arabia.
The following letter, dated Terre Haute, Ind.,
April 18th, 1850, appeared in the Boston Post a
6hort time since :
To the Editors of the Boston Post: I feel it
my duty to inform you and through you the pub-
lic, that Dr. Purkman, who is supposed to have
been murdered by Prof. Webster, and for which
supposed murder Prof. Webster is now under sen-
tence of death, was in this eity.on Sunday evening
He came to this place in a canal boat from Cov-
ington, and was recognized Uy a gentleman here
who was formerly intimate with him. He accos-
ted him, but Dr. Parkman turned abruptly away,
and soon after left in the stage *for St. Louis, un-
der the name of A. M. Thiston. The gentleman
who knew him is R. W. Dillinghamer, of this
placo, by profession a dentist. He is ready to
swear to the indentity of this person with Dr.
Hoping that this statement may be of some ef-
fect in at least restraining the too hasty execution
of the unjust sentence under which Prof. Webster
is now lying, I remain, gentlemen,
JOSEPH A. ATWOOD.
The Nicaragua Treaty.—The New York Tri-
bune says the material provisions of this treaty, re-
cently concluded, and submitted to the Senate, aro
substantially as follows:
1. The United States ancfGreat Britain mutu-
ally and reciprocally pledge their faith to either,
that they will not take, use, hold, occupy nor ex-
ercise dominion over any part of Central America
henceforth and forever.
2. They further agree not to establish nor main-
tain any fortifications nor military posts, upon or
within said country. •
3. Each government pledges itself to respect,
and to use its best offices to cause to be respected
by other nations, the complete and perpetual neu-
trality of the ports on the Atlantic and Pacific
oceans, which shall bo the -termini respectively, of
the proposed ship canal through Central America.
4. They will also respect, and use their best
offices to cause to be respected by others the per-
r0'""1 v An oiity nf eniri chip ranal, the vessels
navigating it, and every thing pertaining thereto.
5. They further agree to respect the neutrality
of all vessels within a reasonable distance of either
terminus of said canal [no distance yet agreed upon
but two degrees, or one hundred and twenty geog-
raphical miles, havo^been suggested and met with
no objection,] and to endeavor to procure a gene-
ral recognition of such neutrality by all nations
6. They mutually agree to protect and secure
the operations of 6uch company as, under the au-
thority of the State of Nicaragua, shall construct
and maintain the proposed ship canal.
7. If the company now holding a cpntract with the
State of Nicaragua for the construction of the Ship
Canal uniting the two oceans shall within twelve
months demonstrate to the satisfaction of the two
governments its ability to construct said Canal, the
foregoing stipulations shall enure to its benefit;
but if not, then any other company, duly autho-
rised by Nicaragua, and which can satisfy the two
governments of its ability to make the Canal, shall
enjoy all the benefits which this treaty is intend-
ed to guaranty to the constructors of the Canal.
8. The contracting parties reciprocally pledge
themselves to use their good offices respectively with
the several State governments of Central America
to induce them to enter into stipulations based
upon and according with the foregoing.
9. Each party pledges to the other that it will
itmrgvtj'ut/iuv'cu avi ftiv uitiiuauiw CCklCUICUb
of any disputes which may arise respecting the
10. The two governments are not to interfere
with the construction or management of the Ca-
nal, except that either government, should tolls be
levied on vessels passing through it which in its
view are exorbitant and oppressive, reserves the
right of withdrawing from the company all the
protection and favor which this treaty pledges it to
afford; but this will not affect the international
stipulations of the treaty.
11. By a Protocol to the treaty, the two nations
covenant with each other not to claim or exercise,
under the cover of a Protectorate of, or allegi-
ance with any Central American State or tribe, any
power which they have disclaimed or renounced
iu the foregoing articles.
Punishment in the U. States and English
Navies.—Hermann Mellville, in his new work
" White Jacket, or the world in a Man of War,"
It is singular that while the lieutenants of the
watch in American men-of-war so long usurped
the power of inflicting the pain of corporeal pun-
ishment with the colt, few or no similar abuses
were known in the English navy. And though
the captain of an English armed ship is authoriz-
ed to inflict at his own discretion more than a
dozen lashes, (I think three dozen) yet it is to be
doubted whether, upon the whole there is as much
flogging at present in the English navy as in the
American. The chivalric Virginian, John Ran-
dolph, of Roanoke, declared in his place in Con*
gress, that on board of the American man-of-war
that caried him out Ambassador to Russia, he had
witnessed more flogging than had taken place on
his own plantation of five hundred African slaves
in ten years. Certain it is from what I have per-
sonally seen, that the English officers, as a gene-
ral thing, seem to be less disliked by their crews
than the American officers by theirs. The reason
probably is, that many of them from their stations
in life, have been more accustomed to social com-
mand; hence quarter-deck authority sits more
naturally on them. A coarse .vulgar man, who
appears to rise to high naval rank by the exhibi-
tion of talents not incompatible with vulgarity,
•invariably proves a tyrant to his crew. It is an
thing that American man-of-war-men have often
observed, that the lieutenants from the Southern
States—the descendents of the old Virginians—are
much less severe, and much more gentle and gen-
tlemanly in command than the Northern officers,
as a class.
How to be Happy.—-A little child, seven yearr
old, one day said to her mother, "Mother, I have
learned how to be happy, and shall always be hap-
py." " My dear," said her mother," how can that
be done ?" She said, " it is by not caring anything
about myself, but trying to make every body else
happy ." O children, this is the way 1—Love God,
and love to do good to all around you. and you
will be happy..
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Neal, Benjamin F. The Nueces Valley (Corpus Christi, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 16, Ed. 1 Saturday, May 25, 1850, newspaper, May 25, 1850; Corpus Christi, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth179328/m1/1/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.